Ashtabula County, Ohio

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Ashtabula County, Ohio
Ashtabula County Courthouse, new building.jpg
Seal of Ashtabula County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ashtabula County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1, 1811
Named for Lenape ashtepihële 'always enough fish to go around'
Seat Jefferson
Largest city Ashtabula
Area
 • Total 1,368 sq mi (3,543 km2)
 • Land 702 sq mi (1,818 km2)
 • Water 666 sq mi (1,725 km2), 49%
Population
 • (2010) 101,497
 • Density 145/sq mi (56/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.ashtabula.oh.us

Ashtabula County is the northeasternmost county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,497.[1] The county seat is Jefferson.[2] The county was created in 1808 and later organized in 1811.[3] The name[4] Ashtabula derives from Lenape language ashte-pihële, 'always enough (fish) to go around, to be given away';[5] contraction from apchi 'always'[6] + tepi 'enough' + hële (verb of motion).[7]

Ashtabula County comprises the Ashtabula, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

The county is probably best known for having seventeen covered bridges within the county limits, including both the longest and the shortest covered bridges in the United States. Grapes are a popular crop and there are several award-winning wineries in the region owing to the favorable microclimate created by the nearby lake.[8] During the winter, Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga and Lake Counties receives frequent lake effect snow and is part of the Southeastern Lake Erie Snowbelt.

History[edit]

After Europeans arrived in the Americas, the land that became Ashtabula County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

Geography[edit]

Seal of the Ashtabula County Auditor

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,368 square miles (3,540 km2), of which 702 square miles (1,820 km2) is land and 666 square miles (1,720 km2) (49%) is water.[9] It is the largest county in Ohio by area.[10]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Across Lake Erie lie Elgin and Norfolk Counties, Ontario, Canada (north).

Major highways[edit]

  • I-90.svg Interstate 90 is the main interstate route through Ashtabula County, spanning from the Ohio Turnpike between the Ohio-Indiana State Line and Elyria Township to the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line. It contains five interchanges in the county at OH 534 (Exit 218), OH 45 (Exit 223), OH 11 and OH 46 (Exit 228), OH 84 and OH 193 (Exit 235), and OH 7 (Exit 241).
  • OH-7.svg Ohio State Route 7 runs along the eastern part of the county as well as the state.
  • OH-11.svg Ohio State Route 11 is a south-to-north state freeway in the county known as Lake to River Highway.
  • OH-167.svg Ohio State Route 167 is a west-to-east state route in the northeastern part of the county running from Jefferson to the Pennsylvania State Line.
  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6 Grand Army of the Republic Highway honoring American Civil War Veterans
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20 runs primarily along the coast of Lake Erie. It was the main west-to-east route in northern Ashtabula County, until I-90 was built.
  • US 322.svg U.S. Route 322 is the southernmost US route in the county that runs straight west to east until it approaches the Pymatuning Reservoir area and curves southeast before crossing the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 7,382
1830 14,584 97.6%
1840 23,724 62.7%
1850 28,767 21.3%
1860 31,814 10.6%
1870 32,517 2.2%
1880 37,139 14.2%
1890 43,655 17.5%
1900 51,448 17.9%
1910 59,547 15.7%
1920 65,545 10.1%
1930 68,631 4.7%
1940 68,674 0.1%
1950 78,695 14.6%
1960 93,067 18.3%
1970 98,237 5.6%
1980 104,215 6.1%
1990 99,821 −4.2%
2000 102,728 2.9%
2010 101,497 −1.2%
Est. 2016 98,231 [11] −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790–1960[13] 1900–1990[14]
1990–2000[15] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 102,728 people, 39,397 households, and 27,774 families residing in the county. The population density was 146 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 43,792 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.07% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 2.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.3% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.6% English, 10.5% Irish, and 10.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 2.4% Spanish, and 0.8% German as their first language.[17]

There were 39,397 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,607, and the median income for a family was $42,449. Males had a median income of $33,105 versus $22,624 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,814. About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 101,497 people, 39,363 households, and 26,495 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 144.6 inhabitants per square mile (55.8/km2). There were 46,099 housing units at an average density of 65.7 per square mile (25.4/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 92.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 15.8% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 11.1% were Italian, 10.0% were American, and 5.8% were Polish.[20]

Of the 39,363 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families, and 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 41.0 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,139 and the median income for a family was $50,227. Males had a median income of $40,879 versus $30,156 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,898. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 56.6% 23,318 37.8% 15,577 5.5% 2,285
2012 42.4% 18,298 55.1% 23,803 2.5% 1,099
2008 42.0% 18,949 55.5% 25,027 2.4% 1,100
2004 46.3% 21,038 53.0% 24,060 0.7% 309
2000 45.5% 17,940 50.2% 19,831 4.3% 1,701
1996 34.3% 13,287 50.0% 19,341 15.7% 6,094
1992 30.8% 13,254 43.8% 18,843 25.4% 10,931
1988 45.8% 17,654 53.3% 20,536 1.0% 366
1984 52.3% 21,669 46.7% 19,344 0.9% 384
1980 49.0% 19,847 42.9% 17,363 8.1% 3,257
1976 43.7% 16,885 54.1% 20,883 2.2% 857
1972 59.0% 22,762 39.0% 15,052 2.1% 794
1968 46.7% 17,058 45.8% 16,738 7.6% 2,759
1964 35.4% 13,183 64.6% 24,104
1960 53.9% 22,406 46.1% 19,155
1956 64.7% 24,165 35.3% 13,195
1952 61.2% 23,185 38.8% 14,676
1948 54.3% 15,389 44.3% 12,560 1.3% 377
1944 56.3% 17,181 43.7% 13,319
1940 56.1% 18,491 43.9% 14,454
1936 46.7% 14,025 48.2% 14,468 5.1% 1,517
1932 55.3% 15,644 40.3% 11,386 4.4% 1,252
1928 75.1% 18,870 23.7% 5,951 1.2% 297
1924 69.2% 14,767 10.0% 2,135 20.8% 4,435
1920 69.7% 14,099 26.8% 5,413 3.5% 717
1916 52.3% 6,608 42.0% 5,306 5.6% 712
1912 18.0% 2,214 25.8% 3,181 56.2% 6,913
1908 63.3% 8,213 27.5% 3,572 9.1% 1,185
1904 75.9% 8,906 14.0% 1,647 10.1% 1,182
1900 70.7% 9,272 26.2% 3,438 3.1% 405
1896 67.7% 8,557 30.4% 3,840 1.9% 242
1892 63.6% 6,419 27.4% 2,769 9.0% 910
1888 67.4% 7,164 25.2% 2,675 7.5% 792
1884 69.4% 7,269 25.2% 2,643 5.4% 560
1880 72.9% 6,926 24.1% 2,286 3.1% 291
1876 74.3% 6,771 25.2% 2,294 0.5% 47
1872 77.0% 5,764 22.4% 1,678 0.6% 48

Ashtabula county had voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election between 1988–2012; however, in 2016 it voted for Donald Trump. Trump captured the largest majority in the county since President Nixon in 1972 & he is also the first Republican presidential candidate to carry Ashtabula County since 1984. Trump is also the first candidate to speak in the county since John F. Kennedy.

Culture[edit]

Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga, Lake and Trumbull Counties fostered a very large Finnish American community around the turn of the twentieth century, and as a result, the area is home to many Finnish Americans.

Ashtabula County has eighteen extant covered bridges. Of these, nine were constructed prior to 1900. See List of Ashtabula County covered bridges.

Communities[edit]

Map of Ashtabula County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ Cross, Tom (2008). Fishing Ohio: An Angler's Guide to Over 200 Fishing Spots in the Buckeye State. Lyons Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7627-4326-1. 
  5. ^ Mahr, August C. (November 1959). "Practical Reasons for Algonkian Indian Stream and Place Names". Ohio Journal of Science. 59 (6): 365–375. ISSN 0030-0950. Retrieved August 3, 2016. 
  6. ^ "apchi". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Retrieved August 3, 2016. 
  7. ^ "tèpihële". Lenape Talking Dictionary. Retrieved August 3, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Ferrante Winery brings home the gold". The Ashtabula Wave. Retrieved April 1, 2016. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Ashtabula, Lake are Ohio's largest and smallest counties by area". cleveland.com. January 18, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 15, 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  23. ^ "Chester Hardy Aldrich". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  24. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′N 80°46′W / 41.89°N 80.76°W / 41.89; -80.76