Elliston, South Australia
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (September 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Population||377 (2006 census)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|Location||641 km (398 mi) W of Adelaide|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Elliston|
Elliston is a small coastal town in the Australian state of South Australia on the west coast of Eyre Peninsula 169 km northwest of Port Lincoln and 641 km west of Adelaide. The township is located on Waterloo Bay. It has a rainfall of 426 mm per annum. At the 2006 census, Elliston had a population of 377.
The first inhabitants of the land that is now Elliston were the Nauo people.
The first recorded exploration of the adjacent coastline was by Matthew Flinders in the vessel HMS Investigator from 10–13 February 1802. He named the offshore islands but did not note the presence of Waterloo Bay in his log.
Edward John Eyre explored the area on land in 1840 and 1841 on a journey to Western Australia from Port Lincoln. Originally named Waterloo Bay, the township was later named by Governor Sir William Jervois on a plan for the town on 23 November 1878. Locally it is believed to be named after the writer and educator Ellen Liston who was born in England in 1838 and emigrated to South Australia in 1850. She was a governess working on a local property (Nilkerloo) owned by John Hamp.
It has also been suggested that Jervois, who had a military background chose to honour Sir Henry Walton Ellis (1783–1815) who was a hero of the Battle of Waterloo during which campaign he died of his wounds. The area was settled in the 1840s with Elliston being the central port from which the early settlers transported their wool and wheat to market. Sailing ships and later steam ships crossed Waterloo Bay’s notorious reefed entrance. A number of ships foundered in the bay due to its narrow entrance and variable tides.
The Nauo people were hit extremely hard by the effects of European invasion. There was a very great deal of violence against Aboriginal people in this area (and a good deal of violence against white settlers also). The Waterloo Bay Massacre is thought to have occurred close to Elliston, and there is also a large number of better-documented murders and other violent acts towards Aboriginal people in this area.
The hall, which was officially opened on 10 February 1968, is distinguished by its mural which was painted with the help of local community members under the direction of artists Siv Grava and John Turpie. According to the placard erected by the District Council of Elliston, it is the largest mural of its type in Australia, depicts the historical life of Elliston and covers more than 500 square metres in area.
The first District Council of Elliston Council Chambers were built in 1913 and still stand adjacent to Waterloo Bay Caravan Park.
The Country Women’s Association Rooms were the first to be built in South Australia by that organisation and opened on 4 July 1936.
The Post Office was opened on 13 August 1880 and is the oldest public building still in use. The first Police Station (which still stands) was opened in 1881 and continued in use until 1971.
Elliston has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Flinders Highway: Oaklands Shearing Shed 
- off Flinders Highway: Elliston Cast Iron Lead Light 
- off Flinders Highway: Elliston Jetty 
- 9 Memorial Drive: Elliston Country Women's Association Rest Rooms 
The town of Elliston lies on Waterloo Bay, a small coastal inlet which is partially protected by a number of reefs lining the entrance to the bay. Outside of the bay, the coastline is exclusively large cliffs, with a number of surf beaches located on these stretches.
Inside the bay, it is relatively calm and shallow, with seagrass beds and reefs underwater, and sandy beaches lining most of the bay. Inland, the country is mostly flat agricultural land. The southern end of the Lake Newland Conservation Park lies about 10 km to the north of the town.
Offshore, Flinders Island is 55 km away from the mainland.
Agriculture, fishing and tourism make up Elliston's economy. Barley and wheat farming take place alongside sheep grazing on the adjacent farmland. Marine activities include abalone diving, offshore abalone aquaculture, lobster and scale fisheries.
The area is a tourist destination, the town having two caravan parks as well as motel and hotel accommodation. Fishing, swimming and other water based activities are common in the protected bay.
Surfing is possible at stretches along the coast, but high numbers of sharks make it risky. Many surf beaches are known for catches of salmon, mulloway and shark as well, with Lock's Well one of the more established beaches.
In the 2006 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population and Housing, the population of the Elliston town census area was 377 people. Males outnumbered females. 92.8% of the population was born in Australia, with immigrants coming from England, France, Germany, Papua New Guinea and the Republic of Korea.
Christianity is the most followed religion in the town with 51% of the town following the religion. The major denominations in the town are the Anglican, Catholic and Uniting churches. 29% of the town had no religious beliefs.
The town has a number of sporting clubs and facilities, as well as churches, hotels and a large number of local businesses.
Port Adelaide Power footballer Cameron Hitchcock hails from Elliston.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Elliston (L) (State Suburb)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- "Search result for "Elliston (Locality Bounded)" (Record no. SA0022397) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- Bureau of Meteorology. "Elliston". Retrieved 2007-05-26.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Elliston (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- "Oaklands Shearing Shed". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- "Cast Iron Lead Light". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- "Elliston Jetty". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- "Elliston CWA (Country Women's Association) Rest Rooms". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
- Tourism Eyre Peninsula. "Elliston". Archived from the original on 15 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-26.
- compiled by the Elliston Centenary Book Committee. (1978). Across the Bar to Waterloo Bay. Elliston Centenary Committee. ISBN 0-9596178-0-9.
- Gillman, Dianne (1988). The Custodians. Elliston, S. Aust.: District Council of Elliston. ISBN 0-7316-3363-6.