Dutch general election, 1998

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Dutch general election, 1998
Netherlands
← 1994 6 May 1998 2002 →
Turnout 73.4%
Party Leader % Seats ±
PvdA Wim Kok 29.0% 45 +8
VVD Frits Bolkestein 24.7% 38 +7
CDA Jaap de Hoop Scheffer 18.3% 29 -5
D66 Els Borst 9.0% 14 -10
GL Paul Rosenmöller 7.3% 11 +6
SP Jan Marijnissen 3.5% 5 +3
RPF Leen van Dijke 2.0% 3 0
SGP Bas van der Vlies 1.7% 3 +1
GPV Gert Schutte 1.2% 2 0
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Wim Kok Wim Kok
PvdA
Wim Kok
PvdA
Wim Kok
Strongest political party by municipality

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 6 May 1998.[1]

Result[edit]

During the 1998 election the purple coalition of social-democrats and left and right liberals fortified its majority. Both the social-democratic PvdA and the conservative liberal VVD won considerably, much at the cost of their junior partner in cabinet, the progressive liberal D66.

Political observers attributed the win to the economic performance of the coalition, including reduction of unemployment and the budget deficit, steady growth and job creation combined with wage freezes and trimming of the welfare state, together with a policy of fiscal restraint.[2]

The two small left opposition parties, the green GroenLinks, and the socialist SP, were rewarded for their 'quality opposition'. The major opposition party, CDA, uncomfortable in its opposition role, also lost seats. The two parties for the elderly AOV and Unie 55+ and the rightwing populist CD did not return to parliament.

The formation resulted in the continuation of the Kok cabinet, with the second Kok cabinet.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Labour Party 2,494,555 29.0 45 +8
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy 2,124,971 24.7 38 +7
Christian Democratic Appeal 1,581,053 18.4 29 –5
Democrats 66 773,497 9.0 14 –10
GreenLeft 625,968 7.3 11 +6
Socialist Party 303,703 3.5 5 +3
Reformatory Political Federation 174,593 2.0 3 0
Reformed Political Party 153,583 1.8 3 +1
Reformed Political League 108,724 1.3 2 0
Centre Democrats 52,226 0.6 0 –3
General Elderly Alliance/Union 55+ 45,994 0.5 0 –7
Mobile Netherlands 45,219 0.5 0 New
Seniors 2000 36,157 0.4 0 New
New Middle Party 23,512 0.3 0 New
The Greens 16,585 0.2 0 0
Natural Law Party 15,746 0.2 0 0
Catholic Political Party 8,233 0.1 0 New
Progressive Integration Party 7,225 0.1 0 0
New Solidarity Elderly Union 6,455 0.1 0 New
New Communist Party of the Netherlands 5,620 0.1 0 0
Idealists/Jij 2,500 0.0 0 New
The Voters Collective 1,668 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 14,435
Total 8,622,222 100 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 11,755,132 73.3
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, European Elections Database
Popular Vote
PvdA
  
28.98%
VVD
  
24.69%
CDA
  
18.37%
D66
  
8.99%
GL
  
7.27%
SP
  
3.53%
RPF
  
2.03%
SGP
  
1.78%
GPV
  
1.26%
CD
  
0.61%
AOV/Unie 55+
  
0.53%
Other
  
1.96%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1396 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Netherlands: Elections held in 1998 Inter-Parliamentary Union

Further reading[edit]