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Elkins, Arkansas

Coordinates: 36°01′02″N 94°01′30″W / 36.01722°N 94.02500°W / 36.01722; -94.02500
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Elkins, Arkansas
Elkins City Administration Building
Elkins City Administration Building
Official seal of Elkins, Arkansas
Location of Elkins in Washington County, Arkansas.
Location of Elkins in Washington County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°01′02″N 94°01′30″W / 36.01722°N 94.02500°W / 36.01722; -94.02500
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.91 sq mi (10.13 km2)
 • Land3.87 sq mi (10.03 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation1,224 ft (373 m)
 • Total3,602
 • Density929.79/sq mi (359.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code479
FIPS code05-21190
GNIS feature ID2403555[2]

Elkins is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The community is located in the Boston Mountains, deep in the Ozark Mountains. A combination of the former unincorporated communities of Harris and Hood, Elkins was established in 1964. Located immediately east of Fayetteville in the Northwest Arkansas metropolitan statistical area, Elkins has been experiencing rapid growth in recent years, doubling in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses.[3]


The city is located southeast of Fayetteville along Arkansas Highway 16 on the west bank of the White River.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), all land.[citation needed]


2020 census[edit]

Elkins racial composition[5]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,862 79.46%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 47 1.3%
Native American 45 1.25%
Asian 20 0.56%
Pacific Islander 12 0.33%
Other/Mixed 277 7.69%
Hispanic or Latino 339 9.41%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,602 people, 1,109 households, and 771 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2014 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 1,251 people, 485 households, and 370 families residing in the city. The population density was 479.7 inhabitants per square mile (185.2/km2). There were 518 housing units at an average density of 198.6 per square mile (76.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.56% White, 0.16% Black or African American, 1.76% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 485 households, out of which 37.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,318, and the median income for a family was $45,750. Males had a median income of $31,742 versus $22,008 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,161. About 5.9% of families and 6.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.


Public education for students in kindergarten through grade 12 in most of Elkins is provided by the Elkins School District, which leads to graduation at Elkins High School.

Sections of Elkins are in the Fayetteville School District.[9] Fayetteville High School is that district's comprehensive high school.

Collins Mound Site[edit]

Consisting of 5 mounds within an 18-acre area located near the White River, this site has been dated to the Early to Middle Mississippian period (A.D. 900-1400.) Geometric surveys have hinted at the site being a complex prehistoric settlement associated with complex ritual mortuary events linking regional native populations.[10][11]

Both rectangular and dodecahedron fractal architectural structures have been noted, including a possible central plaza space.[11]


As of 2023, there is no fixed route transit service in Elkins. Ozark Regional Transit operates demand-response service in the city.[12] The nearest intercity bus service is provided by Jefferson Lines in nearby Fayetteville.[13]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Elkins, Arkansas
  3. ^ Johnson, Mary Ellen (March 5, 2012). "Elkins (Washington County)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. Butler Center for Arkansas Studies at the Central Arkansas Library System. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  4. ^ Arkansas Atlas and Gazetteer (Map) (Second ed.). DeLorme. 2002. p. 23. ISBN 0-89933-345-1.
  5. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2016.
  8. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Washington County, AR" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2022. - 2010 map
  10. ^ Sullivan, Stephanie M.; McKinnon, Duncan P. (June 1, 2013). "The Collins Site (3wa1): Exploring Architectural Variation in the Western Ozark Highlands". Southeastern Archaeology. 32 (1): 70–84. doi:10.1179/sea.2013.32.1.006. ISSN 0734-578X. S2CID 128828666.
  11. ^ a b Carmelita, Angeles (January 1, 2016). The Dirt on the Collins Mounds Site (Thesis). University of Arkansas, Fayetteville.
  12. ^ "Demand Response". Retrieved September 28, 2023.
  13. ^ "Arkansas Bus Stops". Retrieved September 28, 2023.
  14. ^ "Danny Lee Patrick", Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 29, 2009

External links[edit]