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A cantonment (/kænˈtɒnmənt/, /kænˈtnmənt/, or UK: /kænˈtnmənt/) is a military or police quarters.[1]

The word cantonment, derived from the French word canton, meaning corner or district,[2] refers to a temporary military or winter encampment. For example, at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo–allied army of 93,000 soldiers were cantoned, or stationed, to the south of Brussels.[3]

In India and other parts of South Asia a cantonment refers to a permanent military station.[1] In United States military parlance, a cantonment is, essentially, "a permanent residential section (i.e. barracks) of a fort or other military installation," such as Fort Hood.

List of permanent cantonments[edit]


The former Sherpur Cantonment in Kabul, Afghanistan, which was the site of the Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment (1879) in the Second Anglo-Afghan War (1878–1880), is now maintained as a British Army cemetery.


In Bangladesh, cantonments are residential quarters for many military personnel aside from soldiers. These individuals include officers, teachers, military doctors, military nurses, junior commanding officers, and non–commissioned Officers. A wide variety of military training is provided in Bangladesh cantonments:


The Indian Army maintains a training mission in Bhutan, known as the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) which is responsible for the military training of the Royal Bhutan Army (RBA) and Royal Bodyguard (RBG) personnel. All RBA and RBG officers are sent for training at the National Defence Academy and the Indian Military Academy. Moreover, Project Dantak, a division of the Indian Border Roads Organisation and subdivision of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, was established in Bhutan on 24 April 1961, with its first commanding officer, Colonel TV Jaganathan.[4] Project Dantak has since been responsible for the construction and maintenance of more than 1,500 kilometres (930 mi) of roads and bridges, Paro Airport, a disused airfield at Yongphulla Airport, heliports, and other infrastructure. These serve India's strategic defence needs, but also provide economic benefits for the Bhutani citizens.


Several cities among the Indian subcontinent, such as Ahmedabad, Ambala, Belgaum, Bangalore, Danapur, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Bathinda, Delhi, Meerut, Pune, Ramgarh, Secunderabad, and Trichy, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army, with Meerut and Ramgarh being two of the most important cantonments in northern India, second only to the headquarters at Rawalpindi (now in Pakistan). Meerut was established in 1803 and for 150 years was the largest cantonment in the region. Although cantonments in India were considered to be semi-permanent in the 18th and 19th centuries, by the turn of the 20th century they had transitioned to being permanent garrisons. They were further entrenched as such, via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener in 1903, and the Cantonments Act of 1924.[5]

There are sixty-two "notified cantonments" in India, occupying an area of 1,057,000 acres[citation needed]: twenty-five in Central Command, nineteen in Southern Command, thirteen in Western Command, four in Eastern Command, and one in Northern Command.[6] In addition 15,096,000 acres are in use for military garrisons, offices, and training areas.[6] Major cantonments and garrisons include the following:

Notified Cantonments[edit]

  1. Agra Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  2. Ahmedabad Cantonment, Gujarat, Southern Command
  3. Ahmednagar Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  4. Varanasi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  5. Ajmer Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  6. Allahabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  7. Almora Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  8. Ambala Cantonment, Haryana, Western Command
  9. Amritsar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  10. Aurangabad Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  11. Babina Cantonment, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  12. Badamibagh Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Northern Command
  13. Bakloh Cantonment, Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  14. Bareilly Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  15. Barrackpore, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  16. Belgaum Cantonment, Karnataka, Southern Command
  17. Cannanore Cantonment, Kerala, Southern Command
  18. Chakrata Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  19. Clement Town Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  20. Dagshai Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  21. Dalhousie Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  22. Danapur Cantonment, Bihar, Central Command
  23. Dehradun Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  24. Yol Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  25. Dehu Road Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  26. Delhi Cantonment, Delhi, Western Command
  27. Deolali Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  28. Dum Dum Cantonment, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  29. Faizabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  30. Faizabad New Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  31. Fatehgarh Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  32. Ferozepur Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  33. Gopalpur Cantonment, Odisha, Central Command
  34. Jabalpur Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  35. Jalandhar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  36. Jalapahar, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  37. Jammu Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Western Command
  38. Jhansi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  39. Jutogh Cantonment, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  40. Kamptee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  41. Kanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  42. Kasauli Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  43. Khas Yol Cantonment, Kangara, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  44. Kirkee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  45. Landour Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  46. Lansdowne Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  47. Lebong, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  48. Lucknow Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  49. Mathura Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  50. Meerut Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  51. Mhow Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  52. Morar Cantonment, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  53. Nainital Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  54. Nasirabad Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  55. Pachmarhi Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  56. Pune Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  57. Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand, Central Command
  58. Ranikhet Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  59. Roorkee Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  60. Saugor Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  61. Secunderabad Cantonment, Telangana, Southern Command
  62. Shahajahanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  63. Shillong Cantonment, Meghalaya, Eastern Command
  64. St. Thomas Mount Cantonment, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command
  65. Subathu Cantonment, Shimla Hills, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  66. Wellington Cantonment, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command

Unlisted Military Cantonments[edit]

[citation needed]

  1. Abohar Cantonment (Abohar, Punjab)
  2. Varanasi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  3. Akhnoor Cantonment (Akhnoor, Jammu and Kashmir)
  4. Baddowal Cantonment (Ludhiana, Punjab)
  5. Bangalore Cantonment (Bangalore, Karnataka)
  6. Bikaner Cantonment (Bikaner, Rajasthan)
  7. Bhatinda Cantonment (Bhatinda, Punjab)
  8. Bhuj Cantonment (Bhuj, Gujarat)
  9. Bhopal Cantonment (Madhya Pradesh)
  10. Chandimandir Cantonment (Chandigarh)
  11. Faridkot Cantonment (Faridkot, Punjab)
  12. Fazilka Cantonment (Fazilka, Punjab)
  13. Gandhinagar Cantonment (Gandhinagar, Gujarat)
  14. Gopalpur Cantonment (Brahmapur, Orissa)
  15. Narengi Cantonment (Guwahati, Assam)
  16. Hisar Cantt (Hisar, Haryana)
  17. Itarana Cantonment (Alwar, Rajasthan)
  18. Jaipur Cantonment (Jaipur, Rajasthan)
  19. Jaisalmer Cantonment (Jaisalmer, Rajasthan)
  20. Jodhpur Cantonment (Rajasthan)
  21. Bharatpur Cantonment (Rajasthan))
  22. Joshimath Cantonment (Joshimath, Uttarakhand)
  23. Kapurthala Cantonment (Kapurthala, Punjab)
  24. Khasa Cantonment (Amritsar, Punjab)
  25. Ludhiana Cantonment (Punjab)
  26. Mamun Cantonment (Pathankot, Punjab)
  27. Missamari Cantonment (Missamari, Assam)
  28. Nagrota Cantonment (Nagrota, Jammu & Kashmir)
  29. Pathankot Cantonment (Pathankot, Punjab)
  30. Patiala Cantonment (Punjab)
  31. Pithoragarh Cantonment (Pithoragarh , Uttarakhand)
  32. Dipatoli Cantonment (Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  33. Shahjahanpur Cantonment (Shahjahanpur, Uttar Pradesh)
  34. Solmara Cantonment (Tezpur, Assam)
  35. Sri Ganganagar Cantonment (Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan)
  36. Suratgarh Cantonment (Suratgarh, Rajasthan)
  37. Thiruvananthapuram Cantonment (Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala)
  38. Tibri Cantonment (Hoshiarpur, Punjab)
  39. Udhampur Cantonment (Udhampur, Jammu & Kashmir)
  40. Vadodra Cantonment (Vadodra, Gujarat)



Cantonments in Nigeria refer to permanent military installations which house active personnel and their families. Cantonments in Nigeria include:

  • Airforce Cantonment, Ikeja, Lagos
  • Armed forces resettlement centre, Oshodi, Lagos
  • Army Ordnance Cantonment, (also known as Abalti Barracks), Yaba, Lagos
  • Arn Cantonment, Yaba, Lagos
  • Badagry Cantonment, Badagry, Lagos
  • Dodan Cantonment, Ikoyi, Lagos
  • Ikeja Cantonment, Ikeja, Lagos
  • Marda Cantonment, Yaba, Lagos
  • Navy Town, Ojo, Lagos
  • Ojo Cantonment (also known as Palm Barracks), Ojo, Lagos,
  • Bonny Camp, Victoria Island



In Singapore, the term is used to denote a police cantonment.[9]

Sri Lanka[edit]

United States[edit]

The United States military commonly uses the term "cantonment" to describe the permanent facilities at U.S. Army training bases as opposed to the field training areas. Cantonment areas often include housing (such as barracks and maid-service quarters), dining facilities, training classrooms, exchanges, and paved air fields.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "cantonment". Unabridged. Random House.
  2. ^ "canton". Unabridged. Random House.
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition Waterloo Campaign
  4. ^ "Project Dantak: Builds friendship & goodwill between India & Bhutan". Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment
  6. ^ a b "Directorate General Defence Estates Main menu". Directorate General Defence Estates. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Military: Khuzdar Cantonment" Global Security
  8. ^ "Sarhad Conservation Network® Reports: Book on Peshawar Cantonment Launched". 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 27 October 2009.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "Singapore Police Force". Archived from the original on 4 July 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Marseilles Training Center". Retrieved 7 April 2018.

External links[edit]