Erbil Governorate

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Erbil Governorate
Governorate
Clockwise, from top: Canyon in Rawandiz, Koy Sanjaq, Shaqlawa and Citadel of Erbil
Clockwise, from top: Canyon in Rawandiz, Koy Sanjaq, Shaqlawa and Citadel of Erbil
Location of the Erbil Governorate (red) – in Iraq (red, beige & light grey) – in the Kurdistan Region  (red & beige)
Location of the Erbil Governorate (red)

– in Iraq (red, beige & light grey)
– in the Kurdistan Region  (red & beige)

Erbil Governorate within Kurdistan Region[1]
Erbil Governorate within Kurdistan Region[1]
Coordinates: 36°11′N 44°2′E / 36.183°N 44.033°E / 36.183; 44.033Coordinates: 36°11′N 44°2′E / 36.183°N 44.033°E / 36.183; 44.033
CountryIraq
RegionKurdistan
CapitalErbil
GovernorOmed Khoshnaw
Area
 • Total14,872 km2 (5,742 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)[2]
 • Total2,932,800
HDI (2017)0.676[3]
medium

Erbil Governorate (Arabic: محافظة أربيل‎, romanizedMuḥāfaẓat Arbīl,[4] Kurdish: پارێزگای ھەولێر ,Parêzgeha Hewlêr[5][6]), sometimes referred to by the alternative spelling Arbil Governorate, is a governorate of Iraq in Kurdistan Region. It is the capital and economic hub of the autonomous region of Kurdistan Region.[7]

Erbil Governorate covers an area of 15,074 km2 in the north of Iraq, with a population of 2,932,800 (2020) people. It is largely populated by Kurds but has minority populations of Turkmen, Arabs, and Assyrians.

Government[edit]

Districts[edit]

Districts of the Erbil Governorate[8]
District Population
(2009)[9]
Number of
households
Erbil 792,981 152,899
Dashty Hawler 186,346 34,264
Makhmur (disputed) 173,801 30,678
Soran 154,945 27,707
Shaqlawa 124,628 23,420
Koya 95,246 18,727
Kabat 93,442 16,015
Mergasor (partially disputed) 44,661 9,711
Choman 23,730 4,749
Rawanduz 21,280 4,235
Total 1,713,461 322,719

Cities and towns[edit]

  • Erbil (اربيل), population 850,000
  • Ankawa, population 100,000
  • Rewanduz (ڕەواندز, رواندز), population 95,089
  • Beni Silawey Gewre (بنصلاوة), population 37,322
  • Kune Gurg (کونە گورگ), population 30,283
  • Selaheddin (صلاح الدين), population 18,205
  • Mexmur (مخمور), population 18,128
  • Koya Senjaq (كويسنجق), population 15,123
  • Kasnazan, population 12,783
  • Derbend (دربند), population 10,086
  • Shaweis (شاويس), population 7,387
  • Xelekan (كلك), population 6,846
  • Behirke (بحركه), population 6,758
  • Piran (پیران, بيران), population 6,715
  • Qasre (قەسرێ), population 5,472

Academic establishments[edit]

  • Salahaddin University: Founded in 1958 in Sulaymaniya and transferred to Erbil in 1981.[10]
  • Hawler Medical University: Founded in 2005.[11]
  • University of Kurdistan Hewlêr: Public English-medium university.[12]
  • Ishik University: Private university that belongs to Fezalar Educational Institutions in Erbil.[13]
  • Cihan University: Private university, founded in 2007.[14]
  • SABIS University: Private university.[15]
  • Soran University, KRG-Iraq governmental university founded in 2009.[16]

Banking[edit]

There are many national and international banks operating in Erbil offering citizens and visitors services, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of area of Kurdistan Region & its Governorates". www.krso.net.
  2. ^ "The map of estimated population of Kurdistan Region 2020". krso.net.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "قوة هولندية تتجه إلى إقليم كردستان العراق لحماية مطار أربيل". The New Arab (in Arabic). Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Tekoşerekî kevnar yê PDKÎ li parêzgeha Hewlêr wefat kir". kurdistanmedia.com (in Kurdish). Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  6. ^ "پارێزگای ھەولێر" (in Kurdish). Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  7. ^ "The Kurdistan Region in brief". Krg.org. Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  8. ^ "The Map Of districts Of Kurdistan Region". www.krso.net.
  9. ^ "RURAL POPULATION IN SHAQLAWA DISTRICT-KURDISTAN REGION/IRAQ | Ibrahim Ngah - Academia.edu". academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
  10. ^ "Salahaddin University - Hawler". Suh-edu.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  11. ^ "Hawler Medical University (HMU)". hmu.edu.krd. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  12. ^ "University of Kurdistan". Ukh.ac. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  13. ^ "> Home". Ishik University. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  14. ^ "Cihan University". Cihan University. Archived from the original on 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  15. ^ "SABIS® University". Sabisuniversity.net. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  16. ^ "Soran University". Retrieved 2015-05-15.
  17. ^ "مصرف كوردستان الدولي". Kibid.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  18. ^ "Trade Bank of Iraq - Your Trade and Investment Partner in Iraq". Tbiraq.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  19. ^ "ByblosBank.com". ByblosBank.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  20. ^ "BBAC Bank". Bbacbank.com. Retrieved 2013-10-03.
  21. ^ "Home". IBL. Retrieved 2013-10-03.

External links[edit]