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The Gracie family (Portuguese: [ˈɡɾejsi]) is a prominent martial arts family from Brazil known for their development of Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ). They have been successful in combat sport competitions including mixed martial arts, vale tudo, and submission wrestling events. As a family, they uphold the Gracie challenge, which promotes their style of modern jiu-jitsu. Members are affinally and consanguineously related to the Machado family.
One part of the Gracie family line in Brazil descended from George Gracie, a Scotsman from the Carronhill estate in Dumfriesshire who emigrated in 1826 when he was 25 years old.[clarification needed] George was a son of James (b. 1772), the second son of family patriarch George Gracie (b. 1734), and Jean Patterson. From George came Pedro, from Pedro came Gastão, who was the father of Carlos Gracie and Hélio Gracie. Carlos Gracie and Hélio Gracie are 1/8 Scottish.
Gastão Gracie from Rio de Janeiro, the grandson of George Gracie through his son Pedro married Cesarina Pessoa Vasconcellos, the daughter of a wealthy Ceará family, in 1901 and decided to settle in Belém do Pará.[unreliable source?] Gastão Gracie became a business partner of the American Circus in Belém. In 1916, the Italian Argentine Queirolo Brothers staged circus shows there and presented Mitsuyo Maeda, a Japanese judoka and prize fighter. In 1917, Carlos Gracie, the eldest son of Gastão Gracie, watched a demonstration by Mitsuyo Maeda at the Da Paz Theatre and decided to learn judo. Conde thus accepted to teach Gastão's son Carlos. In 1921, however, following financial hardship and his own father Pedro's demise, Gastão Gracie returned to Rio de Janeiro with his family.
Maeda's teachings were then passed on to Carlos' brothers Oswaldo, Gastão Jr., and George. Hélio, however, was too young and sick at that time to learn the art and due to his medical imposition was prohibited to physically partake in training. Despite this, Helio became a coxswain for the local rowing team as well as a competitive swimmer. Despite his poor health, Hélio successfully learned the art of Jiu Jitsu through watching his brothers. Today, Hélio and Carlos are both widely considered by the Jiu Jitsu community and Gracie family as the creators of modern Brazilian jiu-jitsu.
For a number of years, the Gracie family ran a competitive monopoly on Vale Tudo events.  Through their competitive rise, the men allocated power and influence with which they sought to promote Gracie family members within the Vale Tudo community.
Roger Gracie won the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship 10 times in various weight divisions (6 times at 100 kg, once at 100+kg, and 3 times in the Absolute division). He also won the Pan-American Championship in the Absolute division in 2006 and the European Championships in 2005 in the 100+kg and Absolute divisions.
Kyra Gracie won the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in the Women's under 60 kg division in 2005, 2007, and 2011 and the World Jiu-Jitsu Championship four times (three times in the Women's under 64 kg division and once in the Women's Absolute Division).
This section needs expansion with: further entries and formatting for the tree. You can help by adding to it. (February 2016)
|Gracie family tree|
Notable members of the Brazilian Gracie family include:
- Carlson Gracie (d. 2006)
- Robson Gracie also known as Carlos Robson Gracie
- Reyson Gracie
- Carley Gracie
- Rolls Gracie (d. 1982)
- Carlos Gracie Jr.
- Rorion Gracie
- Relson Gracie
- Rickson Gracie
- Royler Gracie
- Royce Gracie
- Robin Gracie
- Clark Gracie
- Daniel Gracie Simoes
- Kron Gracie
- Ralek Gracie
- Ralph Gracie
- Rener Gracie
- Renzo Gracie
- Rodrigo Gracie
- Roger Gracie
- Rolles Gracie, Jr.
- Ryan Gracie (d. 2007)
- Cesar Gracie
- Gracie (name)
- List of notable Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioners
- Gracie jiu-jitsu ranking system
- The Gracies and the Birth of Vale Tudo
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-  Archived May 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
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