Dayton, Indiana

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Dayton
Town
Tippecanoe County's location in Indiana
Tippecanoe County's location in Indiana
Dayton is located in Tippecanoe County, Indiana
Dayton
Dayton
Location in Tippecanoe County
Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W / 40.37444°N 86.76944°W / 40.37444; -86.76944Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W / 40.37444°N 86.76944°W / 40.37444; -86.76944
Country United States
State Indiana
County Tippecanoe
Township Sheffield
Founded 1827
Government
 • Type Incorporated town
Area[1]
 • Total 1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Land 1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[2] 676 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 1,420
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 1,488
 • Density 1,339.6/sq mi (517.2/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47941
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-17002[5]
GNIS feature ID 433370
Website dayton.in.gov

Dayton is a town in Sheffield Township, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, United States.[6] The population was 1,420 at the 2010 census.

It is part of the Lafayette, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Dayton was known as Fairfield until 1830.[7] The Dayton post office has been in operation since 1831.[8]

Dayton Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2003.[9]

Geography[edit]

Dayton is located at 40°22′28″N 86°46′10″W / 40.37444°N 86.76944°W / 40.37444; -86.76944 (40.374579, -86.769379)[10] in Sheffield Township, at an elevation of 676 feet (206 m).

According to the 2010 census, Dayton has a total area of 1.06 square miles (2.75 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 385
1880 376 −2.3%
1980 781
1990 996 27.5%
2000 1,120 12.4%
2010 1,420 26.8%
Est. 2015 1,578 [11] 11.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,420 people, 536 households, and 398 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,339.6 inhabitants per square mile (517.2/km2). There were 565 housing units at an average density of 533.0 per square mile (205.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.4% White, 0.9% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.6% of the population.

There were 536 households of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.7% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the town was 32 years. 29.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.3% were from 25 to 44; 22.5% were from 45 to 64; and 8.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

Memorial Presbyterian Church on Walnut Street.
Dayton's historic district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,120 people, 401 households, and 313 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,079.2 people per square mile (415.8/km²). There were 430 housing units at an average density of 414.4 per square mile (159.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.23% White, 18.18% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.98% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.05% of the population.

There were 401 households out of which 49.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,792, and the median income for a family was $48,021. Males had a median income of $42,813 versus $25,950 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,401. About 10.0% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.3% of those under age 18 and 12.2% of those age 65 or over.

Trivia[edit]

  • Shannon Hoon of the band Blind Melon was born and raised in the area around Dayton and is buried in Dayton Cemetery on the east edge of town.
  • Dayton is the subject of a Lefty Hazmat song of the same name.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-16. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Dayton, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  7. ^ "USGS detail on Dayton - Variant Citation". Retrieved 2016-07-25. 
  8. ^ "Tippecanoe County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on September 9, 2005. Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  9. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  13. ^ Drinkut, Brent (August 2, 2010). "Dayton: 'A nice, small community'". Journal & Courier. Lafayette, Indiana: Gannett. section A, p. 6. Retrieved August 10, 2010. Not only is Blind Melon frontman Richard Shannon Hoon buried in Dayton Cemetery, but Dayton is featured in a song by local band Lefty HAZMAT. [dead link]