Dixie State University

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"Dixie College" redirects here. Dixie College may also refer to Tennessee Technological University.
Dixie State University
Dixie State University logo.png
Type Public[1]
Established September 19, 1911 (1911-09-19)
President Richard Biff Williams
Academic staff
423
Students 8,570[2]
Location St. George, Utah, United States
37°5′43″N 113°34′40″W / 37.09528°N 113.57778°W / 37.09528; -113.57778Coordinates: 37°5′43″N 113°34′40″W / 37.09528°N 113.57778°W / 37.09528; -113.57778
Campus Urban
main campus: 100.11 acres, campus off-site property: 97.1 acres, total campus: 200.99 acres
Colors Red, Blue, Gray, White [3]
Nickname Trailblazers
Mascot Brooks
Website www.dixie.edu

Dixie State University (formerly Dixie State College) is a public university located in St. George, Utah, United States.

History[edit]

Community Arts Building in St. George, the original home of Dixie College

The institution was founded by the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) on September 19, 1911, as St. George Stake Academy. In 1916, the academy, which is located in a region that was called "Utah's Dixie" by Brigham Young and the local settlers who were slave overseers from North Carolina and Mississippi,[4] became Dixie Normal College, and then in 1923 the name was changed to Dixie Junior College. In 1933, the LDS Church discontinued its support of the college, and the local citizenry had to maintain the school until Utah began supporting it as part of the state's higher education system in 1935.[5]

In 1952, the institution's sports teams adopted the "Rebel" name. In 1956 the institution adopted a caricature of a Confederate soldier as the official mascot. Starting in 1960, the Confederate flag was flown along with the American flag at official ceremonies. In 1961, the institution's sports teams began wearing the Confederate flag on their uniforms. In 1963, the institution's yearbook changed names to The Confederate. In 1963, the institution built and dedicated the Shiloh dorms.[6] Between 1963 and 1993, the institution increased their Confederate identity: parade floats adopted themes from the Old South, students appeared in black face and Confederate costumes, horseman carried the Confederate flag at school events; mock slave auctions were held, and the yearbook staff depicted a scalping with someone dressed as a Native American and another person hanging from a tree.[7]

In 1970, the school became Dixie College. In 1987 "the Rebels," a large bronze statue of soldiers with a Confederate flag was placed on campus. In 1993, the institution said it was officially ceasing the use of the Confederate flag as a school symbol[8] and created a new "stars and bars." In 2000 it became Dixie State College of Utah when the Utah State Legislature authorized the college to offer baccalaureate degrees. When the school first opened its doors, there were only 42 students. In 2000 when the college became a four-year college, enrollment had reached approximately 7,000 students.

On September 7, 2007, Dixie State College Board of Trustees members announced that Dixie State College of Utah would petition the University of Utah to become the University of Utah–St. George.[9] The proposal was approved by the Dixie State College Board of Trustees on October 7, 2007, and by the University of Utah Board of Trustees on October 14, 2007; however, this did not come to fruition.

In 2011, a bill was drafted for the review of the Utah State Legislature and the Utah State Governor to support Dixie State College's transition to university status.[10]

The institution contracted with a local advertising firm, Sorenson Advertising, to investigate names for the institution as a university[11] and found that alumni overwhelmingly supported the name "Dixie" while less than half of faculty/staff supported the name "Dixie" (p. 48).[12]

In 2013, the Utah Legislature changed the status of the institution from a college to a university and named it Dixie State University. Governor Gary Herbert signed the bill into law in a ceremony on campus, calling the new university into existence on February 16, 2013. President Stephen Nadauld of Dixie State University and others recognized this step as the fulfillment of the dream of the original Mormon pioneers of the area to have a university for their communities.

Also in 2013 the Board of Trustees approved a student driven proposed campus-wide tobacco ban. The ban prohibits all tobacco products, including electronic cigarettes. The ban went into effect on January 1, 2014.[13]

The primary campus of Dixie State University is located in St. George, Utah, with the Hurricane Education Center campus extension located in Hurricane, Utah.

Academics[edit]

Part of the campus of Dixie State University

The University offers over 150 academic programs[14] with baccalaureate degrees in Accounting,[15] Art,[16] Biology, Business Administration, Communications,[17] Computer and Information Technology, Computer Science, Criminal Justice, Dance, Dental Hygiene, Elementary Education, English, Finance, History, Music, Music Education, Nursing, Psychology, hotel management Physical Science Composite Teaching, Spanish, Social Sciences Composite Teaching, and Theatre. Dixie State University is continuously working to provide more academic programs.

Student Association[edit]

Dixie State University provides an opportunity for students to participate in its Student Association (DSUSA). DSUSA is a federated student administrative body overseeing the functions, funding, and promotion of official student organizations. Executive and legislative power is primarily vested in an elected Executive Council, the President's Cabinet, and the Student Senate. Student clubs interact with the DSUSA governing bodies primarily through non-elected Club Representatives. Club Representatives work on behalf of the following organizational categories: Academic Clubs, Student Organizations, Non-Traditional Clubs, Multicultural and Diversity Clubs, Health Science Clubs, and Athletic and Recreation Clubs.[18] All Executive Council members and most Managers receive some sort of financial aid in return for their work.[19]

Various responsibilities fall to DSUSA including the planning of most on-campus events, charity and service work, and relations between university students and the school's faculty and surrounding community. Any student is able to apply for any position in DSUSA, and if chosen is asked to maintain good academic and community standing, while abiding by the University's other rules and bylaws.[20]

Student organizations are required to report detailed records of all of their activities and members through the use of the OrgSync online community management system, faculty supervision at all meetings, and mandatory bi-weekly meetings of club presidents with the DSUSA Inter Club Council (ICC).[21] Failure to regularly share detailed information with DSUSA and the ICC can result in funding being severed and clubs being disbanded. Failure of faculty advisors to attend and supervise all club activities is a violation of DSU policy and may result in swift disciplinary action against the student organization. [22]

Athletics[edit]

Dixie State competes in NCAA Division II as a full member of the Pacific West Conference and as a football-only member of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference beginning in fall 2016. The team name was the Red Storm. Previously, when the school competed in Junior College athletics, Dixie State teams used the team name "Rebels".

The university announced a new nickname for the school on April 11, 2016. The teams are now known as the Trailblazers. effective immediately.[23]

Raging Red Show Choir[edit]

The Raging Red Show Choir is a goodwill and showcase performance group composed of students that was started in January 2009.[24] Raging Red has performed throughout Utah, in parts of Nevada and Arizona, and performed at the 2010 World's Fair in China. The group is directed by Merilee Webb and performs a variety of different styles of music, including hip-hop, spiritual, and Broadway, and stages scenes from popular films and television programs.

For the 2010 World's Fair, its program included the song "Belle" from Disney's Beauty and the Beast, "For Good" from the Broadway production of Wicked, a medley of Muppet music and skits from The Muppets and Sesame Street, as well as a dance mix of seventies classics. Each song includes solo performances by members of the choir and almost always require improvisation at some point.

In April 2010, Raging Red opened a show for Jon Schmidt as a fundraiser for its trip to China the following month, which was in part funded by the students.[25]

Merilee Webb has a Master's in Music Education from Brigham Young University, where she was selected "Most Outstanding Musician" in 1983, and teaches in Salt Lake City and St. George.[26] Webb has served as Associate Director for "Young Americans," where she met Raging Red's then-future choreographer, Mackenzie Koehler, a student at the time.

Box office[edit]

Dixie State University Box Office is located in the Cox Auditorium (aka the Avenna Center) in between Tennis Courts and the Smiths Computer Center. The Box Office is the main ticketing center for events on campus including sports, music, theater, and dance. Although the main office for the Box Office is in the Cox Auditorium there are offices in various buildings:

  • Cox Auditorium: Celebrity Concert Series, Concerts, Dance, Choir, Dixie's Got Talent, Music
  • Eccles Black Box: Theater
  • Eccles Main Stage: Theater, Dance
  • Eccles Concert Hall: Choir, Band
  • Hansen Stadium (East and West sides of the stadium): Soccer, Football, Outdoor concerts, Senior Games
  • Cooper Field: Softball
  • Burns Arena (East and West sides of the gym): Basketball, Concerts
  • Gymnasium (aka Old Gym): Volleyball

Controversy[edit]

Since gaining university status in February 2013, Dixie has experienced a number of highly contentious controversies involving free speech, faculty promotion, academic rights, and potential illegal collusion with local authorities.[27]

In 2013, Dixie State University student Indigo Klabanoff attempted to form a sorority called Phi Beta Phi but was told by administrators that the use of Greek letters in the name was prohibited because the university did not want to give the public impression that it was a "party school."[28]

In December 2014, tenured theater professor Varlo Davenport was placed on a short-term administrative leave as university faculty and officials investigated a student complaint that was filed against Davenport. The complaint stemmed from the use of standard physical resistance techniques used by Davenport in an acting course on November 21, 2014. After a thorough investigation including multiple eye-witness testimonies, a Faculty Review Board (FRB) absolved Davenport of any wrongdoing and recommended his immediate reinstatement.[29] Despite a long-respected tradition of shared governance between administrators and faculty, President Williams rejected the FRB decision and upheld Davenport's termination.[30] In addition, DSU administration and members of the Board of Trustees began lobbying local prosecutors to file criminal assault charges against Davenport in order to justify Williams' controversial decision. When the Washington County Attorney’s Office refused to take on the case due to lack of evidence, St. George City attorney Robert Cosson took on the filing of criminal charges against Davenport.

In the ensuing public controversy, Dixie administration utilized FERPA laws and coercion of faculty to avert further transparent scrutiny of the actions taken by President Williams and DSU Public Safety Director Don Reid. When Joel Lewis, chair of the DSU Department of History and Political Science, encouraged his students to investigate the story as an alternative mid-term examination in March 2015, he was immediately contacted by Vice-President Bill Christensen and coerced into rescinding the assignment. Despite Lewis' prompt compliance with this request, he was later unilaterally fired without due process by President Williams on August 14, 2015 for giving this assignment. According to emails later released under subpoena to the St. George Justice Court, President Williams instructed Don Reid to threaten criminal charges of witness tampering if Lewis spoke to the media about the termination of his employment.[31]

Adding to the perceived culture of intellectual repression, three students filed a federal lawsuit on March 4, 2015 against Dixie State University alleging the university violated their free speech rights by refusing to let them post fliers with satirical images of former President George W. Bush and revolutionary leader Che Guevara.[32] While awaiting settlement of the lawsuit, President Williams announced in May, 2015 that all campus policies that infringed upon free expression and speech would be temporarily rescinded as new directives were being drafted. President Williams upset many research-oriented faculty members with his campus-wide announcement proclaiming that a university should be a place where "seemingly absurd ideas... are not only permitted, but even encouraged."[33] On September 17, 2015 the three plaintiffs involved in the free speech case were awarded a $50,000 settlement over the censorship of their flier.

Throughout 2016 the Williams administration faced continued legal and media pressure for transparency in internal affairs, primarily from the constant public statements being released by Davenport's attorney, Aaron Prisbrey. William's objective of continued secrecy simply compounded the challenges DSU faced: local city officials were accused of political conspiracy; the Honorable Judge Ron Read was forced to recuse himself from the Davenport case; and President Williams himself was almost found to be in contempt of court for refusal to release subpoenaed documents.[34]

Notable alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dixie State University's Mission Statement". Dixie State University. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Enrollment holds steady at Utah's public colleges and universities". Utah System of Higher Education. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Color Palette | Dixie State University". Dixie.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  4. ^ Larson, Andrew (1992). I Was Called to "Dixie:" The Virgin River Basin: Unique Experiences on Mormon Pioneering. Dixie College Foundation St. George, Utah. p. 185.
  5. ^ Adler, Douglas. "What is Dixie State University?". Dixie State University. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Battle of Shiloh
  7. ^ "Southern Utah Anti-Discrimination Coalition". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  8. ^ http://dsc.dixie.edu/physplant/History/yearbooks/1994YB.pdf
  9. ^ "The Dixie/UofU Partnership". Dixie State University. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "S.C.R. 2011". Utah State Legislature. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  11. ^ Whitehurst, Lindsay (10 January 2013). "Survey says, keep 'Dixie' - nearly 83 percent support name". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2013-08-15. 
  12. ^ http://www.dixie.edu/namechange/File/DSC-Research-Report-January-9-2013.pdf
  13. ^ "Dixie State University to go tobacco-free next year". Deseret News. November 22, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Approved # of Programs & Courses | Dixie State University". www.dixie.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-08. 
  15. ^ "Accounting | Dixie State University". catalog.dixie.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-08. 
  16. ^ "Art | Dixie State University". catalog.dixie.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-08. 
  17. ^ "What Can I Do With A Communication Degree>". Dixie State University. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  18. ^ "DSUSA Student Leaders". Dixie Student Life. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  19. ^ "DSUSA Job Descriptions". Dixie Student Life. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  20. ^ "DSUSA Constitution". 
  21. ^ "Dixie State University and DSUSA OrgSync Portal". orgsync.com. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  22. ^ "DSUSA Club President Handbook" (PDF). 2015 - 2016 Edition. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  23. ^ "Dixie State University: Home of the Trailblazers". Dixie Sun News. Retrieved April 11, 2016. 
  24. ^ "Dixie State's "Raging Red" Show Choir Set to Perform at Tuesday's Dixie Forum". Dixie Today. Dixie State University. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  25. ^ "Dixie State's "Raging Red" Show Choir Teams Up with Renowned Pianist Jon Schmidt for Benefit Concert April 20". Dixie Today. Dixie State University. 19 April 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  26. ^ Webb, Merrilee. "About Merrilee Webb". Reading Keyboard Music. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  27. ^ Hyland, Dallas (2016-06-12). ""St. George Justice Court: Be afraid. Be very afraid."". suindependent.com. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  28. ^ "Students push for Greek life at Dixie State University". fox13now.com. 2013-08-10. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  29. ^ ABC 4 News (2015-03-23). "DSU Professor terminated after a student claimed he had assaulted her". Good4Utah.com. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  30. ^ Jim, Cami Cox (2015-03-24). "Controversy, unrest persist over Dixie State firing professor". KCSG Television: Your Window to Southern Utah. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  31. ^ Hyland, Dallas (2016-07-03). "Professor resigned under threat and coercion from DSU President Biff Williams". suindependent.com. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  32. ^ LINDSAY WHITEHURST The Associated Press. "Dixie State violates free speech, students say in lawsuit | The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  33. ^ Perrino, Nic (2015-09-17). "Lawsuit Settlement Restores Free Speech Rights at Dixie State". FIRE: Foundation for Individual Rights in Education. FIRE. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  34. ^ Hyland, Dallas (2016-05-29). "The Varlo Davenport circus is an abomination of the highest degree". suindependent.com. Retrieved 2016-08-14. 
  35. ^ "Cresent Hardy" (PDF). Legislative Biography - 2011 Session. Nevada Legislature. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 

External links[edit]