Madison County, Arkansas

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Madison County, Arkansas
Madison County Courthouse in Huntsville, AR.jpg
Madison County Courthouse in Huntsville
Map of Arkansas highlighting Madison County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded September 30, 1836
Named for James Madison
Seat Huntsville
Largest city Huntsville
Area
 • Total 837 sq mi (2,168 km2)
 • Land 834 sq mi (2,160 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 16,072
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website madisoncogov.com

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,717.[1] The county seat is Huntsville.[2] The county was formed on September 30, 1836, and named for James Madison,[3] fourth President of the United States.

Madison County is part of the Northwest Arkansas region.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 837 square miles (2,170 km2), of which 834 square miles (2,160 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,775
18504,82373.8%
18607,74060.5%
18708,2316.3%
188011,45539.2%
189017,40251.9%
190019,86414.1%
191016,056−19.2%
192014,918−7.1%
193013,334−10.6%
194014,5319.0%
195011,734−19.2%
19609,068−22.7%
19709,4534.2%
198011,37320.3%
199011,6182.2%
200014,24322.6%
201015,71710.3%
Est. 201716,339[5]4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Madison County[10]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 14,243 people, 5,463 households, and 4,080 families residing in the county. The population density was 7/km² (17/mi²). There were 6,537 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (8/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.94% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.47% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. 3.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,463 households out of which 33.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.00% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.30% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,895, and the median income for a family was $32,910. Males had a median income of $24,911 versus $18,786 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,736. About 14.70% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 18.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

During the Secession Convention of 1861, Arkansas voted to leave the Union and join the Confederate States of America. When Chairman David Walker called for a second vote seeking a unanimous decision, only Madison County representative Isaac Murphy refused to change his vote.[12] Murphy would later be appointed Governor of Arkansas during Reconstruction under Abraham Lincoln's conciliatory policy.

Madison County is strongly Republican, and voted for the Republican candidate several times even when Arkansas was part of the "Solid South".

Madison County, Arkansas
voteby party in presidential elections [13]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 72.04% 4,928 23.21% 1,588 4.75% 325
2012 64.91% 4,263 31.96% 2,099 3.14% 206
2008 62.77% 3,972 33.88% 2,144 3.35% 212
2004 60.67% 3,873 37.92% 2,421 1.41% 90
2000 60.18% 3,387 36.51% 2,055 3.30% 186
1996 43.01% 2,303 46.76% 2,504 10.23% 548
1992 42.41% 2,238 45.76% 2,415 11.82% 624
1988 58.72% 3,067 40.32% 2,106 0.96% 50
1984 61.65% 3,516 37.40% 2,133 0.95% 54
1980 54.50% 3,180 41.71% 2,434 3.79% 221
1976 46.09% 2,502 53.91% 2,926
1972 64.09% 3,372 35.91% 1,889 0.00% 0
1968 47.14% 2,320 31.98% 1,574 20.89% 1,028
1964 42.26% 1,997 57.45% 2,715 0.30% 14
1960 58.20% 2,445 40.51% 1,702 1.29% 54
1956 53.54% 2,525 46.35% 2,186 0.11% 5
1952 57.51% 2,868 42.31% 2,110 0.18% 9
1948 51.22% 2,201 47.50% 2,041 1.28% 55
1944 54.25% 2,120 45.75% 1,788 0.00% 0
1940 48.91% 2,107 50.97% 2,196 0.12% 5
1936 46.86% 1,484 53.02% 1,679 0.13% 4
1932 43.12% 2,197 55.01% 2,803 1.86% 95
1928 61.33% 2,760 38.16% 1,717 0.51% 23
1924 46.85% 1,263 49.52% 1,335 3.64% 98
1920 53.10% 1,715 45.29% 1,463 1.61% 52
1916 47.78% 1,332 52.22% 1,456 0.00% 0
1912 38.91% 786 46.14% 932 14.95% 302
1908 50.28% 1,541 47.01% 1,441 2.71% 83
1904 50.94% 1,160 47.08% 1,072 1.98% 45
1900 46.52% 1,289 53.23% 1,475 0.25% 7
1896 42.25% 1,260 56.64% 1,689 1.11% 33

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

The Huntsville Municipal Airport is a public-use airport located two nautical miles (4 km) southwest of the central business district of Huntsville.[14]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Madison County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Madison County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15][16]

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Total area
(mi²)
Total area
(km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Alabam 05-90009 00068839 1,261 21.90 8.46 57.903 150.0 57.572 149.1 0.331 0.8573 36°11′28″N 93°40′09″W / 36.191194°N 93.669170°W / 36.191194; -93.669170
Bohannan 05-90392 00068840 631 36.81 14.21 17.202 44.55 17.140 44.39 0.062 0.1606 36°05′09″N 93°49′16″W / 36.085717°N 93.821228°W / 36.085717; -93.821228
Boston 05-90414 00068841 168 2.54 0.98 66.351 171.8 66.267 171.6 0.084 0.2176 35°50′58″N 93°34′36″W / 35.849404°N 93.576730°W / 35.849404; -93.576730
Bowen 05-90426 00068842 486 15.18 5.86 32.123 83.20 32.013 82.91 0.110 0.2849 35°58′31″N 93°43′22″W / 35.975305°N 93.722794°W / 35.975305; -93.722794
California 05-90426 00068842 1,303 15.36 5.93 85.034 220.2 84.848 219.8 0.186 0.4817 36°15′19″N 93°46′13″W / 36.255402°N 93.770360°W / 36.255402; -93.770360
Hilburn 05-91722 00068844 St. Paul 310 16.39 6.33 18.942 49.06 18.914 48.99 0.028 0.07252 35°47′51″N 93°45′36″W / 35.797425°N 93.760126°W / 35.797425; -93.760126
Japton 05-91902 00068845 441 17.28 6.67 25.603 66.31 25.528 66.12 0.075 0.1942 35°57′20″N 93°47′37″W / 35.955531°N 93.793701°W / 35.955531; -93.793701
Kentucky 05-92028 00068846 265 5.82 2.25 45.546 118.0 45.508 117.9 0.038 0.09842 35°49′22″N 93°40′40″W / 35.822760°N 93.677824°W / 35.822760; -93.677824
Kings River 05-92055 00068847 769 12.16 4.69 63.474 164.4 63.229 163.8 0.245 0.6345 36°02′08″N 93°30′12″W / 36.035554°N 93.503218°W / 36.035554; -93.503218
Lamar 05-92103 00068848 949 33.88 13.08 28.138 72.88 28.010 72.55 0.128 0.3315 36°01′59″N 93°54′34″W / 36.032938°N 93.909403°W / 36.032938; -93.909403
Lincoln 05-92208 00068849 229 9.19 3.55 24.982 64.70 24.920 64.54 0.062 0.1606 35°54′07″N 93°41′11″W / 35.902011°N 93.686265°W / 35.902011; -93.686265
Marble 05-92367 00068850 318 19.48 7.52 16.398 42.47 16.323 42.28 0.166 0.4299 36°07′53″N 93°35′56″W / 36.131296°N 93.598757°W / 36.131296; -93.598757
Mill Creek 05-92481 00068851 610 9.44 3.65 64.711 167.6 64.590 167.3 0.121 0.3134 35°50′45″N 93°49′35″W / 35.845829°N 93.826426°W / 35.845829; -93.826426
Prairie 05-93000 00068852 Hindsville 1,632 31.40 12.12 52.182 135.2 51.976 134.6 0.206 0.5335 36°08′25″N 93°52′12″W / 36.140250°N 93.870069°W / 36.140250; -93.870069
Purdy 05-93048 00068853 314 2.45 8.67 14.029 36.33 13.989 36.23 0.040 0.1036 36°05′18″N 93°35′33″W / 36.088293°N 93.592540°W / 36.088293; -93.592540
Richland 05-93144 00068854 567 21.56 8.32 26.372 68.30 26.299 68.11 0.073 0.1891 36°01′20″N 93°50′09″W / 36.022251°N 93.835944°W / 36.022251; -93.835944
Valley 05-93759 00068855 517 13.88 5.36 37.414 96.90 37.235 96.44 0.179 0.4636 35°51′02″N 93°55′06″W / 35.850483°N 93.918223°W / 35.850483; -93.918223
Venus 05-93792 00068856 244 6.65 2.53 36.783 95.27 36.717 95.10 0.066 0.1709 35°56′23″N 93°36′20″W / 35.939655°N 93.605466°W / 35.939655; -93.605466
War Eagle 05-93888 00068857 Huntsville 4,037 67.55 26.08 60.177 155.9 59.762 154.8 0.415 1.075 36°05′31″N 93°43′03″W / 36.091926°N 93.717540°W / 36.091926; -93.717540
Wharton 05-93976 01986189 418 12.24 4.72 34.308 88.86 34.160 88.47 0.148 0.3833 36°00′30″N 93°37′10″W / 36.008463°N 93.619431°W / 36.008463; -93.619431
White River 05-94017 00068859 248 8.48 3.27 29.317 75.93 29.255 75.77 0.062 0.1606 35°56′55″N 93°53′34″W / 35.948524°N 93.892882°W / 35.948524; -93.892882
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2014-05-31. 

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015. 
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ The Edge of Conflict: Arkansas in the Civil War. PBS. 1995. 
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  14. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for H34 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 25 August 2011.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Madison County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=930
  18. ^ "Danny Lee Patrick", Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 29, 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°01′38″N 93°41′45″W / 36.02722°N 93.69583°W / 36.02722; -93.69583