Double (basketball)

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In basketball, a double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in one of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. Multiple players usually score double-digit points in any given basketball game; the double nomenclature is usually reserved for when a player has double-digit totals in more than one category.

A double-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in two of the statistical five categories in a game. The most common double-double combination is points-rebounds, followed by points-assists. Since the 1983–84 season, Tim Duncan leads the National Basketball Association (NBA) in the points-rebounds combination with 841, and John Stockton leads the points-assists combination with 714.

A triple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in three of the five categories in a game. The most common way to achieve a triple-double is through points, rebounds, and assists. Oscar Robertson leads the all-time NBA list with 181 career triple-doubles and is, along with Russell Westbrook, one of only two players ever to average a triple-double for a season. Westbrook currently holds the record for most triple-doubles in a season with 42 and is the only player to average a triple-double for two consecutive seasons.

A quadruple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in four of the five categories in a game. This has occurred four times in the NBA.

A quintuple-double is the accumulation of a double-digit number total in all five categories in a game. Two quintuple-doubles have been recorded at the high school level, by Tamika Catchings and Aimee Oertner, but none have occurred in a college or professional game.[1] A similar accomplishment is the five-by-five, which is the accumulation of at least five points, five rebounds, five assists, five steals, and five blocks in a game. In the NBA, only Hakeem Olajuwon and Andrei Kirilenko have accumulated multiple five-by-fives since the 1984–85 season.

Double-double[edit]

A double-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in two of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common double-double combination is points and rebounds, followed by points and assists.[2] Double-doubles are fairly common in the NBA. During the 2008–09 season, 69 players who were eligible for leadership in the main statistical categories recorded at least 10 double-doubles during the season.[3]

Special double-doubles are rare. One such double-double is called double-double-double (also referred to as 20–20 or Double-20). It occurs when a player accumulates 20 or more in two different statistical categories in a game.[4][5][6] Another such double-double is called a triple-double-double (also referred to as 30–30).[7] The only player in NBA history to record a 40-40 is Wilt Chamberlain, who achieved the feat eight times in his career. Of the five instances, four were recorded in his rookie season, and the fifth was achieved the following year where he recorded 78 points and 43 rebounds in a game.

NBA[edit]

Karl Malone (left) and John Stockton (right) were once teammates on the Utah Jazz from 1985 to 2003. Malone is second in the point-rebound list, Stockton first in points and assists since 1983–84.
Duncan and Wallace 2 cropped horizontal.jpg
Tim Duncan is first in points and rebounds since 1983–84.

Double-double leaders (in regular season)[edit]

The following is a list of regular season double-double leaders since the 1983–84 season:

^ Denotes active player
* Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame

Facts[edit]

Triple-double[edit]

Oscar Robertson has the most NBA career triple-doubles with 181, and was the first of two players to average a triple-double over an entire season.
Jason Kidd was one of the most successful players at accumulating triple-doubles with 107.

A triple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in three of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a game. The most common way for a player to achieve a triple-double is with points, rebounds, and assists, though on occasion players may record 10 or more steals or blocked shots in a game.[12] The origin of the term "triple-double" is unclear. Some sources claim that it was coined by former Los Angeles Lakers public relations director Bruce Jolesch in the 1980s in order to showcase Magic Johnson's versatility,[13][14] while others claim that it was coined by then Philadelphia 76ers media relations director Harvey Pollack in 1980.[15][16] The triple-double became an officially recorded statistic during the 1979–80 season.

There has been occasional controversy surrounding triple-doubles made when a player achieves the feat with a late rebound. Players with nine rebounds in a game have sometimes been accused of deliberately missing a shot late in the game in order to recover the rebound; a few have even gone so far as shooting off their opponent's basket trying to score a triple-double. To deter this, NBA rules allow rebounds to be nullified if the shot is determined not to be a legitimate scoring attempt.[17]

NBA[edit]

Russell Westbrook is the only player to have recorded a perfect triple-double (no missed shots and no missed free throws) in NBA history[18]

From the 1990–91 to the 2010–11 season, the NBA averaged 34.5 triple-doubles per season, roughly 1 in every 36 games.[19]

From the 2011–12 to the 2016–17 season, the NBA saw a dramatic increase in the number of triple-doubles, with an average of 57.33 triple-doubles per season, roughly 1 in every 22 games.[20] Russell Westbrook was responsible for 74 of the triple-doubles during that span, or 21.5% of the 344 total triple-doubles.

Since the 1983–84 season, 28 triple-doubles have been recorded by players coming off the bench; Detlef Schrempf recorded three with the Indiana Pacers.[21][22]

Triple-double leaders[edit]

The following is a list of regular season triple-double leaders:

All-time triple-double leaders
Rank Name Total Ref.
1 Oscar Robertson* 181 [23]
2 Magic Johnson* 138 [24]
3 Russell Westbrook^ 131 [25]
4 Jason Kidd* 107 [26]
5 LeBron James^ 80 [27]
6 Wilt Chamberlain* 78 [28]
7 Larry Bird* 59 [29]
8 Fat Lever 43 [30]
9 James Harden^ 41 [31]
10 Rajon Rondo^ 32 [32]
11 Grant Hill* 29 [33]
12 John Havlicek* 28 [34]
Michael Jordan* 28 [35]
Nikola Jokić^ 28 [36]
15 Clyde Drexler* 25 [37]
16 Elgin Baylor* 24 [38]
17 Walt Frazier* 23 [39]
18 Draymond Green^ 22 [40]
Ben Simmons^ 22 [41]
20 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar* 21 [42]
Kobe Bryant 21 [43]
Chris Webber 21 [44]
^ Denotes active player
* Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame

Facts[edit]

  • First triple-double in league history: Andy Phillip (Philadelphia Warriors) logged the league's first triple-double on December 14, 1950 versus the (Fort Wayne Pistons). He had 17 points, 10 rebounds and 10 assists.[45]
  • Averaging a triple-double in a single season: Oscar Robertson (Cincinnati Royals) and Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) are the only players in NBA history to achieve this feat.[13][46] During the 1961–62 season, Robertson averaged 30.8 points, 12.5 rebounds, and 11.4 assists per game.[13][47] Although Robertson only achieved the feat for a full season once, his cumulative stats over his first 5 seasons gave him an average of 30.3 points, 10.4 rebounds, and 10.6 assists per game.[47] Westbrook is the only player to achieve this feat twice, that too in consecutive seasons. Westbrook finished the 2016–17 season averaging 31.6 points, 10.7 rebounds, and 10.4 assists, and followed it up in 2017–18 with averages of 25.4 points, 10.1 rebounds, and 10.3 assists.[48]
  • Most triple-doubles in a single season: In 2016–17, Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded 42 triple-doubles.[46][49]
Most triple-doubles in a single season
Rank Name Triple-doubles Team NBA season
1 Russell Westbrook 42 Oklahoma City Thunder 2016–17
2 Oscar Robertson 41 Cincinnati Royals 1961–62
3 Wilt Chamberlain 31 Philadelphia 76ers 1967–68
4 Russell Westbrook 27 Oklahoma City Thunder 2018–19
5 Oscar Robertson 26 Cincinnati Royals 1960–61
Oscar Robertson 26 Cincinnati Royals 1963–64
7 Russell Westbrook 25 Oklahoma City Thunder 2017-18
8 Oscar Robertson 22 Cincinnati Royals 1964–65
Wilt Chamberlain 22 Philadelphia 76ers 1966–67
James Harden 22 Houston Rockets 2016–17
11 Oscar Robertson 20 Cincinnati Royals 1962–63
12 Magic Johnson 18 Los Angeles Lakers 1981–82
Russell Westbrook 18 Oklahoma City Thunder 2015–16
LeBron James 18 Cleveland Cavaliers 2017–18
15 Magic Johnson 17 Los Angeles Lakers 1988–89
16 Fat Lever 16 Denver Nuggets 1985–86
Magic Johnson 16 Los Angeles Lakers 1982–83
18 Michael Jordan 15 Chicago Bulls 1988–89
19 Oscar Robertson 13 Cincinnati Royals 1965-66
Magic Johnson 13 Los Angeles Lakers 1990–91
Grant Hill 13 Detroit Pistons 1996–97
Jason Kidd 13 New Jersey Nets 2007–08
Draymond Green 13 Golden State Warriors 2015–16
LeBron James 13 Cleveland Cavaliers 2016–17
  • Most triple-doubles in road games in a single season: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded 17 of 42 triple-doubles in away games.[50]
  • Most 50-point triple-doubles in a single season: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) recorded three 50-point triple-doubles in the 2016–17 season. James Harden is the other player to record more than one 50-point triple-double with two in the same season.[50]
  • Most triple-doubles in the NBA playoffs: Magic Johnson recorded 30 playoff triple-doubles over his career; LeBron James is second with 22.[51]
  • Most triple-doubles in NBA Finals: LeBron James recorded 10 Finals triple-doubles over his career. Magic Johnson is second with 8.
  • Averaging a triple-double in an NBA Finals: LeBron James (Cleveland Cavaliers), in the 2017 Finals, averaged 33.6 points, 12.0 rebounds, and 10.0 assists per game.
  • Youngest player: Markelle Fultz (Philadelphia 76ers), aged 19 years and 317 days, logged a triple-double on April 11, 2018, versus the Milwaukee Bucks. He had 13 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 assists.[52]
  • Oldest player: Karl Malone (Los Angeles Lakers), aged 40 years and 127 days—the only 40-year-old player to do so—logged a triple-double on November 28, 2003, versus the San Antonio Spurs. He had 10 points, 11 rebounds, and 10 assists.[53]
  • Fastest triple-double: Nikola Jokić (Denver Nuggets), holds the record for the fastest triple-double. On February 15, 2018, Jokić recorded the mark in 14 minutes and 33 seconds against the Milwaukee Bucks.[54] The previous fastest triple-double had held for almost 63 years, as on February 20, 1955 Jim Tucker (Syracuse Nationals), in his rookie year, recorded the mark in just 17 minutes, with 12 points, 10 rebounds and 12 assists in a 104–84 win over the New York Knicks.[55]
  • Double-triple-double[56] (at least 20 of any 3 statistics): Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia 76ers) is the only player to have accomplished this; in a February 2, 1968 game versus Detroit Pistons, Chamberlain tallied 22 points, 25 rebounds, and 21 assists.[57]
  • Most points scored in a triple-double: James Harden (Houston Rockets) holds the record for the most points scored in a triple-double with 60 points, 10 rebounds, and 11 assists on January 30, 2018, against the Orlando Magic. The previous record was 57 points by Russell Westbrook.[58][59]
  • Most assists recorded in a triple-double: Isiah Thomas (Detroit Pistons), Rajon Rondo (Boston Celtics), and Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) are tied for the most assists recorded in a triple-double with 24. Isiah Thomas recorded 25 points, 10 rebounds, and 24 assists on February 7, 1985 against the Washington Bullets, Rajon Rondo recorded 10 points, 10 rebounds, and 24 assists on October 29, 2010 against the New York Knicks, and Russell Westbrook recorded 24 points, 13 rebounds, and 24 assists on January 10, 2019 against the San Antonio Spurs.[60]
  • Most rebounds recorded in a triple-double: Maurice Stokes (Rochester Royals) and Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia 76ers) are tied for the most rebounds recorded in a triple-double with 38. Maurice Stokes recorded 26 points, 38 rebounds, and 12 assists on January 14, 1956 against the Syracuse Nationals. Wilt Chamberlain achieved this feat twice, recording 24 points, 38 rebounds, and 13 assists on March 2, 1967 against the San Francisco Warriors, and 10 points, 38 rebounds, and 10 assists in a playoff game on April 16, 1967 against the San Francisco Warriors.[61]
  • Triple-double not including points: The only such triple-double occurred on February 10, 2017, when Draymond Green (Golden State Warriors) scored only 4 points, but collected 12 rebounds, 10 assists, and 10 steals against the Memphis Grizzlies. Green also recorded five blocked shots in the game.[62]
  • Longest continuous streak of triple-doubles: Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) currently holds the record for the most consecutive triple-doubles with 11. His streak began on January 22, 2019 and ended February 14,2019. The previous record was 9 by Wilt Chamberlain from March 8 to 20,1968, when Chamberlain was a member of the Philadelphia 76ers.[63]

Triple-doubles by teammates: Has occurred ten in NBA history.[64]

    • Tom Heinsohn did not have triple-double in Game 4 of the 1958 NBA Finals.[65] That is a B-R typo. [66]
    • January 18, 1962, Bucky Bockhorn (Cincinnati Royals) had 19 points, 10 rebounds, and 12 assists and Oscar Robertson had 28 points, 14 rebounds, and 16 assists against the Philadelphia Warriors.
    • March 14, 1964, Donnie Butcher (Detroit Pistons) had 19 points, 15 rebounds, and 15 assists and Ray Scott had 23 points, 20 rebounds, and 11 assists against the New York Knicks.[67]
    • March 12, 1969, Art Harris (Seattle SuperSonics) had 14 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 assists and Lenny Wilkens had 36 points, 14 rebounds, and 14 assists against the San Diego Rockets.
    • January 22, 1982, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Los Angeles Lakers) had 19 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 blocks and Magic Johnson had 26 points, 16 rebounds, and 12 assists against the Detroit Pistons.[68]
    • March 29, 1987, Larry Bird (Boston Celtics) had 17 points, 13 rebounds, and 12 assists and Robert Parrish had 14 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 assists against the Philadelphia 76ers.
    • January 3, 1989, Michael Jordan (Chicago Bulls) had 41 points, 11 assists, and 10 rebounds and Scottie Pippen had 15 points, 12 assists, and 10 rebounds against the Los Angeles Clippers.[69]
    • April 7, 2007, Vince Carter (New Jersey Nets) had 46 points, 16 rebounds, and 10 assists and Jason Kidd had 10 points, 16 rebounds, and 18 assists against the Washington Wizards.[70]
    • December 15, 2018, LeBron James (Los Angeles Lakers) had 24 points, 12 rebounds, and 11 assists and Lonzo Ball had 16 points, 10 rebounds, and 10 assists against the Charlotte Hornets
    • February 11, 2019, Russell Westbrook (Oklahoma City Thunder) had 21 points, 14 rebounds, and 11 assists and Paul George had 47 points, 12 rebounds, and 10 assists
  • Triple-doubles by opponents: This has occurred only 15 times since 1983–84, four times involving Jason Kidd (while playing for three different teams):[71]
    • Magic Johnson and Jeff Ruland (Los Angeles at Washington, February 10, 1984)[72]
    • Jason Kidd and Clyde Drexler (Dallas at Houston, April 11, 1995)[73]
    • Kidd and Drexler (Phoenix at Houston, March 22, 1997)[74]
    • Gary Payton and Chris Webber (Seattle at Sacramento, April 18, 2000)[75]
    • Kidd and Jay Williams (New Jersey at Chicago, November 9, 2002)[76]
    • Kidd and Tracy McGrady (New Jersey at Orlando, February 23, 2003)[77]
    • Caron Butler and Baron Davis (Washington at Golden State, November 23, 2007)[78]
    • Victor Oladipo and Michael Carter-Williams (Orlando at Philadelphia, December 3, 2013 (2 OT))[79]
      • Oladipo and Carter-Williams were both rookies when accomplishing the feat, marking the first and only time in NBA history that two rookies have recorded triple-doubles in the same game. These were the first career triple-doubles for both players. The last time that two players had recorded their first career triple-doubles in the same game was when Donnie Butcher and Ray Scott (Detroit Pistons) did it on March 14, 1964 (they were not rookies).[80]
    • Russell Westbrook and Giannis Antetokounmpo (Oklahoma City at Milwaukee, March 6, 2016)[81]
    • LeBron James and Stephen Curry (Cleveland at Golden State, June 4, 2017)
    • Giannis Antetokounmpo and Nikola Jokić (Denver at Milwaukee, February 15, 2018)[82]
    • D’Angelo Russell and Kyle Lowry (Brooklyn at Toronto, March 23, 2018)
    • Ben Simmons and LeBron James (Cleveland at Philadelphia, April 6, 2018)
    • Giannis Antetokounmpo and Ben Simmons (Philadelphia at Milwaukee, October 24, 2018)
    • Ben Simmons and Russell Westbrook (Philadelphia at Oklahoma City, February 28, 2019) [83]

WNBA[edit]

Courtney Vandersloot is the most recent WNBA player to have recorded a triple-double, doing so in 2018.[84]

Triple-doubles have been far more rare in the WNBA than in the NBA, presumably for a few reasons. The games are shorter in the WNBA (40 minutes vs 48), there are fewer games in a season (34 vs 82) and the playing style in the WNBA is more a team game than relying on individuals. [85]

As of the most recently completed 2018 season, only eight triple-doubles have been recorded in WNBA history—seven in the regular season and one in the playoffs, with the playoff triple-double highlighted in italics.[84]

Name Team Opponent Date Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks
Sheryl Swoopes Houston Comets Detroit Shock July 27, 1999 14 15 10
Margo Dydek Utah Starzz Orlando Miracle June 7, 2001 12 11 10
Lisa Leslie Los Angeles Sparks Detroit Shock September 9, 2004 29 15 10
Deanna Nolan Detroit Shock Connecticut Sun May 21, 2005 11 10 11
Sheryl Swoopes Houston Comets Seattle Storm September 3, 2005 14 10 10
Temeka Johnson Seattle Storm New York Liberty July 24, 2014 13 10 11
Candace Parker Los Angeles Sparks San Antonio Stars July 28, 2017 11 17 11
Courtney Vandersloot Chicago Sky Dallas Wings July 20, 2018 13 10 15

NCAA Division I[edit]

In women's play, Danielle Carson (Youngstown State), Kim Rhock (Mount St. Mary's), Nicole Powell (Stanford), Ashley Schrock (Cleveland State), Claire Faucher (Portland State), Brittney Griner (Baylor), and Ny Hammonds (Charlotte) have accomplished this feat once.[98] Sabrina Ionescu has done so twice, and Chastadie Barrs of Lamar has done so three times, making them the only D-I players of either sex to do so more than once. Barrs is the only player to have recorded consecutive triple-doubles twice in a single season, doing so in 2018–19.[98][93][99][100][101][102]
  • Two women are the only NCAA players of either sex in any division to have recorded three consecutive triple-doubles. The first was Carson in the 1985–86 season. She began by recording 12 points, 10, rebounds, and 12 assists against Akron on November 29, 1985. The following day, she recorded 20 points, 12 rebounds, and at least 20 assists against Kent State (her exact assists total in that game is unknown). Finally, on December 2 against Cleveland State, Carson recorded 26 points, 15 rebounds, and 14 assists.[98] Barrs matched the feat in the 2018–19 season. She began with 17 points, 10 rebounds, and 12 steals on January 9, 2019 against New Orleans.[101] Next, on January 12, Barrs had 10 points, 11 rebounds, and 10 assists against Central Arkansas.[102] Finally, on January 16, Barrs recorded 15 points, 10 rebounds, and 11 assists against Southeastern Louisiana.[103]
  • Most triple-doubles in a single season:
    • Men's: Kyle Collinsworth (BYU), with six – performed twice: in the 2014–15 season, and again in 2015–16.[86]
    • Women's: Sabrina Ionescu (Oregon), with seven so far in the 2018–19 season.
  • Triple-doubles in NCAA tournament history:
Men's
The NCAA first recorded individual assists in men's basketball in 1950–51, but stopped doing so after the 1951–52 season, and did not resume keeping track of assists until 1983–84. Blocks and steals were first recorded in 1985–86. Thus, the NCAA officially records eight tournament triple-doubles. However, many tournaments had included assists, steals and blocks in their official boxscores prior to that time, so unofficially this has occurred 16 times.[104] Only three pre-1986 triple-doubles are included below.
Name Team Score Opponent Round Date Minutes
played
Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Reference
Oscar Robertson Cincinnati 98–85 Louisville Third place March 21, 1959 39 39 17 10 [105]
Magic Johnson Michigan State 95–64 Lamar Second round March 10, 1979 35 13 17 10
Magic Johnson Michigan State 101–67 Penn Final Four March 24, 1979 35 29 10 10 3 0 [105]
Gary Grant Michigan 97–109 North Carolina Second round March 14, 1987 39 24 10 10 1 0 [106]
Shaquille O'Neal LSU 94–83 BYU First round March 19, 1992 31 26 13 4 1 11 [105]
David Cain St. John's 85–67 Texas Tech First round March 18, 1993 37 12 11 11 1 0 [107]
Andre Miller Utah 76–51 Arizona Elite Eight March 21, 1998 36 18 14 13 2 1 [105]
Dwyane Wade Marquette 83–69 Kentucky Elite Eight March 29, 2003 35 29 11 11 1 4 [105]
Cole Aldrich Kansas 60–43 Dayton Second round March 22, 2009 31 13 20 1 0 10 [108]
Draymond Green Michigan State 76–78 UCLA First round March 17, 2011 37 23 11 10 4 0 [109]
Draymond Green Michigan State 89–67 Long Island Second round March 16, 2012 35 24 12 10 1 0 [110]
Women's
In women's basketball, the NCAA began keeping track of assists in 1985–86, then blocks and steals in 1987–88, so officially this has occurred 13 times. However, many tournaments had included assists, steals and blocks in their official boxscores prior to that time, so unofficially this has occurred 16 times.[98] All three triple-doubles that preceded the NCAA's official inclusion of the relevant statistics are included below.
Name Team Score Opponent Round Date Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Reference
Cassandra Lander Arizona State 97-77 Georgia First round March 12, 1982 17 11 10 [98]
Anne Donovan Old Dominion 74-60 Penn State Elite Eight March 26, 1983 20 13 12 [98]
Joni Davis Missouri 82-92 LSU First round March 18, 1984 14 11 10 [98]
Katie Meier Duke 70-55 Manhattan First round March 11, 1987 16 11 10 [98]
Pauline Jordan UNLV 84-74 Colorado Second round March 18, 1989 22 17 11 [98]
Sonja Henning Stanford 91-67 Cal State Fullerton Second round March 16, 1991 19 10 10 [98]
Niesa Johnson Alabama 121-120 (4OT) Duke Second round March 18, 1995 28 12 14 [98]
Tracy Henderson Georgia 81-68 Louisville Second round March 19, 1995 14 13 10 [98]
Ticha Penicheiro Old Dominion 92-39 Saint Francis (PA) First round March 13, 1998 22 15 14 [98]
Nicole Powell Stanford 76-51 Weber State First round March 16, 2002 20 11 10 [98]
Nicole Powell Stanford 77-55 Tulane Second round March 18, 2002 16 10 10 [98]
Kristin Haynie Michigan State 76-64 Vanderbilt Sweet Sixteen March 27, 2005 16 10 10 [98]
Skylar Diggins Notre Dame 80–49 Maryland Elite Eight March 27, 2012 13 10 10 [98]
Kaleena Mosqueda-Lewis Connecticut 91–52 Saint Joseph's Second round March 25, 2014 20 10 10 [98]
Samantha Logic Iowa 66–81 Baylor Sweet Sixteen March 27, 2015 13 10 14 [98]
Sabrina Ionescu Oregon 88–45 Seattle First round March 16, 2018 19 10 11 [89]
  • Others
    • Kalara McFadyen of Memphis achieved perhaps the most unusual triple-double in history, and she did it without scoring a point or even attempting a shot from either the field or the free-throw line. On February 3, 2002, in a women's Division I game against Charlotte, she had 12 assists, 10 steals, and 10 rebounds.[111][112]

Quadruple-double[edit]

Center David Robinson is the most recent NBA player to accomplish the feat of a quadruple-double by recording at least 10 points, rebounds, assists, and blocks in a game.

A quadruple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double digit number total in four of five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals and blocked shots—in a game.[113] These do not include turnovers or fouls, but triple-doubles with 10 or more turnovers or fouls have occurred (13 with turnovers, 1 with fouls).[114][115] This feat is extremely rare:[113][116] only four players have officially recorded a quadruple-double in National Basketball Association (NBA) history. The first American male player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Nate Thurmond, who achieved this feat in 1974 while playing for the NBA's Chicago Bulls. The first American female player above the high school level to officially record a quadruple-double was Ann Meyers, who achieved this feat in 1978 while playing for the UCLA Bruins, when women's college sports were under the auspices of the AIAW.[117] The first male player in NCAA Division I history to record a quadruple-double was Lester Hudson in 2007.[118] The first Division I women's player to have officially recorded a quadruple-double since the NCAA began sponsoring women's sports in 1981–82 was Veronica Pettry of Loyola–Chicago in 1989. Only three other women have done so since, and the only player to have recorded a quadruple-double since 1993 is Shakyla Hill of Grambling State, who accomplished the feat in 2018 and 2019. An earlier player, Jackie Spencer of Louisville, accomplished the feat against Cincinnati during the 1984–85 season, but the NCAA did not record assists and steals throughout Division I women's basketball at that time. The Metro Conference, then home to both schools, did officially record these statistics, but the NCAA did not start doing so until 1985–86 for assists and 1987–88 for steals.[98]

NBA[edit]

Quadruple-doubles have only been possible since the 1973–74 season, when the NBA started recording both blocked shots and steals. It is often speculated by observers that other all-time greats, namely Oscar Robertson (all time triple-doubles leader with 181[119][120]), Wilt Chamberlain, Bill Russell and Jerry West could conceivably have had quadruple-doubles.[116] West's biography at NBA.com claims that he once recorded an unofficial quadruple-double with 44 points, 12 rebounds, 10 assists and 10 blocks.[121] A biography of Wilt Chamberlain claims that he also recorded an unofficial quadruple-double in Game 1 of the 1967 Eastern Division Finals against the Boston Celtics, when he had 24 points, 32 rebounds, 13 assists and 12 blocks.[122]

The reason why [the quadruple-double] is such a hard thing to accomplish is because it requires a player to be completely dominant on both ends of the court without being too selfish—so he can get the assists—and without fouling out trying to block every shot or grab every rebound. A lot of guys can get the points, rebounds and assists, but it's the defensive stuff that messes everybody up. You have to love defense to get a quadruple-double. There's no way around it.

— Nate Thurmond, [123]

The four players listed below are the only players who have officially recorded a quadruple-double in an NBA game. Except for Thurmond, who retired before the award was established in 1983, all of them have won NBA Defensive Player of the Year at least once. Robertson is the only player who was not a center to accomplish the feat, doing so with steals rather than blocks.[123]

* Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Name Date Team Score Opponent Min Points Reb Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Ref
Nate Thurmond* October 18, 1974 Chicago Bulls 120–115 Atlanta Hawks 45 22 14 13 1 12 Yes (OT) [124]
Alvin Robertson February 18, 1986 San Antonio Spurs 120–114 Phoenix Suns 36 20 11 10 10 0 No [125]
Hakeem Olajuwon* March 29, 1990 Houston Rockets 120–94 Milwaukee Bucks 40 18 16 10 1 11 No [126]
David Robinson* February 17, 1994 San Antonio Spurs 115–96 Detroit Pistons 43 34 10 10 2 10 No [127]

Only seven other players (Drexler did it twice) have managed to finish with triple-doubles and a total of 9 in a fourth statistical category (statistical categories in which they fell short are in bold):

Name Date Team Opponent Minutes
played
Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
Rick Barry* October 29, 1974 Golden State Warriors Buffalo Braves 43 30 10 11 9 No [128][129]
Larry Steele November 16, 1974 Portland Trail Blazers Los Angeles Lakers 44 12 11 9 10 No [130][131]
Johnny Moore January 8, 1985 San Antonio Spurs Golden State Warriors 36 26 11 13 9 No [132]
Larry Bird*[a] February 18, 1985 Boston Celtics Utah Jazz 33 30 12 10 9 No [133][134]
Micheal Ray Richardson October 30, 1985 New Jersey Nets Indiana Pacers 54 38 11 11 9 Yes (3 OT) [135]
Clyde Drexler* January 10, 1986 Portland Trail Blazers Milwaukee Bucks 42 26 9 11 10 No [131]
Hakeem Olajuwon*[b] March 3, 1990 Houston Rockets Golden State Warriors 40 29 18 9[b] 5 11 No [136]
Clyde Drexler* November 1, 1996 Houston Rockets Sacramento Kings 42 25 10 9 10 No [137]

Notes

  • a Bird sat out the entire fourth quarter. After three quarters, head coach K. C. Jones informed Bird that he was one steal away from a quadruple-double and asked if he wanted to stay in the game. Bird declined, saying that he "already did enough damage."[138][139]
  • b Olajuwon was credited with 9 assists in the original box score. However, after Rockets officials reviewed the game tape and discovered what they believe was an uncredited assist in the first quarter, they revised the box score, crediting Olajuwon with 10 assists and the third quadruple-double in NBA history. NBA's director of operations, Rod Thorn, requested to review the tape. After reviewing the tape, the league disallowed Olajuwon's quadruple-double and announced that his original line—with 9 assists—is official.[140][141]

Other men's basketball[edit]

League Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
NJCAA Steve Francis November 16, 1997 Allegany College of Maryland Vincennes 24 10 11 10 [142]
French National League Derrick Lewis[c] February 24, 1990 Reims Lorient 20 11 12 10 No [143]
National Basketball League (Australia) Daren Rowe[d] 1990 Geelong Supercats North Melbourne Giants 25 17 11 11 No [144]
Chinese Basketball Association Hu Xuefeng December 8, 2004 Jiangsu Dragons Yunnan Bulls 16 10 12 10 No [145]
FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship Ricky Rubio August 19, 2006 Spain Croatia 19 10 13 11 No [146]
Metropolitan Basketball Association Donbel Belano August 14, 1999 Davao Eagles Nueva Ecija Patriots 19 11 11 10 No [146]
American Basketball Association (2000–) Jamel Staten February 2, 2007 Minnesota Ripknees St. Louis Stunners 17 11 11 10 No [147]
NCAA (Division I) Lester Hudson[e] November 13, 2007 UT Martin Central Baptist 25 12 10 10 1 No [118][148]
Continental Basketball Association Jermaine Blackburn December 20, 2008 East Kentucky Miners West Virginia Wild 22 10 14 10 No [149]
High school boys Jerrelle Benimon February 17, 2009 Fauquier HS Osbourn HS 13 17 11 10 No [150]
Chinese Basketball Association Chris Williams December 25, 2009 Qingdao Doublestar Dongguan Leopards 15 11 11 11 No [151]
High school boys Isaiah Grant December 6, 2014 Sequoia Pathway Academy Berean Academy 11 10 10 10 No [152]
NJCAA Clifford Wilson February 14, 1979 Fulton-Montgomery Hudson Valley 31 18 10 15 No [citation needed]
NJCAA Monroe Pippins February 9, 1995 Fulton-Montgomery Herkimer 34 17 10 11 No [citation needed]
Ukrainian First league Vitaliy Bykov December 17, 2016 BC Zaporizhya-2 BC Kramatorsk 14 13 11 12 No [153]
Liga Super Basketball U-18 Natan Oliveira April 8, 2017 Colégio Sul Americano Rappers 32 11 10 16 No [154]
High school boys Andres Frye December 1, 2017 McLean School Model Secondary School for the Deaf 13 10 10 10 - No [155]

Notes

  • c This is the only quadruple-double in French National League history.[143]
  • d This is the only quadruple-double in National Basketball League history.[144]
  • e This is the only quadruple-double in NCAA Division I men's basketball history.[118] The opponent, Central Baptist, plays in the NAIA.

Women's basketball[edit]

  • Mostly accurate as of February 2019. NCAA records are complete for Divisions I and II, but not for Division III; specifically, entering the 2018–19 season, there have been a total of eight quadruple-doubles in Division III play, and one player, Suzy Venet of Mount Union (1994–1998), had two in her career, both in the 1996–97 season.[156] NAIA records are also incomplete.
League Name Date Team Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Reference
American Basketball League Debbie Black December 8, 1996 Colorado Xplosion Atlanta Glory 10 14 12 10 [157][158]
Israeli Basketball Super League Edwina Brown December 2008 Ramat Hen Hapoel Holon 22 10 10 10 [159]
Greek Women's Basketball League Zoi Dimitrakou March 22, 2009 G.S. Megas Alexandros Aris Holargou 49 18 10 12 [160]
Russian Premier League Maria Kalmykova January 21, 2001 Chevakata Vologda Dynamo Kursk 20 15 11 11 [161]
European U16 Championship Anastasiya Verameyenka April 20, 2003 Belarus U16 NT Czech U16 NT 21 10 10 12 [162]
AIAW Division I women Ann Meyers February 18, 1978 UCLA Stephen F. Austin 20 14 10 10 [117]
NCAA Division I women Jackie Spencer[a] February 2, 1985 Louisville Cincinnati 14 12 14 10 [163]
NCAA Division I women Veronica Pettry March 4, 1989 Loyola (Chicago) Detroit 12 10 22 11 [163]
NCAA Division I women Ramona Jones January 14, 1991 Lamar UCF 10 10 10 12 [163]
NCAA Division I women Sonja Tate January 27, 1993 Arkansas State Mississippi Valley State 29 14 10 10 [163]
NCAA Division I women Shakyla Hill January 3, 2018 Grambling State Alabama State 15 10 10 10 [164]
NCAA Division I women Shakyla Hill February 2, 2019 Grambling State Arkansas–Pine Bluff 21 16 13 10 [165]
NCAA Division II women Tereska Watkins February 8, 1997 Fort Valley State ??? 12 12 10 10 [166]
NCAA Division III women Katherine Santiago December 7, 1999 Lehman SUNY-Purchase 23 10 13 12 [167]
NCAA Division III women Evita Esteves February 5, 2004 Emmanuel (MA) Johnson & Wales 10 10 11 13 [168][169]
NCAA Division III women Danna Purnell February 10, 2007 SUNY-Old Westbury New Rochelle 14 10 11 13 [168][170]
NCAA Division III women Latiqua Williams November 16, 2008 Bard New Rochelle 21 13 10 11 [171]
NAIA women Suzanne Gonzales[b] February 11, 1989 Southern Colorado Western State[173] 13 12 10 11 [166]
Ukrainian Professional Basketball League Alina Iagupova May 15, 2011 BC Dnipro Luhanski Lastivky 28 15 13 10 Stats
Notes
  1. ^ The NCAA does not consider Spencer's quadruple-double to be official. Although the Metro Conference, then home to both teams involved in this game, kept records in all of the relevant statistical categories in the 1984–85 season, the NCAA did not. Assists were not recorded throughout Division I women's basketball until 1985–86, and steals were not so recorded until 1987–88.[163]
  2. ^ Although Gonzales played for a school that is now a member of NCAA Division II, the NCAA does not consider her quadruple-double to be official for two reasons. First, the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference, then as now home to both teams involved in this game, then competed in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), and was not an NCAA conference until 1992–93.[172] In addition, the NCAA did not record steals throughout Division II women's basketball until 1992–93.[166]

Quintuple-double[edit]

A quintuple-double is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a double-digit number total in all five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocked shots—in a single game.[174] There are only two known quintuple-doubles, both done at the girls' high-school level. The first was recorded by Tamika Catchings of Duncanville High School (Duncanville, Texas) and Adlai Stevenson High School (Lincolnshire, Illinois) with 25 points, 18 rebounds, 11 assists, 10 steals and 10 blocks in 1997.[175] The second was by Aimee Oertner of Northern Lehigh High School (Slatington, Pennsylvania), who had 26 points, 20 rebounds, 10 assists, 10 steals, and 11 blocks on January 7, 2012.[176]

Five-by-five[edit]

A five-by-five is defined as a performance in which a player accumulates a total of five in five statistical categories—points, rebounds, assists, steals, and blocks—in a single game.[177] Statistics for steals and blocks were not kept in the NBA until the 1973–74 season, so all NBA five-by-fives are known only from that season onward. Hakeem Olajuwon (six times) and Andrei Kirilenko (three times) are the only players to have recorded multiple five-by-fives (based on records since the 1984–85 season).[177] Both are also the only players to record five-by-sixes (at least six in all five statistical categories).[177] Only twice has a five-by-five coincided with a triple-double (both by Olajuwon; one of which was 1 assist shy of a quadruple double) and only three times has a player recorded a five-by-five without registering at least a double-double (two by Kirilenko and one by Marcus Camby).

NBA[edit]

The following is a list of known five-by-fives. Note the list contains all five-by-fives since the 1984–85 season, as well as one before. There may be other five-by-fives in the NBA that occurred before the 1984–85 season.

Name Date Age Team Score Opponent Points Rebounds Assists Steals Blocks Overtime Reference
Julius Erving December 5, 1979 29 years, 286 days Philadelphia 76ers 132–120 San Antonio Spurs 28 7 10 5 5 No [178][179]
Hakeem Olajuwon March 10, 1987 24 years, 48 days Houston Rockets 127–136 Seattle SuperSonics 38 17 6 7 12 Yes (2OT) [180]
Hakeem Olajuwon (2) March 3, 1990 27 years, 41 days Houston Rockets 129–109 Golden State Warriors 29 18 9 5 11 No [136]
Hakeem Olajuwon (3) April 11, 1992 29 years, 81 days Houston Rockets 92–99 Dallas Mavericks 19 13 6 5 5 No [181]
David Robinson November 10, 1992 27 years, 96 days San Antonio Spurs 104–98 Milwaukee Bucks 29 9 5 5 10 No [182]
Derrick Coleman January 15, 1993 25 years, 208 days New Jersey Nets 110–105 Philadelphia 76ers 21 10 7 5 5 Yes (OT) [183]
Hakeem Olajuwon (4) April 22, 1993 30 years, 91 days Houston Rockets 112–110 Minnesota Timberwolves 33 13 5 5 5 Yes (OT) [184]
Hakeem Olajuwon (5) November 5, 1993 30 years, 288 days Houston Rockets 110–88 New Jersey Nets 24 19 6 5 5 No [185]
Hakeem Olajuwon (6) December 30, 1993 30 years, 343 days Houston Rockets 110–104 Minnesota Timberwolves 34 10 5 5 8 No [186]
Vlade Divac February 22, 1995 27 years, 19 days Los Angeles Lakers 112–100 Philadelphia 76ers 19 12 8 5 5 No [187]
Jamaal Tinsley November 16, 2001 23 years, 261 days Indiana Pacers 113–120 Minnesota Timberwolves 12 9 15 6 5 Yes (2OT) [188]
Andrei Kirilenko December 3, 2003 22 years, 288 days Utah Jazz 101–107 Houston Rockets 19 5 7 8 5 Yes (OT) [189]
Andrei Kirilenko (2) December 10, 2003 22 years, 295 days Utah Jazz 95–73 New York Knicks 10 12 6 6 5 No [190]
Marcus Camby January 9, 2004 29 years, 293 days Denver Nuggets 106–96 Utah Jazz 8 11 5 5 8 No [191]
Andrei Kirilenko (3) January 3, 2006 24 years, 319 days Utah Jazz 90–80 Los Angeles Lakers 14 8 9 6 7 No [192]
Nicolas Batum December 16, 2012 24 years, 2 days Portland Trail Blazers 95–94 New Orleans Hornets 11 5 10 5 5 No [193]
Draymond Green December 11, 2015 25 years, 282 days Golden State Warriors 124–119 Boston Celtics 24 11 8 5 5 Yes (2OT) [194]
Anthony Davis November 21, 2018 25 years, 255 days New Orleans Pelicans 120–121 Philadelphia 76ers 12 16 6 5 5 No [195]
Jusuf Nurkić January 1, 2019 24 years, 131 days Portland Trail Blazers 113–108 Sacramento Kings 24 23 7 5 5 Yes (OT) [196]

Facts[edit]

All facts based on data since 1985–86:

  • Greatest five-by-fives (most of each stat): Hakeem Olajuwon, on March 10, 1987, became the first in NBA history to record a six-by-five (at least 6 each of all five statistics: points, rebounds, assists, blocks, steals).[197] It took nearly twenty years for the second official occurrence in NBA history. Andrei Kirilenko, on January 3, 2006, recorded a six-by-five against the Lakers. Though his numbers were not quite as impressive as Olajuwon's, Kirilenko performed the feat in regulation.
  • Most five-by-fives in a career: Hakeem Olajuwon leads all players with 6 career five-by-fives.[177] Andrei Kirilenko, with 3, is the only other player with more than one career five-by-five.
  • Most five-by-fives in the same season: Only twice has a player recorded two five-by-fives in a season. Olajuwon in the 1993–94 season, and Kirilenko in the 2003–04 season.
  • Quickest pair of five-by-fives: Kirilenko performed a five-by-five on December 3, 2003, and completed another just a week later, on December 10, 2003. The second-quickest five-by-fives were completed by Olajuwon on November 5, 1993, and another, 55 days later, on December 30, 1993.
  • Youngest player: Kirilenko's first NBA five-by-five came on December 3, 2003, making him the youngest to record a five-by-five at age 22 years, 288 days.
  • Oldest player: Olajuwon is the oldest player to record a five-by-five. His last career five-by-five came on December 30, 1993, at which time he was 30 years, 343 days old.
  • Six-by-fives: Olajuwon and Kirilenko are the only players to achieve this feat in NBA history.[198]

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