|David Allen Bawden|
|Papacy began||July 16, 1990|
|Opposed to||John XXIII
John Paul I
John Paul II
|Born||22 September 1959|
David Allen Bawden (born September 22, 1959 in Oklahoma City), who takes the name Pope Michael, is an American citizen and a conclavist claimant to the papacy. He stated in 2009 that he had approximately 30 "solid" followers.
Bawden was elected by a group of six laypeople, which included himself and his parents, who had come to believe that the Catholic Church had seceded from the Catholic faith post-Vatican II, and that there had been no legitimate Popes elected since the death of Pope Pius XII in 1958.
In 1975, Bawden and his family began to follow the Society of St. Pius X (SSPX). Bawden attended the SSPX seminary in Écône, Switzerland and Saint Joseph's Priory, Armada, Michigan, but was dismissed from the seminary in 1978.
Claim to the papacy
Bawden believes that all the Popes since the death of Pope Pius XII on October 9, 1958 are modernists, heretics, and apostates, and that, therefore, their elections are invalid. He considers them to have incurred latae sententiae, or automatic excommunication, for violating Pope Pius X's laws.
- Brisendine, Steve (30 May 2005). "Despite few followers, 'Pope Michael' holds to beliefs". The Topeka Capital-Journal. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- Adam Fairholm (Director) (2009). Pope Michael (Online). External link in
- Bawden, David. "About." - Vatican in Exile. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2016. <http://vaticaninexile.com/about.php>.
- Fox, Robin (2011). The Tribal Imagination: Civilization and the Savage Mind. Harvard University Press. p. 104. ISBN 9780674059016.
- Frank, Thomas (2004). "Antipopes among us". What's the Matter with Kansas?: How Conservatives Won the Heart of America. Macmillan. pp. 217–224. ISBN 0-8050-7339-6.
- Coppen, Luke (29 February 2012). "Today’s Catholic must-reads". Catholic Herald. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Fairholm, Adam. ""Pope Michael -- Full Documentary"". Pope Michael Film. Pope Michael Productions, LLC. Retrieved 3 July 2015.