Deruluft

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Deruluft
Founded November 24, 1921 (1921-11-24)
Commenced operations May 1, 1922 (1922-05-01)
Ceased operations March 31, 1937 (1937-03-31)
A Deruluft Dornier Merkur at the opening of Stettin Airstrip 1927. Second from left Stockholm Municipal commissioner Yngve Larsson.

Deruluft (Deutsch-Russische Luftverkehrs A.G., or Deruluft) was a joint Soviet-German airline, established on 11 November 1921.[1] Deruluft opened its first permanent airlink between Moscow and Königsberg (via Kaunas and Smolensk) on 1 May 1922.[1] It started a new route between Berlin and Leningrad (via Tallinn) on 6 June 1928, and maintained both routes until 31 March 1936. Deruluft was a successful business but terminated on 31 March 1937 due to the changed political situation.

Business[edit]

Deruluft handled mainly post and goods. An overview of transported persons, mail and freight from 1922 to 1931:[2]

Year Flown distance Persons Freight Mail
1922 174.768 km 338 17,915 t 1.047 kg
1923 215.480 km 382 23,487 t 1.589 kg
1924 352.786 km 552 34,519 t 2.382 kg
1925 492.237 km 1.463 54,059 t 5.410 kg
1926 514.185 km 1.192 25,892 t 10.733 kg
1927 630.542 km 1.809 49,694 t 25.574 kg
1928 790.465 km 2.510 69,886 t 27.992 kg
1929 839.655 km 2.692 75,238 t 16.711 kg
1930 950.512 km 2.947 62,351 t 27.244 kg
1931 945.317 km 3.660 87,690 t 29.060 kg

Fleet[edit]

Most of the aircraft used were German, and so was its organization, at least until the 1930s. Its first aircraft were Dutch-built Fokker F.III's. Later German Junkers F13's were added to the fleet. At first, Deruluft carried only mail and officials, but on 27 August 1922 the service was opened to the public. From 1929 onwards the early Fokker F.III's were replaced by Dornier Merkur's. Early 1931 the Tupolev ANT-9 was added.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 31 January 1935, a Junkers Ju-52/3mge (D-AREN) crashed into a hill in rain and fog near Stettin, Germany (now Szczecin, Poland) en route to Berlin from Moscow, killing all 11 on board.[3]
  • On 7 March 1935, a Rohrbach Ro VIII Roland II (D-AJYP, Schönberg) crashed at Schievelbein, Germany due to structural failure, killing three.[4]
  • On 6 December 1936, a Tupolev ANT-9 (CCCP-D311) crashed near Moscow due to pilot error, killing nine of 14 on board.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Allaz, Camille. History of Air Cargo and Airmail from the 18th Century.Christopher Foyle Publishing, 2005. p. 139. ISBN 9780954889609
  2. ^ Karl-Heinz Eyermann, Wolfgang Sellenthin: Der Luftverkehr der UdSSR. Gesellschaft für DSF, 1967, S. 6
  3. ^ Accident description for D-AREN at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 15 December 2012.
  4. ^ "D-AJYP accident description". Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "CCCP-D311 accident description". Retrieved 5 December 2013. 

R.E.G. Davies, Aeroflot: An Illustrated History of the World's Largest Airline, 1992.

External links[edit]