Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro

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Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro
Interim President of Peru
In office
December 20, 1833 – December 21, 1833
Preceded by Agustín Gamarra
Succeeded by Luis José de Orbegoso y Moncada
In office
September 20, 1822 – September 22, 1822
Preceded by José de San Martín
Succeeded by José de la Mar
Personal details
Born November 3, 1780
Arequipa, Peru
Died February 9, 1855(1855-02-09) (aged 74)
Lima, Peru
Nationality Peruvian
Profession Priest

Francisco Xavier de Luna Pizarro (November 3, 1780 – February 2, 1855) was a Peruvian priest and politician who briefly served as Interim President of Peru twice in 1822 and 1833.

Early years and education[edit]

Educated in his native city and later at the University of Cusco, he taught theology and law at the seminary of Arequipa. He traveled to Spain and witnessed the resistance to the Napoleonic invasion. When he returned to Peru he was named rector of the College of Medicine of San Fernando.

War of Independence[edit]

He then participated in the efforts for the independence of Peru and was the president of the first Constituent Congress of 1822 and wrote the constitution of 1823. After José de San Martín renounced as the "Protector of Peru", Luna de Pizarro was chosen as interim President until the investiture of José de la Mar.

He supported the government of La Mar, but after the junta which La Mar presided was dissolved he retired from political life. In 1827, he once again became President of Congress and, in accordance with his functions, he once again was briefly chosen as interim President of Peru in 1833 until the investiture of General Luis José de Orbegoso y Moncada.

In 1846 he was named archbishop of Lima.


See also[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
José de San Martín
Interim President of Peru
September 1822
Succeeded by
José de La Mar
Preceded by
Agustín Gamarra
Interim President of Peru
December 1833
Succeeded by
Luis José de Orbegoso y Moncada