A standard 70mg/mL Aimovig autoinjector
|AHFS/Drugs.com||Multum Consumer Information|
|Elimination half-life||28 days|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||145871.98 g·mol−1|
Erenumab (trade name Aimovig) is a medication which targets the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor (CGRPR) for the prevention of migraine. It was the first of the group of CGRPR antagonists to be FDA approved in 2018. It is a form of monoclonal antibody therapy in which antibodies are used to block the receptors for the protein CGRP, thought to play a major role in starting migraines.
Erenumab was shown not to interact with ethinyl estradiol, norgestimate or the migraine drug sumatriptan. It is expected to generally have a low potential for interactions because it is not metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzymes.
Mechanism of action
After subcutaneous injection, the erenumab has an estimated bioavailability of 82%. Highest blood plasma concentrations are reached after four to six days. Like other proteins, the substance is degraded by proteolysis to small peptides and amino acids. It has an elimination half-life of 28 days.
In the phase III STRIVE clinical trial 955 patients were divided into three groups in a 1:1:1 ratio. Each group was injected subcutaneously monthly with 0, 70 or 140 mg erenumab over a period of 6 months. The results were measured as mean monthly migraine days in months 4, 5, and 6. At baseline the patients experienced between 4 and 14 migraine days per month with an average of 8.3. The medication significantly reduced the number of migraine days per month by 3.2 in the 70-mg group and 3.7 in the 140-mg group, versus 1.8 in the placebo (0-mg) group.
Approval and marketing
The United States Food and Drug Administration approved the medication for the preventive treatment of migraine in adults on May 17, 2018. The list price was reported to be US$6,900 per year. It was licensed by the European Medicines Agency on July 31, 2018.
In the United Kingdom, Erenumab has been approved by the Scottish Medicines Consortium, but the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence has rejected the drug on the basis that its cost-effectiveness was not sufficiently proven.
- Other anti-migraine antibodies blocking the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) pathway:
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- World Health Organization (2016). "International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN). Proposed INN: List 115" (PDF). WHO Drug Information. 30 (2).
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- Erenumab to prevent migraine: results from phase III STRIBE", Pharma World, December 14, 2017.
- Kolata, Gina (2018-05-17). "F.D.A. Approves First Drug Designed to Prevent Migraines". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
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- Gallagher, James (2019-09-26). "'Life-changing' migraine drug rejected for NHS". BBC News. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
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