Demographics of the Bahamas

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Bahamas, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
YearPop.±%
184526,491—    
185127,519+3.9%
186135,487+29.0%
187139,162+10.4%
188143,521+11.1%
189147,565+9.3%
190153,735+13.0%
191155,944+4.1%
192153,031−5.2%
193159,828+12.8%
194368,846+15.1%
195384,841+23.2%
1963130,220+53.5%
1970168,812+29.6%
1980209,505+24.1%
1990255,049+21.7%
2000303,611+19.0%
2010351,461+15.8%
Source:[1]

Ninety percent of the Bahamian population identifies as being primarily of African ancestry. About two-thirds of the population lives on New Providence Island (the location of Nassau), and about half of the remaining one-third lives on Grand Bahama (the location of Freeport).

The islands were sparsely settled and a haven for pirates until the late 18th century, when thousands of British Loyalists were given compensatory land grants following the American Revolution. Many new settlers were from the Southern United States and brought slaves with them to cultivate plantations. At the turn of the 20th century, the total population was 53,000.

School attendance is compulsory between the ages of 5 and 16. There are 158 public schools and 52 private schools in the Bahamas catering to more than 66,000 students. The College of the Bahamas, established in Nassau in 1974, provides programmes leading to associate's degrees and bachelor's degrees; the college is now converting from a two-year to a four-year institution.

Demographics of Bahamas, data of FAO, year 2005; number of inhabitants in thousands

Vital statistics[edit]

[2][3][4]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[5] Infant mortality rate[5]
1935 64 000 2 000 1 121 879 31.3 17.5 13.7
1936 66 000 1 902 1 056 846 28.8 16.0 12.8
1937 67 000 2 084 914 1 170 31.1 13.6 17.5
1938 67 000 2 020 1 096 924 30.1 16.4 13.8
1939 68 000 2 040 1 066 974 30.0 15.7 14.3
1940 70 000 2 185 1 052 1 133 31.2 15.0 16.2
1941 71 000 2 312 920 1 392 32.6 13.0 19.6
1942 72 000 2 409 1 011 1 398 33.5 14.0 19.4
1943 70 000 2 502 1 043 1 459 35.7 14.9 20.8
1944 69 000 2 485 1 103 1 382 36.0 16.0 20.0
1945 71 000 2 174 1 326 848 30.6 18.7 11.9
1946 73 000 2 208 1 002 1 206 30.2 13.7 16.5
1947 74 000 2 415 987 1 428 32.6 13.3 19.3
1948 76 000 2 539 1 029 1 510 33.4 13.5 19.9
1949 77 000 2 646 1 052 1 594 34.4 13.7 20.7
1950 79 000 2 532 1 143 1 389 32.1 14.5 17.6
1951 80 000 2 739 963 1 776 34.2 12.0 22.2
1952 81 000 2 714 959 1 755 33.5 11.8 21.7
1953 83 000 3 056 903 2 153 36.8 10.9 25.9
1954 86 000 3 410 844 2 566 39.7 9.8 29.8
1955 89 000 2 844 857 1 987 32.0 9.6 22.3
1956 92 000 3 290 849 2 441 35.8 9.2 26.5
1957 96 000 3 126 764 2 362 32.6 8.0 24.6
1958 100 000 3 029 1 095 1 934 30.3 11.0 19.3
1959 104 000 3 154 1 000 2 154 30.3 9.6 20.7
1960 110 000 3 359 805 2 554 30.5 7.3 23.2
1961 115 000 3 734 1 024 2 710 32.5 8.9 23.6
1962 121 000 3 468 821 2 647 28.7 6.8 21.9
1963 127 000 4 584 1 030 3 554 35.8 8.0 27.8
1964 134 000 4 805 987 3 818 35.9 7.4 28.5
1965 140 000 4 439 1 098 3 341 31.7 7.8 23.9
1966 146 000 4 573 1 067 3 506 31.1 7.3 23.9
1967 153 000 4 275 1 212 3 063 27.9 7.9 20.0
1968 159 000 4 220 1 023 3 197 26.5 6.4 20.1
1969 164 000 4 306 1 097 3 209 26.1 6.6 19.4
1970 169 000 4 262 1 054 3 208 25.1 6.2 18.9
1971 174 000 5 334 948 4 386 30.7 5.4 25.2
1972 178 000 4 745 1 115 3 630 26.7 6.3 20.4
1973 181 000 4 419 1 109 3 310 24.3 6.1 18.2
1974 185 000 4 382 1 032 3 350 23.7 5.6 18.1
1975 189 000 4 033 1 106 2 927 21.3 5.9 15.5
1976 193 000 5 295 976 4 319 27.4 5.1 22.4
1977 197 000 4 871 1 067 3 804 24.7 5.4 19.3
1978 202 000 4 362 1 077 3 285 21.7 5.4 16.3
1979 206 000 4 809 1 211 3 598 23.3 5.9 17.5
1980 211 000 5 035 1 338 3 697 24.0 6.4 17.6
1981 215 000 5 251 1 127 4 124 24.4 5.2 19.2
1982 220 000 5 293 1 185 4 108 24.2 5.4 18.8
1983 225 000 5 280 1 104 4 176 23.6 4.9 18.6
1984 230 000 5 177 1 150 4 027 22.6 5.0 17.6
1985 235 000 5 584 1 341 4 243 24.0 5.8 18.2
1986 239 000 4 770 1 407 3 363 20.0 5.9 14.1
1987 243 000 4 331 1 376 2 955 17.9 5.7 12.2
1988 248 000 4 943 1 319 3 624 20.1 5.4 14.7
1989 252 000 4 971 1 459 3 512 19.9 5.8 14.0
1990 256 000 6 117 1 343 4 774 23.9 5.2 18.6
1991 261 000 6 192 1 335 4 857 23.7 5.1 18.6
1992 266 000 6 759 1 462 5 297 25.4 5.5 19.9
1993 271 000 6 674 1 493 5 181 24.6 5.5 19.1
1994 276 000 6 104 1 538 4 566 22.1 5.6 16.6
1995 280 000 6 253 1 638 4 615 22.3 5.8 16.5
1996 284 000 5 913 1 537 4 376 20.8 5.4 15.4
1997 287 000 6 022 1 670 4 352 21.0 5.8 15.2
1998 290 000 5 880 1 800 4 080 20.3 6.2 14.1
1999 293 000 5 367 1 644 3 723 18.3 5.6 12.7
2000 298 000 5 287 1 825 3 462 17.8 6.1 11.6
2001 303 000 5 353 1 609 3 744 17.7 5.3 12.4
2002 309 000 5 216 1 827 3 389 16.9 5.9 11.0
2003 316 000 5 054 1 730 3 324 16.0 5.5 10.5
2004 322 000 5 154 1 655 3 499 16.1 5.1 11.0
2005 328.320 5 548 1 824 3 724 17.1 5.6 11.5 2.05 19.6
2006 333.060 5 296 1 730 3 566 16.0 5.2 10.8 1.93 18.1
2007 337.920 5 854 1 798 4 056 17.5 5.4 12.1 2.14 17.6
2008 342.830 5 480 1 863 3 617 16.2 5.5 10.7 2.00 17.9
2009 347.780 5 348 1 981 3 367 15.6 5.7 9.9 2.03 21.1
2010 351.461 5 049 2 023 3 026 14.4 5.8 8.6 1.94 19.8
2011 357.750 5 000 2 127 2 873 14.0 5.9 8.1 1.69 16.2
2012 362.590 4 345 1 937 2 408 12.0 5.3 6.7 1.76
2013 367.430 3 935 2 062 1 873 10.7 5.6 5.1 1.73
2014 372.380 4 155 2 132 2 023 11.3 5.8 5.5 1.69
2015 4 253 2 243 2 010 11.5 6.1 5.4 1.57
2016 4 093 2 288 1 805 11.0 6.1 4.9 1.50
2017 4 017 2 372 1 645 10.7 6.3 4.4 1.42

Structure of the population[edit]

Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (estimates):[6]

Age group Male Female Total %
Total 179 850 188 540 368 390 100
0-4 16 670 15 660 32 330 8,78
5-9 16 400 15 090 31 490 8,55
10-14 14 990 14 730 29 720 8,07
15-19 15 170 15 320 30 490 8,28
20-24 14 780 15 250 30 030 8,15
25-29 13 090 13 780 26 870 7,29
30-34 12 780 13 000 25 780 7,00
35-39 13 100 13 720 26 820 7,28
40-44 13 480 14 480 27 960 7,59
45-49 12 890 13 860 26 750 7,26
50-54 11 760 12 570 24 330 6,60
55-59 8 670 9 570 18 240 4,95
60-64 6 030 6 830 12 860 3,49
65-69 4 260 5 080 9 340 2,54
70-74 3 030 3 860 6 890 1,87
75-79 1 800 2 480 4 280 1,16
80-84 586 1 747 2 333 0,63
85-89 243 873 1 116 0,30
90+ 121 640 761 0,21
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 48 060 45 480 93 540 25,39
15-64 121 750 128 380 250 130 67,90
65+ 10 040 14 680 24 720 6,71

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[7]

  • One birth every 96 minutes
  • One death every 206 minutes
  • One net migrant every 480 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 131 minutes

Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[8]

Population
332,634 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnic groups
black 90.6%, white 4.7%, black and white 2.1%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)
note: data represent population by racial group
Age structure
Population pyramid of the Bahamas in 2017
0-14 years: 22.39% (male 37,777 /female 36,686)
15-24 years: 16.01% (male 26,984 /female 26,281)
25-54 years: 44.1% (male 73,627 /female 73,068)
55-64 years: 9.45% (male 14,298 /female 17,140)
65 years and over: 8.05% (male 10,318 /female 16,455) (2018 est.)
Median age
total: 32.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 102nd
male: 31.1 years
female: 33.5 years (2018 est.)
Birth rate
15.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 124th
Death rate
7.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 119th
Total fertility rate
1.94 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 126th
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 77th
Population growth rate
0.79% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 131st
Languages
English (official), Haitian Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Religions

Protestant 69.9% (includes Baptist 34.9%, Anglican 13.7%, Pentecostal 8.9% Seventh Day Adventist 4.4%, Methodist 3.6%, Church of God 1.9%, Brethren 1.6%), Roman Catholic 12%, other Christian 13% (includes Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), other 0.6%, none 1.9%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)

Urbanization
urban population: 83% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 1.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 40.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 29.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)
Health

According to The World Factbook, the Bahamas has an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 1.9% (2017 est.)[9]

Life expectancy at birth
total population: 72.9 years
male: 70.4 years
female: 75.4 years (2018 est.)
Period Life expectancy in

Years

Period Life expectancy in

Years

1950–1955 60.0 1985–1990 70.2
1955–1960 62.0 1990–1995 71.1
1960–1965 63.7 1995–2000 71.7
1965–1970 65.2 2000–2005 73.2
1970–1975 66.6 2005–2010 74.3
1975–1980 67.9 2010–2015 75.1
1980–1985 69.1

Source: UN World Population Prospects[10]

Obesity - adult prevalence rate
31.6% (2016). Country comparison to the world: 21st
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 25.8%. Country comparison to the world: 45th
male: 20.8%
female: 31.6% (2016 est.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2000 ROUND OF POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS DATA ANALYSIS SUB-PROJECT : THE BAHAMAS" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  2. ^ "United Nations : Demographic Yearbooks". Unstats.unorg. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Department of Statistics of the Bahamas" (PDF). bahamas.gov.bs. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  4. ^ "Demographic Profile : The Bahamas" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Demographic Profile of the Bahamas" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  6. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Bahamas Population 2019", World Population Review
  8. ^ "World Factbook CENTRAL AMERICA : BAHAMAS, THE", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ http://factbook.lincon.com/geos/print/country/countrypdf_bf.pdf
  10. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.