House of Wessex family tree

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following chart is a family tree of the kings of the House of Wessex, a dynasty whose members were Kings of Wessex.

The chart shows their (claimed) descent from the traditional first king of Wessex, Cerdic, down to the children of Alfred the Great. A continuation of the tree into the 10th and 11th centuries can be found at English monarchs family tree.

Sources[edit]

The tree is largely based on the late 9th-century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List (reproduced in several forms, including as a preface to the [B] manuscript of the Chronicle),[1] and Asser's Life of King Alfred. These sources are all closely related and were compiled at a similar date, and incorporate a desire in their writers to associate the royal household with the authority of being a continuation of a unified line of kingship descended from a single original founder.[2]

One apparently earlier pedigree survives, which traces the ancestry of King Ine back to Cerdic. This first appears in a 10th-century manuscript copy of the "Anglian collection" of Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies. The manuscript is thought to have been made at Glastonbury in the 930s during the reign of King Æthelstan [3] (whose family traced their own royal descent back to Cerdic via a brother of King Ine), but the material may well date back to the earliest reconstructable version of the collection, c. 796; and possibly still further back, to 725-6.[4] Compared to the later texts, this pedigree gives an ancestry for Ceolwald as son of Cuthwulf son of Cuthwine which in the later 9th-century texts sometimes seems confused; and it states Cynric as son of Creoda son of Cerdic, whereas the Chronicle annals go to some length to present Cerdic and Cynric as a father-and-son pair who land in and conquer the southern part of Wessex together (a narrative now considered spurious by historians).[5]

Many of the links shown are disputed. Egbert, who became King of Wessex in 802, was probably of Kentish origin, and his ancestry back to Cerdic may have been invented to legitimize his claim to the throne of Wessex.[6] There are also a number of discrepancies between different sources.


Cerdic
King of Wessex
?–519-534
Cynric
King of Wessex
c.494–534-560
Ceawlin
King of Wessex
c.535–560-592
Cutha
Cuthwine
b. c.565
Ceol
King of Wessex
?–592-597
Ceolwulf
King of Wessex
?–597-611
Cedda
b.590
Cuthwulf
b.592
Cynegils
King of Wessex
?–611-642
Pybba
King of Mercia
Cenfus
King of Wessex
?–674-674
Cenberht
620-661
Ceolwald Cwichelm
King of Wessex
?–626-636
Seaxburh
Queen of Wessex
?–672-674
Cenwalh
King of Wessex
?–642-645,
648-672
sister
of Penda
Penda
King of Mercia
c.606–c.626-655
King of Wessex
645-648
Eowa
Æscwine
King of Wessex
?–674-676
Caedwalla
King of Wessex
659–685-688
Mul
King of Kent
660-686-687
Cenred
b. 640
Cuthred Centwine
King of Wessex
?–676-685
Osmod
Ingild
672-718
Aldfrith
King of Northumbria
?–685–704/5
Cuthburh
d. c.718
Cwenburh
d. c.735
Ine
King of Wessex
c.670–688-726
Æthelburh Æthelheard
King of Wessex
?–726-740
Cuthred
King of Wessex
?–740-756
Eanwulf
Eoppa
b. 706
Cynric
aethling
d. 748
Thingfrith
Eafa
b. 730
Kentish Princess Sigeberht
King of Wessex
?–756-757
Cyneheard
d. 786
Cynewulf
King of Wessex
?–757-786
Offa
King of Mercia
?–757-796
Ealhmund
King of Kent
c.750–784-784
Beorhtric
King of Wessex
?–786-802
Eadburh
Egbert
King of Wessex
775–802-839
Æthelwulf
King of Wessex
795–839-858
Osburh
Æthelstan
King of Kent
830–839-855
Æthelbald
King of Wessex
831–856-860
Burgred
King of Mercia
?–852-874
Æthelswith
833–889
Æthelberht
King of Wessex
835–860-865
Æthelred I
King of Wessex
c.848–865-871
Alfred
the Great
King of the
Anglo-Saxons
849–871-899
Ealhswith
852–905
Æthelhelm
c.865–c.890
Æthelwold
d. 901
Æthelred
Lord of the Mercians
?–c.881-911
Æthelflæd
Lady of the Mercians
869–911-918
Edward
the Elder
King of the
Anglo-Saxons
871–899-924
Æthelweard
875–922
Ælfthryth
877–929
English monarchs tree

References[edit]

  1. ^ D.N. Dumville (1985), "The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List and the Chronology of Early Wessex", Peritia 4 21–66 doi:10.1484/J.Peri.3.96
    D.N. Dumville (1986), "The West Saxon Genealogical Regnal List: Manuscripts and Texts", Anglia 104 1–32 doi:10.1515/angl.1986.1986.104.1
  2. ^ A "political fiction", according to D.P. Kirby (1992), The Earliest English Kings. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-09086-5, p. 49)
  3. ^ Kenneth Sisam (1953), "Anglo-Saxon Royal Genealogies", Proceedings of the British Academy 39 287–348
    David Dumville (1976) "The Anglian collection of royal genealogies and regnal lists", in Anglo-Saxon England, Clemoes, ed., 5 (1976), pp. 23–50. doi:10.1017/S0263675100000764
  4. ^ Dumville (1976), pp. 40, 42, 46. It is also possible that the material may first have been joined in with the collection in a copy made in Mercia c.840.
  5. ^ Barbara Yorke (1989), "The Jutes of Hampshire and Wight and the origins of Wessex" in S.R. Bassett (ed), The Origins of Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms, Leicester: Leicester University Press. ISBN 0718513177 pp. 84-96.
    Yorke's theory "has met with general acceptance (I cannot find any historian or archaeologist that disagrees with her conclusions)", according to Robin Bush at "Were the West Saxons guilty of ethnic cleansing?". Time Team Live 2001. Channel 4. 2001-08-28. Archived from the original on 2006-02-19. 
  6. ^ Heather Edwards (2004), Ecgberht, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

External links[edit]