Spengler Cup

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Coordinates: 46°47′54.4″N 9°49′35″E / 46.798444°N 9.82639°E / 46.798444; 9.82639

Spengler Cup
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2017 Spengler Cup
2012 Spengler Cup logo.jpg
Spengler Cup logo
Sport Ice Hockey
Founded 1923
Founder Dr. Carl Spengler
Inaugural season 1923
No. of teams 6 (group stage)
Countries Switzerland (usually HC Davos), Canada, Russia, Germany, Czech Republic, Sweden, various other European countries
Venue(s) Vaillant Arena (Davos, Switzerland)
Most recent
champion(s)
Canada Team Canada (15th title)
Most titles Switzerland HC Davos (15)
Canada Team Canada (15)
Qualification Invitation only
TV partner(s) SUI: Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen
Europe: Eurosport 2
RUS: Match TV & NTv2
GER: Sport1
CAN: TSN & RDS
USA: NBCSN
CZE / SVK / HUN: Sport1
DEN: TV2
SLO: Šport TV
SRB / CRO / BIH / MNE / MKD: Arena Sport
Official website www.spenglercup.ch/en

The Spengler Cup is an annual invitational ice hockey tournament held in Davos, Switzerland. First held in 1923, the Spengler Cup is often cited as the oldest invitational ice hockey tournament in the world. The event is hosted by the Swiss team HC Davos and played each year in Davos, Switzerland, between Christmas (December 25) and New Year's Day. Currently, all games are held at Vaillant Arena.

It was originally devised by Dr. Carl Spengler as a means to promote teams from German-speaking Europe, who might have suffered ostracism in the aftermath of World War I. Eventually, the tournament grew well beyond expectations. Many of Europe's most prestigious clubs and national programs have appeared, including Soviet, Czechoslovak, Swedish, German, and Finnish powerhouses. Through its history, club or national teams from 12 different countries have won the tournament, with host team HC Davos and Team Canada winning the most cups (15) while Switzerland and Czechoslovakia are tied as nations whose various teams have won the most cups (19 each).

Among non-European organizations, Team Canada, Team USA, nationally-ranked NCAA schools, reigning AHL Calder Cup and Ontario Hockey Association champions, and even Team Japan (in 1971, building international experience before playing as hosts of the 1972 Sapporo Winter Olympics) have competed for the Spengler Cup. Since at least 1990, Team Canada has been the only participant from North America, with the exception of the AHL's Rochester Americans in 1996 and 2013.

In the 2017 tournament, Team Canada once again successfully defended their Spengler Cup championship titles from 2015 and 2016, defeating Team Switzerland 3–0 in the final to win their third straight title. With the win, Team Canada tied HC Davos for most Spengler Cup championships won, with 15 each. At the end of 2018, Canada will attempt to win four Spengler Cup championships in a row, a feat they accomplished from 1995 to 1998 inclusively.

History[edit]

The former Spengler Cup trophy on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Many participating teams are club teams, rather than national teams, where a club team might have players from many nations on the roster. The first tournament was won in 1923 by the Oxford University Ice Hockey Club, composed of Canadians studying at the University of Oxford.[1]

The first 24 tournaments were dominated by host HC Davos (7 wins, 12 runners-up) and the Czechoslovak club team LTC Prague (7 wins, 2 runners-up). The LTC Prague team was shut down by the Czechoslovak communist authorities after players defected at the 1948 Spengler Cup tournament. Between 1965 and 1983, the tournament was dominated by various Czechoslovak and Soviet teams. Since joining the tournament in 1984, Team Canada has been the dominant participant, with 15 wins and 9 runners-up. Team Canada is made up of Canadians predominantly playing in Europe, as the tournament occurs during the NHL and AHL seasons, though active NHL stars Joe Thornton and Rick Nash were playing for HC Davos during the 2004 NHL lockout.

From its inception until 1978, the tournament was played on an outdoor rink. The outdoor rink still exists outside the indoor arena, and is one of the largest outdoor rinks in the world. Starting in 1978, all tournament games have been played indoors. In 1956, the championship trophy was given its classic and best-known look (pictured left), which stood until a new gold design was unveiled in 2010.[citation needed]

Sponsorship[edit]

The Spengler Cup is the second-largest sporting event in Switzerland, after tennis' Swiss Indoors in Basel. It had a budget of CHF 11 million in 2016. About 40% of the total tournament budget amount comes from corporate sponsors.[2] Since 1985, UBS has been the main sponsor and presenting partner of the Spengler Cup.[3] Other major sponsors are Würth, Schenker Storen, Škoda, Siemens and Calanda – each of whom, along with UBS, are the main tournament sponsor of one of the six teams each year.

Temporary reinforcements[edit]

A frequent point of contention among hockey observers discussing the Spengler Cup's relevance is the use of temporary reinforcements. Since the tournament is open to both clubs and national teams, a rule exists that allows club teams to hire up to four additional players (three skaters and one goaltender) for the duration of the competition. Prior to the 2010 edition, six reinforcement players (five skaters and a goaltender) were allowed per team.

In practice, not all participants choose to take advantage of the rule to the same extent, and it works mostly to the host team's benefit. HC Davos, for whom the event is a significant source of income, tends to upgrade its roster with experienced talent in order to guarantee a competitive performance and maintain high interest from the Swiss audience. Other teams don't have such incentives to reinforce their squad and will often be much less selective.

International broadcasts[edit]

The Spengler Cup is broadcast on Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen in Switzerland, on Eurosport 2 in most of Europe, on Match TV and NTv2 in Russia, on Sport1 in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, on Šport TV in Slovenia, on TSN and RDS in Canada and on the free-to-air channel FreeSports in the United Kingdom.

Spengler Cup winners[edit]

Year Winner Runner-up
1923 United Kingdom Oxford University Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1924 Weimar Republic Berlin SC Switzerland HC Davos
1925 United Kingdom Oxford University Switzerland HC Davos
1926 Weimar Republic Berlin SC Switzerland HC Davos
1927 Switzerland HC Davos Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1928 Weimar Republic Berlin SC United Kingdom Cambridge University
1929 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1930 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1931 United Kingdom Oxford University Weimar Republic Berlin SC
1932 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
United Kingdom Oxford University 1
Switzerland HC Davos (3rd place)
1933 Switzerland HC Davos French Third Republic Paris Rapides
1934 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano United Kingdom Oxford University
1935 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano Switzerland HC Davos
1936 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
1937 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1938 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia LTC Prague
19392
19402
1941 Switzerland HC Davos Nazi Germany Berlin SC
1942 Switzerland HC Davos Switzerland Zürcher SC
1943 Switzerland HC Davos Switzerland Zürcher SC
1944 Switzerland Zürcher SC Switzerland HC Davos
1945 Switzerland Zürcher SC Switzerland HC Davos
1946 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1947 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
1948 Czechoslovakia LTC Prague Switzerland HC Davos
19493
1950 Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano Sweden AIK
1951 Switzerland HC Davos West Germany Preussen Krefeld
1952 West Germany EV Füssen Switzerland Zürcher SC
1953 Italy HC Milano Inter Switzerland HC Davos
1954 Italy HC Milano Inter West Germany EV Füssen
1955 Czechoslovakia Rudá Hvězda Brno Switzerland HC Davos
19564
1957 Switzerland HC Davos Czechoslovakia Rudá Hvězda Brno
1958 Switzerland HC Davos Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano
1959 France ACBB Paris West Germany EV Füssen
1960 France ACBB Paris Switzerland HC Davos
1961 France ACBB Paris West Germany EV Füssen
1962 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague West Germany EV Füssen
1963 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague Austria Klagenfurt AC
1964 West Germany EV Füssen Sweden Modo Hockey
1965 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden VIK Västerås HK
1966 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Belgium CP Liège
1967 Soviet Union Lokomotiv Moscow Canada Kingston Aces
1968 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden Rögle BK
1969 Soviet Union Lokomotiv Moscow Switzerland HC Davos
1970 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1971 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1972 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Soviet Union Torpedo Gorkiy
1973 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Soviet Union Traktor Chelyabinsk
1974 Czechoslovakia HC Slovan Bratislava Poland Team Poland
1975 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Olympic Team Finland Team Finland
1976 Soviet Union USSR B Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia B
1977 Soviet Union SKA Leningrad Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1978 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Sweden AIK
1979 Soviet Union Krylya Sovetov Moscow West Germany Düsseldorf EG
1980 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1981 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Switzerland HC Davos
1982 Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava Soviet Union Spartak Moscow
1983 Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1984 Canada Team Canada Czechoslovakia Dukla Jihlava
1985 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Canada Team Canada
1986 Canada Team Canada Soviet Union Sokil Kiev
1987 Canada Team Canada Soviet Union Krylya Sovetov Moscow
1988 United States USA Selects Canada Team Canada
1989 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Sweden Färjestad BK
1990 Soviet Union Spartak Moscow Canada Team Canada
1991 Soviet Union / Russia CSKA Moscow Switzerland HC Lugano
1992 Canada Team Canada Sweden Färjestad BK
1993 Sweden Färjestad BK Switzerland HC Davos
1994 Sweden Färjestad BK Switzerland HC Davos
1995 Canada Team Canada Russia Lada Togliatti
1996 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
1997 Canada Team Canada Sweden Färjestad BK
1998 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
1999 Germany Kölner Haie Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk
2000 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2001 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2002 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2003 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2004 Switzerland HC Davos Czech Republic Sparta Prague
2005 Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk Canada Team Canada
2006 Switzerland HC Davos Canada Team Canada
2007 Canada Team Canada Russia Salavat Yulaev Ufa
2008 Russia Dynamo Moscow Canada Team Canada
2009 Belarus Dinamo Minsk Switzerland HC Davos
2010 Russia SKA Saint Petersburg Canada Team Canada
2011 Switzerland HC Davos Latvia Dinamo Riga
2012 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Davos
2013 Switzerland Genève-Servette HC Russia CSKA Moscow
2014 Switzerland Genève-Servette HC Russia Salavat Yulaev Ufa
2015 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Lugano
2016 Canada Team Canada Switzerland HC Lugano
2017 Canada Team Canada Switzerland Team Switzerland

Notes

1 Oxford University and LTC Prague play to a 0–0 score after overtime. Both teams are declared winners.
2 Cup not held due to World War II.
3 Cup not held.
4 Cup not held for financial reasons.[4]

Performances[edit]

By club[edit]

Performance in the Spengler Cup by club
Club Won Runner-up Years won Years runner-up
Switzerland HC Davos 15 25 1927, 1933, 1936, 1938, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1951, 1957, 1958, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2011 1924, 1925, 1926, 1929, 1930, 1935, 1937, 1944, 1945, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1953, 1955, 1960, 1969, 1981, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2009, 2012
Canada Team Canada 15 9 1984, 1986, 1987, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017 1985, 1988, 1990, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2010
Czech Republic LTC Prague 7 2 1929, 1930, 1932, 1937, 1946, 1947, 1948 1936, 1938
Czech Republic Dukla Jihlava 5 5 1965, 1966, 1968, 1978, 1982 1970, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1984
Russia Spartak Moscow 5 1 1980, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1990 1982
United Kingdom Oxford University 4 1 1923, 1925, 1931, 1932 1934
Russia SKA Leningrad /
SKA Saint Petersburg
4 0 1970, 1971, 1977, 2010
Germany Berlin SC 3 4 1924, 1926, 1928 1923, 1927, 1931, 1941
Italy Diavoli Rossoneri Milano 3 1 1934, 1935, 1950 1958
France ACBB Paris 3 0 1959, 1960, 1961
Slovakia HC Slovan Bratislava1 3 0 1972, 1973, 1974
Germany EV Füssen 2 4 1952, 1964 1954, 1959, 1961, 1962
Switzerland Zürcher SC 2 3 1944, 1945 1942, 1943, 1952
Sweden Färjestad BK 2 3 1993, 1994 1989, 1992, 1997
Czech Republic Sparta Prague 2 1 1962, 1963 2004
Italy HC Milano Inter 2 0 1953, 1954
Russia Lokomotiv Moscow 2 0 1967, 1969
Russia Dynamo Moscow 2 0 1983, 2008
Switzerland Genève-Servette HC 2 0 2013, 2014
Czech Republic Rudá Hvězda Brno 1 1 1955 1957
Russia Krylya Sovetov Moscow 1 1 1979 1987
Russia CSKA Moscow 1 1 1991 2013
Russia Metallurg Magnitogorsk 1 1 2005 1999
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Olympic Team 1 0 1975
Soviet Union USSR B 1 0 1976
United States USA Selects 1 0 1988
Germany Kölner Haie 1 0 1999
Belarus Dinamo Minsk 1 0 2009
Switzerland HC Lugano 0 3 1991, 2015, 2016
Sweden AIK 0 2 1950, 1978
Russia Salavat Yulaev Ufa 0 2 2007, 2014
United Kingdom Cambridge University 0 1 1928
France Paris Rapides 0 1 1933
Germany Preussen Krefeld 0 1 1951
Austria Klagenfurt AC 0 1 1963
Sweden Modo Hockey 0 1 1964
Sweden VIK Västerås HK 0 1 1965
Belgium CP Liège 0 1 1966
Canada Kingston Aces 0 1 1967
Sweden Rögle BK 0 1 1968
Russia Torpedo Gorkiy 0 1 1972
Russia Traktor Chelyabinsk 0 1 1973
Poland Team Poland 0 1 1974
Finland Team Finland 0 1 1975
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia B 0 1 1976
Germany Düsseldorf EG 0 1 1979
Czech Republic TJ Vítkovice 0 1 1980
Ukraine Sokil Kiev2 0 1 1986
Russia Lada Togliatti 0 1 1995
Latvia Dinamo Riga 0 1 2011
Switzerland Team Switzerland 0 1 2017

Notes

1 Slovakia was a part of Czechoslovakia at the time, so HC Slovan Bratislava represented both Czechoslovakia and the Slovak Socialist Republic
2 Ukraine was a Soviet republic at the time, so Sokil Kiev represented both the Soviet Union and Soviet Ukraine

By nation[edit]

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up
  Switzerland 19 32
 Czechoslovakia1 19 10
 Canada2 15 10
 Soviet Union3 13 5
 Germany4 6 10
 Italy5 5 1
 Russia6 4 5
 United Kingdom 4 2
 France7 3 1
 Sweden 2 8
 Belarus 1 0
 United States 1 0
 Austria 0 1
 Belgium 0 1
 Czech Republic 0 1
 Finland 0 1
 Latvia 0 1
 Poland 0 1

Notes

1 Includes hockey clubs from the First Czechoslovak Republic, the Third Czechoslovak Republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic and the last Czech and Slovak Federative Republic based in today's Czech Republic and Slovakia, and Czechoslovak national teams.
2 Includes the runner-up 1967 Kingston Aces of the Ontario Hockey Association.
3 Includes hockey clubs based in today's Russia and Ukraine, and Soviet national teams.
4 Includes hockey clubs from the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, Allied-occupied Germany, West Germany, and today's Bundesrepublik.
5 includes hockey clubs from the Kingdom of Italy and today's Italian Republic.
6 Includes CSKA Moscow's Cup win in 1991.
7 Includes hockey clubs from the French Third Republic and today's Fifth Republic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Isis, 23 Jan. 1924, page 19. (Future Prime Minister of Canada Lester Pearson was a member of the Oxford University team in the spring of 1923; however, he returned to Canada in the summer of 1923 and therefore did not compete in the first Spengler Cup played at the end of December 1923 and early January 1924. See: Pearson, Lester B. Mike : The Memoirs of the Right Honourable Lester B. Pearson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972, page 50.)
  2. ^ Ruch, Fabian (2015-12-23). "Ein Berner vermarktet den Spengler-Cup". Berner Zeitung, Berner Zeitung (in German). ISSN 1424-1021. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  3. ^ "Presenting and gold partner | Spengler Cup". www.spenglercup.ch. Retrieved 2017-07-25. 
  4. ^ SpenglerCup.ch

External links[edit]