Renzo Gracie

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Renzo Gracie
200x
Born (1967-03-11) March 11, 1967 (age 51)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
ResidenceHolmdel Township, New Jersey, US
NationalityBrazilian
Height5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)
Weight171 lb (78 kg; 12 st 3 lb)
DivisionWelterweight
Middleweight
StyleBJJ, Judo, Submission Wrestling, Kickboxing
Fighting out ofNew York, New York, United States
TeamRenzo Gracie Combat Team
Rank     6th Degree Black Belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under Carlos Gracie, Jr.[1]
Black belt in Judo[citation needed]
Years active1992-2010, 2018
Mixed martial arts record
Total23
Wins14
By knockout1
By submission9
By decision3
By disqualification1
Losses7
By knockout2
By submission1
By decision4
Draws1
No contests1
Other information
SpouseCristina Gracie
ChildrenCatarina Gracie, Cora Gracie, Ruran Gracie
Notable relativesGracie family
Notable studentsMatt Serra, Ricardo Almeida, Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Georges St-Pierre, Rolles Gracie, Chris Weidman, Kyra Gracie, Frankie Edgar, Roy Nelson, Neiman Gracie, Gunnar Nelson,Harley Flanagan, Guy Richie, and John Danaher.
Websitehttp://www.renzogracie.com/
Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog
Renzo Gracie
Medal record
Submission Wrestling
ADCC World Championship
Gold medal – first place 2000 -77kg[2]
Gold medal – first place 1998 -77kg[3]

Renzo Gracie (Portuguese: [ˈʁẽzu ˈɡɾejsi]; born March 11, 1967) is a Brazilian mixed martial artist and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioner. A member of the Gracie family of Brazil, Renzo is a 6th Degree Black Belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu under Carlos Gracie Jr.. He is the son of Robson Gracie, grandson of Carlos Gracie, nephew of Carlos Gracie, Jr. grandnephew of Helio Gracie,[4] and the 1st cousin once removed of Royce Gracie. In mixed martial arts, Renzo has competed in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, Pride Fighting Championships, K-1, RINGS, and International Fight League (head-coaching the New York Pitbulls). He holds notable victories over five former UFC Champions: Frank Shamrock (UFC Light Heavyweight Champion), Carlos Newton (UFC Welterweight Champion), Pat Miletich (UFC Welterweight Champion), Maurice Smith (UFC Heavyweight Champion), and Oleg Taktarov (UFC 6 Tournament Winner)

A world famous Jiu-Jitsu coach, Gracie has helped train a number of professional fighters such as: Georges St-Pierre, Frankie Edgar, Chris Weidman, Matt Serra, Ricardo Almeida, Roy Nelson, Rodrigo Gracie and Paul Creighton. His brothers Ralph Gracie and the late Ryan Gracie were also famous fighters.[5] Renzo Gracie: Legacy, a 2008 documentary film follows Renzo's influence on Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Mixed martial arts over a ten-year period, showing the origins of the sport from its bare knuckle days to the explosion of the sport in both Japan and America.

Mixed martial arts career[edit]

Renzo debuted in the Brazilian vale tudo circuit. He had his first match against kickboxer Luiz Augusto Alvareda, whom he dominated with his grappling ability and submitted by rear naked choke. After the match, he moved to United States to teach Brazilian jiu-jitsu.

World Combat Championships[edit]

In October 1995, Gracie was called to fight in World Combat Championships, a no holds barred event created by Jon Peters's son Christopher. The event hosted two separated tournaments for strikers and grapplers whose winners would meet at the finals, and Gracie was put on the latter due to his Brazilian jiu-jitsu background.[6] His first match was against Dutch judoka Ben Spijkers, who had taunted Gracie in the press conference and pranked him on his hotel room the previous night.[7] Spijkers scored the first takedown, but Renzo answered with another, took his back through headbutts and elbow strikes and finally choked him for the win. After the bout, Gracie intentionally stepped on Spijkers's head as he walked away as an act of revenge for the pranking, an act he later apologized for.[6][8] Gracie fought next striker Phil Benedict, and although he received a hard right punch in the first seconds, he executed a takedown and defeated Benedict by ground and pound from the mount.[8] At the finals, Gracie then faced kickboxer James Warring, winning by neck crank in similar time.[8]

Gracie had originally entered WCC with the idea of fighting Bart Vale, who would compete as well, as Vale had boasted that smaller opponents like Renzo were afraid of facing him. However, Vale would forfeit his place in the tournament after his first match, so the bout didn't happen.[8] Producer Peters had the intention to host a second event where Gracie and Vale would fight in a"superfight" format, but these plans were abandoned.[8]

Pentagon Combat[edit]

On September 22, 1997, Gracie partaked in Pentagon Combat, a MMA event founded by future ADCC backer Sheikh Tahnoon bin Zayed. Gracie was pitted against Eugenio Tadeu, a fighter whose style, luta livre, was in a huge rivalry with Brazilian jiu-jitsu at the time, which guaranteed the match was received with heat. Promoters of the event hired little security for the match, and although the luta livre supporters got less tickets than their jiu-jitsu homologues, they sneaked into the arena earlier in the event.[9] The first minutes of the match were uneventful, with Gracie claiming years later Tadeu had greased up his body to difficult his grip, but he eventually managed to mount Tadeu.[10] However, Gracie got tired, and Tadeu started to take control of the action.[9]

When the fight became stalled against the cage wall, audience members pushed their way through security staff and grabbed the very cage, screaming insults to the fighters and even attacking them through the netting whenever they came near. Some spectators climbed up the fence while others pulled them down, leading the match to be briefly stopped in order to clear them out,[11] while Gracie received both punches and kicks by luta livre supporters without the referee noticing.[9][10] The situation finally exploded when Gracie fought back one of his attackers, causing a massive brawl to erupt among the over 400 spectators. Audience members threw chairs and seats to each other, the lights were turned off, and gunshots were heard.[9] The event caused mixed martial arts to be banned in Rio de Janeiro for ten years.[9]

Pride Fighting Championships[edit]

Gracie debuted in the first event of Pride Fighting Championships, Pride 1, where he was pitted against Japanese judo-based fighter Akira Shoji. The Brazilian dominated the match, at several points threatening Shoji with armbars, rear naked chokes and omoplatas, all while receiving only superficial damage from kicks and knees, but he failed at finishing Shoji, and thus the match went to a draw after thirty minutes.

His first victory in Pride was at the very next event, Pride 2, against judoka and catch wrestler Sanae Kikuta. The match was fought under special rules by Gracie's demand, which included an unlimited number of ten-minute rounds. However, this had the effect to lengthen the match to almost an hour, as both fighters remained largely inactive in the clinch and Renzo's guard. Only in the sixth round Renzo managed to lock a guillotine choke and submit Kikuta.[12] In 2014, Gracie claimed to have been drugged by PRIDE promoters before the fight to explain his performance.[13]

Gracie returned in Pride 8, where he fought professional wrestler Alexander Otsuka. The latter, who came to the match bandaged due to a pro wrestling match the same day, scored a takedown and passed Gracie's guard for a moment, but the Brazilian regained his defense. Gracie came back with hard upkicks and multiple submission attempts, like a triangle choke and a guillotine choke, being answered with short hammerfists by the Japanese. After the match was restarted, Renzo seemed to secure an armbar from the bottom, only for Otsuka to escape and defend until the end. Even although Gracie next landed a German suplex-like takedown, the match ended with both Otsuka and Gracie pursuing a submission each.[14]

In 2000, Gracie returned from a tenure in Fighting Network Rings to fight Kazushi Sakuraba, who had been nicknamed "The Gracie Hunter" for his victories against Renzo's relatives Royler and Royce. During the first round, they fought evenly, mainly exchanging strikes and takedown attempts. At the second, the Japanese wrestler took Gracie down, but he was unable to pass his guard despite his many techniques and tricks. The match finally came to its peak when Renzo executed a De la Riva reversal and captured Sakuraba's back against the corner. At that moment, the Japanese got hold of Gracie's arm and spun around with a Kimura lock, dislocating his arm before hitting the mat and prompting the referee to stop the fight.[15] Uncharacteristically for the Gracie side during their rivalry with Sakuraba, Renzo took the mic after the match and declared Sakuraba was the better man. Similarly, years later Gracie called Sakuraba "his hero" and remembered their match as "one of the biggest lessons he learned in his life".[16][17]

Gracie next fought American wrestler Dan Henderson at Pride 13. The match was short, as Henderson used his wrestling superiority to keep the fight on their feet and land punches and knees. After one minute, Gracie tried a takedown, but Henderson landed two heavy punches and knocked him out. The American became the first fighter ever to knock out a Gracie.[18] Renzo bounced back with a victory over professional wrestler Michiyoshi Ohara, who resorted to clinching defensively for most of the match.

In 2002, Gracie fought against Shungo Oyama in Pride 21. Oyama taunted Renzo unceasantly through the match and imitated Sakuraba's offensive moves, getting some measure of success with it. Renzo became so irritated that he spat on Oyama at the end of the second round. At the third, Gracie looked to re-take the bout, but they just could exchange takedowns and strikes before the match went to the judges, with Oyama winning an unanimous decision.[19] Gracie was unhappy with this, and stated to believe he had lost the decision only because he spat on Oyama.[13]

His last match for Pride would be in October 2003 against eclectic grappler Carlos Newton. Gracie took him down and captured his back, only for Newton to reverse positions. The two fighters exchanged multiple sweeps and submission attempts in a short time, with Renzo almost locking a kneebar, but Newton ultimately escaping and ending the round hitting ground and pound from side mount. At the second, Renzo received a slamming takedown and a hip throw, so he opted to grab a guillotine choke and pull guard, seeking the finish, yet Newton freed himself and ended the match again with punches from half guard. Newton was given the split decision win,[20] which Gracie disputed.[17]

IFL and EliteXC[edit]

Gracie debuted for International Fight League in September 2006, submitting Pat Miletich in three minutes with a guillotine choke. He would then rematch Carlos Newton in December. The match was noted to resemble oddly their first encounter, as they struggled for position in the first round with Gracie threatening a submission and Newton ending it in side mount. The situation reversed at the second, as Gracie flipped Newton over to side mount, only for Newton to menace him with an ankle lock. At the third and final round, Newton worked to keep the fight standing and made Gracie bleed with some glaring strikes, but the fight ended without a result, and after a deliberation, the judges gave it to Gracie. This outcome was immediately met with controversy, with Gracie himself declaring he felt Newton was the winner.[21]

On February 10, 2007 Gracie won a match by disqualification against former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion Frank Shamrock for upstart MMA promotion EliteXC on its debut night Saturday February 10, 2007, on Showtime. Gracie was able to take Frank down and keep the fight on the ground, until Shamrock was disqualified by referee Herb Dean for landing illegal knee strikes to the back of Gracie's head. Shamrock had already been given one warning earlier in the match for illegal strikes to the back of Gracie's head. After the match, Gracie had to be helped out of the ring and back to his dressing room by his team allegedly due to receiving a concussion from the strikes.

Ultimate Fighting Championship[edit]

Returning from a three year hiatus, Gracie signed a six-fight contract with the UFC in December 2009 and faced former UFC Welterweight Champion Matt Hughes on April 10, 2010, at UFC 112 in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.[22] Although Gracie fared reasonably well against the American, he began to take more and more leg kicks, and by the end of the second round, the fight began to look more and more to Hughes's favor. The third round saw Hughes score with a series of uppercuts and hooks that hurt Gracie. Hughes finished Gracie with a series of punches.[23] Gracie lost to Hughes by TKO at 4:40 of round 3, becoming the second Gracie to fall victim to Matt Hughes, the other was his famous cousin Royce Gracie at UFC 60.

ONE Championship[edit]

On June 7, 2018, ONE Championship's president Chatri Sityodtong announced that Renzo Gracie had been enticed from retirement and was scheduled to face Yuki Kondo at One Championship Reign of Kings on July 27, marking Gracie's first fight since his loss to Matt Hughes in 2010.[24] He won the fight via rear-naked choke submission in the second round.

Other ventures[edit]

Renzo formerly coached a team, the New York Pitbulls, for the International Fight League.

Gracie is the head instructor at the Renzo Gracie Academy in midtown Manhattan. Many well known BJJ and MMA fighters have been trained by Renzo, including BJJ black belts Rodrigo Gracie, former UFC Welterweight Champion Georges St-Pierre, former UFC Welterweight Champion Matt Serra, BJJ World Champion Rafael "Gordinho" Correa, Paul Creighton, Alan Teo, David Branch (fighter), Rafael Natal, former Middleweight King of Pancrase Ricardo Almeida, Sean Alvarez and former UFC Middleweight Champion Chris Weidman.

Renzo Gracie also has affiliate academies in the United States, Brazil, Peru, Singapore, Canada, Mexico, South Africa and Israel.

Gracie has co-written two instructional books on jiu-jitsu; "Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Theory and Technique"[25] with his cousin Royler Gracie, and "Mastering Jujitsu"[26] with training partner John Danaher. He has also been the personal jiu-jitsu teacher of Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, since 1993.[27]

Metamoris[edit]

On November 22, 2014, Renzo fought Sakuraba in a grappling match in Metamoris V. The fight ended in a draw.

Personal life[edit]

Gracie is a resident of Holmdel Township, New Jersey. He and his wife Cristina have three children, Catarina, Cora and Ruran.[28] He has eleven brothers and sisters, including Charles Gracie, Flavia Gracie (Kyra Gracie's mother), Carla Gracie (Neiman Gracie's mother), Ralph Gracie and the late Ryan Gracie.[29][30] In May 2014, Renzo was arrested at 1 Oak street in New York City after being charged with gang assault after sending a night club bouncer to the hospital.[31] Renzo stated that he took the bouncer down but did not punch him.[32] Renzo's cousin, Igor Gracie was arrested as well in the incident.[33]

Instructor lineage[edit]

Mitsuyo MaedaCarlos Gracie, Sr.Helio GracieCarlos Gracie, Jr. → Renzo Gracie

Championships and accomplishments[edit]

Submission Grappling[edit]

Mixed Martial Arts[edit]

  • World Combat Championships
    • World Combat Championships 1 Tournament Winner

Mixed martial arts record[edit]

Res. Record Opponent Method Event Date Round Time Location Notes
Win 14–7–1 (1) Yuki Kondo Submission (rear-naked choke) ONE Championship: Reign of Kings July 27, 2018 2 1:40 Manila, Philippines
Loss 13–7–1 (1) Matt Hughes TKO (leg kicks and punches) UFC 112 April 10, 2010 3 4:40 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Win 13–6–1 (1) Frank Shamrock DQ (knees to downed opponent) EliteXC: Destiny February 10, 2007 2 2:00 Southaven, Mississippi, United States
Win 12–6–1 (1) Carlos Newton Decision (split) IFL: World Team Championships December 29, 2006 3 4:00 Uncasville, Connecticut, United States
Win 11–6–1 (1) Pat Miletich Submission (guillotine choke) IFL: Gracie vs. Miletich September 23, 2006 1 3:37 Moline, Illinois, United States
Loss 10–6–1 (1) B.J. Penn Decision (unanimous) K-1 World Grand Prix 2005 in Hawaii July 29, 2005 3 5:00 Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Loss 10–5–1 (1) Carlos Newton Decision (split) Pride Bushido 1 October 5, 2003 2 5:00 Saitama, Japan
Loss 10–4–1 (1) Shungo Oyama Decision (unanimous) Pride 21 June 23, 2002 3 5:00 Saitama, Japan
Win 10–3–1 (1) Michiyoshi Ohara Decision (unanimous) Pride 17 November 3, 2001 3 5:00 Tokyo, Japan
Loss 9–3–1 (1) Dan Henderson KO (punch) Pride 13 - Collision Course March 25, 2001 1 1:40 Saitama, Japan
Loss 9–2–1 (1) Kazushi Sakuraba Technical Submission (kimura) Pride 10 - Return of the Warriors August 27, 2000 2 9:43 Saitama, Japan
Loss 9–1–1 (1) Kiyoshi Tamura Decision (unanimous) Rings: King of Kings 1999 Final February 26, 2000 2 5:00 Tokyo, Japan
Win 9–0–1 (1) Maurice Smith Submission (straight armbar) Rings: King of Kings 1999 Block B December 22, 1999 1 0:50 Osaka, Japan
Win 8–0–1 (1) Wataru Sakata Submission (armbar) Rings: King of Kings 1999 Block B December 22, 1999 1 1:25 Osaka, Japan
Win 7–0–1 (1) Alexander Otsuka Decision (unanimous) Pride 8 November 21, 1999 2 10:00 Tokyo, Japan
Win 6–0–1 (1) Sanae Kikuta Submission (guillotine choke) Pride 2 March 15, 1998 6 0:43 Yokohama, Japan
Draw 5–0–1 (1) Akira Shoji Draw Pride 1 October 11, 1997 3 10:00 Tokyo, Japan
NC 5–0 (1) Eugenio Tadeu No Contest (fans rioted) Pentagon Combat September 27, 1997 1 14:45 Brazil
Win 5–0 Oleg Taktarov KO (upkick and punch) Martial Arts Reality Superfighting November 22, 1996 1 1:02 Birmingham, Alabama, United States
Win 4–0 James Warring Submission (ezekiel choke) WCC 1: First Strike October 17, 1995 1 2:47 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Win 3–0 Phil Benedict Submission (punches) WCC 1: First Strike October 17, 1995 1 2:08 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Win 2–0 Ben Spijkers Technical Submission (lapel choke) WCC 1: First Strike October 17, 1995 1 2:38 Charlotte, North Carolina, United States
Win 1–0 Luiz Augusto Alvareda Technical Submission (rear-naked choke) Desafio: Gracie Vale Tudo January 1, 1992 1 7:03 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Grappling record[edit]

19 Matches, 11 Wins (3 Submissions), 7 Losses, 1 Draw
Result Rec. Opponent Method Event Division Date Location
Draw 11-7-1 Japan Kazushi Sakuraba Draw Superfight Metamoris V November 22, 2014 United States Los Angeles, CA
Loss 11-7 Brazil Mario Sperry Points ADCC 2011 Superfight September 25, 2011 United Kingdom Nottingham
Loss 11-6 United States Mike Fowler Points ADCC 2007 –77kg May 4, 2007 United States Trenton, NJ
Loss 11-5 Brazil Pablo Popovitch Points ADCC 2005 –77kg 2005 United States Long Beach, CA
Loss 11-4 Brazil Marcelo García Points ADCC 2003 –77kg May 17, 2003 Brazil São Paulo
Win 11-3 Australia George Sotiropoulos Points
Loss 10-3 Australia Chris Brown Advantage ADCC 2001 –88kg 2001 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Win 10-2 Brazil Jean Jacques Machado Advantage ADCC 2000 –77kg 2000 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Win 9-2 Brazil Marcio Feitosa Submission (guillotine choke)
Win 8-2 Brazil Israel Albuquerque Points
Win 7-2 United States Dennis Hallman Points
Loss 6-2 Japan Egan Inoue Points ADCC 1999 –99kg 1999 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Win 6-1 China Fan Yi Submission (verbal)
Win 5-1 Brazil Luis Brito Submission (guillotine choke) ADCC 1998 –77kg 1998 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Win 4-1 Brazil Fabiano Iha Points
Win 3-1 Brazil Rodrigo Modarias Points
Win 2-1 United States Frank Trigg Decision
Loss 1-1 Brazil Wallid Ismail Points Desafio WxR Superfight 1993 Brazil Rio de Janeiro
Win 1-0 Brazil Ricardo de la Riva Advantage Campeonato Brasileiro Superfight 1993 Brazil Rio de Janeiro

Documentary[edit]

On November 14, 2008, there was limited release on DVD of a documentary, titled "Renzo Gracie: Legacy", which followed Gracie over 10 years of his life. The DVD was only released on Amazon.com and www.renzogracielegacy.com.[citation needed] Its tag line is "A 10 year history of mixed martial arts through the eyes of Renzo Gracie, one of its most charismatic pioneers."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] URL accessed July 9, 2016.
  2. ^ "ADCC Results". Official 2000 ADCC results. Archived from the original on May 19, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2012.
  3. ^ "ADCC Results". Official 1998 ADCC results. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2012.
  4. ^ Renzo Gracie Bio at Evolve MMA Archived April 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Ifl.tv - Ready For Development". Archived from the original on 2007-01-23.
  6. ^ a b MMA Origins: World Combat Championships
  7. ^ Poor Sportsmanship Display of the Day: Renzo Gracie vs Ben Spijkers
  8. ^ a b c d e Jim Coleman, World Combat - We're here, deal with it!, Black Belt Magazine, February 1997
  9. ^ a b c d e Renzo Gracie, Eugenio Tadeu and the riot that got MMA banned in Rio de Janeiro
  10. ^ a b "The riot over Renzo Gracie vs Eugenio Tadeu". Bloody Elbow. 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  11. ^ "Renzo Gracie vs. Eugenio Tadeu and the Show Ending Riot". Bloody Elbow. 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2018-02-01.
  12. ^ Scott Newman (2013-09-07). "MMA Review: #409: PRIDE 2". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  13. ^ a b Guilherme Cruz (2014-09-30). "Renzo Gracie says PRIDE promoters sabotaged him before Sanae Kikuta fight". MMA Fighting. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  14. ^ Scott Newman (2013-03-24). "MMA Review: #438: PRIDE 8 review". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  15. ^ Scott Newman (2006-11-30). "Pride 10: Return Of The Warriors review". Sports Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  16. ^ C.J. Tuttle (2014-11-23). "Renzo Gracie: 'Sakuraba is a hero to me'". Sherdog. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  17. ^ a b Dave Meltzer (2015-08-30). "Renzo Gracie reflects on the Kazushi Sakuraba fight, life-changing move to New York". MMA Fighting. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  18. ^ Scott Newman (2004-05-31). "MMA Review: #15: Pride 13: Collision Course". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  19. ^ Scott Newman (2004-12-27). "MMA Review: #36: PRIDE 21: Revolution". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  20. ^ Scott Newman (2005-01-05). "MMA Review: #39: PRIDE Bushido Vol. 1". The Oratory. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  21. ^ IFL "World Team Championship" full review and photos
  22. ^ "UFC to make history in Abu Dhabi at UFC 112". ufc.com. 2010-01-27. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010.
  23. ^ "UFC 112 Results: Matt Hughes Beats Up Renzo Gracie".
  24. ^ Guilherme Cruz (June 7, 2018). "ONE Championship books Renzo Gracie's return for July, interim bantamweight title fight". mmafighting.com.
  25. ^ Gracie, Renzo; Gracie, Royler (2001). Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu: Theory and Technique. Invisible Cities Press LLC. p. 304. ISBN 978-1-931229-08-1.
  26. ^ Gracie, Renzo; Danaher, John (2003). Mastering Jujitsu. Human Kinetics Publishers. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-7360-4404-2.
  27. ^ "Professional fighter gets royal treatment as prince's trainer". ESPN by Ryan Hockensmith. 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-19.
  28. ^ Hinckley, David. "Renzo Gracie shares family martial arts tradition", Daily News (New York), February 27, 2008. Accessed March 15, 2011. "Gracie, 40, of Holmden [sic], N.J., is a world-class mixed martial arts competitor who has spent his life preaching and practicing Brazilian (a.k.a. Gracie) jujitsu: a judo-based martial art that his grandfather devised."
  29. ^ Gracie Family Tree Archived 2009-09-17 at the Wayback Machine. URL accessed on June 5, 2009
  30. ^ Charles Gracie Family Tree URL accessed on June 5, 2009 Archived April 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  31. ^ Guilherme Cruz (27 May 2014). "Renzo Gracie breaks silence on alleged nightclub brawl". MMA Fighting.
  32. ^ Fox Sports. "Renzo Gracie: I didn't punch club bouncer, because he 'chickened out'". FOX Sports.
  33. ^ Fox Sports. "Renzo Gracie, cousin Igor arrested, charged with gang assault after nightclub incident". FOX Sports.

External links[edit]