Dead Man Walking (opera)
|Operas by Jake Heggie|
Dead Man Walking is the first opera by Jake Heggie, with a libretto by Terrence McNally. Based on the book of the same name by Sister Helen Prejean, CSJ, the work premiered on October 7, 2000 at the War Memorial Opera House, produced by the San Francisco Opera.
The 2000 premiere production was commissioned by then-General Director Lotfi Mansouri and the stage director was Joe Mantello. Sets, costumes and lighting were designed by Michael Yeargen, Sam Fleming, and Jennifer Tipton, respectively.
The opera has since been performed numerous times across the United States and had its Australian premiere in 2002 at the State Opera of South Australia, with Teddy Tahu Rhodes as Joseph De Rocher. The opera was nominated for six Helpmann Awards, winning two: "Best Set Design" and "Best Male in an Operatic Performance". It was also produced in St. Louis, Missouri by the Union Avenue Opera Company in 2011.
In 2007, the opera played in Sydney for a limited season produced by Nicole Alexander Productions at the State Theatre. The Canadian premiere took place in January 2006 in Calgary, Alberta, with Daniel Okulitch in the role of Joseph De Rocher. The European premiere was given in May 2006 at the Semperoper in Dresden, Germany. The same production had its opening night on September 26, 2007, at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna. The opera also played at the Malmö Opera och Musikteater in Malmö, Sweden.
A new orchestration of the opera, for 31 musicians, prepared under Jake Heggie's direction, will be premiered at the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts Theater in San Francisco in February 2015 by Opera Parallèle. The production will be directed by Brian Staufenbiel and conducted by Nicole Paiement; the cast will feature Jennifer Rivera (Sister Helen), Michael Mayes (Joe DeRocher), Catherine Cook (Mrs. DeRocher), and Talise Trevigne (Sister Rose).
|Role||Voice type||Premiere cast, 7 October 2000
Conductor: Patrick Summers
|Sister Helen Prejean, nun||mezzo-soprano||Susan Graham|
|Joseph De Rocher, convicted murderer||baritone||John Packard|
|Mrs. Patrick De Rocher, his mother||mezzo-soprano||Frederica von Stade|
|Her 19-year-old son||tenor||Eli Borggraefe|
|Her 14-year-old son||treble||Mario Sawaya|
|Sister Rose, colleague of Sister Helen||soprano||Theresa Hamm-Smith|
|Howard Boucher, father of the murdered boy||tenor||Gary Rideout|
|Jade Boucher, mother of the murdered boy||soprano||Catherine Cook|
|Owen Hart, father of the murdered girl||baritone||Robert Orth|
|Kitty Hart, mother of the murdered girl||soprano||Nicolle Foland|
|Father Grenville, chaplain at
Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola)
|tenor||Jay Hunter Morris|
|George Benton, prison warden||baritone||John Ames|
|A Motor Cop||baritone|
|First Prison Guard/A Motor Cop||baritone||David Okerlund|
|Second Prison Guard||baritone||Philip Horst|
|Sister Lillianne, colleague of Sister Helen||mezzo-soprano||Sally Mouzon|
|Sister Catherine, colleague of Sister Helen||Virginia Pluth|
|A mother||Rachel Perry|
|A Paralegal||Jim Croom|
|Five inmates||Richard Walker, Daniel Harper, David Kekuewa,
Frederick Winthrop, Frederick Matthews
|Mrs. Charlton||Donita Volkwijn|
|Jimmy Charlton||Jeremy Singletary|
|Anthony De Rocher, Joseph's brother||silent role||David Tenenbaum|
|Boy, victim||silent role||Sean San Jose|
|Girl, victim||silent role||Dawn Walters|
- Place: Louisiana
- Time: 1980s
Prologue: A teenage boy and a teenage girl are parked near a secluded lake at night, on a date. They have the radio on in their car, and are making out to its music. The De Rocher brothers, hiding nearby, emerge from the shadows, quietly. One turns the radio off; the two brothers attack the teens. Anthony grabs the boy, who begins struggling; Joseph attacks the girl and begins to rape her. The boy continues struggling until Anthony shoots him once, at the base of the skull, execution-style; this causes the girl to scream. In a panic, Joseph stabs her until she is silent.
Scene 1: Hope House, Sister Helen's mission, run by the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Medaille
Sister Helen, with the aid of some of the other sisters, is teaching the children a hymn; this hymn, "He Will Gather Us Around", becomes Helen's leitmotif during the course of the opera. After the children leave, Helen reveals to her colleagues that she has heard from an inmate on death row with whom she has been corresponding. He has asked her to be his spiritual adviser through his execution, and she has decided to accept. The sisters are shocked, warning Helen of the dangers of her position, but she is firm.
Scene 2: The drive to the prison
Helen drives to Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola) and muses on her acceptance of De Rocher's request. She is stopped by a motorcycle policeman for speeding, but he lets her off with a warning after a short humorous soliloquy; "I never gave a ticket to a nun before. Gave a ticket to an IRS agent once… got audited that year. Tell you what…"
Scene 3: Angola State Prison
Helen arrives at the prison and is met by Father Grenville, the prison chaplain, who conducts her inside.
Scene 4: Father Grenville's office
Father Grenville criticizes Sister Helen's choice to work with De Rocher, claiming that the man is unreachable; he tells her that she's in over her head. Helen responds that it is her duty to attempt to help the man. Father Grenville leaves her to meet with Warden Benton, who asks many of the same questions and also criticizes her decision. He conducts her to Death Row to meet with De Rocher.
Scene 5: Death Row
Warden Benton and Sister Helen walk through Death Row to reach the visiting room. They're heckled by the inmates (chorus) who in turn shout profanities at her and ask her to say prayers for them.
Scene 6: Death Row visiting room
Warden Benton conducts De Rocher into the visiting room. He is friendly and easy-going. They converse; he asks her to speak at the pardon board hearing on his behalf to have his sentence commuted to life. He seems convinced that she will not return to help him; she assures him that such is not the case.
Scene 7: The pardon board hearing
Sister Helen is present with De Rocher's mother and two of his younger brothers, who plead with the pardon board on his behalf. One of Joseph's victims' parents lashes out at her in anger.
Scene 8: The courthouse parking lot
The four parents of De Rocher's victims speak angrily to his mother and to Sister Helen, who tries to calm both sides. The parents accuse her of not understanding their pain and sorrow. Word comes from the pardon board; De Rocher has not been granted commutation. Barring intercession from the governor for clemency, he is to die for his crime.
Scene 9: Death Row visiting room
De Rocher is convinced that Helen has abandoned him; she enters, late, and tells him that she has not and will not. He is angry and rejects all her suggestions to confess and make peace with his actions. The warden enters and tells Helen to leave at once.
Scene 10: The prison waiting room
Helen is trying to find money to buy food from the vending machine, having forgotten to eat. She begins to hear the voices, in her head, of the parents, the children at Hope House, Father Grenville, the motorcycle policeman, Warden Benton, and her colleagues, all telling her to stop trying to help De Rocher. The warden enters to tell her that the governor has refused to act to save him, and gives Helen some money for the machine. She stands for a moment, then faints.
Scene 1: Joseph De Rocher's prison cell
A guard enters and tells De Rocher, who is doing pushups, that his execution date has been set for August 4. The guard leaves; Joseph muses on his fate.
Scene 2: Sister Helen's bedroom
Helen wakes up in terror from a nightmare, alarming Sister Rose, who begs her to stop working with De Rocher. Rose reminds her that she has not slept well since she began helping him. Helen says she cannot; the two women pray for the strength to forgive De Rocher.
Scene 3: Joseph's cell
It is the evening of the date set for the execution. De Rocher and Sister Helen are talking; they discover they share a common love for Elvis. For the first time he admits that he is afraid. She reassures him, urging him to confess and make peace with what he has done; again he refuses. The warden enters and informs them that his mother is there to see him.
Scene 4: The visiting room
Mrs. De Rocher and her two younger sons have arrived. Joseph visits with them, and tries to apologize; she does not hear him, preferring to believe to the end that he is innocent. She complains that she baked him cookies, but was not allowed to bring them in. She asks Helen to take a last picture of the four of them together with the camera in her purse. The guards lead Joseph away; she looks after him, reminiscing, near tears, eventually losing control. She thanks Helen for all that she has done; Helen promises to take the cookies for her.
Scene 5: Outside the Death House
Helen speaks with the victims' parents. One of them, Owen Hart, takes her aside and confesses that he is less sure of what he wants now than he was; he tells her that he and his wife have separated due to the stress they have felt. Helen tries to console him; they agree to part as "Fellow victims of Joseph De Rocher".
Scene 6/7: Joseph's holding cell
Helen and De Rocher converse for the last time; she asks him to confess to the murders. This time, something in him snaps; he breaks down and tells her the entire story. He expects Helen to hate him; instead, she says she forgives him, and that she will be "the face of love" for him. He thanks her. Father Grenville enters and begins the final preparations for the execution.
Scene 8: March to the execution chamber/The execution chamber
Guards, inmates, the warden, the parents, the chaplain, and protesters assembled outside the prison sing the Lord's Prayer as Sister Helen reads a passage from the book of Isaiah. They approach the death chamber, and Helen is separated from De Rocher. The warden asks if he has any last words; he says he does, and asks forgiveness from the parents of the murdered teenagers. The warden gives the nod, and the execution proceeds. De Rocher dies thanking Helen once again for her love; the opera ends as she stands over his body and sings her hymn one last time.
Critical reaction to the opera was generally favorable; in particular, critics praised the sharp, finely delineated performances by the principals and the simple yet effective production. "It was a triumph beyond what even its most optimistic boosters could have predicted" wrote the San Francisco Chronicle's critic. "The reason for the work's appeal lies in its almost perfect fusion of ideas and emotions," wrote The Australian in 2007.
Many also found that McNally's libretto to be among the most finely crafted in recent memory: "…the splendid libretto —by turns plainspoken and eloquent, with wonderful splashes of wry humor to lighten the tone when it most needs it— creates the structural backbone of this wrenching drama". Although not all of it has been set to music, McNally gave the libretto to Heggie with the express instructions to use whatever portions of it he felt necessary, and to discard the rest.
- 2002: 2-CD set, taken from the world premiere run of performances, was issued by Erato/Warner Classics, cat. no. 8573-86238 ASIN B000059ZHR.
- 2010: a 2-CD set was issued by Virgin Classics/EMI, in 2010, cat. no. 50999 6 02463 2 5, with Joyce DiDonato as Sister Helen Prejean in a Houston Grand Opera production under conductor Patrick Summers.
- Chuck Lavazzi, "Dead Man Walking at Union Avenue Opera", Operatic St. Louis / KDHX, 2011
- Joshua Kosman, "'Walking' Tall: Opera's Dead Man is a masterpiece of music, words and emotions", San Francisco Chronicle, 9 October 2000
- Black, Murray (1 October 2007). "Harrowing night on death row". The Australian.