Indian Academy of Sciences

Coordinates: 13°0′51.91″N 77°34′48.40″E / 13.0144194°N 77.5801111°E / 13.0144194; 77.5801111
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Indian Academy of Sciences
Indian Academy of Sciences Logo.png
Established1934; 89 years ago (1934)
FounderC. V. Raman
PresidentUmesh Waghmare
Location, ,
13°0′51.91″N 77°34′48.40″E / 13.0144194°N 77.5801111°E / 13.0144194; 77.5801111 Edit this at Wikidata

The Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore was founded by Indian Physicist and Nobel Laureate C. V. Raman, and was registered as a society on 27 April 1934. Inaugurated on 31 July 1934, it began with 65 founding fellows. The first general meeting of Fellows, held on the same day, elected Raman as president, and adopted the constitution of the Academy.[1]


The aims of the Academy are to:

  • Promote progress in pure and applied branches of science.
  • Encourage important research in various branches of science.
  • Represent the scientific work of India internationally.
  • Publish work relating to scientific research initiated by the Academy, Provincial Academies, Universities and Government Scientific Institutions.
  • Organise meetings of Committees and Conferences to discuss papers submitted to the Academy.
  • Advise Government and other bodies on scientific and other matters referred to the Academy.


The first issue of the Academy Proceedings appeared in two sections in July 1934. They were split into two in July 1935 - one part devoted to physical sciences and the other to life sciences.[1] In 1973 the Academy's publications were further split into several journals aimed as specific scientific disciplines.

The Academy publishes a monthly journal called Resonance since January 1996. Aimed generally at undergraduates, it also contains some material for junior and senior academic levels. Each issue focuses on the life and work of a famous scientist. It incorporates articles reviewing new books and classics. The Editorial Board comprises 40 scientists from across the country.

The Academy also publishes a monthly research journal called Sadhana - Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences since 1978. The journal covers all branches of Engineering Science. Sadhana is distributed in print outside India and online worldwide by Springer.

The Academy publishes 12 Journal, viz., Resonance – Journal of Science Education, Journal of Biosciences, Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy, Journal of Genetics, Journal of Earth System and Science, Sadhana – Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, Pramana – Journal of Physics, Proceedings of Mathematical Sciences, Journal of Chemical Sciences, Bulletin of Material Science, DIALOGUE: Science, Scientists, and Society, and Indian Academy of Sciences Conference Series.

Project Lifescape[edit]

Aimed at enriching scientific education, the Academy launched Project Lifescape in collaboration with the Centre for Ecological Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science to spread biodiversity literacy. It aims to involve school and college students in obtaining first-hand information on the status of, and ongoing changes in, ecological habitats of a set of species of considerable human significance. An objective of the project is to publish illustrated accounts of 1500 Indian species of micro-organisms, plants and animals. The accounts would also include ancillary information on the distribution, ecology and behaviour of the species.

The project has published three books, Butterflies of Peninsular India, Freshwater Fishes of Peninsular India, and Amphibians of Peninsular India. A fourth, Dragonflies and Damselflies of Peninsular India is available in electronic format, freely downloadable from the project website.

The Raman Chair[edit]

The Government of India instituted the Raman Chair in 1972 to commemorate the memory of the founder of the Academy. Eminent scientists are invited by the Council of the Academy to occupy the Chair, for periods of between six weeks and six months.

Science education activities[edit]

The Academy sponsors and conducts two-week Refresher Courses for selected teachers from across India. It awards annual Summer Research Fellowships to talented teachers and students to work with Academy Fellows on research-oriented projects in various research centres across India. It conducts Lecture Programmes at schools and universities on various research topics.

Members of the council[edit]


The list of presidents of the academy.[2]

Image Name Tenure
Sir CV Raman.JPG C. V. Raman 1934–1970
T. S. Sadasivan 1971–1973
M. G. K. Menon 1974–1976
Satish Dhawan 1977–1979
Srinivasan Varadarajan 1980–1982
S. Ramaseshan 1983–1985
Obaid Siddiqi 1986–1988
Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao 03682.JPG C. N. R. Rao 1989–1991
Roddam narasimha.jpg Roddam Narasimha 1992–1994
Palle Rama Rao 1995–1997
Narendra Kumar 1998–2000
Kasturirangan at IISc.jpg Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan 2001–2003
T V Ramakrishnan 2696 (cropped).JPG T. V. Ramakrishnan 2004–2006
Dorairajan Balasubramanian 2007–2009
Ajay-Kumar-Sood-FRS.jpg Ajay K. Sood 2010–2012
Dipankarchatterji1.jpg Dipankar Chatterji 2013–2015
Ramakrishna Ramaswamy 2016–2018
Partha P Majumder 2019--2021
Umesh V Waghmare 2021- till date

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b D. P. Burma; Maharani Chakravorty (2011). From Physiology and Chemistry to Biochemistry. Pearson Education India. pp. 169–. ISBN 978-81-317-3220-5. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
  2. ^ "History". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.

External links[edit]