|Governorates of Iraq|
المحافظات العراقية (Arabic)
پارێزگاکانی عێراق (Kurdish)
|Location||Republic of Iraq|
|Areas||529 km2 (204.2 sq mi) (Baghdad) – 138,500 km2 (53,476 sq mi) (Al Anbar)|
Iraq consists of 18 governorates (Arabic: محافظة, romanized: muḥāfażah; Sorani Kurdish: پارێزگا, romanized: parêzgeh), also known as "provinces". Per the Iraqi constitution, governorates can form an autonomous region. Four governorates, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Duhok, constitute the autonomous Kurdistan Region. Baghdad (which is the most populous) and Basra are the oldest standing provinces of Iraq. The second most-populous province, Ninawa (also called Nineveh) is in the upland and quite cool climate of the north-west.
- Tal Afar, from part of Ninawa Governorate
- Tuz Khurmatu, from part of Saladin Governorate
- Nineveh Plains from the Ninawa Governorate.
Shortly after the approval of the proposals, ISIS attacked the cities, towns and villages of the Nineveh Plains. Upon the eventual withdrawal of ISIS, the initial decision by the Council of Ministers was dishonored by Kurdistan, Baghdad and Iranian-connected political entities, as they began pushing security forces into different parts of the Nineveh Plains to try and lay claim to different parts of the territory, asserting that the demographics had changed due to ISIS and that the original inhabitants no longer could be representatives of their indigenous land. Part of the reason for the demographic shift was that squatters were encouraged to occupy Christian homes. Without enough paperwork to prove ownership, some of those homes became extremely challenging to reclaim. Initiatives are underway to help reclaim families' homes. 
Another proposal exists to add a 20th: Fallujah, from the relevant part of the Al Anbar. This largely did not occur due to the ISIS insurgency. Following the defeat of ISIS in the Battle of Fallujah (2016), the proposal may resurface or Al-Anbar may remain undivided.
1 July 2018
|Duhok (Dahūk) a.k.a. Dihok||42||DA||2,530||6,553||1,292,535||445.5||172.2||Dihok|
|Erbil (Arbīl) a.k.a. Hewlêr||44||AR||5,820||15,074||1,854,778||277.0||106.9||Hewlêr|
|Sulaymaniyah a.k.a. Silêmanî||46||SU||6,573||17,023||2,053,305||285.8||110.3||Silêmanî|
|Governorate||Now part of|
|Al Anbar Governorate|
|Muntafiq (–1976)||Dhi Qar Governorate|
|Amara (–1976)||Maysan Governorate|
|Kut (–1976)||Wasit Governorate|
Kuwait was annexed by Iraq in 1990 and then became Kuwait Governorate (1990–1991)
- Districts of Iraq
- ISO 3166-2:IQ
- List of Governorates of Iraq by Human Development Index
- List of places in Iraq
- "Iraq's Constitution of 2005" (PDF). Constitute Project.
- "Resolutions of Council of Ministers For Session No. 3 on 21/1/2014". 21 January 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- "Iraqi Council of Ministers approved new provinces of Tuz Xurmatu and Tal Afar". Kurd Net. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- BetBasoo 1 and Kino 2, Peter 1 and Nuri 2 (January 22, 2014). "Assyria: Nineveh Plain To Become Iraqi Province". UNPO - Underrepresented Nations & Peoples Organization. Archived from the original on January 26, 2014.
- Lucente, Adam (April 26, 2020). "In post-Islamic State northern Iraq, demographic changes raise concerns". Middle East Eye.
- "Iraq: Government cracks down on squatters". Refworld. 8 September 2008. Archived from the original on Jan 27, 2021.
- "Original PDF". dx.doi.org. doi:10.15438/rr.5.1.7. Retrieved 2021-05-10.