Cypriot nationality law

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Cypriot Citizenship Act
Parliament of Cyprus
An Act relating to Cypriot citizenship
Enacted by Government of Cyprus
Status: Current legislation

The Cypriot Nationality Laws dates back to 1967. It is mainly based on jus sanguinis.

Acquisition of Cypriot citizenship[edit]

There are several ways to become a Cypriot citizen (citizen of The Republic of Cyprus) :

Marriage to a Cypriot National[edit]

The first, being married to a Cypriot national, requires one to be married for at least 3 years, and have completed 2 years of residency in Cyprus prior to the date of the application.

In the case where the Cypriot national is living abroad, the applicant must either have been married to the Cypriot national for 3 years and submit an accompanying letter explaining why citizenship is desired, or have been married to the Cypriot national for 5 years and have at least one child (in which case an accompanying letter is not required). [1]

The documents required are:

  • Birth certificate of the applicant
  • Certificate of clean criminal record of the applicant
  • Marriage certificate
  • Birth certificate of the couple’s children
  • Certificate of acquisition of the Cypriot citizenship of the Cypriot spouse (where applicable)
  • Statement of harmonious cohabitation signed before an Officer of the District Administration Office or the diplomatic authority
  • Statement of cohabitation from the local authority
  • The application should be submitted in duplicate and one of the two application forms should bear two stamps worth 8.54 euros.
  • Photocopy of receipt for the amount of 300 euros paid as fees [2]

Having Cypriot Origins[edit]

To apply through this method, one must be over 18 years old, and naturally, have Cypriot origins, as long as one was born abroad after the 16th of August 1960, with one's parent at the time of birth a Cypriot citizen. One can apply in this way if one is an individual born after the 11th of June 1999, whose mother was a Cypriot citizen at the time of one's birth.[3]

Accompanying the application must be:

  • Birth certificate of the applicant
  • Marriage certificate of the applicant's parents
  • Photocopy of the applicant's and the applicant's parents' passports
  • Certificate of registration of the Cypriot parent (where applicable)
  • Copy of proof of fees paid 20 euros
  • Stamp worth 8.54 euros attached to the application [3]

Naturalization / Citizenship by Investment[edit]

Naturalization is referred to as the process for which a non-citizen of a country, in this case Cyprus, may become a citizen of that country. The process may be done via a statute or an application to the relevant authorities.

In March 2014, the Cyprus Council of Ministers revised the "Scheme for Naturalization of Investors in Cyprus by Exception" as part of the government's attempts to attract foreign investors to the country.[4] One of these attempts included a citizenship-by-investment program that granted applicants the right to live, work and study in Cyprus and in the European Union.[5]

On September 13th, 2016 Council of Ministers of Cyprus approved a new program of financial criteria for investors wishing to obtain citizenship of Cyprus[6]. Applicants applying for Cypriot citizenship through this citizenship-by-investment option must actively invest in the Cyprus economy, by primarily purchasing real estate at a minimum value of 2m Euro which must be held for at least 3 years, thereafter the property may be sold however they must maintain a property of at least 500,000 Euro indefinitely. Citizenship by investment includes the main applicant and his her spouse and unmarried dependents aged 27 and under. The main applicants parents can also be added for an additional investment of 500,000 Euro.

Popular cities for real estate investment are as follows: (April 2017)

  • Limassol
  • Pafos
  • Agia Napa
  • Larnaca

Pafos and Agia Napa are tourism town and populations fluctuates dramatically between summer and winter seasons.

Three large Marina projects have now been given the go-ahead: Each set to regenerate their respective areas and therefore offer citizenship investors new options.

1. Limassol Marina - 100% constructed (Aug 2017) 2. Ayia Napa Marina - 40% complete (Aug 2017) with a completion date set for 2019 3. Pafos Marina - Not started as yes.

New baby born[edit]

According to the Republic of Cyprus Citizenship Law of 1967, anyone born on or after 16 August 1960, and with at least one parent being a Cypriot citizen, automatically acquires Cypriot citizenship.[7] Those who were born between 16 August 1960 and 1999 to a Cypriot mother abroad however, do not automatically become citizens of Cyprus, but they may register after they turn 21 years old.[8]

Dual citizenship[edit]

Cyprus allows its citizens to hold foreign citizenship in addition to their Cypriot citizenship. Some countries, however, do not permit multiple citizenship e.g. adults who acquired Cypriot and Japanese citizenship by birth must declare, to the latter's Ministry of Justice, before turning 22, which citizenship they want to keep.

Citizenship of the European Union[edit]

Because Cyprus forms part of the European Union, Cypriot citizens are also citizens of the European Union under European Union law and thus enjoy rights of free movement and have the right to vote in elections for the European Parliament.[9] When in a non-EU country where there is no Cypriot embassy, Cypriot citizens have the right to get consular protection from the embassy of any other EU country present in that country.[10][11] Cypriot citizens can live and work in any country within the EU as a result of the right of free movement and residence granted in Article 21 of the EU Treaty.[12]

Travel freedom of Cypriot citizens[edit]

Visa requirements for Cypriot citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Cyprus. In As of May 2018, Cypriot citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 171 countries and territories, ranking the Cypriot passport 14th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley visa restrictions index.[13]

In 2017, the Cypriot nationality is ranked twenty-fourth in the Nationality Index (QNI). This index differs from the Visa Restrictions Index, which focuses on external factors including travel freedom. The QNI considers, in addition to travel freedom, on internal factors such as peace & stability, economic strength, and human development as well. [14]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/crmd/crmd.nsf/All/60D513972DB4D3ADC2257D1E00333668?OpenDocument
  2. ^ http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/crmd/crmd.nsf/All/2DC0A53CB22ADF38C22578E300362B51?OpenDocument
  3. ^ a b http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/crmd/crmd.nsf/All/1B47E1C815108698C22578E30035ECD1?OpenDocument
  4. ^ "Grant of the Cypriot citizenship to non–Cypriot entrepreneurs/ investors through the "Scheme for Naturalization of Investors in Cyprus by exception". Ministry of Interior. 
  5. ^ "Citizenship-by-Investment in Cyprus - Henley & Partners". www.henleyglobal.com. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  6. ^ Cyprus Citizenship for Investors - Text of the Law(in English)
  7. ^ "Official Website of the Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in Washington D.C." www.cyprusembassy.net. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  8. ^ "Dual Citizenship Cyprus". www.dualcitizenship.com. Retrieved 2016-07-26. 
  9. ^ "Cyprus". European Union. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  10. ^ Article 20(2)(c) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  11. ^ Rights abroad: Right to consular protection: a right to protection by the diplomatic or consular authorities of other Member States when in a non-EU Member State, if there are no diplomatic or consular authorities from the citizen's own state (Article 23): this is due to the fact that not all member states maintain embassies in every country in the world (14 countries have only one embassy from an EU state). Antigua and Barbuda (UK), Barbados (UK), Belize (UK), Central African Republic (France), Comoros (France), Gambia (UK), Guyana (UK), Liberia (Germany), Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (UK), San Marino (Italy), São Tomé and Príncipe (Portugal), Solomon Islands (UK), Timor-Leste (Portugal), Vanuatu (France)
  12. ^ "Treaty on the Function of the European Union (consolidated version)" (PDF). Eur-lex.europa.eu. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  13. ^ "Global Ranking - Visa Restriction Index 2017" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 22 May 2018. 
  14. ^ "The 41 nationalities with the best quality of life". www.businessinsider.de. 2016-02-06. Retrieved 2018-09-10.