Energy Probe

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Energy Probe is a non-governmental social, economic, and environmental policy organization based in Toronto, Canada known for denying man-made climate change.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8]

It was founded in 1970 as a sister project of Pollution Probe.[9] In 1980, the two organizations formally separated and the Energy Probe Research Foundation (EPRF) was created, describing itself as "one of Canada's largest independent think tanks, with 17 public policy researchers", focusing "on the economic, environmental, and social impacts of the use and production of energy."[10][11][12] After its separation and incorporation, and led from then on by Lawrence Solomon, EPRF began to accept funding from the oil and gas industry, and, in 1983, began a campaign "to educate Canadians to the social, environmental and economic benefits of less regulation in the petroleum field."[13] In the 1980s, the organization was also responsible for a proposal to dismantle the province of Ontario's publicly owned electricity utility, Ontario Hydro, in favour of privatization.[14]

The organization is also well known for its anti-nuclear energy stance, opposing nuclear energy production in Canada, especially in the case of nuclear plants in Ontario, on the grounds that nuclear power production is uneconomic.[15]

Additional divisions within Energy Probe are the Urban Renaissance Institute, Probe International, Environment Probe, the Environmental Bureau of Investigation, and the Consumer Policy Institute.[16]

Views on global warming and climate change[edit]

EPRF argues that "the science behind competing theories of global warming is not yet settled",[2] stating that "global cooling" is on the rise,[3] that climate change is surrounded by "clouds of conspiracy",[4] and that climate science is "corrupt" and the "greatest scientific fraud of the century".[5] EPRF also argues that fossil fuels, especially gasoline, shale oil, natural gas, and coal, are clean and environmentally beneficial choices,[6][7][8] putting it at odds with expected notions of environmental organizations.

Founder (and National Post columnist) Lawrence Solomon published a series of columns and a book in 2008 titled "The Deniers: The World Renowned Scientists Who Stood Up Against Global Warming Hysteria, Political Persecution, and Fraud" naming 37 climate scientists and authors as "climate change skeptics" or "climate deniers". Several of these scientists and authors published their rejection of this characterization of their views, among them Sami Solanki of the Max Planck Institute,[17] Nigel Weiss of the University of Cambridge,[18] and Carl Wunsch of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[19] The National Post, on the urging of Professor Nigel Weiss, later issued a retraction and apology for the allegations made in the column.

Founder Lawrence Solomon was a speaker at the conservative and libertarian public policy think tank The Heartland Institute's 2009 International Conference on Climate Change.[20] The Heartland Institute holds similarly skeptical views about man-made climate change and related global warming, stating that the claims that global warming is a crisis are unscientific and delusional.[21] Solomon remains on the rolls of the Heartland Institute as a policy expert.[22]

EPRF has also been critical of the Kyoto Protocol[23] as well as of the Paris Accords.[24]


The EPRF is a registered Canadian charity. Apart from donated income, it receives all of the profits of its "non-profit" organic coffee company and cafe in Toronto, Green Beanery.[25] The cafe opened in 2008 and closed in March 2020; the online business is to continue.[26] In 2012, the EPRF brought in $1.3 million in non-donation revenue.[25]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Energy Probe Research Foundation". Energy Probe Research Foundation. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  2. ^ a b "Background". Energy Probe Research Foundation. 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  3. ^ a b Solomon, Lawrence (2016-04-15). "Lawrence Solomon: Why it looks like 'game over' for global warming". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  4. ^ a b energyprbe (2014-02-05). "Clouds of conspiracy". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  5. ^ a b Solomon, Lawrence (2017-02-16). "Lawrence Solomon: Finally it's safe for the whistleblowers of corrupted climate science to speak out". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  6. ^ a b Solomon, Lawrence (2012-10-01). "Lawrence Solomon: Why gasoline wins". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  7. ^ a b Sources, Other News (2011-06-01). "Lawrence Solomon: Shale gas emerging as one of world's biggest job creators". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  8. ^ a b energyprbe (2007-12-07). "Coal enters rehab". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  9. ^ Dewar, E. (1995). Cloak of green: The links between key environmental groups, government and big business. James Lorimer & Company Ltd. ISBN 9781550284508.
  10. ^ EPRF 'About Us' web page Archived 2011-10-11 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 18 October 2011.
  11. ^ "A Look into Canada's Most Controversial Environmental Organization". Vice. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  12. ^ Paehlke, R. (ed.) (1995). Conservation and Environmentalism: an encyclopaedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780824061012.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  13. ^ O'Connor, Ryan (2015-10-15). The First Green Wave: Pollution Probe and the Origins of Environmental Activism in Ontario. UBC Press. ISBN 9780774828116.
  14. ^ energyprbe (2009-10-05). "Breaking up Ontario's Hydro's Monopoly". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  15. ^ "Nuclear Power". Energy Probe. 2010-09-10. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  16. ^ "Our Divisions". Energy Probe Research Foundation. 2010-12-10. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  17. ^ "Sami Solanki's home (Science)". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  18. ^ "Nigel Weiss' home page". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  19. ^ Stammer, Detlef. "Carl Wunsch, Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Physical Oceanography". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  20. ^ "The Heartland Institute - Confirmed Speakers at the 2009 International Conference on Climate Change". 2009-02-18. Archived from the original on 2009-02-18. Retrieved 2017-07-15.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  21. ^ Drukala, Keely. "Center on Climate and Environmental Policy | Heartland Institute". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  22. ^ "Who We Are - Lawrence Solomon | Heartland Institute". Archived from the original on 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  23. ^ energyprbe (2005-04-15). "Kyoto plan criticized for huge costs". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  24. ^ Solomon, Lawrence (2017-06-01). "Lawrence Solomon: The Paris accord always was a sham". Energy Probe. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  25. ^ a b "Organic coffee shop Green Beanery funds group that denies man-made climate change | Metro Toronto". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  26. ^ Manzocco, Natalia (2020-04-19). "Green Beanery shuts down permanently". Now. Toronto. Retrieved 2020-04-19.

External links[edit]