Firozpur

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Firozpur
City
Saragarhi Memorial Ferozepur.jpg
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Stadium Firozpur.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Saragarhi Memorial in Firozpur, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Stadium
Firozpur is located in Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Firozpur is located in India
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (India)
Firozpur is located in Asia
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (Asia)
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
Country India
StatePunjab
DistrictFirozpur
Founded byFiroz Shah Tughluq
Named forFiroz Shah Tughluq
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • Member of ParliamentSukhbir Singh Badal (SAD)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban)Ranbir Singh Bhullar(AAP)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural)Rajnish Dahiya (AAP)[1]
Elevation
182 m (597 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total110,313
 • Density380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Firozpuri, Firozpuria
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
152001
UNLOCODE
IN FIR
Area code(s)91-1632
Vehicle registrationPB-05
Literacy70.7%
Lok Sabha constituencyFirozpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyFirozpur city
Planning agencyPUDA
Major HighwaysNH95 SH15 SH 20
ClimateBSh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature29.7 °C (85.5 °F)
Avg. winter temperature16.9 °C (62.4 °F)
Precipitation731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)
Websiteferozepur.nic.in

Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur,[4] is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. After the partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the India–Pakistan border with memorials to soldiers who died fighting for India.[5]

History[edit]

The city of Firozpur was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq, a ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.[6] It is located on the banks of the Sutlej River on the India–Pakistan border. The nearby Firozpur Cantonment is a major cantonment of the country.

The Saragarhi Memorial Gurudwara commemorates 21 Sikh soldiers of the 36th Sikh Regiment who died in the Battle of Saragarhi, defending a signal post against an overwhelming enemy force on 12 September 1897.[7]

The Barki Memorial, built in 1969, is a memorial to the soldiers of the 7 Infantry Division who died in a battle in 1965 which led to India taking the town of Barki, 15 miles south-east of Lahore.[8]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.80)
38
(1.50)
30
(1.20)
20
(0.80)
20
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
229
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
13
(0.50)
20
(0.80)
730.1
(28.8)
Source: [9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian Census, Firozpur had a total population of 110,313, of which 58,451 (53%) were male and 51,862 (47%) were female. 10.6% of the population was six years old or younger. The total number of literate people in Firozpur was 78,040, which constituted 70.7% of the population, with male literacy of 73.3% and female literacy of 67.9%. The effective literacy rate (population of 7 years and above) was 79.1%, of which male literacy rate was 82.3% and female literacy rate was 75.6%. The Scheduled Caste population was 27,395. Firozpur had 22,263 households in 2011.[2]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2011 census, out of total population of 110,313 in Firozpur city, Hinduism is followed by 77,743 (70.5%) people and Sikhism by 28,961 (26.3%). Minorities religions include Christianity, Islam, Jainism, and Buddhism.[10]

Religion in Firozpur[10]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.47%
Sikhism
26.25%
Christianity
2.35%
Islam
0.31%
Others
0.61%

Media[edit]

Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly elections 2017: Only 6 women legislators make entry into Punjab Assembly". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Census of India: Firozpur". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  3. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  4. ^ "District Ferozepur, Government of Punjab, India". Retrieved 7 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 14 October 2006.
  6. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  7. ^ "Saragarih Memorial - Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  8. ^ "The Barki Memorial - Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  10. ^ a b "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Firozpur City". census.gov.in. Retrieved 29 June 2022.

External links[edit]