There are two kinds of Georgian livestock guardian dogs: the short haired "Lion" type, typically pure white or white with dark patches on its coat and the long hair "Bear" type are typically dark brown to black head and lighter brown covering the rest of the coat. In Georgia they are known as, Qartuli Nagazi. The short hair "Lion" type is considered to the oldest or Aboriginal variant of the breed, with the pure white being the rarest coat color. The "Lion" variant was predominantly found in the north-east regions of Georgia.
Physically, these dogs are strongly-boned, muscular, and athletic, with a large head and powerful legs. Georgian Shepherds tend to be assertive, brave, and alert. Shepherds traditionally used Georgian Shepherd for defending sheep from predators.