Fellowships of the remnants
|Remnant movement fellowships|
|Type||Latter Day Saint movement|
|Classification||Neo-LDS fundamentalist (in schism with LDS Church)|
Neo-Reorganized Latter Day Saint (rejects Brigham Young's apostolic succession)
|Orientation||Supra-denominational Christian and Restorationist|
|Scripture|| • Old Covenants (J. Smith-version Old Testament)|
• New Covenants (J. Smith-version New Testament & J. Smith-corrected Book of Mormon)
• Teachings and Commandments (original revelations to J. Smith, Lectures on Faith, several J. Smith letters, expanded J. Smith History, & modern material approved by movement's common consent)
|Theology||Nontrinitarian Latter Day Saint movement|
as found in Joseph Smith's original teachings and revelations through Denver Snuffer Jr.
|Governance||By common consent ("And all things shall be done by common consent in the church, by much prayer and faith, for all things you shall receive by faith. Amen."—D&C 26:2)|
|Structure||Ad hoc committees|
|Region||Worldwide (mostly the U.S.)|
|Founder||Spontaneous, post-LDS Gospel dispensation |
(De facto: Denver Snuffer Jr.)
|Separated from||The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
|Number of followers||5,000-10,000 as of September, 2017|
|Other name(s)|| • fellowships movement|
• Covenant of Christ movement
• Restoration movement
• "Snufferites" (Participants may consider this term spurious.)
RecordersClearinghouse.com: Recorder's message
|Not to be confused with fellow Latter Day Saints religious group Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, founded in 2000 in Independence, Missouri or with Protestant congregation Remnant Fellowship of Brentwood, Tennessee, founded in 1999 by Gwen Shamblin|
"And whoso shall declare more or less than this, and establish it for my doctrine, the same cometh of evil, and is not built upon my rock; but he buildeth upon a sandy foundation, and the gates of hell stand open to receive such when the floods come and the winds beat upon them."
"I will establish my church among them, and they shall come in unto the covenant and be numbered among this the remnant of Jacob[...]and also as many of the house of Israel as shall come, that they may build[...]the New Jerusalem."—3 Nephi 21:22, 23
Remnant fellowships—formed by individuals inspired by divine revelations allegedly received by Denver Snuffer Jr. (an attorney excommunicated from the LDS Church in 2013)–are composed of Latter Day Saint Restorationist movement Christians who feel called to personal and social renewal preparatory to Christ's eventual second coming. According to movement beliefs, participants anticipate a coming time when remnants remain within the full restored covenant with Jesus Christ: an allusion to a belief that "The Bible, Book of Mormon, and modern revelation through the Prophet Joseph Smith, prophesy that the gospel of Jesus Christ would shift from the Gentile stewards of the gospel back to Israel in the last days." The movement places a renewed focus on prophecy, tongues, and tangible expressions of faith. While the movement has no official name, the term "Snufferite" has been used to denote followers. Other designations include covenant of Christ movement and Denver Snuffer movement. Participants sometimes reference each other as "covenant Brother," "covenant Sister" (abbreviated "cov bruv/sis").
Denver Snuffer, Jr. released a series of books and online articles explaining his beliefs and interpretations of scripture. He had said his writings were intended to promote loyalty to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and that he would not be instrumental in starting a new religion. Snuffer's writings provoked a response from LDS leaders who eventually excommunicated him for what they described as directly challenging key doctrines. In 2014, Snuffer said he received a revelation informing him that "the Lord terminated the priesthood authority" of LDS church leadership involved in his excommunication, such as the LDS First Presidency. Starting in 2013, grass-roots fellowships formed, inspired by Snuffer's teachings and thus in schism with mainstream Mormonism. On February 17–19, 2017, a proposed set of governing principles was presented to these fellowships by Jeff Savage. As of 2017, the movement included approximately 5,000 adherents worldwide. Since 2016, about forty fellowships are affiliated with the movement.
Adherents gather in conferences, beginning in 2016. At the 2017 conference, Snuffer-inspired teachings were canonized as holy scripture. This canon consists of a reworking of scripture from the mainstream LDS Church, such as the Book of Mormon, as well as Snuffer's expanded translation of the Book of John and several of Snuffer's revelations. The movement de-emphasizes hierarchy and organization, with some fellowships (for example, the movement's Minnesota fellowship) asserting they possess no leadership.
The fellowships draw largely from members and former members of the LDS Church, leading LDS authorities to identify Snuffer and his teachings as a vehicle for leading people out of that church. In 2017, the website MormonLeaks published a PowerPoint presentation shown in 2015 to the LDS Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, in which Snuffer was identified as one of 17 "Issues and Ideas Leading People Away" from mainstream LDS doctrine.
The general conferences organized by movement fellowships are listed below.
- Preserving the Hope of Zion Conference, Layton, Utah, slated for September 29–30, 2018
- Wisdom through the Ages Conference, Phoenix, Arizona, March 24–25, 2018
- Covenant of Christ Conference, Boise, Idaho, September 2–3, 2017
- Doctrine of Christ Conference, St. George, Utah, March 18–20, 2017
- Doctrine of Christ Conference, Boise, Idaho, September 9–11, 2016
Beliefs and practices
According to Snuffer's exegeses of LDS Scripture, the present Gospel dispensation, as restored through Joseph Smith (especially the "Latter-day Saints" or the LDS Church), has ended and a new Gospel dispensation has opened.
As Scripturally foretold, remnants especially of indigenous peoples of the Americas (likely of mixed-blooded; note also that in Mormon belief, such individuals are considered among components of the house of Israel) will adopt Christ's covenant in these Last Days. The present period is of a time of the Lord calling out those to transition between the dispensation that resulted in the establishment of the Church of Christ through Smith and this next, foretold dispensation of Israel.
With regard to the 1844 succession crisis within Mormonism after the murder of Joseph Smith, the Snuffer movement holds beliefs similar to the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS), namely that Brigham Young, who ultimately took leadership of the largest portion Smith's followers, was in apostasy from Smith's teachings. The movement rejects Young's assertions to possess authority to fill the position held by Smith. The movement agrees with mainstream LDS in rejection of Young's theological innovations such as Young's attempt to formulate his Adam God theory. The movement goes further and rejects any doctrinal innovations by Young.
Most in the movement agree with a foundational belief among the RLDS (now called Community of Christ) that Joseph Smith did not practice plural marriage and this innovation was promulgated by Young.
Unlike either the LDS or RLDS, movement believers hold that spiritual authority to perform certain gospel ordinances as restored through Smith as possessed by Smith passed from the earth at Smith's death. Movement adherents believe LDS Church apostles and some others have retained "keys" to baptize but do not possess the keys necessary to receive especially divine revelations.
The fellowships believe Smith taught that that the Last Days covenant people should forswear allegiance to any institution but to enact the same to each individual's own covenants and to Smith's open canon of scripture. (Compare these movement beliefs with some of the aspects of Sola Scriptura, which the doctrinal foundation of Protestantism especially within its Calvinistical and Lutheran variations. In this respect, movement beliefs perhaps occupy some ground between LDS-style Mormonism institutional authoritarianism and individual conscience-privileging Nonconformist Protestantism.)
"I believe that the many revelations in the D&C identifying Joseph as the spokesman for God means exactly that: Joseph was and IS the spokesman God sent. Joseph's words need to be heeded as if they came from God directly to us. No one has the right to change or ignore them. No one (and I mean NO ONE) has the right to claim they are Joseph's equal. There are no "keys" or "key holders" who can alter Joseph's teachings except at their peril. When they ignore or contradict Joseph's revelations, and teach others that they can ignore the message and warnings given by that prophet who was called by God to begin this dispensation, they damn themselves and any who listen to them."—Denver Snuffer, September 25, 2013
The movement is supra-denominational Christian. It teaches belief in Christ, initial baptism or re-baptism by authorized movement brethren in living water, receiving of the Holy Ghost, and acceptance of the movement's scriptural canon as prerequisites for participation. Beyond these basics, participants' beliefs vary amongst themselves.
"After a person has faith in Christ, repents of his sins, and is baptized for the remission of his sins and receives the Holy Ghost (by the laying on of hands), which is the first Comforter, then let him continue to humble himself before God, hungering and thirsting after righteousness, and living by every word of God, and the Lord will soon say unto him, Son, thou shalt be exalted. When the Lord has thoroughly proved him, and finds that the man is determined to serve Him at all hazards, then the man will find his calling and his election made sure, then it will be his privilege to receive the other Comforter, which the Lord hath promised the Saints, as is recorded in the testimony of St. John, in the 14th chapter, from the 12th to the 27th verses….
"Now what is this other Comforter? It is no more nor less than the Lord Jesus Christ Himself; …when any man obtains this last Comforter, he will have the personage of Jesus Christ to attend him, or appear unto him from time to time, and even He will manifest the Father unto him, and they will take up their abode with him, and the visions of the heavens will be opened unto him, and the Lord will teach him face to face, and he may have a perfect knowledge of the mysteries of the Kingdom of God; and this is the state and place the ancient Saints arrived at when they had such glorious visions-Isaiah, Ezekiel, John upon the Isle of Patmos, St. Paul in the three heavens, and all the Saints who held communion with the general assembly and Church of the First Born [TPJS, pp. 150-51].
"The Lord has counseled his Saints to "seek his face" (D&C 101:37-38). No sinful person can endure his presence, and hence will not obtain the blessing (D&C 67:10-13; JST Ex. 33:11, 20). In God's wisdom, some faithful individuals are blessed with the Second Comforter while remaining in mortality."
[See also Calling and Election; Jesus Christ: Latter-Day Appearances of Jesus Christ.]
Fellowships include participants who are current or former Latter-day Saints, Community of Christ (or other groups within the "Reorganized" tradition founded by Smith's son Joseph Smith III), fundamentalist Mormon denominations, Catholics, or Protestants. Fellowship participants need not leave their former faith, whether this be Christian or another faith.
Fellowships meet at homes or outdoors. (Its baptisms "in living waters" entails meetings along streams.) According to some in the Snuffer movement the divine command through Smith to build the temple in Nauvoo, Illinois for "endowment" rites having been inadequately fulfilled. Movement believers are consecrating funds toward building a temple of Zion, which they believe the Lord eventually will command for a Zion people to build.
Denver Snuffer teaches that Mary, the mother of Jesus, is Heavenly Father's wife and the Heavenly Mother of the spirits of all human beings.
- The Old Covenants: Restoration Edition. Restoration Scriptures. 1. Chris Hamill. 2018. ISBN 978-0999341711.
(Joseph Smith's New Translation of the Old Testament)
- The New Covenants: Restoration Edition. Restoration Scriptures. 2. Chris Hamill. 2017. ISBN 978-0999341728.
(Joseph Smith's New Translation of the New Testament & Joseph Smith's self-revised version of the Book of Mormon)
- Teachings and Commandments: Restoration Edition. Restoration Scriptures. 3. Chris Hamill. 2018. ISBN 978-0999341735.
- Teachings and Commandments include —
- (possibly) proverbs of Joseph Smith
- (possibly) proverbs of Denver Snuffer Jr.
- "D. & C." sections by Joseph Smith
- a new version of D&C 54
- exclusion of Kirtland Temple visitation by angels in D&C 110 and portions based on fragmentary teachings by Joseph Smith in D&C 129
- letter from Hyrum Smith as section 97,
- Lectures on Faith
- the Wentworth Letter
- (possibly) "a newly revealed account of John the Beloved’s Testimony of Jesus the Messiah"
- revelations given to Denver Snuffer Jr.
- the movement's "Guide and Standard"
In 2013, a critical review by Gregory L. Smith of Snuffer's Passing Up the Heavenly Gift was published in Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture. Smith responds to Snuffer's belief that "the Latter-day Saint church was predicted to fail, and in all likelihood has failed to secure the fullness of the priesthood" by Smith's contention that the book contains various "false statements and conclusions, contains errors, and makes mistakes in history."
In 2013, Snuffer was informed by his Sandy Utah Crescent Stake president in a letter that the thesis of Passing the Heavenly Gift, soon to be published, was "in direct conflict with [LDS C]hurch doctrine" and unless Snuffer would withdraw it from publication he could be subject to church discipline for "apostasy." After the book's publication, Suffer was excommunicated from the LDS Church.
In 2015, "A Response to Denver Snuffer’s Essay on Plural Marriage, Adoption, and the Supposed Falling Away of the Church," by Brian C. Hales was published in Interpreter. Hales says that Snuffer's status as revelator is not unique, citing such Latter Day Saint movement revelators over the years as Lorin C. Woolley, John T. Clark, Maurice Glendening, Leroy Wilson, Joseph W. Musser, Elden Kingston, Ben LeBaron, Gerald Peterson, James D. Harmston, Brian David Mitchell, Robert C. Crossfield, and Addam Swapp, who, akin to Snuffer, believe the mainstream LDS Church in apostasy.
In a June 2015 three-stake fireside (which some colloquially term the "Boise (Idaho) Rescue"), featured devotional addresses by LDS Apostle Dallin Oaks and Church Historian Richard Turley. "We sometimes hear is that the church is no longer the church that was restored to the earth by the prophet Joseph," Turley said. "Here’s another claim: the church is focused on following the brethren instead of seeking Christ," said Oaks; "When you start toward apostasy, you are on the wrong side. [...] Stand fast with the leadership of the church." Snuffer said to KUTV news that soon before the fireside event, Remnant movement re-baptisms of LDS individuals had been performed in the area.
An internal 2015 PowerPoint chart prepared for LDS Apostles (and later provided to news outlets by the MormonLeaks organization) lists Snuffer, the Ordain Women advocacy movement, and new media journalist social commentator John Dehlin among entities and leading some LDS Church members away from fellowship with the denomination.
According to religion reporter Peggy Fletcher Stack, when LDS Apostle M. Russell Ballard spoke at the LDS October 2017 General Conference, giving warning that LDS faithful not to be deceived by non-LDS priesthood holders or "organizations, groups or individuals [...claiming] secret answers to doctrinal questions", his characterizations fit "the nascent Remnant movement".
In October 2017, Jeff Savage was excommunicated from the LDS church for apostasy.
- "500th Anniversary of Christian Reformation - Home". Christianreformation500years.info. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "Cult Classics". Nashvillescene.com. 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- Nelson Whiting, with Lacey Whiting (2017). The Apostasy of the LDS Church was Prophesied, But the End is Not Yet. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1976378850.
- Anonymous (2017). Guide and Standard. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1981643653.
- Passing the Heavenly Gift (Mill Creek Press, 2011), pp. 5, 400, 499. ISBN 9780615528960
- "Understanding How To Read PTHG", from the desk of Denver Snuffer, October 23, 2013
- "I Will Not Start a Church" October 18. 2013
- "An End of Authority", September 9, 2014
- "Governing Principles". Pearls of Great Price. p. 247.
- Blanchard, Nicole (2017-09-03). "'The Lord has extended his hand again' — hundreds gather, canonize new scriptures for growing Mormon offshoot - The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
- "8 questions for Denver Snuffer: Excommunicated Mormon explains growth of new movement | Religion News Service". Religionnews.com. 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
- "Fellowship Locator"
- "Past Doctrine of Christ Conferences", June 15, 2017
- "Denver Snuffer's Teachings to be Canonized as Scripture" March 22, 2017
-  "Fellowship Details: Minnesota Fellowship
- "Mormon Church Challenges Legality of Leaked Documents" March 15, 2017
- "Archives". Restoration Archives. Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- Boise Believers Fellowship (2017)http://www.covenantofchristconference.com/past/2017/Boise/index.php
- Stack, P.F. "An offshoot of the Mormon church is drawing away members. But what does the ‘Remnant’ believe — and will it last?" August 27, 2017 Salt Lake Tribune. Accessed at: http://www.sltrib.com/religion/local/2017/08/27/denver-snuffers-offshoot-is-drawing-away-mormons-with-the-mantra-god-can-talk-to-you-too-but-will-these-freewheeling-fellowships-last/
- Peggy Fletcher (August 27, 2017). "An offshoot of the Mormon church is drawing away members. But what does the 'Remnant' believe — and will it last?". The Salt Lake Tribune.
- Shreve, Grant. "How Mormons Have Made Religion Out of Doubt | JSTOR Daily". Daily.jstor.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
- "Denver Snuffer and the Remnant Movement | RadioWest". Radiowest.kuer.org. 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
- "from the desk of Denver Snuffer: D & C 132, conclusion". Denversnuffer.blogspot.com. 2010-04-09. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "Scripture, Prophecy and Covenant" (PDF). DenverSnuffer.com. March 27, 2017.
- "remnant |". Denversnuffer.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Snuffer, Denver (2014-05-25). "from the desk of Denver Snuffer: Excommunication Does Not Remove Priesthood". Denversnuffer.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Snuffer, Denver (2012-07-27). "from the desk of Denver Snuffer: Sorting Things Out, Part 5". Denversnuffer.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "A Response to Denver Snuffer's Essay on Plural Marriage, Adoption, and the Supposed Falling Away of the Church – Part 1: Ignoring Inconvenient Evidence | The Interpreter Foundation". Mormoninterpreter.com. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2017-10-23.
- "AML Review - Passing the Heavenly Gift". Salemthoughts.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Snuffer, Denver (2013-09-25). "from the desk of Denver Snuffer: Idaho Falls". Denversnuffer.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Denver. "Rebaptism |". Denversnuffer.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- John G. Turner (2016). The Mormon Jesus: A Biography. Harvard University Press. p. 78.
- "How to Form a Fellowship (From Denver Snuffer, Jr., "Preserving the Restoration") – How to Live During an Apostasy". Cachevalleybaptisms.org. 2016-09-20. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- Mary Ann (2017-03-22). "Denver Snuffer's Teachings to be Canonized as Scripture – Wheat & Tares". Wheatandtares.org. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Denver. "Temple Fund Website |". Denversnuffer.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- "Section 97:1". Scriptures.info. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- gwesley (2017-04-13). "Some More on the BYUNTC and Snuffer's Version of the Gospel of John – FAITH-PROMOTING RUMOR". Faithpromotingrumor.com. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "If you love me, receive instruction from me |". Denversnuffer.com. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "Passing Up The Heavenly Gift (Part One of Two) | The Interpreter Foundation". Mormoninterpreter.com. 2013-10-18. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Salt, The (2013-09-10). "Did Mormons boot writer? Church isn't saying and he doesn't know - The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Denver Snuffer (2013-09-11). "from the desk of Denver Snuffer: Yesterday". Denversnuffer.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- "A Response to Denver Snufferâ€™s Essay on Plural Marriage, Adoption, and the Supposed Falling Away of the Church â€" Part 2: FaĂ§ade or Reality? | The Interpreter Foundation". Mormoninterpreter.com. 2015-07-03. Retrieved 2017-11-28.
- "A Response to Denver Snuffer's Essay on Plural Marriage, Adoption, and the Supposed Falling Away of the Church – Part 1: Ignoring Inconvenient Evidence | The Interpreter Foundation". Mormoninterpreter.com. 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- "Response to Denver Snuffer - Joseph Smith's Polygamy". Josephsmithspolygamy.org. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
- Woodruff, Daniel. "LDS church holds special meeting to denounce 'false prophets'". KUTV. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- Fletcher, Peggy (2017-08-27). "An offshoot of the Mormon church is drawing away members. But what does the 'Remnant' believe — and will it last? - The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- Fletcher, Peggy (2017-10-01). "Apostle urges Mormons to stand against racism, sexism and nationalism while trumpeting life of a pioneering black woman - The Salt Lake Tribune". Sltrib.com. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- FellowshipLocator.Info, a website affiliated with the Remnant movement
- Adrian Larsen (August 24, 2017). "Tausha and I, along with Quintina and Rob Adolpho, participated in a panel discussion at the Sunstone Symposium regarding the remnant movement".
- Doug Fabrizio (August 1, 2017). "Denver Snuffer and the Remnant Movement" (audio interview of new media journalists Lindsay Hansen Park and Joseph LeBaron about the Denver Snuffer movement)