|Foundation||26 February 1998|
|Market cap||€3.698 trillion (April 2021)|
|Weighting method||Free-float market capitalization|
|Related indices||STOXX Europe 50|
EURO STOXX 50 represents Eurozone blue-chip companies considered as leaders in their respective sectors. It is made up of fifty of the largest and most liquid stocks. The index futures and options on the EURO STOXX 50, traded on Eurex, are among the most liquid products in Europe and the world.
|Euro Stoxx 50 (DSX)|
|Tick Value:||10 EUR|
The EURO STOXX 50 was introduced on 26 February 1998.
The EURO STOXX 50 Index represents some of the largest companies in the Eurozone in terms of free-float market capitalization. The index captures about 60% of the free-float market capitalization of the EURO STOXX Total Market Index (TMI), which in turn covers about 95% of the free-float market capitalization of the represented countries.
The EURO STOXX 50 is one of the most liquid indices for the Eurozone.
EURO STOXX 50 was quoted only starting 1998 but its prices were calculated retroactively back to the year 1986. The base value is 1000 points, referenced on 31 December 1991. The following table shows the end-of-year values of the EURO STOXX 50 index since 1986.
A record closing high of 5,464.43 was recorded on 6 March 2000.
- t = Time the index is computed
- n = Number of companies in the index
- pit = Price of company (i) at time (t)
- sit = Number of shares of company (i) at time (t)
- ffit = Free-float factor of company (i) at time (t)
- cfit = Weighting cap factor of company (i) at time (t)
- xit = Exchange rate from local currency into index currency for company (i) at time (t)
- Mt = Free-float market capitalization of the index at time (t)
- Dt = Divisor of the index at time (t)
Changes in weights due to corporate actions are distributed proportionally across all index components. The index divisors, which is adjusted to maintain the continuity of the values of the index across changes due to corporate actions, are calculated as follows:
where ΔMCt+1 = The difference between the closing market capitalization of the index and the adjusted closing market capitalization of the index: for companies with corporate actions effective at time (t+1), the free-float market capitalization is calculated with adjusted closing prices, the new number of shares at time (t+1) and the free-float factor at time (t+1) minus the free-float market capitalization calculated with closing prices, number of shares at time (t) and free-float factor at time (t).
Buffers are used to achieve the fixed number of components and to maintain stability of the indices by reducing index composition changes. Selection methodology ensures a stable and up-to-date index composition. Fast-entry and fast-exit rules ensure the index accurately represents the performance of only the biggest and most liquid stocks.
The composition of EURO STOXX 50 is reviewed annually in September. The index is available in several currency (EUR, USD, CAD, GBP, JPY) and return (Price, Net Return, Gross Return) variant combinations. Calculation takes place every 15 seconds between 09:00 CET and 18:00 CET for the EUR and USD variants of any return type, while the CAD, GBP and JPY variants are available as end-of-day calculation only (18:00 CET). The EURO STOXX 50 Index is derived from the 19 EURO STOXX regional Supersector indices. As of April 2021[update], the most countries with most companies represented are France (representing 36.6% of all total assets) and Germany (33.2%).
Stocks per country
The following table shows the number of stocks (companies) per country as of May 2021:
Use in the financial industry
The EURO STOXX 50 serves as the basis for single sub-indices such as the EURO STOXX 50 ex Financials, which excludes all companies assigned to the ICB code 8000. EURO STOXX 50 is used for as underlying index for other financial products or for performance benchmarking purposes. Additionally, the index serves as an underlying for many strategy indices, such as the EURO STOXX 50 Risk Control Indices. The index is used as an underlying for ETFs and derivative financial instruments such as futures and options.
- EURO STOXX 50, 29 May 2021
- "About EURO STOXX 50 Price EUR". Bloomberg. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- "Historical Euro Stoxx 50 Intraday Data (DSX)". PortaraCQG. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
- "EuroStoxx 50". Markets Insider. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
- "Euro Stoxx 50 Historie | Kurshistorie | Schlusskurse". boerse.de.
- STOXX Calculation Guide December 2022
- "STOXX Digital | EURO STOXX 50®". www.stoxx.com.