Joyce DiDonato (née Flaherty; born February 13, 1969) is an American operatic lyric-coloratura mezzo-soprano notable for her interpretations of the works of Handel, Mozart, and Rossini. She has performed with many of the world's leading opera companies and orchestras and in 2012 and 2016 won the Grammy Award for Best Classical Vocal Solo.
Early life and education
Joyce Flaherty was born in Prairie Village, Kansas in 1969, the sixth of seven children in an Irish-American family. Her father, Donald Flaherty, was a self-employed architect who designed houses in the area. One of her sisters, Mrs. Amy Hetherington, is a music teacher at St. Ann Catholic School, which Joyce and her siblings all attended. She later attended Bishop Miege High School, where she sang in musicals. She entered Wichita State University ("WSU") in the autumn of 1988 where she studied vocal music education. She was initially more interested in teaching high school vocal music and musical theatre and did not become interested in opera until she saw a PBS televised broadcast of Don Giovanni and then, in her junior year, when she was cast in a school production of Die Fledermaus.
After graduating from WSU in spring 1992, DiDonato decided to pursue graduate studies in vocal performance at the Academy of Vocal Arts. Following her studies in Philadelphia, she was accepted in The Santa Fe Opera's Apprentice Singer program for the summer 1995 festival season. While there she appeared in several minor roles and understudied for larger parts in such operas as Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro, Richard Strauss' Salome, Kálmán's Gräfin Mariza and the 1994 world premiere of David Lang's Modern Painters. DiDonato was honored as one of several Outstanding Apprentice Artists by the Santa Fe Opera that year.
In 1996 she became a part of Houston Grand Opera's young artist program where she sang from autumn 1996 to spring 1998. During the summer of 1997, DiDonato participated in San Francisco Opera's Merola Program.
During her apprentice years, DiDonato competed in several notable vocal competitions. In 1996 she won second prize in the Eleanor McCollum Competition and was a district winner of the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions. In 1997 she won a William Matheus Sullivan Award, while in 1998 she won second prize in the Operalia Competition, first place in the Stewart Awards, won the George London Competition, and received a Richard F. Gold Career Grant from the Shoshana Foundation.
DiDonato began her professional career in the 1998/1999 season singing with several regional opera companies in the United States. She most notably appeared as the main heroine, Maslova, in the world premiere of Tod Machover's Resurrection with the Houston Grand Opera.  She gave a recital in San Francisco that year as part of the Schwabacher recital series.
Also at Houston Grand Opera, DiDonato performed the role of Meg in the world premiere during the 1999/2000 season of Mark Adamo's Little Women at with Stephanie Novacek as Jo and Chad Shelton as Laurie. That season, she also sang the role of Cherubino in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro with the Santa Fe Opera and the role of Isabella in Rossini's L'italiana in Algeri with the New Israeli Opera. In addition, DiDonato gave a recital at New York's Morgan Library under the auspices of the George London Foundation and sang the mezzo-soprano solos in the Seattle Symphony's production of Handel's Messiah.
DiDonato made her debut at La Scala as Angelina in Rossini's La Cenerentola in the 2000/2001 season, returned to Houston Grand Opera as Dorabella in Mozart's Così fan tutte, and sang the mezzo-soprano solos in Bach's Mass in B minor with the Ensemble Orchestral de Paris and conductor John Nelson.
The 2001/2002 season included debuts with Washington National Opera as Dorabella in Mozart's Così fan tutte, with De Nederlandse Opera as Sesto in Handel's Giulio Cesare, with Opéra National de Paris as Rosina in Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia, and with Bavarian State Opera as Cherubino in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro under the baton of Zubin Mehta. Also, she returned to the Santa Fe Opera to perform the role of Annio in Mozart's La clemenza di Tito and made several concert appearances, including those with Riccardo Muti conducting the La Scala Orchestra in Vivaldi's Gloria and the Ensemble Orchestral de Paris's presentation of Mendelssohn's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
Debuts with the New York City Opera (as Sister Helen in Jake Heggie's Dead Man Walking), at the Théâtre du Châtelet in the title role of Rossini's La cenerentola, at the Royal Opera House as Zlatohrbitek the fox in Janáček's The Cunning Little Vixen under the baton of Sir John Eliot Gardiner, and with the New National Theatre Tokyo as Rosina in Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia all came during the 2002/2003 season. That same season saw performances of the title role in Rossini's Adina at the Rossini Opera Festival in Pesaro and the role of Cherubino in Mozart's Le nozze di Figaro with Opéra Bastille. In concert, DiDonato performed Mozart's Requiem with the Seattle Symphony, Berlioz's Les nuits d'été with the Ensemble Orchestral de Paris, and made her Carnegie Hall debut in a production of Bach's Mass in B Minor with the Orchestra of St. Luke's under the baton of Peter Schreier. She toured Europe with Marc Minkowski and Les Musiciens du Louvre in performances of Les nuits d'été.
The San Francisco Opera was the venue during the 2003/2004 season when DiDonato made her debut as Rosina in Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia plus a reprise of the role with Houston Grand Opera. She performed Idamante in Mozart's Idomeneo with De Nederlandse Opera and at the Aix-en-Provence Festival, also sang the role of Ascanio in a concert performance of Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini with the Orchestre National de France. Solo recital appearances included the Lincoln Center in New York, the Kennedy Center in Washington, Kansas City's Folly Theater, and Wigmore Hall in London, among others. She sang at the Hollywood Bowl in a production of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 with the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
In the role of Elisabetta at the Grand Théâtre de Genève, she gave her first performances in Donizetti's Maria Stuarda during the 2004/2005 season. Also, she returned to La Scala as Angelina in Rossini's La Cenerentola and once again played Rosina in a new production of Rossini's Il barbiere di Siviglia by Luca Ronconi at the Pesaro Festival and the Teatro Comunale di Bologna. During the 2005-06 season, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut as Cherubino in Le nozze di Figaro and she also played Stéphano in Gounod's Roméo et Juliette at the Met. She returned to the Royal Opera House as Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia, sang her first Sesto in Mozart's La clemenza di Tito with Grand Théâtre de Genève, and sang the role of Dejanira in Handel's Hercules at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in New York and at the Barbican Centre in London with William Christie. In addition, DiDonato appeared in several concerts with the New York Philharmonic and gave a recital at Wigmore Hall. She closed the Santa Fe Opera's 50th anniversary season in the title role of Massenet's Cendrillon.
DiDonato debuted at the Teatro Real as the Composer in Richard Strauss' Ariadne auf Naxos in the 2006/2007 season, and returned to both the Opéra National de Paris as Idamante in Mozart's Idomeneo and to Houston Grand Opera as Angelina in La Cenerentola. She sang Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia at the Metropolitan Opera and sang her first Octavian in Richard Strauss' Der Rosenkavalier with the San Francisco Opera in addition to touring the U.S. and Europe on an extensive recital tour with accompanist Julius Drake. Her 2007/2008 season appearances included her debut at the Liceu as Angelina in La Cenerentola and at the Lyric Opera of Chicago as Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia. She sang the title role in Handel's Alcina with Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco and the title role in Handel's Ariodante at the Grand Théâtre de Genève. She also sang Roméo in Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi with Opéra Bastille and returned to Madrid's Teatro Real as Idamante in Idomeneo in July 2008. DiDonato also gave recitals at La Scala, Lincoln Center, and the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and performed a special concert of Handel arias which was recorded in Brussels.
In the 2008/2009 season, DiDonato returned to Covent Garden as Donna Elvira in Mozart's Don Giovanni and as Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia. In a performance of that opera on July 7, DiDonato slipped onstage and broke her right fibula; she finished the first act hobbling and the rest of the performance on crutches. She then performed the five remaining scheduled performances from a wheelchair. She performed the roles of Beatrice in Berlioz's Béatrice et Bénédict with Houston Grand Opera, Idamante in Mozart's Idomeneo with Opéra National de Paris, and Rosina in Il barbiere di Siviglia in her debut with Vienna State Opera.
DiDonato also appeared in concerts with the New York Philharmonic, Kansas City Symphony, and the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, the latter of which under the baton of James Levine. She toured Europe and the United States with Les Talens Lyriques giving concerts of Handel arias, including performances at Wigmore Hall and the Rossini Opera Festival.
DiDonato sang the role of Isolier in Rossini's Le comte Ory with the Metropolitan Opera in April 2011.
In April 2012, she sang the role of Mary Stuart in Donizetti's Maria Stuarda with the Houston Grand Opera, repeating the role in the work's premiere performances at the Metropolitan Opera in January 2013.
In the spring of 2013 DiDonato starred in a new production of Rossini's La donna del lago given by The Royal Opera, Covent Garden.  A new production was mounted by the Santa Fe Opera during its 2013 festival season, also starring Joyce DiDonato with Lawrence Brownlee as Uberto.  For the first time in its 57-year history, the Santa Fe Opera added an extra performance of La donna del lago due to unprecedented ticket demand.
On September 7, 2013 she performed at the Last Night of the Proms, singing arias by Massenet ("Je suis gris! je suis ivre!"), Handel ("Ombra mai fu"), and Rossini ("Tanti affetti in tal momento!") as well as "You'll Never Walk Alone" from the musical Carousel, "Over the Rainbow" from the Wizard of Oz as a bow to her home State of Kansas, and "Danny Boy"; she then led the audience into the traditional "Rule, Britannia!". On September 21, 2013 she sang the role of Romeo as the Lyric Opera of Kansas City opened its season with Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi.
In January 2014, DiDonato was named a "Perspectives" artist for the duration of Carnegie Hall's 2014/2015 season. During that time her performance collaborators include The English Concert conducted by Harry Bicket, her accompanist David Zobel, the Brentano String Quartet, and the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Maurizio Benini.
In September 2014 Joyce DiDonato opened the Barbican's 2014/15 classical season with a concert entitled Stella di Napoli with the Orchestre et Choeur de l’Opéra de Lyon conducted by Riccardo Minasi. This was the first concert of five events for Joyce DiDonato in the Barbican's Artist Spotlight series. The remaining four events were three concerts -
- Handel's Alcina  with the English Concert conducted by Harry Bicket
- Camille Claudel: Into the Fire, a song cycle written for her by Jake Heggie, with the Brentano String Quartet
- a concert with the New York Philharmonic conducted by Alan Gilbert
- 2000: ARIA (Awards Recognizing Individual Artistry) award, which was given annually to American "vocal artists of exceptional ability and undeniable promise"
- 2002: Richard Tucker Award
- 2003: New York City Opera's Richard Gold Debut Award
- 2006: Singer Award, part of the annual Royal Philharmonic Society Music Awards.
- 2007: Metropolitan Opera's Beverly Sills Award
- 2010: ECHO Klassik Award as Singer of the Year
- 2012: Gramophone's Hall of Fame
- 2012: 54th Grammy Awards, the "Grammy" for Best Classical Vocal Solo for her solo recording Diva Divo
- 2013: ECHO accolade
- 2013 Musical America Musician of the Year Award
- 2014 Honorary Doctorate from the Juilliard School
- 2014 Honorary Membership of the Royal Academy of Music
- 2014 Mu Phi Epsilon Award of Merit
- 2015 International Classical Music Awards Winner for Vocal Recital
- 2015 The magazine Limelight for "Opera Recording of the Year"
- 2016: 58th Annual Grammy Awards – Best Classical Vocal Solo (with accompanist Antonio Pappano) for Joyce & Tony – Live from Wigmore Hall
Roles in operas
- Adalgisa, Norma (Bellini)
- Adina, Adina (Rossini)
- Alcina, Alcina (Handel)
- Angelina (Cenerentola), La Cenerentola (Rossini)
- Annio, La clemenza di Tito (Mozart)
- Arden Scott, Great Scott (Jake Heggie) @
- Ariodante, Ariodante (Handel)
- Ascanio, Benvenuto Cellini (Berlioz)
- Beatrice, Béatrice et Bénédict (Berlioz)
- Cendrillon, Cendrillon (Massenet)
- Charlotte, Werther (Massenet)
- Cherubino, The Marriage of Figaro (Mozart)
- The Composer Ariadne auf Naxos (R. Strauss)
- Dejanira, Hercules (Handel)
- Donna Elvira, Don Giovanni (Mozart)
- Dorabella, Così fan tutte (Mozart)
- Elena, La donna del lago (Rossini)
- Elisabetta, Maria Stuarda (Donizetti)
- Elmira, Floridante (Handel)
- Grace Kelly, Jackie O (Michael Daugherty) @
- Idamante, Idomeneo (Mozart)
- Isabella, L'italiana in Algeri (Rossini)
- Isolier, Le comte Ory (Rossini)
- Maria, Maria Stuarda (Donizetti)
- Maslova, Resurrection (Tod Machover) @
- Meg, Little Women (Mark Adamo) @
- Octavian, Der Rosenkavalier (R. Strauss)
- Romeo, I Capuleti e i Montecchi (Bellini)
- Rosina, Il barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini)
- Semiramide, Semiramide (Rossini)
- Sesto, La clemenza di Tito (Mozart)
- Sesto Pompeo, Giulio Cesare (Handel)
- Sister Helen, Dead Man Walking (Jake Heggie)
- Sycorax, The Enchanted Island @
- Stephano, Roméo et Juliette (Gounod)
- Zlatohrbitek the fox, The Cunning Little Vixen (Janáček)
@ Indicates a world premiere
- Alcina in Handel's Alcina with conductor Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco, released 2009, Deutsche Grammophon Archiv Produktion
- Angelina (Cenerentola) in Rossini's La Cenerentola with conductor Alberto Zedda and SWR Orchestra Kaiserslautern, released 2005, Naxos
- Ariodante in Handel's Ariodante with conductor Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco, released 2011, Virgin Classics
- Ascanio in Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini with conductor John Nelson and Orchestre National de France, released 2005, Virgin Classics
- Donna Elvira in Mozart's Don Giovanni with conductor Yannick Nézet-Séguin and the Mahler Chamber Orchestra, released 2012, Deutsche Grammophon
- Elmira in Handel's Floridante with conductor Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco, released 2007, Deutsche Grammophon Archiv Produktion
- Grace Kelly in Michael Daugherty's Jackie O with conductor Christopher Larkin and Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, released 1997, Argo
- Ippolita in Vivaldi's Ercole su'l Termodonte with conductor Fabio Biondi and Europa Galante, released 2010, Virgin Classics
- Maslova in Tod Machover's Resurrection with conductor Patrick Summers and Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, released 1999, Albany Records
- Meg March in Mark Adamo's Little Women with conductor Patrick Summers and Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, released 2001, Ondine 
- Radamisto in Handel's Radamisto with conductor Alan Curtis and Il Complesso Barocco, released 2005, Virgin Classics
- Sister Helen Prejean in Jake Heggie's Dead Man Walking with conductor Patrick Summers and Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, released 2012, Virgin Classics
- Antonio Vivaldi: The Complete Sacred Music with conductor Robert King and The King's Consort, released 2005, Hyperion
- Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Nights Dream with conductor John Nelson and the Ensemble Orchestral de Paris, released 2003, EMI Classics
- Mozart: The Last Concerto 1791 with conductor Frans Brüggen and the Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century, released 2002, Glossa
- Rossini: Stabat Mater, with conductor Antonio Pappano and the Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, released 2010, EMI Classics
- Homecoming: The Kansas City Symphony Presents Joyce DiDonato with conductor Michael Stern and The Kansas City Symphony, released on July 17, 2012
- Amor e gelosia: Handel Operatic Duets with Patrizia Ciofi, conductor Alan Curtis with Il Complesso Barocco, released 2004, Virgin Classics
- The Deepest Desire, Songs by Bernstein, Copland and Heggie, accompanied by pianist David Zobel, released 2006, Eloquentia
- Joyce DiDonato: Songs by Fauré, Hahn and Head · Arias by Rossini and Handel, live recording at Wigmore Hall, accompanied by pianist Julius Drake, released 2006, Wigmore Hall Live
- ¡Pasión!, Songs by de Falla, Granados, Montsalvatge, Obradors and Turina, accompanied by pianist Julius Drake, released 2007, Eloquentia
- Furore – Mad Scenes from Handel Operas, conductor Christophe Rousset with Les Talens Lyriques, released 2008, Virgin Classics
- Colbran, the Muse, Rossini Opera Arias for Isabella Colbran, conductor Edoardo Müller with Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, released 2009, Virgin Classics
- Diva, Divo, Arias by Bellini, Berlioz, Gluck, Gounod, Massenet, Mozart, Rossini and R. Strauss, conductor Kazushi Ono with Orchestre et Choeur de l’Opéra National de Lyon, released 2011, Virgin Classics. 2012 Grammy Award Winner: Best Classical Vocal Solo Album.
- Drama Queens, arias by Cesti, Giacomelli, Händel, Hasse, Haydn, Keiser, Monteverdi, Orlandini and Porta, conductor Alan Curtis with Il Complesso Barocco, released 2012, Virgin Classics
- Stella di Napoli, arias by Pacini, Bellini, Donizetti, Carafe, Rossini, Valentini and Mercadante. Conductor Riccardo Minasi with Orchestre et Choeur de l’Opéra de Lyon. Released 2014, Erato.
- here/after. Songs by Jake Heggie. Stephen Costello, Joyce DiDonato, Nathan Gunn, Talise Trevigne, Carol Wincenc, Alexander String Quartet. PENTATONE PTC 5186515 (2015)
- Joyce & Tony: Live at Wigmore Hall, arias by Rossini, Santoliquido, a cantata by Haydn and songs from the Great American Song Book. With Antonio Pappano at the piano recorded live at Wigmore Hall in September 2014. Released 2015, Erato. 2016 Grammy Award Winner: Best Classical Vocal Solo Album.
- In War & Peace: Harmony through music, arias by Handel, Purcell, Monteverdi, Leo and Jommelli. Conductor Maxim Emelyanychev with Il Pomo d'Oro. Released 2016, Erato.
- William Barnewitz: Long Road Home, DiDonato appears as a guest artist, released 2007, Avie
- Plácido Domingo's Operalia '98: A Tribute to Passion and Soul, released 1998, Montblanc
Film and television appearances
- Meg March in Mark Adamo's Little Women with conductor Katherine Ciesinski and Houston Grand Opera Orchestra, aired on PBS' Great Performances in 2001
- Rosina in Rossini's The Barber of Seville with conductor Bruno Campanella and Opéra National de Paris, aired on television in 2002, released on DVD 2002
- "Gala Jean-Philippe Rameau" – Concert du 20ème anniversaire des Musiciens du Louvre, aired on television in 2003
- Dejanira in Handel's Hercules with conductor William Christie, Les Arts Florissants, and Aix-en-Provence Festival, aired on television in 2005, released on DVD 2005
- Elvira in Mozart's Don Giovanni with conductor Charles Mackerras at the Royal Opera House, released on DVD in 2008
- Rosina in Rossini's The Barber of Seville with conductor Antonio Pappano at the Royal Opera House, released on DVD in 2010
- Angelina in Rossini's La Cenerentola with conductor Patrick Summers at the Gran Teatre del Liceu, released on DVD in 2010
- Isolier in Rossini's Le comte Ory with conductor Maurizio Benini at the Metropolitan Opera, released on DVD in 2012
- Cendrillon in Massenet's Cendrillon with conductor Bertrand de Billy at the Royal Opera House, released on DVD in 2012
- Homecoming: The Kansas City Symphony Presents Joyce DiDonato with conductor Michael Stern and The Kansas City Symphony at The Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts, broadcast July 2012 on PBS, released on DVD and digital download July 2012
- Last Night of the Proms, Royal Albert Hall, London, September 7, 2013, with Marin Alsop conducting
- Sang the Star-Spangled Banner before Game 7 of the 2014 World Series at Ewing M. Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City, Missouri.
- Florence Foster Jenkins in The Florence Foster Jenkins Story. Written and directed by Ralf Pleger. Released in Germany in 2016.
- Kellow, Brian (December 2011). "The Sweet Voice of Reason". Opera News. 76 (6). Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- "58th Annual Grammy Awards Winners & Nominees – 79. Best Classical Solo Vocal Album", grammy.org
- "Grammys 2016: The Complete Winners List", Rolling Stone, February 15, 2016.
- Ross, Alex (October 7, 2013). "Mastersinger: How Joyce DiDonato, of Prairie Village, Kansas, conquered opera". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 24, 2016.
- "About Joyce DiDonato".
- Carie J. Delmar, "A conversation with mezzo-soprano Joyce DiDonato about her roller coaster ride to success amidst doubt and faith." on operaonline.us. Retrieved November 17, 2013
- Joyce DiDonato: mezzo-soprano (profile) on fanfaire.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013
- "Houston Grand Opera presents RESURRECTION: An Opera in Two Acts", April 1999. Details of the opera on houstontheatre.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013
- "Joyce DiDonato (Mezzo-soprano)" a profile on bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- "About the Performer – Joyce DiDonato" on the Los Angeles Philharmonic website; retrieved November 17, 2013
- San Francisco Opera archives
- Biography, joycedidonato.com; retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Tommasini, Anthony, "Opera Singer Soldiers on After Onstage Accident", The New York Times July 7, 2009. Retrieved November 17, 2013
- Joyce DiDonato: Schedule
- "Mary Stuart". Houston Grand Opera. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
- Tim Ashley, "La Donna del Lago – review", The Guardian (London), May 20, 2013. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
- Santa Fe Opera press release. Retrieved July 10, 2012
- "La donna del lago Performance Added", Santa Fe Opera, July 17, 2013
- "Prom 75: Last Night of the Proms - Prom 75: Last Night of the Proms".
- Libby Hanssen, "Passionate, psychological Capulets and Montagues features hometown diva Joyce DiDonato", The Kansas City Star, September 22, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013
- Joyce DiDonato's Perspectives Carnegie Hall on carnegiehall.org
- "Stella di Napoli, Artist Spotlight, Barbican, London". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Handel's Alcina, Artist Spotlight, Barbican, London". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Camille Claudel - Into the Fire, Artist Spotlight, Barbican, London.". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "New York Philharmonic & Joyce DiDonato, Artist Spotlight, Barbican, London.". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Masterclass with Joyce DiDonato, Artist Spotlight, Milton Court Concert Hall". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Guildhall Masterclass: Joyce DiDonato Vocal Masterclass - Francesca Chiejina". Retrieved January 20, 2017.
- "Mezzo Joyce DiDonato Named Recipient of Met's Second Annual Beverly Sills Award", at operanews.com. Retrieved November 20, 2013
- "Joyce DiDonato Wins 2010 German ECHO Klassik Singer of the Year Award", BroadwayWorld.com, August 9, 2010
- "Joyce DiDonato (mezzo-soprano)". Gramophone. Retrieved April 11, 2012.
- Christopher Morris (February 13, 2012). "Adele's '21' wins album of the year at Grammys: Singer's 'Rolling in the Deep' nabs record of the year". Chicago Tribune.
- ECHO Klassik: 2013 Prize Winners
- "Musical America Honors DiDonato and Dudamel" on connection.ebscohost.com
- "Intermusica - News".
- Rupert Christiansen, "La Donna del Lago, Royal Opera, Royal Opera House, review", The Telegraph (London), May 18, 2013
- "Grammy Awards website". Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- "Il Pomo d'Oro". Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- In War and Peace Project website Retrieved January 12, 2017.
- The Florence Foster Jenkins Story website Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- Ralf Pleger website Retrieved January 19, 2017.