Page move-protected

Firozpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Firozpur
Firozpur is located in Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Firozpur is located in India
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (India)
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
Country India
State Punjab
District Firozpur
Founded by Firoz Shah Tughluq
Named for Firoz Shah Tughluq
Government
 • Type Democratic
 • Member of Parliament Sher Singh Ghubaya (SAD)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban) Parminder Singh Pinky (INC)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural) Satkar Kaur (INC)[1]
Elevation 182 m (597 ft)
Population (2011)‡[›]
 • Total 110,091
 • Density 380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Firozpuri, Firozpuria
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
 • Dialect Malwai
 • Other Hindi and English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 152001
UNLOCODE IN FIR
Area code(s) 91-1632
Vehicle registration PB 05
Sex ratio 885/1000[citation needed] /
Literacy 69.80%
Lok Sabha constituency Firozpur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Firozpur City
Planning agency PUDA
Major Highways NH95 SH15 SH 20
Climate Cw (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 29.7 °C (85.5 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 16.9 °C (62.4 °F)
Precipitation 731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)
Website www.ferozepur.nic.in

Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.[2]

After the Partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistani border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[3]

About

The city of Firozpur is located on the banks of the Sutlej river on the Indo-Pakistan border. It was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century. The town is a major cantonment of the country. The town is located in 10 gates. The Saragarhi Memorial Gurudwara commemorates 21 Sikh soldiers of the 36th Sikh Regiment. The soldiers died while protecting the Fort Saragarhi in Waziristan on 12 September 1897.[4]

The Barki Memorial was constructed in 1969 to perpetuate the memory of the soldiers of the 7 Infantry Division who died in battle in 1965 and paved the way for the fall of Barki a town situated at a distance of 15 miles south-east of Lahore.[5]

Climate

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.3
(0.80)
38.1
(1.50)
30.5
(1.20)
20.3
(0.80)
20.3
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
228.6
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86.4
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
12.7
(0.50)
20.3
(0.80)
731.6
(28.8)
Source: [6]

Demographics

According to the 2001 Indian census[7] Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53 per cent of the population and females 47 per cent. It had an average literacy rate of 71 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent: male literacy was 73 per cent and female literacy 68 per cent. 11 per cent of the population was under 6 years of age.

The provisional data of the 2011 census shows a population of 110,091, of which males were 58,401 and females were 51,690. The literacy rate was 79.75 per cent.[8]


Religion

According to the 2011 census, Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Firozpur. Minorities are Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism.

Religion in Firozpur[9]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.47%
Sikhism
26.25%
Christianity
2.35%
Islam
0.31%
Others
1.23%

Media

Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.

Notable people

Notes

  1. ^ "Assembly elections 2017: Only 6 women legislators make entry into Punjab Assembly". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 
  2. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4. 
  3. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 2006-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. 11 September 1969. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 25 February 2008. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  9. ^ "Firozpur City Population Census 2011 | Punjab". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2018-01-31. 

External links