Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden

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Frederick II
Grand Duke of Baden
Reign 28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
Born (1857-07-09)9 July 1857
Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden
Died 8 August 1928(1928-08-08) (aged 71)
Badenweiler, Weimar Republic
Spouse Princess Hilda of Nassau
Father Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden
Mother Princess Louise of Prussia

Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden (9 July 1857 in Karlsruhe – 8 August/9 August 1928 in Badenweiler) was the last Grand Duke of Baden.


He became the head of the House of Zähringen on 28 September 1907, after the death of his father Frederick I. He abdicated on 22 November 1918, amidst the tumults of the German Revolution of 1918–19 which resulted in the abolition of the Grand Duchy.

After his death in 1928, the headship of the house was transferred over to his grand uncle's grandson, thus being his second cousin who was the last Chancellor of Imperial Germany, Prince Maximilian of Baden.

As a student at the University of Heidelberg, Frederick was a member of the Suevia Corps, a student organization.

After the death of his cousin Carola of Vasa, he became the representative of the descent of the Kings of Sweden of the House of Holstein-Gottorp.

On 20 September 1885 in Schloss Hohenburg, he married Princess Hilda of Nassau, only daughter of the exiled Duke Adolf. There was no surviving issue from the marriage.

He was à la suite the Royal Prussian Regiments Erstes Garde-Regiment zu Fuß (1st Guard Foot Regiment) and 1. Garde-Ulanen-Regiment and à la suite the Imperial 1st Seebataillon.

The state of Baden originated from the area of the Grand Duchy. In 1951/52, it became part of the new state of Baden-Württemberg.


  • 9 July 1857 - 28 September 1907: His Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden
  • 28 September 1907 - 22 November 1918: His Royal Highness The Grand Duke of Baden
  • 22 November 1918 - 9 August 1928: His Royal Highness Grand Duke Frederick II of Baden


Orders and decorations[edit]


External links[edit]

Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden
Born: 9 July 1857 Died: 8 August 1928
German royalty
Preceded by
Frederick I
Grand Duke of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Friedrich I
as Grand Duke of Baden
Head of State of Baden
28 September 1907 – 22 November 1918
Succeeded by
Anton Geiß
as President of the
Republic of Baden
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Republic declared
Grand Duke of Baden
22 November 1918 – 8 August 1928
Succeeded by
Prince Maximilian