|United States Senator|
from North Dakota
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Kent Conrad|
|Succeeded by||Kevin Cramer|
|28th Attorney General of North Dakota|
December 15, 1992 – December 15, 2000
|Preceded by||Nicholas Spaeth|
|Succeeded by||Wayne Stenehjem|
|20th Tax Commissioner of North Dakota|
December 2, 1986 – December 15, 1992
|Preceded by||Kent Conrad|
|Succeeded by||Robert Hanson|
Mary Kathryn Heitkamp
October 30, 1955
Breckenridge, Minnesota, U.S.
|Relatives||Joel Heitkamp (brother)|
|Education||University of North Dakota (BA)|
Lewis & Clark College (JD)
Mary Kathryn Heitkamp (// HYTE-kamp; born October 30, 1955) is an American businesswoman, lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator from North Dakota from 2013 to 2019. A member of the North Dakota Democratic–Nonpartisan League Party, she was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate from North Dakota. Heitkamp served as the 28th North Dakota attorney general from 1992 to 2000 and 20th North Dakota tax commissioner from 1986 to 1992. As of 2021, she is the last Democrat to hold statewide office in North Dakota.
Heitkamp ran for governor of North Dakota in 2000 and lost to Republican John Hoeven. She considered a bid for the Democratic nomination in the 2010 U.S. Senate election to replace the retiring Byron Dorgan, but on March 3, 2010, declined to run against Hoeven, who was ultimately elected.
In November 2011, Heitkamp declared her candidacy to replace the retiring Kent Conrad as U.S. senator from North Dakota in the 2012 election. She narrowly defeated Republican Congressman Rick Berg on November 6, 2012, in that year's closest Senate race. Heitkamp was North Dakota's second female senator, after Jocelyn Burdick, and the first woman to be elected to the Senate from the state. On November 6, 2018, Republican congressman Kevin Cramer defeated Heitkamp in her bid for reelection. After leaving the Senate, Heitkamp became a CNBC contributor and visiting fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School's Institute of Politics. In April 2019, with Senator Joe Donnelly of Indiana (who also lost reelection in 2018), she launched One Country Project, an organization aimed at helping Democrats reconnect with rural voters.
Early life, education and early career
Heitkamp was born in Breckenridge, Minnesota, the fourth of seven children of Doreen LaVonne (née Berg), a school cook, and Raymond Bernard Heitkamp, a janitor and construction worker. Her father was of German descent, her mother of half Norwegian and half German ancestry. Heitkamp was raised in Mantador, North Dakota, attending local public schools. She adopted the nickname "Heidi" in first grade to distinguish herself from two other classmates named Mary and Kathy. She earned a B.A. from the University of North Dakota in 1977 and a J.D. from Lewis & Clark Law School in 1980. Heitkamp interned for the U.S. Congress in 1976 and in the state legislature in 1977.
Practicing attorney and politics
She also became active in politics, joining the North Dakota Democratic–Nonpartisan League Party. In 1984, Heitkamp ran for North Dakota state auditor and lost to incumbent Republican Robert W. Peterson. In 1986, Conrad resigned as tax commissioner after his election to the U.S. Senate. Governor George A. Sinner appointed Heitkamp tax commissioner before she ran for the office and was elected with 66% of the vote against Republican Marshall Moore. She served in that position until 1992.
North Dakota Attorney General
In 1992, the incumbent North Dakota attorney general, Nick Spaeth, retired in order to run for governor. Heitkamp ran for attorney general and won with 62% of the vote. She was reelected in 1996 with 64% of the vote.
As attorney general of North Dakota, Heitkamp became known for leading the state's legal efforts to seek damages from tobacco companies, eventually resulting in the Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement.
2000 gubernatorial election
In 2000, incumbent Republican governor Ed Schafer decided not to seek a third term. Heitkamp ran unopposed in the Democratic primary. On the Republican side, John Hoeven, CEO of the Bank of North Dakota, also ran unopposed. During her campaign for governor, it was announced that Heitkamp had been diagnosed with breast cancer, which later went into remission. Hoeven defeated her, 55% to 45%. Heitkamp won 12 of the state's 53 counties.
Business career (2001–2012)
Heitkamp's brother, Joel, is a radio talk-show host and former North Dakota state senator. Heitkamp has occasionally filled in as host of his program, News and Views, which is broadcast on KFGO in Fargo and other stations in North Dakota.
In January 2011, incumbent Democratic U.S. senator Kent Conrad announced he would not seek reelection in 2012. On November 8, 2011, Heitkamp announced that she would seek the open seat. She vowed to be "an independent voice".
Heitkamp won the November 6, 2012, Senate election by 2,936 votes, less than 1% of the ballots cast. Berg conceded the race the next day, though he could have asked for a "demand recount" under North Dakota law.
In 2014, The Daily Beast suggested that Heitkamp might be a presidential contender in 2020, writing that she had come to Washington "personifying traditional values of the Old West: candor, consistency, hard work, and a sense of good faith and fair play."
In December 2016, it was reported that President-elect Donald Trump was considering Heitkamp for Secretary of Agriculture. In response, Heitkamp said on the radio that she would likely refuse any such offer. "I'm not saying 'never, never,' but I will tell you that I'm very, very honored to serve the people of North Dakota and I hope that no matter what I do, that will always be my first priority...The job that I have right now is incredibly challenging. I love it." Trump eventually nominated former Georgia governor Sonny Perdue for the job.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
- Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Committee on Indian Affairs
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
On September 13, 2017, a day after dining at the White House with several other senators and Trump, Heitkamp announced she would seek a second term. She spoke of the importance of legislation regarding infrastructure, tax reform, and energy and farm policy. Representative Kevin Cramer won the Republican primary to challenge Heitkamp.
In October 2018, Heitkamp apologized after her campaign ran a newspaper advertisement that "included names of victims of domestic violence, sexual assault or rape without their permission."
On November 6, 2018, Cramer defeated Heitkamp with 55.4% of the vote, despite raising $22 million less than her.
Life after the U.S. Senate
Heitkamp is a fellow at the University of Chicago's Institute of Politics, leading a series of seminars under the theme "Forming a More Perfect Union: Policies & Politics to Heal America’s Regional Divide".
Heitkamp has been described as a moderate Democrat. She was considered a centrist and often supported bipartisan legislation. The National Journal has given her a composite rating of 53% liberal and 47% conservative. The American Conservative Union gives her a lifetime 13.67% conservative rating. The fiscally conservative group Americans for Prosperity gives Heitkamp a lifetime score of 26% and a higher score of 70% in 2016. Americans for Democratic Action, which supports liberal positions, gave her a score of 45% liberal in 2016 and 60% liberal in 2015. According to FiveThirtyEight, Heitkamp voted in line with Trump's positions over 54% of the time. Congressional Quarterly published a study finding that she voted with Trump's position 67% of the time. The Associated Press found that she voted with his positions more than 68% of the time. In 2018, GovTrack placed Heitkamp near the center of the Senate as the third-most moderate Democrat, to the right of moderate Republican senator Susan Collins.
In March 2018, Heitkamp co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which would have made it a federal crime for American contractors to encourage or participate in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories if protesting actions by the Israeli government.
In June 2018, Americans for Prosperity, which is backed by the Koch brothers, ran digital advertisements thanking Heitkamp for her vote to pass legislation loosening financial regulations on banks.
Heitkamp has said that the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act contains "good and bad" elements and that "it needs to be fixed." She criticized her Senate race opponent Rick Berg for wanting to repeal the law, citing concerns about insurance companies denying coverage to children with preexisting conditions.
During the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, Heitkamp criticized Republican attempts to use the Continuing Appropriations Resolution as "a vehicle to legislate other issues," such as the defunding of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and a delay of its individual mandate. She was one of 14 members of the bipartisan Senate group that negotiated the compromise that was the basis of the eventual deal to end the shutdown. During the 2013 government shutdown, Heitkamp donated about $8,000 of her salary to North Dakota charities that support veterans, provide healthcare supplies to those that cannot afford them, and raise breast cancer awareness.
Heitkamp said she would support a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution "with exceptions" if elected. She said the exceptions would include wartime spending, Social Security, Medicare, and a ban on tax cuts for those making more than $1 million per year.
Heitkamp announced in a 2012 campaign press release that she supports the Buffett Rule. She supports implementing the Buffett Rule via the Paying a Fair Share Act, which would require those making a gross income of $1 million or more to pay at least a 30% federal tax rate.
After Trump's inauguration, Heitkamp was described as being "under intense pressure from the president to defect to the tax reform cause." On December 1, 2017, she joined every Democrat and 14 House and Senate Republicans in voting against the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
Heitkamp was described in 2017 as wanting "to use her White House connections to prod Trump to take a softer view on trade".
Heitkamp was one of the chief architects of a bank deregulation bill that rolled back provisions of Dodd-Frank. Many progressives, most notably Elizabeth Warren, have urged her colleagues to oppose the bill. She was one of 17 Democrats who broke with the majority of their party and voted with Republicans to ease bank regulations. Trump invited Heitkamp to take part in the signing ceremony after the bill's passage.
When running for Senate in 2012, Heitkamp said she opposed public funding of abortions and believed that "late term abortions should be illegal except when necessary to save the life of the mother." After her election, however, she voted to filibuster a bill that would have made abortions illegal after the fifth month of pregnancy except when the mother's life is endangered. Heitkamp's apparent shift led to criticism by Marjorie Dannenfelser of the anti-abortion Susan B. Anthony List.
Planned Parenthood, which supports legal abortion and reproductive rights, has given Heitkamp a 100% lifetime rating. She received a 100% rating from NARAL Pro-Choice America, a 20% rating from the anti-abortion organization National Right to Life, and a 20% rating from Democrats for Life, a group of anti-abortion Democrats.
Support for Hillary Clinton
Heitkamp was described in 2014 as a "Hillary Clinton fan" who believed Clinton would "run, win, and be 'an excellent president.'" She said of Clinton, "I think she transcends gender. When people look at her, they don't see male or female. They see a very accomplished, qualified candidate. She's very collaborative, very open to a different way of looking at things, uber smart. She digs down and understands an issue."
Heitkamp was less enthusiastic about Clinton by 2016, in light of her email controversy and what Heitkamp perceived as Clinton's turn to the left. In 2018, when asked when Clinton would "ride off into the sunset," Heitkamp replied, "Not soon enough."
Relationship with Donald Trump
After the presidential election, in which Trump won North Dakota overwhelmingly, Heitkamp said she did not have to change her views to appeal to Trump supporters. In December 2016, she told Bloomberg News, "Many of the people who voted for Donald Trump are the same voters from rural communities who I know, grew up with and work with every day." According to Bloomberg, Heitkamp "hinted at a preference for Trump politicos over Washington ones because the former don't 'come as establishment Republicans,' but have a great 'willingness to listen to a different perspective.'"
In a June 2017 profile, Burgess Everett of Politico wrote, "Washington is a surprisingly cozy place right now for Heitkamp. She met with Trump about a Cabinet position in December, visited the White House three times since and speaks regularly to Trump's chief of staff Reince Priebus and top economic adviser Gary Cohn...Heitkamp is plainly chummier with Trump than she was to President Barack Obama." Everett quoted Senate Minority Whip Dick Durbin as saying that it is "a complete waste of time" to try to get Heitkamp to vote with her party when she is determined to do otherwise. "Her independence, and her closeness to Trump, will be a boon if she does run again," Everett wrote. "Republicans respect Heitkamp, and Sen. John Hoeven (R-N.D.) said she will enter as the favorite."
On September 6, 2017, Trump gave a speech in North Dakota and, in addition to inviting Republican officials onstage, also asked Heitkamp to join him, explaining: "Everyone's saying: What's she doing up here? But I'll tell you what: Good woman, and I think we'll have your support—I hope we'll have your support. And thank you very much, senator. Thank you for coming up." Amber Phillips of The Washington Post noted that given Trump's popularity in North Dakota, his remarks had amounted to "a potentially massive boost" for Heitkamp as she sought "to remain the state's lone statewide elected Democrat." Heitkamp had flown with Trump to North Dakota on Air Force One.
Heitkamp heard from approximately 1,400 North Dakotans about Trump's nomination of Betsy DeVos for Secretary of Education. About 1,330 of them opposed it. She then announced her opposition to DeVos, attributing her decision to this overwhelming public reaction. "Need an education secretary who puts students 1st & will work to strengthen public school education, not privatize it as Betsy DeVos would," Heitkamp tweeted.
According to FiveThirtyEight, during her final two years in the Senate, Heitkamp voted the second-most in line with Trump among the Democratic Caucus, behind only Senator Joe Manchin of West Virginia.
Heitkamp voted to confirm Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court, telling CNBC that she had made this decision "based on an interview and a review of his record." She said: "Would he be the judge I'd pick? No, never...But he is the judge that the duly elected president picked."
In October 2018, Heitkamp voted against confirming Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, amid allegations that Kavanaugh had sexually assaulted women. Her vote against Kavanaugh was considered politically risky, given North Dakota's Republican leanings. During the three weeks after her October 6 vote, Real Clear Politics reported her polling deficit in her 2018 reelection campaign against Republican challenger Kevin Cramer had widened from 8.7% to 14%. In an interview, Heitkamp said that the "better part of my career in public life has been working with victims" and that her mother had been sexually assaulted as a teenager.
Heitkamp had an A rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA) for her consistent support of pro-gun legislation. In 2012, the NRA gave her an 86% score for supporting their positions; Gun Owners of America, another gun rights organization, gave her a 30% rating. Bloomberg News has commented that "on guns, it will be hard to find room to the right of her."
In an April 11, 2013, interview, Heitkamp said that she intended to vote against the Manchin-Toomey amendment, which was introduced in the Senate after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. It would have amended the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act to expand background checks to gun shows and internet purchases. Heitkamp said, "I'm going to represent my state. ... in the end it's not what any other senator believes. It's about what the people of North Dakota believe."
Polling suggested that the majority of North Dakotans approve of prohibiting individuals on the No-Fly list from buying firearms and ammunition, but in June 2016, after the Orlando nightclub shooting, Heitkamp voted against such a prohibition. She was the only Democratic senator to do so. She instead expressed support for a "compromise gun bill" proposed by Susan Collins.
Her vote against expanded background checks for gun buyers angered many, including former White House chief of staff William M. Daley, who "was so enraged he wrote a blistering attack in the Washington Post asking for his $2,500 campaign donation back."
Heitkamp declined to participate in the Democratic filibuster on gun control in June 2016, leading to harsh criticism by gun control groups such as the Brady Campaign and Center to Prevent Gun Violence and Everytown for Gun Safety.
Energy and environment
According to Reuters, Heitkamp "has been a supporter of domestic energy development, both in fossil fuels and renewable resources." She has said that she supports the Keystone XL pipeline because it will create jobs, decrease America's dependence on foreign oil from the Middle East, and help drive down the national debt. She has also said that many who oppose hydraulic fracturing have been exposed to "junk science" and do not know what it really is. She was Climate Hawks Vote's lowest-rated Democratic senator on climate leadership in the 113th Congress and remains among the lowest in 2015.
In December 2016, Heitkamp told CNBC that although the Army Corps of Engineers had refused to approve permits needed to complete the Dakota Access pipeline, that would change under Trump. She said that she understood those who opposed the construction of the pipeline through Native American land, but added: "I just think that this fight is not winnable."
In February 2017, Heitkamp was one of two Democratic senators to vote to confirm Scott Pruitt as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency. In March 2017, she issued a statement supporting Trump's approval of Keystone XL, calling it "common sense." She also voted against the Stream Protection Rule.
Heitkamp is married to Darwin Lange, a family practitioner. They reside in Mandan and have two adult children, Ali and Nathan. Heitkamp survived a bout with breast cancer in 2000. She is a member of the Catholic Church.
Heitkamp has said, "I think certain people in my party know me pretty well and I'm too old to change. I would have a hard time figuring out how I would not say what I really thought at this point in my life. I always say, don't ever get between a post-menopausal woman and [what she thinks is] a good idea."
|Democratic-NPL||Heidi Heitkamp (incumbent)||36,729||99.58%|
|Democratic-NPL||Heidi Heitkamp (incumbent)||144,376||44.27%||-5.97%|
|Republican gain from Democratic-NPL|
- Miller, Sean J. (January 7, 2010). "Heitkamp 'very interested' in rematch with Hoeven". The Hill.
- McPike, Erin (March 3, 2010). "Heitkamp Won't Run In ND". The Hotline. Archived from the original on July 8, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- Daum, Kristen M (November 8, 2011). "Speculation No More: Heitkamp announces U.S. Senate run". Flickertales from The Hill. Archived from the original on July 16, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Democrat Heidi Heitkamp defeats Republican Rick Berg to win US Senate race in North Dakota", Associated Press November 7, 2012; accessed November 13, 2014.
- "Election Night in North Dakota". kfyrtv.com. November 7, 2012. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "Incumbent Sen. Heidi Heitkamp concedes to Kevin Cramer in North Dakota Senate Race". ABC News. November 6, 2018. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Former US Sen. Heitkamp Secures Roles With Harvard, CNBC USNWR. Jan. 17, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019
- Cook, Tony (April 29, 2019). "Former Sen. Joe Donnelly's new initiative: Teach Democrats to value rural voters". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved June 6, 2019.
- "One Country Project". One Country Project.
- "Heitkamp genealogy site", Freepages, Rootsweb.ancestry.com; accessed November 13, 2014.
- "From 'cleanup girl' to senator: Heitkamp talks of working class roots, large family". Dickinson Press. 16 December 2012. Archived from the original on 8 April 2018. Retrieved 25 July 2016.
- https://www.grandforksherald.com/news/2185317-working-class-roots-large-family-shaped-future-senator Grand Forks Herald
- "HEITKAMP, Mary Kathryn (Heidi)". Washington, D.C.: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. January 3, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
- Heidi Heitkamp biography Archived 2012-07-29 at archive.today, dakotagas.com; accessed November 13, 2014.
- "ND Tax Commissioner Race - November 8, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- "ND Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1992. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- "ND Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 1996. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Ridel, Kaitlyn (November 7, 2012). "Profile: North Dakota Sen.-elect Heidi Heitkamp". USA Today. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Kolpack, Dave (April 15, 2008). "Group seeks measure on tobacco money". Bismarck Tribune. Associated Press. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- "ND Governor Race - November 7, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- "In North Dakota, a Competitive Contest for Senate". nytimes.com. September 30, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- Smith, Nick (October 7, 2012). "Heitkamp campaigns on problem solving over partisanship". bismarcktribune.com. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
- Nelson, Eliot (January 3, 2013). "Heidi Heitkamp Sworn In To Senate, Awkwardness Ensues". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Heitkamp mounts campaign with brother supplying air support, though few see it tipping race". Grand Forks Herald. September 30, 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Everett, Burgess (2017-06-22). "North Dakota's last Democrat?". Politico. Retrieved 13 February 2018.
- Haga, Chuck (January 18, 2011). "Conrad's current Senate term his last". Grand Forks Herald. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2011.
- "ND Democrat Heidi Heitkamp to run for US Senate". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. November 8, 2011. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Camia, Catalina (November 8, 2011). "Democrats promote Heitkamp in N.D. Senate race". USA Today. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Eccher, Marino (November 7, 2012). "Berg concedes Senate race, averting recount". Forum Communications. Retrieved January 6, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "2011–13 North Dakota Secretary of State Recount Guidelines" (PDF). vip.sos.nd.gov. August 2011. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
NDCC § 16.1-16-01(2)(b) Demand Recounts – If an individual fails to be elected by more than 0.5% but less than 2% of the vote cast for the candidate receiving the most votes for the office sought.
- McElwaine, Sandra (January 23, 2014). "Never Bet Against Senator Heidi Heitkamp, North Dakota's Rising Star". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
- Scheyder, Ernest (December 1, 2016). "Trump considering Senator Heitkamp of North Dakota for Cabinet: source". Reuters. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- Hinckley, Story (December 24, 2016). "Heidi Heitkamp: Another Democrat who would likely turn down role in Trump cabinet". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- "Members". Congressional NextGen 9-1-1 Caucus. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- "United States Senate election in North Dakota, 2018". Ballotpedia.
- Wagner, John; Sullivan, Sean (October 16, 2018). "Heitkamp apologizes for listing sexual assault, domestic abuse victims — some without permission — in newspaper ad". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Merica, Dan (October 17, 2018). "Heidi Heitkamp's campaign mistakenly named them as abuse survivors. Now they want answers". CNN. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Arkin, James (October 16, 2018). "Heitkamp apologizes after ad mistakenly named women as sexual assault survivors". Politico. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Who Are Contenders for Biden's Cabinet?". The New York Times. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
- Staff, Politico. "Meet the contenders for Biden's Cabinet". POLITICO. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
- "Vilsack chosen as Biden's Agriculture secretary". Politico. 8 December 2020. Archived from the original on 19 August 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2020.
- O’Keefe, Ed (January 11, 2015). "Who are the most powerful in the Senate? Not exactly whom you might think". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
- Jackson, David (September 6, 2017). "Trump says he's counting on support from North Dakota Democrat Heidi Heitkamp". USA Today. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
- Stolberg, Sheryl A. (June 1, 2018). "For Heitkamp, a Lift From an Unlikely Source: The Koch Brothers". The New York Times. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Barnes, James A.; Keating, Holland; Charlie, Cook; Michael, Barone; Louis, Jacobson; Louis, Peck. The almanac of American politics 2016 : members of Congress and governors: their profiles and election results, their states and districts. ISBN 9781938518317. OCLC 927103599.
- "ACU Ratings". ACU Ratings. Retrieved 2016-12-21.
- "Heidi Heitkamp's Ratings and Endorsements". votesmart.org.
- Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Heidi Heitkamp In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
- Velencia, Janie (October 12, 2018). "Can Heitkamp Pull Off A Second Upset In North Dakota?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
- "Study finds 62% of Donnelly's votes support Trump's positions". Journal Gazette. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- "AP FACT CHECK: It's true Heitkamp votes often with Trump". AP News. Retrieved July 16, 2018.
- "Heidi Heitkamp, Senator for North Dakota - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
- "Cosponsors - S.720 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Israel Anti-Boycott Act". congress.gov. 23 March 2017.
- Voorhees, Josh (June 4, 2018). "A Vulnerable Senate Democrat Is Getting Help From the Unlikeliest of Places". Slate Magazine. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Weiner, Rachel (June 18, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp runs with Obamacare". The Washington Post.
- Nowatzki, Mike (October 2, 2013). "ND delegation members call for compromise to end gov't shutdown". The Dickinson Press. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
- Nowatzki, Mike (October 16, 2013). "Heitkamp on Senate debt limit deal: 'The adults are taking charge'". Grand Forks Herald. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
- O'Keefe, Ed (February 28, 2014). "10 ways members gave back after the government shutdown". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 13, 2014.
- Cohn, Alicia (January 24, 2018). "Senate confirms Trump health secretary". The Hill. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Celock, John (September 13, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp, North Dakota Senate Candidate, Touts Obama Independence In New Ad". Huffington Post. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- "Heitkamp Challenges Rep. Berg: Focus on Deficit Reduction and Support Buffett Rule, Not Cutting Your Own Taxes". heidifornorthdakota.com. April 9, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- Miller, S.A. (September 5, 2017). "Democrat Heitkamp to appear with Trump Wednesday". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- Lee, Jasmine C.; Shorey, Rachel; Simon, Sara (December 1, 2017). "See How Every Senator Voted on the Republican Tax Bill". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Berman, Russell (March 14, 2018). "Heidi Heitkamp Takes On Elizabeth Warren Over the Senate Banking Bill". The Atlantic. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Schoen, John W.; Pramuk, Jacob (March 15, 2018). "Why 17 Democrats voted with Republicans to ease bank rules". CNBC. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Beaumont, Thomas (June 9, 2018). "In pro-Trump ND, Democrat Heitkamp has no time for resisting". AP News. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Robillard, Kevin (April 5, 2013). "Two more Democratic senators endorse gay marriage". Politico. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- McCormack, John (September 23, 2015). "North Dakota's Senator Heitkamp Won't Explain Flip-Flop on Late-Term Abortion". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Bolton, Alexander (January 4, 2015). "Senate Dem freshmen want party to back 'talking filibuster'". The Hill. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- Delk, Josh (15 March 2018). "Heitkamp on when Hillary Clinton will leave politics: 'Not soon enough'". The Hill.
- Carlson, Margaret. "A Democrat Tiptoes Through Trumpworld". Bloomberg. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- Phillips, Amber (September 6, 2017). "With 'good woman,' did Donald Trump just help Democratic Sen. Heidi Heitkamp get reelected?". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Lawler, Joseph (September 6, 2017). "Trump asks Heidi Heitkamp for her vote on taxes at North Dakota rally". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- Kahn, Mattie (January 30, 2017). "Keep Calling Your Representatives; It's Working". Elle. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- Killough, Ashley; Mattingly, Phil (April 19, 2018). "Democratic senator will vote for Pompeo". CNN. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2021-03-23.
- Lovelace, Berkeley Jr. (April 11, 2017). "Democratic Sen. Heitkamp explains why she broke ranks and voted for Trump's Supreme Court pick". CNBC. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
- Weaver, Al (August 1, 2018). "Heidi Heitkamp sets up meeting with Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- How senators voted on Brett Kavanaugh CNN, October 6, 2018.
- "North Dakota Senate - Cramer vs. Heitkamp". Real Clear Politics. November 5, 2018. Archived from the original on August 19, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
- Martin, Jonathan (October 8, 2018). "#MeToo Is a 'Movement Toward Victimization,' G.O.P. Senate Candidate Says". The New York Times. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
- Beauchamp, Zack. "Meet The NRA-Backed Senate Democrats Who Oppose Obama's Gun Violence Prevention Plan". ThinkProgress. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
- Weisman, Jonathan (April 11, 2013). "For Swing-State Democrats, Political Liability on Gun Control Issue". New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
- "No-Fly List Gun Control Poll Results for North Dakota Voters". iSideWith. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- Inc., Gallup. "Guns". Gallup.com. Retrieved 2016-06-21.
- Atkinson, Khorri (December 4, 2015). "GOP blocks bill to stop terrorists from buying guns". MSNBC. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- Kim, Seung Min; Everett, Burgess; Caygle, Heather (June 21, 2016). "Senate talks heat up on compromise gun bill". Politico. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
- Noble, Jason (June 16, 2016). "U.S. Sen. Heidi Heitkamp cancels speech in Iowa". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- Page, Susan (September 27, 2013). "Heitkamp warns Obama on Keystone XL Pipeline approval". USA Today. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
- Michael, McAuliff (September 13, 2012). "Heidi Heitkamp Fracking Views Clash With Major Donors' Interest". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
- Sheppard, Kate (2015-04-29). "Prospective Presidential Candidate Bernie Sanders Scores High In New 'Climate Hawk' Ranking". The Huffington Post. New York, NY: AOL. Retrieved 2015-04-30.
- "Pages Tagged 'Climate Hawks Vote'". Climate Hawks Vote. 2015-04-30. Archived from the original on 2014-09-28. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
- Gurdus, Elizabeth. "The Dakota pipeline fight is 'not winnable,' ND Democratic Sen Heidi Heitkamp says". CNBC. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
- "How Senators Voted on Scott Pruitt for E.P.A. Administrator". The New York Times. 2017-02-17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
- Heitkamp, Senator Heidi. "Heitkamp: Presidential Approval of Keystone XL is Commonsense Step Forward for U.S. Energy Infrastructure Expansion - Press Releases - United States Senator Heidi Heitkamp". heitkamp.senate.gov. Archived from the original on 2018-01-08. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "On the Joint Resolution (H.J.Res. 38 )". United States Senate: U.S. Roll Call Votes. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
- "Mary 'Heidi' Kathryn Heitkamp". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on November 22, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- King, Elizabeth (September 23, 2015). "Which Of Our Government Leaders Are Catholic?". Bustle. Retrieved October 13, 2018.
- "ND Secretary of State Election Management System - Statewide Election Results". web.apps.state.nd.us. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "OFFICIAL 2012 GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". results.sos.nd.gov. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- "North Dakota Secretary of State". results.sos.nd.gov.
- "OFFICIAL (WITHOUT RECOUNTS) 2018 GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS". http://sos.nd.gov/. External link in
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heidi Heitkamp.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Tax Commissioner of North Dakota
| Attorney General of North Dakota
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Governor of North Dakota
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from North Dakota
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from North Dakota
Served alongside: John Hoeven