|Founded||November 24, 1921|
|Commenced operations||May 1, 1922|
|Ceased operations||March 31, 1937|
Deruluft (Deutsch-Russische Luftverkehrs A.G., or Deruluft) was a joint Soviet-German airline, established on 24 November 1921. Deruluft opened its first service to Moscow from Königsberg on 1 May 1922. It started a new route from Berlin via Tallinn to Leningrad on 6 June 1928, and maintained both routes until 31 March 1936.
Most of the aircraft used were German, and so was its organization, at least until the 1930s. Its first aircraft were Dutch-built Fokker F.III's. Later German Junkers F13's were added to the fleet. At first, Deruluft carried only mail and officials, but on 27 August 1922 the service was opened to the public. From 1929 onwards the early Fokker F.III's were replaced by Dornier Merkur's. Early 1931 the Tupolev ANT-9 was added. Deruluft was terminated on 31 March 1937.
- Albatros L 58
- Dornier Merkur
- Fokker F.II
- Fokker F.III
- Junkers F.13
- Junkers Ju 52
- Rohrbach Roland
- Tupolev ANT-9
Accidents and incidents
- On 31 January 1935, a Junkers Ju-52/3mge (D-AREN) crashed into a hill in rain and fog near Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) en route to Berlin from Moscow, killing all 11 on board.
- On 7 March 1935, a Rohrbach Roland (D-AJYP) crashed at Schievelbein, Germany due to structural failure, killing three.
- On 6 December 1936, a Tupolev ANT-9 (CCCP-D311) crashed near Moscow due to pilot error, killing nine of 14 on board.
R.E.G. Davies, Aeroflot: An Illustrated History of the World's Largest Airline, 1992.
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