List of governors and heads of state of Fiume

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Territory of the corpus separatum before 1918.
Territory of the Free State from 1920 to 1924.
Territory of the Province of Carnaro, 1924.

This is a list of governors of the Corpus separatum of Fiume (formally known as City of Fiume and its district), heads of state of the Free State of Fiume and prefects of the Province of Carnaro (now modern Rijeka and its surrounding area, in Croatia).

List[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Tenure Portrait Incumbent Notes
Hungarian suzerainty
20 October 1776 to 1783 József gróf Majláth Székhélyi, Governor
1783 to 1788 Pál gróf Almásy Zsadányi, Governor
1788 to 1791 János Pétar gróf Szápáry, Governor
1791 to 1801 Sándor Pászthory, Governor
1801 to 1809 József Klobusiczky, Governor
Illyrian Provinces (French suzerainty)
July 1809 to November 1809 Marc Bryd (Marco de Bryde), Intendant Did not take office
November 1809 to 1810 François Boleslas Casimir Duval de Chassenon de Curzay, Intendant
1810 to June 1811 Marie Méry, comte de Contades, Intendant
1811 to 1813 Part of Croatie civile
British suzerainty
3 July 1813 to 26 August 1813 Captain Hoste of HMS Amphion by Henry Edridge (London 1768-1821).jpg William Hoste, Commander
Austrian suzerainty
26 August 1813 to September 1813 Nugent.jpg Laval Graf Nugent von Westmeath, Commander
2 September 1813 to 1813 Josip Lazarić, Commander
23 November 1813 to 1814 Giuseppe barone dell' Argento, Provisional Intendant
7 August 1814 to 1815 Franz Joseph Graf von Saurau, Kreishauptmann District Captain, Commissioner to 1 October 1814
1815 to 1816 Johann Nepomuk Freiherr von Grimschitz, Kreishauptmann District Captain
Kingdom of Illyria (Austrian suzerainty)
April 1816 to 1819 Joseph Freiherr von Weingarten, Kreishauptmann District Captain
8 August 1819 to 1822 Ludwig Freiherr von Humbracht, Kreishauptmann District Captain
Hungarian suzerainty
15 October 1822 to 1823 Georg von Majláth Senior Litho.jpg György Majláth, Royal Commissioner
1823 to 1837 Ferenc Ürményi, Governor
5 July 1837 to 22 April 1848 Pál Kiss de Nemeskér, Governor
23 April 1848 to 31 August 1848 János Nepomuk gróf Erdödy, Governor
Croatian suzerainty
31 August 1848 to 19 May 1859 Ivan Zasche, Portret bana Josipa Jelacica.jpg Josip Jelačić, Governor Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia
5 September 1848 to 6 August 1850 Josip Bunjevac, Royal Commissioner
July 1851 to 1852 Antun Rušnov, Civil Captain
1852 to 1856 Ernst Freiherr von Kellersperg, Civil Captain
1856 to 1860 Karl Sigmund Graf Hohenwarth, Civil Captain
1860 to 1861 Hermann Freiherr von Sterneck, Royal Commissioner
1861 to 1867 Bartol Benedikt Zmajić, Civil Captain
Hungarian suzerainty
6 April 1867 to 29 July 1870 Ede Cseh de Szentkatolna, Royal commissioner
29 July 1870 to 5 December 1872 József gróf Zichy de Zich et Vásonkeö, Governor
26 February 1873 to 1 November 1883 Géza gróf Szapáry de Szapár, Governor
1 November 1883 to 6 March 1892 Ágost gróf Zichy, Governor
6 March 1892 to 2 October 1896 Batthyány Lajos (politikus).jpg Lajos gróf Batthyány de Nemetujvár, Governor
2 October 1896 to 14 July 1897 Rezsö báró Abele de Lilienberg, Governor
14 July 1897 to 23 November 1897 Tibor Gaal de Hatvan, acting Governor 1st term
23 November 1897 to 2 August 1903 László gróf Szapáry de Szapár, Governor
2 August 1903 to 10 December 1903 Tibor Gaal de Hatvan, acting Governor 2nd term
10 December 1903 to 17 February 1905 Ervin báró Roszner, Governor
17 February 1905 to 17 October 1905 Tibor Gaal de Hatvan, acting Governor 3rd term
17 October 1905 to 26 December 1905 Pál gróf Szapáry de Szapár, Governor
26 December 1905 to 24 May 1906 Tibor Gaal de Hatvan, acting Governor 4th term
4 April 1906 to 29 April 1906 György gróf Károlyi de Nagykároly, Governor
24 May 1906 to 7 December 1909 Sándor gróf Nákó de Nagyszentmiklós, Governor
7 December 1909 to 13 November 1910 István gróf Wickenburg de Capelló, acting Governor
13 November 1910 to 31 July 1917 István gróf Wickenburg de Capelló, Governor
31 July 1917 to 29 October 1918 Zoltán Jekelfalussy de Jekel- és Margitfalva, Governor
Status indeterminate (Principal Allied and Associated Powers control)
28 October 1918 to 17 November 1918 Grossich.jpg Antonio Grossich, President of the Italian National Council of Fiume
29 October 1918 to 17 November 1918 Rikard Lenac, Administrator Veliki župan, appointed on behalf of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs; in opposition
Italian/Allied suzerainty
17 November 1918 to 8 September 1920 Grossich.jpg Antonio Grossich, President of the Italian National Council of Fiume
17 November 1918 to 29 November 1918 Enrico Asinari di San Marzo, Military Governor
29 November 1918 to 28 August 1919 Francesco Saverio Grazioli, Military Governor
29 August 1919 to 13 September 1919 Vittorio Emanuele Pittaluga, Military Governor
14 September 1919 to 8 September 1920 Gabriele D'Anunnzio.png Gabriele D'Annunzio, Commander of the City of Fiume
Italian Regency of Carnaro
8 September 1920 to 29 December 1920 Gabriele D'Anunnzio.png Gabriele D'Annunzio, Primo Rettore First Chancellor; ousted by the Royal Italian Army during the Bloody Christmas
29 December 1920 to 31 December 1920 Riccardo Gigante, President of the Municipal Council of Fiume
31 December 1920 Establishment of the Free State of Fiume, according to the Treaty of Rapallo
Free State of Fiume
31 December 1920 to 27 April 1921 Grossich.jpg Antonio Grossich, Chairman of the Provisional Government of the State
27 April 1921 to 28 April 1921 Riccardo Gigante, President of the Provisional Directory of Fiume
28 April 1921 to 13 June 1921 Salvatore Bellasich, Commissioner Extraordinary
13 June 1921 to 21 September 1921 Antonio Foschini, High Commissioner Appointed on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy
21 September 1921 to 5 October 1921 Luigi Amantea, High Commissioner Appointed on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy
5 October 1921 to 4 March 1922 Riccardo Zanella, President Deposed in a Fascist coup d'état; in Yugoslavia exile to 16 March 1924
4 March 1922 to 9 March 1922 Attilio Prodam, President of Committee of National Defense
9 March 1922 to 4 April 1922 GiovanniGiurati.jpg Giovanni Giuriati, Provisional President
4 April 1922 to 17 September 1923 Attilio Depoli, Provisional Head of State
17 September 1923 to 16 March 1924 Giardino gaetano.gif Gaetano Giardino, Military Governor Appointed on behalf of the Kingdom of Italy
16 March 1924 Incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy as the Province of Carnaro, according to the Treaty of Rome
Province of Carnaro (Italian suzerainty)
16 March 1924 to 30 April 1924 Giardino gaetano.gif Gaetano Giardino, Prefect
1 May 1924 to 10 February 1925 Michele Sorge, Prefect
10 February 1925 to 16 May 1930 Emanuele Vivorio, Prefect
16 May 1930 to 20 January 1934 Antonio De Biase, Prefect
20 January 1934 to 20 February 1938 Francesco Turbacco, Prefect
20 February 1938 to 1 February 1943 Temistocle Testa, Prefect
1 February 1943 to 20 August 1943 Agostino Podestà, Prefect
20 August 1943 to 21 September 1943 Pietro Chiariotti, Prefect Under German occupation from 9 September 1943, following the Armistice of Cassibile
German occupation
21 September 1943 to 29 October 1943 Riccardo Giganti, Prefect Appointed on behalf of the Italian Social Republic
29 October 1943 to April 1945 Alessandro Spalatin, Prefect Appointed on behalf of the Italian Social Republic
1943 to 1944 Karl Pachneck, Berater Advisor
1944 to 1945 Rossmann, Berater Advisor
24 April 1945 Occupied by the Yugoslav Army (Fiume city occupied on 3 May 1945)
10 February 1947 Formally ceded to the SFR Yugoslavia by the Italian Republic, according to the Treaty of Peace. Incorporated into the SFR Yugoslavia as part of the SR Croatia; renamed Rijeka

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