Corner Brook

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
For the submarine, see HMCS Corner Brook (SSK 878).
Corner Brook
City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Overlooking City of Corner Brook
Coat of arms of Corner Brook
Coat of arms
Motto(s): 
"Our Spirit... Your Success"
Corner Brook is located in Newfoundland
Corner Brook
Corner Brook is located in Newfoundland and Labrador
Corner Brook
Coordinates: 48°57′N 57°57′W / 48.950°N 57.950°W / 48.950; -57.950
CountryCanada
ProvinceNewfoundland and Labrador
Census division5
Settled1956
Government
 • TypeMunicipal
 • MayorJim Parsons
 • MHAGerry Byrne (L)
Eddie Joyce (IND)
 • MPGudie Hutchings (L)
Area
 • City148.26 km2 (57.24 sq mi)
 • Metro
255.10 km2 (98.49 sq mi)
Elevation
0 - 304 m (0 – 998 ft)
Population
(2016)
 • City19,806
 • Metro
31,917
Time zoneUTC-3:30 (Newfoundland Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2:30 (Newfoundland Daylight)
Area code(s)709
Websitecornerbrook.com

Corner Brook (2016 population: 19,806 CA 31,917) is a city located on the west coast on the island of Newfoundland in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Located on the Bay of Islands at the mouth of the Humber River, the city is the fifth-largest population centre in the province behind St. John's,[2] and smallest of three cities behind St. John's and Mount Pearl.[3] As such, Corner Brook functions as a service centre for western and northern Newfoundland. It is located on the same latitude as Gaspé, Quebec, a city of similar size and landscape on the other side of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Corner Brook is the most northern city in Atlantic Canada.

It is the administrative headquarters of the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nations band government.[4] The Mi'kmaq name for the nearby Humber River is "Maqtukwek".[5]

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19455,464—    
195113,835+153.2%
195623,225+67.9%
196125,185+8.4%
197126,309+4.5%
198124,339−7.5%
198622,719−6.7%
199122,410−1.4%
199621,893−2.3%
200120,103−8.2%
200620,083−0.1%
201119,886−1.0%
201619,806−0.4%
[6][7][8][9][10][11][12] The 1945 and 1951 population figures have been adjusted to reflect the city's amalgamation on January 1, 1956.

The area was surveyed by Captain James Cook in 1767. The Captain James Cook Historic Site stands on Crow Hill overlooking the city.[13] By the middle of the 19th century the population of Corner Brook was less than 100, and the inhabitants were engaged in fishing and lumber work.[14]

The area was originally four distinct communities, each with unique commercial activities: Curling, with its fishery; Corner Brook West (also known as Humber West or Westside) with its retail businesses; Corner Brook East (also known as Humbermouth and the Heights) with its railway and industrial operations; and Townsite (known as Corner Brook), home to the employees of the pulp and paper mill. In 1956, these four communities were amalgamated to form the present-day City of Corner Brook.

Between 1948 and 1958 about 70 people from Latvia and Germany settled in Corner Brook. They came as part of then Premier Joseph Smallwood's New Industries program. They built and worked at North Star Cement and the Atlantic Gypsum Plant. (Latvians and Baltic Germans in Corner Brook)

Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill
The Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill

Corner Brook is home to the Corner Brook Pulp & Paper Mill (owned by Kruger Inc.), which is a major employer for the region. The city has the largest regional hospital in western Newfoundland. It also has a wide array of shopping and retail businesses and federal and provincial government offices. It is home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University, as well as campuses of Academy Canada and College of the North Atlantic. Corner Brook is also home to the province's newest high school, Corner Brook Regional High, which is an amalgamation of the former Regina and Herdman Collegiate high schools.

Sports[edit]

Near Corner Brook is Marble Mountain Ski Resort, a downhill skiing resort, and Blow-Me-Down trails, a cross country ski area.[15]

The Corner Brook Royals currently play in the West Coast Senior Hockey League and were the winners of the 1986 National Title, the Allan Cup. The Royals play their home games at the Corner Brook Civic Centre, formerly the Canada Games Centre. The arena was built in 1997 and was one of the main venues used when the city of Corner Brook hosted the 1999 Canada Games.[16]

Corner Brook was host of the 2011 Special Olympics Provincial Winter Games from February 18–20.[17] The city also twice hosted Raid the North Extreme, a televised 6-day multi-sport expedition race held in wilderness locations across Canada, and was a leg of the ITU World Cup Triathlon.[18]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Arts and Science building of Grenfell Campus, Corner Brook

Corner Brook is home to Grenfell Campus, Memorial University where a strong and vivacious arts community exists both within the school and well into the public. The campus houses the Grenfell Art Gallery. The Corner Brook Arts and Culture Centre among other institutions thrive in promoting the arts on all levels from visual arts to theatre and well beyond. In 2015, the City's newest theatre and gallery, the Rotary Arts Centre opened.[19]

Corner Brook is home to Gros Morne Summer Music, a classical music festival that spans July and August.

For 32 years, the March Hare literary festival ran every March and celebrated poetry and written works by poets and writers from around Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and the world. Atlantic Canada's largest poetry festival was founded in the late 1980s by poet and playwright Al Pittman, and Corner Brook author, historian Rex Brown. The last March Hare was held in 2018. [20]

Corner Brook is also home to the region's only community radio station, Bay of Islands Radio (CKVB-FM 100.1, or BOIR). The station was previously only available online. However, the station received its broadcast license from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on October 6, 2016, and commenced FM broadcasting on November 5, 2017. The radio station is located on Brook Street, in the city's downtown district.[21][22][23][24]

Municipal government[edit]

The City Hall building for Corner Brook

The Corner Brook City Council has six city councillors, in addition to a Mayor. The highest voting winning councillor becomes Deputy Mayor. The current mayor of the city is Jim Parsons. The deputy mayor is Bill Griffin. Municipal elections in Corner Brook are held every four years, on the last Tuesday in September. In the 2017 municipal elections held on September 26, 2017; business consultant Jim Parsons was elected Mayor defeating incumbent Charles Pender.[25]

Transportation[edit]

Along the Trans-Canada Highway

Route 1, the Trans-Canada Highway, passes the south side of the city on a high ridge before descending to the east, into the Humber Valley.

The city is accessed by air services at Stephenville International Airport, 65 km (40 mi) southwest, and Deer Lake Regional Airport, 55 km (34 mi) northeast.

Corner Brook Transit is a privately operated local bus service.[26] The city is also served by four taxi cab companies.

Climate[edit]

Corner Brook

Corner Brook has a humid continental climate typical of most of Newfoundland. It is warmer in summer than St. John's due to less maritime exposure, whereas winters are colder than in the provincial capital. In terms of its overall climate, it is quite maritime, especially taking into account how the climate is in mainland Canada on similar latitudes. Precipitation is heavy year-round, but highest in December and January and lowest in April and May, with relatively more dry, stable conditions extending into July many years. The Corner Brook area lies in an especially heavy snow belt because of cold Arctic air masses from mainland Canada, coming from the west or northwest, crossing the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and picking up moisture, resulting in "sea-effect" snow (similar to "lake effect" snow in US locations like Muskegon and Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan). The "sea effect" snow comes in addition to the heavy snow that can accompany mid-latitude storms, called "nor'easters," that approach the area from the U.S. Northeastern and New England states. Such storms can bring high winds and heavy precipitation, with possibly-changing precipitation types in a single storm. The combination of intense winter storms and "sea effect" snow make December and January the wettest months on average in Corner Brook. In December and January combined, *average* snowfall exceeds 78 inches.

Climate data for Corner Brook, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1933–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
14.0
(57.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.2
(81.0)
35.0
(95.0)
34.4
(93.9)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88.0)
27.0
(80.6)
21.7
(71.1)
16.7
(62.1)
35.0
(95.0)
Average high °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.8
(33.4)
6.4
(43.5)
12.4
(54.3)
17.4
(63.3)
22.0
(71.6)
21.6
(70.9)
17.1
(62.8)
10.8
(51.4)
5.0
(41.0)
0.4
(32.7)
9.0
(48.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.8
(55.0)
17.3
(63.1)
17.3
(63.1)
13.0
(55.4)
7.5
(45.5)
2.3
(36.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.2
(41.4)
Average low °C (°F) −9.6
(14.7)
−10.6
(12.9)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.4
(38.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.6
(54.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.8
(47.8)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
1.3
(34.3)
Record low °C (°F) −31.7
(−25.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.1
(34.0)
0.0
(32.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−16.1
(3.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−31.7
(−25.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 144.8
(5.70)
105.6
(4.16)
93.3
(3.67)
80.4
(3.17)
86.3
(3.40)
87.0
(3.43)
91.8
(3.61)
107.2
(4.22)
105.5
(4.15)
112.2
(4.42)
122.4
(4.82)
149.2
(5.87)
1,285.8
(50.62)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 105.5
(41.5)
77.6
(30.6)
51.6
(20.3)
24.3
(9.6)
5.2
(2.0)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.0)
6.2
(2.4)
36.7
(14.4)
94.0
(37.0)
401.3
(158.0)
Source: Environment Canada[27][28]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Canada. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Retrieved 2015-06-21.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data: Newfoundland and Labrador". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  3. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data: Newfoundland and Labrador". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  4. ^ "Qalipu – Qalipu First Nation Band". qalipu.ca. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  5. ^ http://collections.mun.ca/PDFs/rlsn/RLS_V08.pdf
  6. ^ 140.pdf Archived January 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Canada Year Book 1955
  7. ^ 126.pdf Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Canada Year Book 1957-58
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2014-08-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Canada Year Book 1967
  9. ^ [1][permanent dead link], E-STAT Table
  10. ^ [2], 1996 Census of Canada: Electronic Area Profiles
  11. ^ [3], Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data
  12. ^ [4], Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses
  13. ^ "Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism website". newfoundlandlabrador.com. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Fast Facts & History". City of Corner Brook. Archived from the original on 2014-10-17. Retrieved 2014-10-12.
  15. ^ "Blow Me Down Trails - The Place to Ski is BMD!". blowmedown.ca. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2015-03-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Countdown to the 2011 Special Olympics Winter Games in Corner Brook". www.releases.gov.nl.ca. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  18. ^ Union, International Triathlon. "2001 Corner Brook ITU Triathlon World Cup". Triathlon.org. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  19. ^ "Rotary Arts Centre in Corner Brook has its grand opening". CBC News. May 8, 2015.
  20. ^ Diane Crocker, "This Will Be The Last March Hare", The Western Star, March 7, 2018
  21. ^ "Bay of Islands Radio hopes meeting can help salvage its future". Gary Kean, The Western Star. November 25, 2014
  22. ^ "Bay of Islands Radio wants a location to go FM". Western Star, Gary Kean, May 08, 2014
  23. ^ "Bay of Islands Radio has a new home. Gary Moore stopped by for a tour.". CBC Radio.
  24. ^ "New home available for Bay of Islands Radio". The Western Star, Chris Quigley, November 27, 2014
  25. ^ "Jim Parsons stuns Charles Pender in convincing Corner Brook mayoral race victory". thewesternstar.com. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  26. ^ City of Corner Brook. Transit Archived 2011-09-23 at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ Canada, Environment and Climate Change (25 September 2013). "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  28. ^ Canada, Environment and Climate Change (31 October 2011). "Station Results - Historical Data - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved 5 March 2019.

External links[edit]