Cantonment

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A cantonment (/kænˈtɒnmənt/, /kænˈtnmənt/, or UK /kænˈtnmənt/) is a military or police quarters.[1]

The word cantonment derives from the French word canton meaning corner or district.[2] and describes a place during a military campaign, such as winter quarters, where units of an army may be encamped for longer periods than they are during advances and retreats. The term shares an etymological origin with the Swiss Cantons though the meaning has widely diverged.

In South Asia, the term cantonment also describes permanent military stations.[1] Cantonments can be found in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, South Africa,[dubious ] Singapore, Malaysia, Ghana, Sri Lanka and Nepal. In United States military parlance, a cantonment is an essentially permanent residential (i.e. barracks) section of a fort or other military installation such as Fort Hood.

Campaigning[edit]

During a campaign, cantonments are places of encampment formed by troops for a more permanent stay, or while in winter quarters.[1] For example, at the start of the Waterloo campaign in 1815, while the Duke of Wellington's headquarters were in Brussels, most of his Anglo-allied army of 93,000 were cantoned to the south of Brussels.[3]

List of permanent cantonments[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

The former Sherpur Cantonment in Kabul, Afghanistan - site of the 1879 Siege of the Sherpur Cantonment in the Second Anglo-Afghan War - is now maintained as a British Military Cemetery.

Bangladesh[edit]

Bhutan[edit]

The Indian Army maintains a training mission in Bhutan, known as the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT), responsible for the military training of RBA and RBG personnel. [8] RBA and RBG officers are sent for training at the National Defence Academy (NDA) in Pune, and Indian Military Academy (IMA) in Dehradun. [9] Project DANTAK of the Border Roads Organisation, a sub-division of the Indian Army Corps of Engineers, has been operating in Bhutan since May 1961. Since then Project DANTAK has been responsible for the construction and maintenance of over 1,500 km of roads and bridges, Paro Airport and a disused airfield at Yangphula, heliports, and other infrastructure. [10] While these serve India's strategic defence needs, it is also an obvious economic benefit for the people of Bhutan. [edit]Army aviation The Royal Bhutan Army relies on Eastern Air Command of the Indian Air Force for air assistance. In recent years India has helped Bhutan start to develop its military in all areas through military donations and training. [11] Indian Air Force helicopters evacuated RBA casualties to India for treatment during Operation All Clear in 2003

British India[edit]

Many cities in the Indian subcontinent, such as Ahmedabad, Ambala, Belgaum, Bangalore, Danapur Kanpur, Bathinda, Delhi, Meerut, Pune, Peshawar, Ramgarh, Rawalpindi, Sialkot, Secunderabad, and Trichy, contained large cantonments of the former British Indian Army, with Meerut and Ramgarh being the most important cantonments in North India after the headquarters at Rawalpindi. Meerut was established in 1803 and was for 150 years the biggest cantonment in the region. While in the 18th and 19th century cantonments in India were viewed as semi-permanent, by the turn of the 20th century they became permanent garrisons, and were further entrenched as such via the military reforms of Lord Kitchener in 1903 and the Cantonments Act of 1924.[4]

Ghana[edit]

India[edit]

There are 62 'notified Cantonments' in India occupying an area of 1,57,000 acres: 25 in Central Command, 19 in Southern Command, 13 in Western Command, 4 in Eastern Command; and one in the Northern Command.[5] In addition 15,96,000 acres is in use for military garrisons, "quartering, camping, offices", and training areas.[5] Major cantonments and garrisons are:

Notified Cantonments[edit]

  1. Agra Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  2. Ahmedabad Cantonment, Gujarat, Southern Command
  3. Ahmednagar Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  4. Ajmer Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  5. Allahabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  6. Almora Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  7. Ambala Cantonment, Haryana, Western Command
  8. Amritsar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  9. Aurangabad Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  10. Babina Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  11. Badamibagh Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Northern Command
  12. Bakloh Cantonment, Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  13. Bareilly Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  14. Barrackpore, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  15. Belgaum Cantonment, Karnataka, Southern Command
  16. Cannanore Cantonment, Kerala, Southern Command
  17. Chakrata Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  18. Clement Town Cantonment, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  19. Dagshai Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  20. Dalhousie Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  21. Danapur Cantonment, Bihar, Central Command
  22. Dehradun Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  23. Dehu Road Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  24. Delhi Cantonment, Delhi, Western Command
  25. Deolali Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  26. Faizabad Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  27. Faizabad New Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  28. Fatehgarh Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  29. Ferozepur Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  30. Jabalpur Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  31. Jalandhar Cantonment, Punjab, Western Command
  32. Jalapahar, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  33. Jammu Cantonment, Jammu and Kashmir, Western Command
  34. Jhansi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Southern Command
  35. Jutogh Cantonment, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  36. Kamptee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  37. Kanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  38. Kasauli Cantonment, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  39. Khas Yol Cantonment, Kangara, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  40. Kirkee Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  41. Landour Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  42. Lansdowne Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  43. Lebong, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Eastern Command
  44. Lucknow Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  45. Mathura Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  46. Meerut Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  47. Mhow Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  48. Morar Cantonment, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  49. Nainital Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  50. Nasirabad Cantonment, Rajasthan, Southern Command
  51. Pachmarhi Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Central Command
  52. Pune Cantonment, Maharashtra, Southern Command
  53. Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand, Central Command
  54. Ranikhet Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  55. Roorkee Cantonment, Uttarakhand, Central Command
  56. Saugor Cantonment, Madhya Pradesh, Southern Command
  57. Secunderabad Cantonment, Telangana, Southern Command
  58. Shahajahanpur Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  59. Shillong Cantonment, Meghalaya, Eastern Command
  60. St. Thomas Mount Cantonment, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command
  61. Subathu Cantonment, Shimla Hills, Himachal Pradesh, Western Command
  62. Varanasi Cantonment, Uttar Pradesh, Central Command
  63. Wellington Cantonment, Tamil Nadu, Southern Command

Unlisted Military Garrisons-Cantonments[edit]

[citation needed]

  1. Abohar Cantonment (Punjab)
  2. Agartala Cantonment (Tripura)
  3. Aizawl Cantonment (Mizoram)
  4. Akhnoor Cantonment
  5. Anand Parbat Cantonment (New Delhi)
  6. Bangalore Cantonment
  7. Bhuj Cantonment (Bhuj, Gujarat)
  8. Bhopal Cantonment (Madhya Pradesh)
  9. Bathinda Cantonment (Bathinda, Punjab)
  10. Bombay Cantonment (Mumbai, Maharashtra)
  11. Chandigarh Cantonment (Chandigarh)
  12. Daman Cantonment (Daman and Diu )
  13. Dum Dum Cantonment (Kolkata)
  14. Gandhinagar Cantonment (Gandhinagar, Gujarat)
  15. Gangtok Cantonment (Sikkim)
  16. Gopalpur Cantonment (Brahmapur, Orissa)
  17. Guwahati Cantonment (Assam)
  18. Hisar Cantt (Hisar, Haryana)
  19. Itanagar Cantonment (Arunachal Pradesh)
  20. Imphal Cantonment (Manipur)
  21. Jaipur Cantonment (Rajasthan)
  22. Jodhpur Cantonment (Rajasthan)
  23. Kavaratti Cantonment (Lakshadweep)
  24. Kohima Cantonment (Nagaland)
  25. Kollam Cantonment (Kerala)
  26. Ludhiana Cantonment (Punjab)
  27. Mamoon cantt (Punjab)
  28. Mumbai Cantonment (Maharashtra)
  29. Nagrota Cantonment, Jammu (Jammu & Kashmir)
  30. OEF Cantonment (Kanpur)
  31. Panaji Cantonment (Goa)
  32. Patiala Cantonment (Punjab)
  33. Pondicherry Cantonment (Pondicherry)
  34. PortBlair Cantonment (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
  35. Raipur Cantonment (Chhattisgarh)
  36. Ramgarh Cantonment
  37. Ranchi Cantonment (Jharkhand)
  38. Silvassa Cantonment (Dadra and Nagar Haveli )
  39. Shahjahanpur Cantonment
  40. Surat cantonment (Surat, Gujarat)
  41. Thiruvananthapuram Cantonment (Kerala)
  42. Udhampur Cantonment (Udhampur, Jammu & Kashmir)
  43. Unnao Cantonment (Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh)
  44. Vadodra Cantonment (Vadodra, Gujarat)

Pakistan[edit]

Singapore[edit]

In Singapore, the term is used to denote a Police Cantonment.[8]

Sri Lanka[edit]

United States[edit]

The term "cantonment" is not widely used in the United States other than on military installations.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Oxford English Dictionary cantonment
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary cantonment and canton, v.
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica Eleventh Edition Waterloo Campaign
  4. ^ a b c Sheikh, M. O. Lahore Cantonment http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/momers_termpapers/ss153LahoreCantonment.htm&date=2009-10-26+02:56:58
  5. ^ a b "Directorate General Defence Estates Main menu". Directorate General Defence Estates. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Military: Khuzdar Cantonment" Global Security
  7. ^ "Sarhad Conservation Network® Reports: Book on Peshawar Cantonment Launched". 27 October 2009. Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. 
  8. ^ Singapore Police Force

External links[edit]