Church of SS Peter and Paul, Glentham
|OS grid reference|
|• London||130 mi (210 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Market Rasen|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Glentham is a village and civil parish in the West Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated on the A631, 6 miles (9.7 km) west from Market Rasen, and 2 miles (3.2 km) east from Caenby Corner and the A15. The village includes the hamlet of Caenby.
The Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names gives the derivation of the name Glentham as glente + hām, meaning either 'homestead frequented by birds of prey' or 'homestead at a lookout place'. Caenby is said to probably mean 'farmstead or village of a man called Cāfna or Kafni'. 
Glentham was mentioned in the Domesday Book, as being in the Aslacoe hundred in the West Riding of Lindsey. It had a total population of 64 households (very large for the time) with tax assessment of 8 geld units (again very large). Land in Glentham was held by four separate lords before the Norman conquest and three afterwards:
Lord in 1066: Lincoln St Mary, bishop of. Lord in 1086: Lincoln St Mary, bishop of. Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Lincoln St Mary, bishop of.
Lord in 1066: Thorgisl. Lord in 1086: Rainfrid. Tenant-in-chief in 1086: Ivo Tallboys.
Glentham Grade I listed Anglican church is dedicated to St Peter and St Paul. Originating in the 13th century, it has had additions and changes up to the 20th. It is mainly Perpendicular in style. Pevsner dates the tower from 1756, and a stained glass window by Christopher Whall from 1915. In the chancel and the north aisle are monuments and brasses to the Tourney family of Cavenby. Set within a niche over the south porch is an image of Pieta holding the dead Christ. At the west of the church is a mutilated 14th-century brass effigy of a female; previously known as "Molly Grime", it was, up to 1832, washed every Good Friday by seven old maids.
In 1885 Kelly's Directory recorded both a Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist chapel, and a nearby barrow. At that time much land in the area was given over to pasture, while main crops grown were wheat, barley and beans.
- Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names A. D. Mills.
- Domesday Book. Retrieved 15 March 2015
- Historic England. "Church of St Peter and St Paul (1165045)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire pp. 136, 137; Methuen & Co. Ltd
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Harris, John; The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire p. 248; Penguin, (1964); revised by Nicholas Antram in 1989, Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09620-8
- Gentleman's Magazine 1865; part 2, pp. 205-7
- Historic England. "D-shaped barrow and enclosure 250m east of New Close Plantation (1017333)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
- Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, p. 415
- "Glentham Village, Owmby Group of Parishes. Retrieved 7 August 2011
- "HMS Glentham", Clydesite.co.uk. Retrieved 23 June 2013
- , Genuk site. Retrieved 15 March 2015