Indian Bay

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Indian Bay
Parsons Point, Northwest Arm
Town
Country  Canada
Province  Newfoundland and Labrador
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 174
Time zone Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)
 • Summer (DST) Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)
Area code(s) 709

Indian Bay (Parsons Point) is located in Newfoundland, Canada.

Geography[edit]

Situated on the northwest arm of Bonavista Bay, Indian Bay was until the late 19th century the only mainland community located between Salvage and Greenspond.[2]

History[edit]

Population census
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1845 6 —    
1869 5 −0.76%
1874 4 −4.36%
1901 40 +8.90%
1961 285 +3.33%
2006 196 −0.83%
2011 174 −2.35%

Indian Bay was once called Parsons Point, after its first settlers, and Northwest Arm. Europeans first came to Indian Bay in the 18th century to fish for salmon. In 1720 George Skeffington was salmon fishing there and by 1786 there were eight salmon operations in the area. Permanent settlement began after 1800. The 1836 Census of Newfoundland records Indian Bay as having a population of five, William Parsons and his family. The population was slow in growing, and in 1901 there were 40 people living there. The main source of employment was three sawmills, and a lobster factory was established before 1911. In 1921 the "International Power and Paper Co." arrived in Indian Bay and that same year a school was constructed. The peak of Indian Bay's population was in 1961 with 285 people; afterwards the population began to decline.[2]

Census information[edit]

1845 1869 1874
population 6 5 4
inhabited houses 1 1 1
number of families - 1 1
Church of England 6 5 4
people catching/curing fish - 2 2
seamen/fishermen - - 1
children who can read/write - 2 1
fishing rooms in use - 1 -
oxen/cows - 3 -
total boats - 1 -
nets and seines - - 12
salmon caught/cured - - 8 tres
barrels of potatoes produced - - 6

Directory[edit]

- Hutchinson's Newfoundland Directory 1864-1865 lists:

  • Joseph Osmond, ship carpenter
  • Phillip Parsons, ship carpenter

- Lovell's Newfoundland Directory describes Indian Bay as a small fishing community on the west side of Bonavista Bay, distant from Greenspond by 15 miles on boat. The 1871 population was 5. The directory lists one person:

  • Adam Parsons, Fisherman.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°01′59″N 53°52′01″W / 49.033°N 53.867°W / 49.033; -53.867