|Type||Public (Société Anonyme)|
|Euronext Paris: DG
CAC 40 Component
|Headquarters||1973 blvd de la Défense, |
|Xavier Huillard (Chairman and CEO)|
|Services||Infrastructure and property construction, transport infrastructure concessions (motorways, tunnels, airports, bridges), energy infrastructure and services|
|Revenue||€49.396 billion (2021)|
|€4.723 billion (2021)|
|€2.597 billion (2021)|
|Total assets||€100.022 billion (2021)|
|Total equity||€24.771 billion (2021)|
Number of employees
|Divisions||Vinci Autoroutes (Autoroutes du Sud de la France, Cofiroute, Escota, Arcour), Vinci Concessions (airports, stadiums, highways), Vinci Energies, Cobra IS, Vinci Construction|
Vinci (corporately styled VINCI) is a French concessions and construction company founded in 1899 as Société Générale d'Enterprises. Its head office is in Nanterre, in the western suburbs of Paris. Vinci is listed on Euronext's Paris stock exchange and is a member of the Euro Stoxx 50 index.
The company was founded by Alexandre Giros and Louis Loucheur as Société Générale d’Entreprises S.A. (SGE) in 1899. SGE was owned by Compagnie générale d'électricité (CGE), now Alcatel, from 1966 until 1981, when Saint-Gobain acquired a majority stake.
Companies acquired by SGE include Sogea (a civil engineering firm founded in 1878), bought in 1986, Campenon Bernard (a civil engineering and development firm founded in 1920), bought in 1988, and Norwest Holst (a British civil engineering firm founded in 1969 by the merger of Holst & Co, established in 1918, and Norwest Construction, established in 1923), bought in 1991.
In 1988, SGE was acquired by Compagnie générale des eaux, now Vivendi. In 2000, the company changed its name to Vinci.
In 2001, Vinci acquired Groupe GTM, which was a combination of Dumez, founded in 1880, and GTM, founded in 1891. In 2002, the UK business Norwest Holst was renamed Vinci plc.
The company went on to acquire Autoroutes du Sud de la France (the Southern Freeways Company) in 2006, and Bachy-Soletanche, the world's second-largest geotechnical specialist contractor (after Bauer) in February 2007. It also bought the UK operations of Taylor Woodrow Construction in September 2008.
Vinci acquired Cegelec, as well as the European aggregates businesses of Tarmac, in 2010 and it bought Meteor Parking from the Go-Ahead Group in September 2010. Then, in 2012, Vinci signed a deal to buy ANA Aeroportos de Portugal for €3,080 million.
In December 2013, Vinci was awarded a contract worth €440 million to build an express-lane highway system in Atlanta, Georgia. In 2014, Vinci sold 75% of the shares of Vinci Park to a consortium Ardian Infrastructure and Crédit Agricole Assurances. Vinci Park then became Indigo. In June 2016 Vinci sold the remaining 25.4% ex-Vinci Park shares to the consortium Ardian Infrastructure and Crédit Agricole Assurances.
Vinci and Orix won a 45-year contract in 2015 to operate Itami Airport and Kansai International Airport in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, at a price of around $18 billion.
In March 2017, the company invested in Brazil to operate the international airport at Salvador, Bahia for 30 years. In October 2017, Australian construction contractor Seymour Whyte was purchased. In November 2017, the company invested in Sweden to acquire Eitech and Infratek, specialists in electrical works and engineering.
In May 2019, Vinci acquired a 50.01% stake in Gatwick Airport.
On 7 April 2021, Vinci won the concession to operate for 30 years the following airports in Brazil: Manaus-Brig. Eduardo Gomes International Airport, Tabatinga International Airport, Tefé Airport, Rio Branco International Airport, Cruzeiro do Sul International Airport, Porto Velho-Gov. Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport, and Boa Vista International Airport.
On 31 December 2021, VINCI completed the acquisition of ACS’s energy business, Cobra IS.
The breakdown of shareholders at 31 December 2019 is as follows:
- Institutional investors outside France: 57.2%
- Institutional investors inside France: 17.1%
- Individual shareholders – 6.8%
- Employees – 8.8%
- Qatar Investment Authority – 5%
- Treasury shares – 8.3%
Source: VINCI Annual report 2016
As of 2013, the turnover was split as follows:
- design and construction of works (35.5%): primarily in the building, civil engineering and hydraulics
- design, execution, and maintenance of energy and telecom infrastructures (26.5%; Vinci Energies);
- construction, renovation and upkeep of transport infrastructures (19.7%; Eurovia): roads, highways, and rail roads. The group is also active in urban design and granulate production (No. 1 in France);
- sub-contracted infrastructure management (16.3%; Vinci Concessions): primarily managing roads and highways (mainly through Autoroutes du Sud de la France and Cofiroute), airport activities;
- other (2%)
Net sales break down geographically as follows: France (58.9%), Europe (25.4%), North America (3.9%), Africa (3.5%) and other (8.3%).
In 2020, Vinci UK turnover was £858.5m, with pre-tax profit of £16.2m.
Vinci and its predecessor companies have been involved in many notable projects including:
- Gariep Dam completed in 1971
- Tour Montparnasse completed in 1972
- Centre Georges Pompidou completed in 1977
- Yamoussoukro Basilica completed in 1989
- the new visitor entrance to the Louvre completed in 1989
- Channel Tunnel completed in 1994
- Pont de Normandie completed in 1995
- Stade de France completed in 1998
- Rio–Antirrio bridge completed in 2004
- Whiston Hospital completed in 2013
- Atlantic Bridge, Panama completed in 2019
Vinci is involved in construction of the first 43 km of the Moscow-Saint Petersburg motorway through the valuable Khimki Forest. This construction has raised many protests in Russia, 75% of the local community – about 208,000 citizens of Khimki – oppose the project. There have also been numerous human rights abuses surrounding the project, with journalists and activists arrested and assaulted.
Vinci attracted protests in relation to its project to build an airport in Notre-Dame-des-Landes near Nantes, expected to become the third largest airport in France and being built on a site of 2,000 hectares of woodland and marsh with an acknowledged social and ecological value. This project was financed through a public-private partnership with profits going to Vinci. In November 2012, protests took place to prevent the expulsion of villagers and farmers who were struggling to protect their environment who were receiving support at both a national and international level.
Vinci's Norwest Holst and Taylor Woodrow were revealed as subscribers to the UK's Consulting Association, exposed in 2009 for operating an illegal construction industry blacklist. Vinci was later one of eight businesses involved in the 2014 launch of the Construction Workers Compensation Scheme, condemned as a "PR stunt" by the GMB union, and described by the Scottish Affairs Committee as "an act of bad faith".
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- ^ Vinci buys Tarmac's European businesses for £250m The Construction Index
- ^ Vinci Park doubles UK operation with Meteor acquisition Shopping Centre
- ^ "Vinci sees off rivals to buy ANA". FT. 27 December 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- ^ Leila Abboud (18 December 2013). "Vinci wins U.S. highway project worth 440 million euro". Reuters.
- ^ "Vinci achève son désengagement de l'ex-Vinci Park" [Vinci disposes of the former Vinci Park]. Capital. 13 June 2016.
- ^ Fujita, Junko (22 May 2015). "Orix only confirmed bidder for Kansai airport rights after more drop out". Reuters. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- ^ "VINCI Airports wins the concession for Salvador's airport in Brazil". VINCI.
- ^ Court approves Scheme of Arrangement Seymour White 3 October 2017
- ^ "Vinci Acquires Sweden-Based Eitech for Undisclosed Amount". Fox Business. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
- ^ Hecker, Jürgen. "London's Gatwick airport sold to French Vinci conglomerate". The Jakarta Post. London. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
- ^ Calder, Simon (14 May 2019). "Gatwick Airport: Rapid Expansion to Continue as French Firm Vinci Takes Over". The Independent. London.
- ^ "Governo federal arrecada R$ 3,3 bilhões com leilão de 22 aeroportos". Agência Brasil (in Portuguese). 7 April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
- ^ "VINCI acquires energy business of ACS for $5.5bn". Power Technology. 3 January 2022. Retrieved 7 July 2022.
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- ^ "Core businesses". VINCI.
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- ^ "Vinci sees single-digit decline in the UK". The Construction Index. 20 May 2021. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
- ^ "Vinci website: Hendrik Verwoerd Dam". Vinci.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Vinci website: Tour Montparnasse". Vinci.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Vinci website: Centre Georges Pompidou". Vinci.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Vinci website: Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro". Vinci.com. 25 March 1988. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Vinci website: Louvre". Vinci.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Channel Tunnel on Structurae database" (in German). En.structurae.de. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Pont de Normandie on Structurae database" (in German). En.structurae.de. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Vinci website: Stade de France". Vinci.com. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ "Rio–Antirrio bridge". Road Traffic Technology. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
- ^ Whiston Hospital, St Helens and Knowsley Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, retrieved 3 May 2018
- ^ "Three Qualified To Bid on Third Bridge Over Panama Canal Project". Panama-Guide. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- ^ "Проблема сохранения Химкинского леса". Levada.ru. 15 September 2010. Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- ^ An engineering mom leads effort to save an old-growth Russian forest, By Fred Weir, Correspondent / 30 April 2012, Christian Science Monitor
- ^ Russia halts forest highway construction as opposition grows 26 August 2010, By Julia Ioffe, Los Angeles Times
- ^ "Vinci, Company Profile – Corporate Watch". Corporatewatch.org. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
- ^ "Construction blacklist compensation scheme opens". BBC News. BBC. 4 July 2014. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- ^ "Scottish Affairs - Seventh Report Blacklisting in Employment: Final Report". www.parliament.uk. Scottish Affairs Committee. Retrieved 7 September 2015.