First Night is a North American artistic and cultural celebration on New Year's Eve, taking place from afternoon until midnight. Some cities have all their events during the celebration outside, but some cities have events that are hosted indoors by organizations in the city, such as churches and theaters. Since it happens on New Year's Eve, First Night celebrations are actually held on the last night of the old year. First Night celebrates a community's local culture, often featuring music, dance, comedy, art, fireworks and, in some cities, ice sculptures and parades.
The first First Night was in Boston on December 31, 1975. It was conceived by Clara Wainwright  who organized a small group of artists seeking an alternative way of celebrating New Year's Eve, where Boston’s young, innovative artists and musicians could perform on both indoor and outdoor stages. They also wanted to avoid the emphasis on alcohol that is common at New Year's Eve parties. Soon other surrounding communities started their own First Night celebrations. By the 1990s, the First Night Boston event was attracting works by over a thousand artists. In 2006, more than a million visitors attended First Night events, including free outdoor ice sculptures on Boston Common and in Copley Square, and waterfront fireworks.
Until 2015, live coverage of the final part of Boston's First Night, including the countdown to midnight and fireworks over Boston Harbor that begin at the stroke of midnight, was broadcast by WBZ-TV. CBS, the station's parent company, was an official sponsor.
In 2013, the non-profit First Night Boston organization closed for financial reasons, though Mayor Menino of Boston (in office for only another year) pledged to find private or public funding the January 2014 celebration. On November 11, 2013, Mayor Menino announced he had acquired the necessary funding and that the 2013 First Night would be “a bigger, brighter display than ever before.”
In 2016, television coverage of the festivities was transferred to NBCUniversal-owned properties including NECN, Telemundo owned station WNEU and newly acquired NBC owned station WBTS-LD; the latter used the event to help launch the station's NBC affiliation, which took effect on January 1, 2017.
By 1999, First Night celebrations were being held in more than 200 cities. In 2000, more than 260 cities had such a celebration. However, in 2001, 20 cities dropped out of the First Night celebrations due to the effects of the September 11 attacks and/or money difficulties.
There are about 45 cities with First Night celebrations happening on New Year's Eve 2013/2014.
First Night USA is the national offshoot of the original Boston organization. It works with the numerous First Night licensed events throughout the United States.
Other celebrations on New Year's Eve, not labeled "First Night", have also sprung up. For example, in 2003, First Night Providence announced they planned to cancel future celebrations, which had been going on for 19 years. A group of local artists created Bright Night Providence, an artist-run New Year's Eve celebration based on the idea and spirit of First Night.
- "A Quiet Kind of Act". Art21 Magazine. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Has the Ball Dropped on First Night Worcester?". Worcester Magazine. December 2011. Archived from the original on 2013-02-10.
- Nordheimer, Jon (1990-12-26). A New Year's Fete Of Art, Not Alcohol. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2009-04-06.
- Ford, Rosemary (2006-12-28). Carving out First Night Boston; Local ice sculptor lends frozen art to annual celebration Archived 2013-01-22 at Archive.today. The Eagle Tribune. Retrieved on 2009-04-06.
- "First Night, creator of the city's longtime New Year's Eve celebration, to cease operations". The Boston Globe. June 21, 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Mayor Menino announces First Night plans after festival had appeared to be in jeopardy". The Boston Globe. November 7, 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- Filipov, David (November 7, 2013). "Fireworks are returning to First Night festival". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "Major cities plan New Year's parties". Denver Post. October 10, 1999.
- "First Night fireworks fizzle out". Worcester Telegram Gazette. December 9, 2009.
- Steve Brown (October 28, 2009). "First Night Boston Weathers Financial Storm". WBUR.org. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
- Robert Faires (August 28, 2009). "First Night Austin: Going forward despite the turbulence". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2009-12-24.
- Rosemary Ponnekanti (October 18, 2007). "First Night getting new life: Organizers pare New Year's party". AllBusiness.com. Retrieved 2009-12-24.[dead link]
- "All First Night Cities for 2013/2014 New Years Eve". First Night Alexandria. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
- "First Night Locations - This Year". Google My Maps. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
- "New Year's Eve Celebration". Bright Night Providence. Retrieved 2009-12-24.