Hopland, California

Coordinates: 38°58′23″N 123°06′59″W / 38.97306°N 123.11639°W / 38.97306; -123.11639
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Downtown Hopland
Downtown Hopland
Location in Mendocino County and California
Location in Mendocino County and California
Hopland is located in California
Hopland is located in the United States
Coordinates: 38°58′23″N 123°06′59″W / 38.97306°N 123.11639°W / 38.97306; -123.11639
Country United States
State California
 • Total3.573 sq mi (9.25 km2)
 • Land3.525 sq mi (9.13 km2)
 • Water0.048 sq mi (0.12 km2)  1.35%
Elevation502 ft (153 m)
 • Total661
 • Density180/sq mi (71/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP code
Area code707
FIPS code06-34652
GNIS feature IDs1658778;[2] 2628739[4]

Hopland (formerly Sanel)[5] is a census-designated place[4] in Mendocino County, California, United States.[2] It is located on the west bank of the Russian River 13 miles (21 km) south-southeast of Ukiah,[5] in the Sanel Valley, at an elevation of 502 feet (153 m).[2] The population was 661 at the 2020 census,[3] down from 756 at the 2010 census.

Hopland is located at the start of the North Coast or Redwood Coast region of Northern California. It is 100 miles (161 km) north of San Francisco along U.S. Route 101 and a 30-minute drive (17 miles [27 km] east along State Route 175) to California's largest natural lake, Clear Lake. Hopland is a rustic farming community situated among oak-covered coastal foothills. Summer temperatures can exceed 100 °F (38 °C).

Historic buildings in town include the old Hopland High School (c. 1923–1965),[6] as well as the Thatcher Hotel, built in the late 1800s and recently reopened after undergoing a complete renovation.

Approximately 5 mi (8 km) east of Hopland is the University of California's Hopland Research and Extension Center (formerly called the "Hopland Field Station"), a 5,300-acre (21.4 km2) research and education facility that UC has operated since 1951.


Hopland is in southeastern Mendocino County, along U.S. Route 101, which leads north-northwest 14 miles (23 km) to Ukiah, the county seat, and southeast 46 miles (74 km) to Santa Rosa, the Sonoma County seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Hopland CDP covers an area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), 98.65% of it land, and 1.35% of it water.[1] The Russian River flows southward through the eastern side of the community, separating the main village of Hopland from Old Hopland, also part of the CDP, on the eastern side of the river.


Monthly climate averages (1989–1993)[7]
Month High (°F) Low (°F) Precip. (inches)
January 57 36 4.89
February 60 40 5.98
March 62 41 6.47
April 67 43 1.16
May 74 47 1.98
June 82 51 0.72
July 90 55 0.03
August 90 55 0.05
September 87 53 0.35
October 78 49 1.18
November 65 41 3.72
December 57 35 4.17


The Hopland Band of Pomo Indians, or Sho-Ka-Wah are Central Pomo people who have lived in Hopland since "the beginning of time". The Sho-Ka-Wah lived their lives hunting, gathering, making, practicing spirituality and generally living their lives. Their main village, population 1500, was called "Shanel". After the settlers came, they were forced to move, and then to move again. Today most of the Sho-Ka-Wah people live in the Hopland reservation 5 miles east of Hopland. They have a gambling facility and other businesses to support their community. The community also engages in spirituality, dance traditions, and caring for the land.[8][9]

Historic Hopland Cemetery in Hopland, California.

The settlement that became Hopland was originally called "Sanel".[5] Over the years it was centered on either side of the Russian River.[5] Sanel began on the west bank of the river in 1859.[5] In 1874, the town moved to the east bank to be connected to the toll road built to there.[5] When the railroad arrived on the west side of the river, the town moved back to its original site, leaving Old Hopland (38°58′33″N 123°06′01″W / 38.97583°N 123.10028°W / 38.97583; -123.10028) on the east bank.[10][5]

The Sanel post office opened in 1860, closed for a time in 1869, moved and changed its name to Hopland in 1879, reverted to its original site and name in 1890, and finally changed its name back to Hopland in 1891.[5] The town gets its name from the fact that from the 1870s to the mid-1950s, much of the region's economy was based on the growing and drying of bitter hops, a key flavoring and preservative in beer.[11] This began in 1868 when L.F. Long established the first hop farm some 4 miles (6 km) east, where the railroad station called Largo (Spanish for "long") was later located.[12][13] Downy mildew pushed hops out of the area completely by the late 1950s.[14]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

The 2010 United States Census[16] reported that Hopland had a population of 756. The population density was 211.6 inhabitants per square mile (81.7/km2). The racial makeup of Hopland was 521 (68.9%) White, 4 (0.5%) African American, 38 (5.0%) Native American, 10 (1.3%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 142 (18.8%) from other races, and 41 (5.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 263 persons (34.8%).

The Census reported that 739 people (97.8% of the population) lived in households, 17 (2.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 263 households, out of which 94 (35.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 117 (44.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 37 (14.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 29 (11.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 28 (10.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 4 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 56 households (21.3%) were made up of individuals, and 12 (4.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81. There were 183 families (69.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.27.

The population was spread out, with 195 people (25.8%) under the age of 18, 77 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 211 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 216 people (28.6%) aged 45 to 64, and 57 people (7.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 124.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.6 males.

There were 287 housing units at an average density of 80.3 per square mile (31.0/km2), of which 109 (41.4%) were owner-occupied, and 154 (58.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.1%. 272 people (36.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 467 people (61.8%) lived in rental housing units.


In the state legislature, Hopland is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire,[17] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[18]

Federally, Hopland is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[19]


  • KORB 88.7 MHz, the only FM broadcast station licensed to Hopland

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files: California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hopland, California
  3. ^ a b "P1. Race – Hopland CDP, California: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2022.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hopland, California
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 79. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  6. ^ "Healdsburg Tribune, Enterprise and Scimitar 13 May 1965 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". cdnc.ucr.edu. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  7. ^ Forrey, Rip. "Climate data for various locations in Sonoma, Napa, Mendocino, Lake and Marin counties, California" (PDF). University of California Cooperative Extension Sonoma County. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 30, 2007. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
  8. ^ "Welcome! Hopland Band of Pomo Indians". www.hoplandtribe.com. Hopland Band of Pomo Indians. Retrieved March 22, 2023.
  9. ^ "Central Pomo". Native-Land.ca. Native Land Digital. Retrieved March 22, 2023.
  10. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Hopland, California
  11. ^ "Hopland, Calif.: With the hops gone, maybe they should call it Grapeland | VIA Road Journals - the Stories Behind the Stories". roadjournals.viamagazine.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved January 17, 2022.
  12. ^ ""Ukiah, 1870-1890: Interesting Reminiscences; Progress Made; Products of Our Valley" by Carl Purdy". Ukiah Daily Journal. January 10, 1890. p. 2. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
  13. ^ "Local Intelligence". Mendocino Post Beacon. March 2, 1889.
  14. ^ "BT - California Steaming". Archived from the original on May 29, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2011.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  16. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Hopland CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  17. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  18. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  19. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.