EMD SDP40

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EMD SDP40
KCS 3057.jpg
Type and origin
Power typeDiesel-electric
BuilderGeneral Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
ModelSDP40
Build dateJune 1966 – May 1970
Total produced20
Specifications
Configuration:
 • AARC-C
 • UICCo'Co'
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
TrucksFlexicoil C2L
Wheel diameter40 in (1,016 mm)
Minimum curve274 ft (84 m)
Length65 ft 8 in (20.02 m)
over the coupler pulling faces
Width10 ft 0 in (3.05 m)
Height15 ft 5 14 in (4.705 m)
Loco weight370,000 lb (170,000 kg)
Fuel typediesel
Fuel capacity1,800 US gal (6,800 l; 1,500 imp gal)
Lubricant cap.243 US gal (920 l; 202 imp gal)
Coolant cap.295 US gal (1,120 l; 246 imp gal)
Water cap2,200 US gal (8,300 l; 1,800 imp gal)
Sandbox cap.56 cu ft (1.6 m3)
Fuel consumption167 US gal (630 l; 139 imp gal) per hour
Water consumption45 US gal (170 l; 37 imp gal) per hour
Prime moverEMD 16-645-E3
RPM range315-900
Engine typeV16 Two-stroke diesel
AspirationMechanically-assisted turbocharger
Displacement10,320 cu in (169,100 cm3)
AlternatorAR-10
Traction motorsD-77
Cylinders16
TransmissionDiesel-electric transmission
Train heatingSteam generator
Loco brakeIndependent air; optional: dynamic brakes
Train brakesAir, schedule 26-L
Performance figures
Maximum speed83 mph (134 km/h)
Power output3,000 hp (2,240 kW)
Career
LocaleNorth America

An SDP40 is a 6-axle passenger road switcher diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD) between June 1966 and May 1970.

Design[edit]

Like its predecessor in EMD's catalog, the SDP35, the SDP40 is a high-horsepower freight locomotive with equipment for passenger train service.

In 1966, EMD replaced all their production units with those powered by the new 645 diesel. They included six-axle models SD38, SD40 and SD45, in addition to SDP40. All had standard components including the frame, cab, generator, trucks, traction motors, and air brakes. The main difference was the power: SD38 = 2,000 hp (1,490 kW) from a non-turbocharged V16, SD40 = 3,000 hp (2,240 kW) from a turbocharged V16, and SD45 = 3,600 hp (2,680 kW) from a turbocharged V20.

The SD40 and SDP40 were so similar that EMD published common operator's and service manuals to cover both.

At the time most passenger locomotives needed to provide steam to the passenger cars for heating, cooking, and sometimes cooling. They needed a higher gear ratio for faster running, the graduated-release feature on the air brakes, and type F tight-lock couplers to keep equipment together in the event of a derailment. To fit a steam generator to the freight-only SD40, the designers had to move the machinery forward about 2 feet (0.61 m) on the frame, add a compartment behind the radiators for the boiler, and divide the fuel tank into fuel and water sections.

Appearance[edit]

Earlier passenger diesels, like EMD E8, ALCO PA, FM Erie-built and Baldwin Sharknose locomotives, were streamlined cab units designed for visual appeal and the appearance of speed. The SDP40 and the SDP35 & SDP45 instead have the same appearance as their freight counterparts. This look was contemporary to, and eventually overtaken by cowl units like the GE U30CG and EMD FP45, SDP40F and F40PH.

Visually, the locomotive is a hood unit distinguished only by the shape of its rear end behind the radiators, with its flat end having no number boards, shuttered boiler air intake on each side, extra exhaust stacks over the boiler, cantilevered walkway around the flat end, and very steep rear steps. EMD applied this same end to the passenger SDP35, SDP45, and GP40P locomotives, as well as the freight DD35, DDA40X and SD40T-2.

Amtrak's SDP40F locomotive, although sharing several mechanical specifications, is visually a much different locomotive. Seven years separate their introductions, and the SDP40F was actually based on the SD40-2. It had a full-width carbody, similar to the FP45. It was also 6 feet (1.83 m) longer than the SDP40.

Original Owners[edit]

Great Northern Railway (GN) purchased the first six SDP40s in 1966, to replace older E-units on their Western Star and smaller regional trains. Options included Vapor OK-4740 steam generators, water-transfer capability between units, 59:18 gearing for a top speed of 83 mph (134 km/h), and Type-F couplers. These were followed in 1967 by eight more powerful SDP45 locomotives ordered for the Empire Builder. After the startup of Amtrak in 1971, Great Northern's successor Burlington Northern Railroad (BN) converted the locomotives to freight service.

One SDP40, former GN 323, was temporarily renumbered BN 1976 and painted in red, white and blue for the United States Bicentennial in 1976.

NdeM had ten units delivered in 1968 and another four in 1970. In 1998, the government of Mexico privatized the NdeM the locomotives were split between two successor companies. Eight went to TFM, which was later purchased by Kansas City Southern Railway and became KCSM. Of those eight, two were rebuilt to SD22ECOs, and the other six were scrapped. The remaining six went to Ferromex. Of those six, four were rebuilt to SDP40-2s and remain in service, the other two were scrapped.

Roster[edit]


Order Built Serial Phase 1st No. 2nd No. 3rd No. 4th No. 5th No. 6th No. 7th No. 8th No. Disposition
7870-
5/66
31592
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 320
Burlington Northern Railroad 9850
Burlington Northern Railroad 6394
--
--
--
--
--
Scrapped MK Rail July 1996
7870-2
5/66
31593
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 321
Burlington Northern Railroad 9851
Burlington Northern Railroad 6395
MRL 290
--
--
--
--
Rebuilt, Active
7870-
5/66
31594
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 322
Burlington Northern Railroad 9852
Burlington Northern Railroad 6396
--
--
--
--
--
Wrecked June 1984, scrapped
7870-4
5/66
31595
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 323
Burlington Northern Railroad 9853
Burlington Northern Railroad 6397
Burlington Northern Railroad 1976
Burlington Northern Railroad 6397
BNSF 6325
GCFX 3093
GRD 9043
Rebuilt, Active
7870-
5/66
31596
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 324
Burlington Northern Railroad 9854
Burlington Northern Railroad 6398
BNSF 6326
GN 6326
--
--
--
Stored Out-of-service - Reporting mark changed from BNSF to GN to make way for new deliveries
7870-
5/66
31597
Ia2
Great Northern Railway (U.S.) 325
Burlington Northern Railroad 9855
Burlington Northern Railroad 6399
BNSF 6327
Minnesota Transportation Museum 6327
Minnesota Transportation Museum Great Northern 325
--
--
Wrecked August 1979 and rebuilt. Retired June 2008, donated to the Minnesota Transportation Museum May 2009. Active
710917
5/68
33371
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8522
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8522
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1314
Kansas City Southern de México 1314
Scrapped December 2008 by Progress Rail in Mayfield, KY
710918
5/68
33372
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8523
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8523
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1315
Kansas City Southern de México 1315
Scrapped
710919
5/68
33373
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8524
Ferromex ????
710920
5/68
33374
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8525
Ferromex ????
710921
5/68
33375
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8526
Ferromex ????
710922
5/68
33376
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8527
Ferromex ????
710923
5/68
33377
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8528
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1316
Kansas City Southern de México 1316
Scrapped December 2008 by Progress Rail in Mayfield, KY
710924
5/68
33378
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8529
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1317
Kansas City Southern de México 1317
Scrapped December 2008 by Progress Rail in Mayfield, KY
710925
5/68
33379
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8530
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1318
Kansas City Southern de México 1318
Kansas City Southern Railway 3057
Scrapped
710926
5/68
33380
IIb_
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8531
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1319
Kansas City Southern de México 1319
Rebuilt to SD22ECO August 2009
711392
5/70
36156
IIb2
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8532
Ferromex ????
711393
5/70
36157
IIb2
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8533
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1320
Kansas City Southern de México 1320
Rebuilt to SD22ECO August 2009
711394
5/70
36158
IIb2
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8534
Ferromex ????
711395
5/70
36159
IIb2
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México 8535
Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana 1321
Kansas City Southern de México 1321
Scrapped
  • Phases refer to SD40s in general.

Wrecks[edit]

On August 23, 1979, BN 6399 was the lead unit of train 23 when it ran head-on into train 182 at Maiden Rock, WI. 6399 was repaired and returned to service, as were the four units of the other train. The three trailing GP40 units were destroyed.

Rebuilds[edit]

  • FNM 13099 was rebuilt by the San Luis Potosi shops, but the original locomotive number is unknown. The steam generator air intake was plated over during the rebuild.
  • FXE 3227 appears to have been rebuilt from an SDP40, but the original locomotive number is unknown. The steam generator air intake was plated over during the rebuild, but it retained the full compartment and vertical rear steps.
  • MRL 290 was wrecked in 1988, and subsequently sold to MRL. It is listed in rosters and lettered as an SDP40-2XR. Its steam generator air intake was plated over during the rebuild, but it retained the full compartment and vertical rear steps.
  • GCFX 3093 sources suggest was remanufactured by Alstom to SD40-2 specifications. Much of the steam generator compartment was removed to permit installation of compliant rear switching steps.
  • KCS 1319 was rebuilt by EMD in London, ON during August 2009 into an SD22ECO, keeping its external appearance.
  • KCS 1320 was rebuilt by EMD in London, Ontario during August 2009 into an SD22ECO, keeping its external appearance.

A consideration when rebuilding an SDP40 is that the rear corner steps do not comply with current Federal Regulations. The bottom step must be further out than the upper steps to provide a place to stand. Since the steam generator compartment extends to the end of the frame, it must be removed to install compliant switching steps. FXE 3212 and GCFX 3093 are examples. See:

The KCS pair rebuilt into SD22ECOs took a different approach: The bottom steps of the rear ladders were moved out to meet the requirement.

Preservation[edit]

BN SDP40 No. 325 at the Minnesota Transportation Museum In 2015

BNSF Railway donated #6327 - former GN 325 and their last SDP40 in service - to the Minnesota Transportation Museum in May 2009. Since then, it has been in service on the Osceola and St. Croix Valley Railway. The Museum has renumbered the locomotive back to 325 and, in the future, it will be repainted in the Great Northern "Big Sky Blue" paint scheme.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Moran, Miles (1975). "And Passenger Service Too". Railroad Modeler. 5 (8): 40–47.
  • Pinkepank, Jerry A. (1973). The Second Diesel Spotter's Guide. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. ISBN 978-0-89024-026-7.
  • Shine, Joseph W. (1992). Great Northern Color Pictorial - Volume 2: Division Assignment, Second Generation Diesels, The Big Sky Blue Era. La Mirada, CA: Four Ways West Publications. ISBN 0-9616874-7-9
  • Strauss, John F. Jr. (1998). Great Northern Color Pictorial - Volume 5: Rocky's Robe of Many Colors. La Mirada, CA: Four Ways West Publications. ISBN 1-885614-22-5
  • Sarberenyi, Robert. EMD SD40, SD40A, and SDP40 Original Owners. Retrieved on August 27, 2006
  • The UNofficial EMD Homepage. Retrieved on May 1, 2009
  • EMD's SD40, SD40A, and SDP40 - Original Owners. Retrieved on May 5, 2009
  • Great Northern Empire - GN EMP SDP40 Roster. Retrieved on May 5, 2009
  • KCS NAFTA Rosters. Retrieved on May 5, 2009
  • Service Department (1966). SD40 - SDP40 Operator's Manual. La Grange, IL: Electro-Motive Division of General Motors Corporation
  • Progress Rail KCS loco scrapping observed. Retrieved on June 13, 2009
  • SD22ECO rebuilds 1319 and 1320 observed. Retrieved on August 27, 2009
  • F. Hol Wagner, Jr.; Dave G. Chornell, eds. (1981). "BN Developments: 1977-80". Burlington Northern 1977-80 Annual. P.O. Box 17111, Denver, Colorado 80217: Motive Power Services. 7: 100.
  • Erickson, Ron (June 2010). "Great Northern Automatic Heater Cars 1965-1968". The Great Northern Goat. Great Northern Railway Historical Society. 143 (Reference Sheet 360).
  • EMD SD 6 WHEEL TRUCKS-DATA. Retrieved on July 25, 2010