The Hitachi Furyumono (日立風流物) is a parade in Hitachi city, Japan. It is held during Hitachi Sakura Matsuri (日立さくらまつり), the annual cherry blossom festival in April, and the Great Festival at the local Kamine Shrine once in every seven years in May. It is inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists as a part of "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan", 33 traditional Japan festivals.
Furyumono is a puppet show performed onstage on the floats. Each of four local communities - Kita-machi (北町), Higashi-machi (東町), Nishi-machi (西町) and Moto-machi (元町) - has their own float. During the annual festival, one community presents its parade float each year. During the Great Festival at Kamine Shrine, the four communities compete for the most skilled puppeteers and the best hospitality to the local deity.
The floats are five tons in weight, 15 meters in height, and from 3 to 8 meters in width. Each of them has a five-storied stage, and on each stage puppets play a scene of one story respectively.
Each puppet is controlled by three to five puppeteers manipulating the ropes.
The origin of the parade goes back to 1695. According to Kamine Shrine, Tokugawa Mitsukuni, the second lord of Mito Domain, appointed Kamine Shrine as the Sou-Chinju, the local tutelary shrine. People held religious festivals and dedicated floats to the shrine.
In 1945, most of the floats were lost in the war disasters, but Furyumono was restored in 1958. In addition, the existing float was registered as the Important Tangible Folk Cultural Property in 1959.
In 2009, it was inscribed on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists with the Yamahoko parade of Gion Matsuri. In 2016, these two parades and 31 traditional festivals were registered on the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists as "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan", the representative examples showing the diversity of Japan local cultures.
- "Hitachi Furyumono". Intangible heritage. UNESCO. 2008. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- "風流物、無形文化遺産に登録 日立で歓喜再び「伝統守る励みに」 茨城". Sankei News (in Japanese). Sankei Shinbun. 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". UNESCO. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- "UNESCO panel recommends adding 33 Japan festivals to heritage list". the Japan Times. 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- Hyotan Editors Club, ed. (2005), Hyotan No.158 (PDF), Hitachi International Committee, retrieved 2018-06-29
- "日立風流物" [Hitachi Furyumono]. 文化遺産オンライン [Cultural Heritage Online]. 無形民俗文化財 (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- "大祭禮". Kamine Shrine's official Site (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- "日立風流物" [Hitachi Furyumono]. 文化遺産オンライン [Cultural Heritage Online]. 有形民俗文化財 (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 2018-06-28.
- Thornbury, B.E. (1997). The Folk Performing Arts: Traditional Culture in Contemporary Japan. Suny Series in Contemporary. State University of New York Press. p. 18. ISBN 978-0-7914-3255-6.
- 日立風流物の歴史 (The history of Hitachi Furyumono) - Hitachi tourism & products Association
- 日立風流物 - Kotobank, the Japanese online dictionary
- 大祭禮, 神峰神社 (The Grand Festival, Kamine shrine) - the official site of Kamine shrine
- 日立市郷土博物館 (Hitachi City Museum) - the local museum, which has a permanent space for Hitachi Furyumono
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