Gent–Wevelgem

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Gent–Wevelgem
Gent–Wevelgem logo.svg
Race details
Date Late March
Region Flanders, Belgium
English name Ghent-Wevelgem
Local name(s) Gent–Wevelgem (Dutch)
Nickname(s) Ghent-Bubblegum
Discipline Road
Competition UCI World Tour
Type One-day
Organiser Flanders Classics
Race director Luc Gheysens
History
First edition 1934 (1934)
Editions 77 (as of 2015)
First winner  Gustave Van Belle (BEL)
Most wins  Robert Van Eenaeme (BEL)
 Rik Van Looy (BEL)
 Eddy Merckx (BEL)
 Mario Cipollini (ITA)
 Tom Boonen (BEL)
(3 wins)
Most recent  Luca Paolini (ITA)

Gent–Wevelgem, officially Gent–Wevelgem – In Flanders Fields,[1] is a road cycling race in Belgium, held annually since 1934. It one of the classic races part of the Flemish Cycling Week, run in late March on the last Sunday before the Tour of Flanders.

Although the event is often called the sprinters' classic due to its flat finishing terrain,[2] its early-season date means riders are often tested by wind and rain, as well as several climbs, including two ascents of the steep and fully cobbled Kemmelberg.[3] As a result, few editions of Gent–Wevelgem actually end in a bunch sprint – often the winner comes from a small group of escapees.

In 2005 the race was included in the inaugural UCI ProTour and in 2010 in its successor, the UCI World Tour.[4] Since 2011 it is organized by Flanders Classics, which also organizes the Tour of Flanders. Since 2012 a woman's event is held on the same day as the men's race.

History[edit]

Amateur event[edit]

The event was created in honour of Gaston Rebry, although he never participated.

Created in 1934 and originally run by the newspaper Gazet van Antwerpen, the race’s finish town of Wevelgem was selected because it was the home town of the event’s first owner, local textile manufacturer Georges Matthijs.[3] [a] Its origin is a tribute to Gaston Rebry, a native of Wevelgem, who was one of the stars of cycling in Belgium in the 1930s.

The first edition was run on 9 September 1934 as an amateur race on a flat, 120 km route.[5] The race only had Belgian participants and was won by Gustave Van Belle.[b] In 1936 the race distance was increased to 168 km and Robert Van Eenaeme was the first professional winner.

Spring classic[edit]

The event had its only interruptions during World War II, but was organized again as a professional event in 1945. Gaston Rebry, by then president of bike club "Het Vliegend Wiel", was the new race director. Robert Van Eenaeme was declared winner, surprisingly ten days after the race was over, after officials had closer inspected the photo finish.[5]

In 1947 Gent–Wevelgem was granted a springtime date on the calendar and gained prestige. Organizer Rebry managed to line up Italian cycling icons Gino Bartali and Fausto Coppi, who achieved podium places and attracked vast numbers of spectators to the race.

In 1957 the race became part of the short-lived Trophy of Flanders, a two-day formula with the Omloop Het Volk, in which Gent–Wevelgem was raced on Saturday, the Omloop on Sunday.[5] In the 1960s the race garnered international prestige. Belgian cycling legends Rik Van Looy and Eddy Merckx won the race three times. Tour de France winner Jacques Anquetil was the first French winner in 1964.

Sprint star Mario Cipollini is one of five riders who won the race three times.

The race was in a constant search of identity and re-invention, as reflected in the regular route and calendar changes. In 1977 the distance was 277 km, the longest edition ever, featuring eleven climbs in the Flemish Ardennes and a double ascent of the Kemmelberg.[5] The arduous edition was won by Bernard Hinault, claiming his first international success.

In Flanders Fields Classic[edit]

Since the 1980s the race has built a repupation as a sprinters' classic. Italian sprint star Mario Cipollini claimed three victories.[6][7] Sean Kelly, Guido Bontempi, Djamolidine Abdoujaparov and Tom Steels are some of the other sprint specialists on the roll of honour.[8]

In 2003, Gent–Wevelgem abandoned its original start location Ghent for the first time and moved to suburban Deinze.[9] Tom Boonen claimed his first classic victory in 2004 and went on to equal the winning record of three wins.[10][11][12][13]

For many decades, the race held a mid-week position between the Tour of Flanders and Paris–Roubaix. In 2011 the race was included in the UCI World Tour and returned to a Sunday date in the weekend between Milan-San Remo and the Tour of Flanders.[c][14]

In 2015 the event was named Gent–Wevelgem – In Flanders Fields Classic, after the war poem by John McCrae.[1] Organizers wanted to commemorate the 100th anniversary of World War I, as the Westhoek region was at the heart of the war and is home to several Commonwealth war graves. The edition was won by Luca Paolini, but was particularly memorable as it was run in abysmal weather, with strong winds scourging the peloton. Media described it as "mayhem" and "one of the wildest races in recent years".[15][16]

Route[edit]

Unlike most of the Flemish spring classics, which centre around Oudenaarde and the plentiful hills in the Flemish Ardennes, Gent–Wevelgem travels west into West Flanders and Northern France and has fewer hills, providing it with a different character and making it more suitable for sprinters.[17] In recent years the total distance of the race was around 235–240 km.[18]

Present course[edit]

Route map of the 2014 edition of Gent-Wevelgem.

Since 2004, the race starts in Deinze, East-Flanders, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of Ghent.[19] After the unofficial start on the city's Market Square, the route heads west, facing 100 kilometres through the wind-swept flatlands of West Flanders, up to and along the North Sea coast before turning south into the North department of France.[3][18] After 120 km comes the cobbled Kasselberg climb in Cassel, which is addressed twice in quick succession.[d] After the Katsberg, the second hill in France, the race re-enters Belgium after 50 kilometres (31 mi) on French roads, to enter the key section of the race in Heuvelland.[17]

The hill zone in the very south of West-Flanders holds three climbs, the Baneberg, Monteberg and Kemmelberg, covered within twelve kilometres of one another.[18] This succession of climbs is interspersed with technical descents along narrow country roads, including the difficult descent of the Kemmelberg. The Kemmelberg is the hardest and most iconic climb of the race.[17]

After these three bergs, the course loops round and riders re-ascend the Baneberg–Monteberg-Kemmelberg sequence, covering a total of nine categorized climbs.[17] After the top of the ultimate climb of the Kemmelberg, some 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the finish, the course invariably ensues on a long and flat run-in to Wevelgem.[3] The finish is on the Vanackerestraat, Wevelgem's central avenue.

Character of the race[edit]

The essential ingredients of Gent–Wevelgem have remained the same for decades. First to take their toll on the peloton, in the opening 100 kilometres, are the crosswinds and often rainy weather on exposed, flat roads across Flanders’ largest open plain. As teams try to protect and position their captains in the early stages of the race, splits and echelons at this point frequently see 40 to 60 riders eliminated from the running.[3]

The Kemmelberg first featured in 1955 and has become the centrepiece of the race. The steepest slopes reach 23 % gradient near the top.

Subsequently, after hours of pounding across the Flanders flatlands and the occasional excursion to Northern France, the riders approach the hill zone in Heuvelland, which features the day's most difficult ascents. The hills are at the heart of the action and usually the sites where breakaways are formed. The race's most renowned climb is the Kemmelberg, a fully cobbled hill road in Kemmel with gradients up to 23%, but equally notorious for its difficult and technical descent.

The Kemmelberg, the highest point in the region, is the toughest climb and the emotional centrepiece of the race.[17] Named after Camulos, the Celtic god of war, the Kemmelberg’s summit lies atop a thickly wooded ridge which was the scene of the Battle of the Lys in April 1918, in which more than 200,000 soldiers died.[3] The climb has been controversial in the past because of several severe crashes in its descent. In 2007 French rider Jimmy Casper crashed heavily, suffering numerous facial and other fractures.[21][22] In 2016 the climb will be addressed by its steepest road for the first time in more than 20 years.[23][24]

After the Kemmelberg, the ultimate battle between breakaways formed on the bergs and the chasing peloton unfolds on the 35-kilometre flat roads towards the finish. Despite its reputation as a spinter's classic, Gent–Wevelgem’s notoriously tricky and unpredictable terrain has shown breakaways frequently holding off their pursuers.[3]

The Kemmelberg is one of the only cobbled sites in the race.

Cobbles[edit]

Main article: Cobbled classics

Although media usually classify Gent–Wevelgem as a cobbled classic,[25] the route actually has very few sections of cobbled roads. Only the Kemmelberg and the upper stretches of the Kasselberg are cobbled, totaling a possible maximum of two kilometres of cobbled section, which is significantly less than the other cobbled races of Flanders and Northern France. Moreover, there are no flat sections of pavé and both cobbled climbs are in excellent condition, as they are part of a busy suburban traffic network.

Course changes[edit]

The first race was in 1934 on a straightforward all-flat route from Ghent's St Pieter's Station to Wevelgem.[26] The second edition in 1935 addressed the Flemish Ardennes in East Flanders with climbs such as the Kwaremont, Kluisberg and Tiegemberg. From 1936 to 1939 the race ran from Ghent to Kortrijk, followed by local laps including the Lauwberg as the only difficulty.

Since 1945, the hills in Heuvelland, including Kemmelberg and Rodeberg (pictured) are the heart of the finale.

After World War II, Gent–Wevelgem completely restyled with a new route across the Flemish Ardennes and then looping in the Heuvelland region.[26] The Edelareberg, Hoppeberg, Kwaremont, Zwarteberg and Rodeberg featured along the way. In 1947 and 1948 the course went up to and along the coast for the first time.

From 1949 to 1954 the Flemish Ardennes returned, followed by the Heuvelland hills of Rodeberg and Vidaigneberg. In 1955 the Kluisberg and Kemmelberg made their first appearance. The road on the Kemmelberg was still unpaved. In 1956 the Eikenberg was included.

Mont Cassel is one of the Franco-Flemish hills in Northern France, introduced in 1957.

In 1957, as Gent–Wevelgem was part of the Trophy of Flanders, organizers introduced climbs in French Flanders: Zwarteberg, Mont Cassel, Katsberg and Wouwenberg preceded the Kemmelberg. In 1958, these Franco-Flemish climbs were not included: the pre-Schengen border crossing caused too many administrative burdens. After the run-up to the coast, the route featured only the Rodeberg, Vidaigneberg and Kemmelberg climbs in Heuvelland.

In 1960 scheduling conflicts marked the end of the Trophy of Flanders and the race placed itself on the calendar between the more prestigious classics the Tour of Flanders and Paris-Roubaix. In 1961 Gent–Wevelgem implemented a two-day course, a one-year novelty. The race ran from Ghent to Antwerp on the first day and to Wevelgem on the second.

From 1962 to 1976 Gent–Wevelgem ran via the coast to Heuvelland, with the Rodeberg, Vidaigneberg and Kemmelberg as fixed venues, sometimes supplemented with Monteberg, Baneberg, Sulferberg, Goeberg, Suikerberg (Sugar Hill), Kraaiberg and Scherpenberg.

In 1977, the hills of the Flemish Ardennes were addressed for the last time to date, featuring eleven significant climbs, including Koppenberg, Edelareberg, Kattenberg, Varent, Kluisberg and Tiegemberg. In 1993, the Franco-Flemish hills made their re-appearance but were omitted again in 1996.

Since recent editions, the Menin Gate in Ypres features prominently in the race finale.

In 2008, the route was substantially modified, following the race's status as a UCI Pro Tour event.[26] The distance was increased from ca. 200 km to 235 km. The course no longer ran along long coastal stretches, but instead approached Veurne from the polders. More climbs in Heuvelland were inserted: Zwarteberg, Baneberg, Rodeberg, Vidaigneberg and Monteberg preceded the double ascent of the Kemmelberg. As a consequence of the heavy crashes of the 2007 race, the Kemmelberg was approached from the village of Kemmel, in order to avoid the dangerous cobbled descent and potential new crashes.

In 2010 the Franco-Flemish hills of Kasselberg, Scherpenberg, Katsberg, and Berthen were re-introduced, before ensuing the traditional route in the Heuvelland hills. In recent years the city of Ypres features prominently in the race finale.[27] In the context of the Centenary of the outbreak of World War I, the peloton crosses the city centre and leaves it passing under the iconic Menin Gate, arguably the most famous Flanders Fields memorial, before proceeding on the final run-in to the finish in Wevelgem.[28]

Winners[edit]

Rider Team
1934 Belgium Belle, Gustave VanGustave Van Belle (BEL)
1935 Belgium Depreitre, AlbertAlbert Depreitre (BEL)
1936 Belgium Eenaeme, Robert VanRobert Van Eenaeme (BEL)
1937 Belgium Eenaeme, Robert VanRobert Van Eenaeme (BEL)
1938 Belgium Godart, HubertHubert Godart (BEL)
1939 Belgium Declerck, AndreAndré Declerck (BEL)
1940–
1944
No race
1945 Belgium Eenaeme, Robert VanRobert Van Eenaeme (BEL)
1946 Belgium Sterckx, ErnestErnest Sterckx (BEL) Alcyon
1947 Belgium Desimpelaere, MauriceMaurice Desimpelaere (BEL) Alcyon
1948 Belgium Ollivier, ValereValère Ollivier (BEL)
1949 Belgium Kint, MarcelMarcel Kint (BEL)
1950 Belgium Schotte, BriekBriek Schotte (BEL) Alcyon
1951 Belgium Rosseel, AndreAndré Rosseel (BEL)
1952 Belgium Impanis, RaymondRaymond Impanis (BEL)
1953 Belgium Impanis, RaymondRaymond Impanis (BEL)
1954 Switzerland Graf, RolfRolf Graf (SUI)
1955 Belgium Schotte, BriekBriek Schotte (BEL) Alcyon
1956 Belgium Looy, Rik VanRik Van Looy (BEL)
1957 Belgium Looy, Rik VanRik Van Looy (BEL)
1958 Belgium Fore, NoelNoel Fore (BEL)
1959 Belgium Daele, Léon VanLéon Van Daele (BEL)
1960 Belgium Aerenhouts, FransFrans Aerenhouts (BEL)
1961 Belgium Aerenhouts, FransFrans Aerenhouts (BEL)
1962 Belgium Looy, Rik VanRik Van Looy (BEL)
1963 Belgium Beheyt, BenoniBenoni Beheyt (BEL)
1964 France Anquetil, JacquesJacques Anquetil (FRA)
1965 Belgium Pauw, Noel DeNoel De Pauw (BEL)
1966 Belgium Springel, Herman VanHerman Van Springel (BEL)
1967 Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Peugeot
1968 Belgium Godefroot, WalterWalter Godefroot (BEL)
1969 Belgium Vekemans, WillyWilly Vekemans (BEL)
1970 Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Faema
1971 Belgium Pintens, GeorgesGeorges Pintens (BEL)
1972 Belgium Swerts, RogerRoger Swerts (BEL)
1973 Belgium Merckx, EddyEddy Merckx (BEL) Molteni
1974 United Kingdom Hoban, BarryBarry Hoban (GBR)
1975 Belgium Maertens, FreddyFreddy Maertens (BEL) Flandria-Carpenter
1976 Belgium Maertens, FreddyFreddy Maertens (BEL) Flandria-Carpenter
1977 France Hinault, BernardBernard Hinault (FRA) Gitane-Campagnolo
1978 Belgium Haute, Ferdi Van DenFerdi Van Den Haute (BEL)
1979 Italy Moser, FrancescoFrancesco Moser (ITA) Sanson
1980 Netherlands Lubberding, HenkHenk Lubberding (NED) TI-Raleigh
1981 Netherlands Raas, JanJan Raas (NED) TI-Raleigh
1982 Belgium Hoste, FrankFrank Hoste (BEL) TI-Raleigh
1983 Netherlands Vliet, Leo vanLeo van Vliet (NED) TI-Raleigh
1984 Italy Bontempi, GuidoGuido Bontempi (ITA) Carrera–Inoxpran
1985 Belgium Vanderaerden, EricEric Vanderaerden (BEL) Panasonic
1986 Italy Bontempi, GuidoGuido Bontempi (ITA) Carrera–Inoxpran
1987 Netherlands Vliet, Teun vanTeun van Vliet (NED) Panasonic
1988 Republic of Ireland Kelly, SeanSean Kelly (IRL) Kas
1989 Netherlands Solleveld, GerritGerrit Solleveld (NED) Superconfex-Yoko
1990 Belgium Frison, HermanHerman Frison (BEL) Histor-Sigma
1991 Soviet Union Abdoujaparov, DjamolidineDjamolidine Abdoujaparov (URS) Carrera Jeans–Tassoni
1992 Italy Cipollini, MarioMario Cipollini (ITA) GB-MG
1993 Italy Cipollini, MarioMario Cipollini (ITA) GB-MG
1994 Belgium Peeters, WilfriedWilfried Peeters (BEL) GB-MG
1995 Denmark Michaelsen, LarsLars Michaelsen (DEN) Festina–Lotus
1996 Belgium Steels, TomTom Steels (BEL) Mapei–GB
1997 France Gaumont, PhilippePhilippe Gaumont (FRA) Cofidis
1998 Belgium Vandenbroucke, FrankFrank Vandenbroucke (BEL) Mapei–Bricobi
1999 Belgium Steels, TomTom Steels (BEL) Mapei–Quick-Step
2000 Belgium Bondt, Geert VanGeert Van Bondt (BEL) Farm Frites
2001 United States Hincapie, GeorgeGeorge Hincapie (USA) U.S. Postal Service
2002 Italy Cipollini, MarioMario Cipollini (ITA) Acqua e Sapone–Cantina Tollo
2003 Germany Klier, AndreasAndreas Klier (GER) Team Telekom
2004 Belgium Boonen, TomTom Boonen (BEL) Quick-Step–Davitamon
2005 Belgium Mattan, NicoNico Mattan (BEL) Davitamon–Lotto
2006 Norway Hushovd, ThorThor Hushovd (NOR) Crédit Agricole
2007 Germany Burghardt, MarcusMarcus Burghardt (GER) T-Mobile Team
2008 Spain Freire, OscarÓscar Freire (ESP) Rabobank
2009 Norway Hagen, Edvald BoassonEdvald Boasson Hagen (NOR) Team Columbia–High Road
2010 Austria Eisel, BernhardBernhard Eisel (AUT) Team HTC–Columbia
2011 Belgium Boonen, TomTom Boonen (BEL) Quick-Step
2012 Belgium Boonen, TomTom Boonen (BEL) Omega Pharma–Quick-Step
2013 Slovakia Sagan, PeterPeter Sagan (SVK) Cannondale
2014 Germany Degenkolb, JohnJohn Degenkolb (GER) Giant–Shimano
2015 Italy Paolini, LucaLuca Paolini (ITA) Team Katusha

Multiple winners[edit]

Riders in italic are still active

Wins Rider Country Editions
3 Robert Van Eenaeme  Belgium 1936, 1937, 1945
Rik Van Looy  Belgium 1956, 1957, 1962
Eddy Merckx  Belgium 1967, 1970, 1973
Mario Cipollini  Italy 1992, 1993, 2002
Tom Boonen  Belgium 2004, 2011, 2012
2 Raymond Impanis  Belgium 1952, 1953
Briek Schotte  Belgium 1950, 1955
Frans Aerenhouts  Belgium 1960, 1961
Freddy Maertens  Belgium 1975, 1976
Guido Bontempi  Italy 1984, 1986
Tom Steels  Belgium 1996, 1999

Wins per country[edit]

Wins Country
48  Belgium
7  Italy
5  Netherlands
3  France
 Germany
2  Norway
1  Austria
 Denmark
 Ireland
 Slovakia
 Spain
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Uzbekistan

Women's race[edit]

The Gent–Wevelgem women's race is held since 2012, on the same day as the men's event but over a shorter course of 115 km. Unlike the men's race, the start is in Ypres and the course does not cover the hills in Northern France.[29] The inaugural women's edition was won by British rider Lizzie Armitstead after a 40-km solo breakaway.[30][31] It is classified as a UCI 1.2 race.[32]

Rider Team
2012 United Kingdom Armitstead, LizzieLizzie Armitstead (GBR) AA Drink–leontien.nl
2013 Netherlands Wild, KirstenKirsten Wild (NED) Team Argos-Shimano
2014 United States Hall, LaurenLauren Hall (USA) Optum–Kelly Benefit Strategies
2015 Netherlands Mackaij, FloortjeFloortje Mackaij (NED) Team Liv-Plantur

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The start location of Ghent was a logical economic choice. The city was home to several flax factories who traded with the many textile manufacturers in Wevelgem.[5]
  2. ^ Van Belle died in 1954 when he tried to save his seven-year old son who had fallen in the Leie river in Ghent.[5]
  3. ^ The slot formerly held by the Brabantse Pijl.
  4. ^ In 2016 Gent-Wevelgem will not include the Casselberg because of the annual Easter carnival in the commune that coincides with the race in 2016 [20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "In Flanders Fields". Gent-Wevelgem. Flanders Classics. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  2. ^ Henrys, Colin (7 December 2015). "Gent-Wevelgem 2015 preview: six fast men who could win the 'sprinter's Classic'". RoadCyclingUK. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Gent–Wevelgem". UCI. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Gent-Wevelgem
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Geschiedenis". gent-wevelgem.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  6. ^ Jones, Jeff. "Tuscan encore". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "Mario Cipollini". gent-wevelgem.be. Flanders Classics. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  8. ^ "Tom Steels ( 1996 en 1999 )". gent-wevelgem.be. Flanders Classics. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Jones, Jeff. "65th Gent-Wevelgem - 1.HC. Belgium, April 9, 2003". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "Tom Boonen scores his first classic victory. 07 april 2004". gent-wevelgem.be. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  11. ^ Jones, Jeff. "66th Gent-Wevelgem - 1.HC. Belgium, April 7, 2004". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  12. ^ Ryan, Barry. "Boonen surprised by Gent-Wevelgem victory. Belgian bridges seven year gap in finishing sprint". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "Boonen wins again in Ghent-Wevelgem". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  14. ^ Kröner, Hedwig. "Preview. Gent - Wevelgem Gent-Wevelgem: to sprint or not to sprint?". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  15. ^ "Gallery: Gent-Wevelgem mayhem". Cycling News (Immediate Media Company). 31 March 2015. Archived from the original on 1 May 2015. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  16. ^ Brown, Gregor. "Wind like never before in Belgium’s Gent-Wevelgem classic". Cycling Weekly. Competitor Group, Inc. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e Ryan, Barry (28 March 2015). "Gent-Wevelgem preview: Degenkolb, Kristoff and Cavendish face off in Belgium". Cycling News. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c "GW2015 Elite men map profile" (PDF). flandersclassics.be. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  19. ^ "Wegwijzer - Itinéraire" (PDF). Het Nieuwsblad. Corelio. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Geen Casselberg in Gent-Wevelgem: "Zware streep door de rekening"". Sportwereld (in Dutch). Corelio. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  21. ^ Brown, Gregor; Decaluwé, Brecht. "69th Gent-Wevelgem - PT". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  22. ^ Westemeyer, Susan. "Casper considers suing Unibet, reflects on Kemmelberg". Cycling News. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  23. ^ "Gent-Wevelgem weer over steilste kant Kemmelberg". Sportwereld (in Dutch). Corelio. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  24. ^ Fletcher, Patrick. "Gent-Wevelgem to be revamped with steeper side of the Kemmelberg". Cycling News. Immediate Media Company. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  25. ^ "Cobbled Classics". Cycling Weekly. Time Inc. UK. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  26. ^ a b c "Past". gent-wevelgem.be. Flanders Classics. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  27. ^ "Ieper nog steeds de poort tot de finale". gent-wevelgem.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  28. ^ Delvaux, Maarten. "Alles wat u moet weten over Gent-Wevelgem". sportwereld.be (in Dutch). Corelio. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  29. ^ Delvaux, Maarten. "Alles wat u moet weten over Gent-Wevelgem". Sportwereld.be (in Dutch). Het Mediahuis. 
  30. ^ "Armitstead powers to solo win". Sky Sports. March 25, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  31. ^ "Elizabeth Armitstead wint eerste Gent-Wevelgem voor vrouwen". Het Nieuwsblad (in Dutch). 25 March 2012. 
  32. ^ Frattini, Kristen. "Women's news shorts: D'Hoore rides Gent-Wevelgem, Johansson out with broken collarbone". Cycling News. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 

External links[edit]