Elk Knob State Park

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Elk Knob State Park
North Carolina State Park
New Trail Elk Knob NC SP 0914.jpg
A hiking trail at Elk Knob State Park
Named for: Elk Knob
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Watauga
Elevation 5,520 ft (1,682.5 m)
Coordinates 36°19′38″N 81°40′37″W / 36.32722°N 81.67694°W / 36.32722; -81.67694Coordinates: 36°19′38″N 81°40′37″W / 36.32722°N 81.67694°W / 36.32722; -81.67694 [1]
Area 3,680 acres (1,489.2 ha) [2]
Founded 2003
Management North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation
IUCN category III - Natural Monument
Elk Knob State Park is located in North Carolina
Elk Knob State Park
Location of Elk Knob State Park in North Carolina
Website: www.ncparks.gov/elk-knob-state-park

Elk Knob State Park is an 3,680-acre (14.9 km2)[2] North Carolina state park in Watauga County, North Carolina, in the United States. Opened in 2003, it is one of North Carolina's newest state parks. Elk Knob State Park was established to preserve the natural state of Elk Knob, the second highest peak in Watauga County.[3] The park is open for year-round recreation and is currently undergoing an expansion of facilities to provide greater recreational opportunities to visitors. Elk Knob State Park is on Meat Camp Road, 5.5 miles (8.9 km) from North Carolina Highway 194, 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north of Boone, in the Blue Ridge Mountains.

History[edit]

Elk Knob State Park is named for Elk Knob, the second highest peak in Watauga County,[3] which was under threat of being developed for summer homes during the late 1990s and early 2000s. A group of concerned citizens, led by the Nature Conservancy and land owners, teamed together to purchase Elk Knob and deed it to the State of North Carolina as a nature preserve, and later a state park.[3][4] Elk Knob is an amphibolite peak and is home to the headwaters of the North Fork New River, a tributary of the New River, one of the oldest rivers in the world.[3][4]

Elk Knob State Park is surrounded by several historic mountain communities. Meat Camp, Pottertown and Sutherland were once, according to Dr. Patricia Beaver of Appalachian State University, "bustling, dynamic communities". Meat Camp was the location of Winebarger Grist Mill, which operated from the 1850s until 2005.[5] Sutherland had a thriving cattle industry. Each community had at least one general store, post office, school and church. Faculty and students from Appalachian State have begun a process of preserving the history of the communities by hosting periodic community days, at Elk Knob State Park, where residents of the shrinking communities gather to pass down their history and share photos of earlier days. These gatherings have also given the students and young people of the region a chance to learn about sustainable agriculture practices that were commonplace throughout the history of Elk Knob.[5]

Ecology[edit]

Elk Knob State Park's location atop an amphibolite peak has made it a vitally important and ecologically unique area. Amphibolite is a dark metamorphic rock which is rich in nutrients and supports the growth of rare plants.[6] Elk Knob and Rittle Knob, which are now part of Elk Knob State Park, are ecologically rich sites that host diverse and rare plant species such as Gray's lily, rattlesnake root, flame azalea, purple fringed orchid and trailing wolfsbane.[5][7]

Northern hardwood forests grow at Elk Knob State Park. This type of forest consists of sugar maple, American beech, yellow buckeye and yellow birch trees. The trees that grow near the summits of Rittle and Elk Knobs have been stunted by the low temperatures, high elevation and high winds. Trees that are just a few feet high can be well over one hundred years old.[6][7]

The forests of Elk Knob State Park provide a habitat for a number of woodland species including a breeding colony of ravens, the American black bear, bobcat, white-tailed deer, and wild turkeys.[7] Since the park is largely undeveloped, these species have lived in an environment that has been largely left undisturbed by man. Development that has taken place at the park has been to minimize ecologic damage.[8]

Recreation[edit]

Elk Knob State Park is one of the newest state parks in North Carolina. Recreational opportunities are limited since the facilities at the park have not yet been fully built, and they will remain somewhat limited since one of the original goals of the park is to maintain it as a natural area.[8]

An old road that leads to the summit of Elk Knob served as the park's initial hiking trail, but it is steep and rocky, making it a difficult hike. A less steep and easier to ascend hiking trail was constructed with the help of volunteers,[9] and it was finished September 4, 2011. The old road is planned to be formally closed to hiking, so the process of secondary succession will be encouraged on the road bed. Upon reaching the summit hikers are can view Mount Jefferson, Grandfather Mountain, Mount Mitchell, and various peaks in Tennessee and Virginia.[9]

In the fall of 2012, the park opened up a back-country camping area for backpackers. The facilitates consist of 3 individual sites, two group sites, and a "zone camping area", where up to three sites may be established by backpackers. No campfires are permitted, and campers must use bear canisters. The park has allowed limited front-country camping during the weekend of the National Wildlife Federation's Great American Backyard Campout.

A small picnic area was provides several picnic tables and grills, along a forested, road loop. Also, a small office area was constructed near the park's entrance.

Nearby state parks[edit]

The following state parks are within 30 miles (48 km) of Elk Knob State Park:

Grandfather Mountain State Park
Grayson Highlands State Park, Virginia
Mount Jefferson State Natural Area
New River State Park
Stone Mountain State Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Geological Survey. "Elk Knob, USGS Zionville (TN,NC) Topo Map". TopoQuest. Retrieved 2008-06-29. 
  2. ^ a b "Size of the North Carolina State Parks System" (XLS). North Carolina Division of Parks and Recreation. January 1, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Elk Knob State Park  » History". ncparks.gov. Raleigh: N.C. Division of Parks & Recreation. May 2009. Retrieved Sep 10, 2011. Elk Knob, the second tallest peak in Watauga County, reaches an elevation of 5,520 feet above sea level[.] 
  4. ^ a b "Elk Knob State Natural Area". North Carolina Office of Environmental Education. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  5. ^ a b c Jane Nicholson. "Elk Knob project combines community and heritage preservation". ASU News. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  6. ^ a b Monte Mitchell. "View Preserved: Rittle Knob, next to Elk Knob, is protected from development". Winston-Salem Journal. 
  7. ^ a b c "Elk Knob State Park: Ecology". North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  8. ^ a b Scott Nicholson. "Trail Work Continues At Elk Knob". The Mountain Times. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 
  9. ^ a b "Elk Knob State Park: Activities". North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2007-11-28. 

External links[edit]