Infanta Cristina of Spain
|Cristina de Borbón|
|Infanta of Spain|
Infanta Cristina at the GAVI Alliance conference in London, 13 June 2011
13 June 1965 |
|Spouse||Iñaki Urdangarín (m. 1997)|
|Issue||Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón
Pablo Urdangarín y de Borbón
Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón
Irene Urdangarín y de Borbón
|Father||Juan Carlos I of Spain|
|Mother||Sophia of Greece and Denmark|
|Spanish Royal Family|
Infanta Cristina of Spain (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia, born 13 June 1965) is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain. As of 2015[update] she is sixth in the line of succession to the Spanish throne, after her brother King Felipe VI's children, her sister Elena, and Elena's children.
From 2013 she was under investigation and later tried for fraud relating to accusations of corruption involving a company owned by Cristina and her husband.
Birth and education
Cristina de Borbón was born in Madrid and was baptized into the Church at the Palacio de La Zarzuela by the Archbishop of Madrid. Her godparents were Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz (her first cousin once removed), and Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (great-aunt).
She received her secondary education at Santa María del Camino School before graduating from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1989 with a degree in political science. She pursued postgraduate studies at New York University, obtaining an MA in international relations in 1990. In 1991, she gained practical experience working at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris.
She speaks fluent Spanish, Catalan, English and Greek.
Marriage and children
Cristina married team handball player Iñaki Urdangarín in Barcelona on 4 October 1997. On this occasion, she was created Duchess of Palma de Mallorca for life. The couple have four children, all born in Barcelona: Juan (born 29 September 1999), Pablo (born 6 December 2000), Miguel (born 30 April 2002), and Irene (born 5 June 2005).
They lived in Washington, D.C. from 2009 to 2012, where her husband worked for Telefónica. In August 2013 she moved with her four children to Geneva, Switzerland, to take a job with the Caixa Foundation, while her husband, who is the subject of an embezzlement investigation, remained in Barcelona.
Her husband was investigated from early 2012 on suspicion of fraudulently obtaining millions in public funds in the Nóos case. In April 2013, Infanta Cristina was formally named as a suspect in the case by the judge in charge. When invited to comment, a Royal Household spokesman said that the Casa Real "does not comment on judicial decisions", yet the next day, after the anti-corruption prosecutor announced that he would appeal the decision, it relented by expressing "absolute conformity" with the legal authorities. In the light of the forthcoming trial, she and her children moved to Geneva, Switzerland, in summer 2013. On 7 January 2014, a Spanish judge charged her with tax fraud and money laundering and ordered her to appear in court. The Infanta made her first appearance in the Majorca Court on 8 February 2014, where she denied any knowledge of her husband's dealings.
Spanish judge Jose Castro formalised charges against Infanta Cristina on 25 June 2014. In November 2014 the High Court of Palma de Mallorca upheld tax fraud charges against the princess, paving the way for her to face trial; however, it decided to drop money-laundering charges. Her lawyers maintained that they remained completely convinced of her innocence. On December 22, 2014, the High Court of the Balearic Islands announced that Infanta Cristina, her husband, and 15 others would stand trial on tax fraud charges "as soon as next year".
On 12 June 2015, King Felipe VI officially deprived his sister of her dukedom, privately announcing his intention beforehand. Pursuant to their meeting in person on 12 June Infanta Cristina wrote to the king (her brother) requesting the forfeiture of her noble title, immediately following which a royal decree to that effect was issued. According to newspaper El País, between 1995 and 2013 the Spanish monarchy's approval rating dropped from 7.5 to 3.68 out of 10 amongst Spaniards. The Spanish media also attributed, in no small part, King Juan Carlos' abdication to these ongoing proceedings. Her right of succession to the throne and to the royal title of infanta were unaffected.
Cristina's trial began on 11 January 2016, presided over by three judges in Palma, with a maximum potential sentence of eight years if found guilty. At this date, her lawyers had asked judges to drop the criminal charges against her, and the state prosecutor said there was insufficient evidence to back up the accusations, but on January 29 the Court in Palma de Mallorca, where the trial is being held, said in a statement it was upholding the charges, which were filed by the 'Clean Hands' anti-graft organisation using a Spanish legal instrument known as the 'people's accusation'.  She took the stand in March 2016, denying being an accessory to tax evasion, and denying knowledge of her husband's activities. She insisted on her right to answer only questions from her own lawyer. She said that her husband handled the couple's finances, and that she did not know why some large personal expenses were charged to a credit card of a company that the couple owned. She said that she never spoke with her husband about these matters because she was not interested in the subject, and that she was very busy with her small children.
Sports and participation in the Olympics
She practices a number of sports including skiing, but her favorite is sailing. She has taken part in many national and international events and was a member of the Spanish Olympic sailing team at the Seoul Games in 1988 where she was standard bearer in the opening parade.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
As a child of a Spanish monarch, Cristina is entitled to the designation and rank of infanta with the style of Royal Highness. On the occasion of her marriage in 1997, she was also created Duchess of Palma de Mallorca. She lost the title of duchess in 2015 following her husband's alleged involvement in a corruption scandal. Her style and title in full: Her Royal Highness Doña Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y Grecia, Infanta of Spain.
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III
- Spain: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic
- Austria: Grand Cross of the Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Belgium: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
- Ecuador: Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
- Egypt: Grand Cross of the Order of the Virtues
- El Salvador: Grand Cross of the Order of José Matías Delgado, Silver
- Greece: Grand Cross of the Order of Honour
- Guatemala: Grand Cross of the Order of the Quetzal
- Iceland: Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon
- Japan: Paulownia Dame Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown
- Jordan: Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Star of Jordan
- Luxembourg: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau
- Mexico: Grand Cross of the Order of the Aztec Eagle
- Nepalese Royal Family: Member Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Divine Powers
- Netherlands: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau
- Norway: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav
- Peru: Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
- Portugal: Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry
- Sweden: Recipient of the 50th Birthday Badge Medal of King Carl XVI Gustaf
- Thailand: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Elephant
- ALAN CLENDENNING and IAIN SULLIVAN - Associated Press (4 March 2016). "Infanta Cristina: "Mi marido se encargaba de los gastos" - Hawaiian Telcom" [My husband was in charge of expenses]. Hawaiiantel.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Real Decreto 1502/1997 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- "Judge targets Princess Cristina in Nóos corruption probe". El Pais. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
- "La Casa del Rey expresa su "sorpresa" ante el cambio de criterio del juez" (in Spanish). El Periodico de Catalunya. Retrieved 2013-04-03.
- "Spanish princess Infanta Cristina summoned over fraud". BBC News. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- "Spain's Princess Cristina in court over corruption case". BBC News. 8 February 2014.
- "Spain's Princess Cristina to face charges". BBC News. 25 June 2014. Retrieved June 2014. Check date values in:
- "Tax trial confirmed for Spain's Princess Cristina". BBC News. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
- Reuters (22 December 2014). "Spain's Princess Cristina to Stand Trial on Tax Fraud Charges". New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- Spanish king strips sister news.yahoo.com, retrieved June 12, 2015
- Real Decreto 470/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- Garea, Fernando (2 June 2014). "La monarquía, en el peor momento de popularidad". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Spain's Princess Cristina on trial in fraud case". BBC News. 11 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Agence France-Presse (3 March 2016). "Spain's Princess Cristina takes stand at her tax evasion trial". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- Real Decreto 1191/1988 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- Real Decreto 1978/1983 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
- Parliamentary question, page=1124
- "El Rey recibe al presidente de Austria". El País (in Spanish). 3 June 1997. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Foro Dinastías, State visit of Belgium in Spain, 1994,
- Hemeroteca ABC
- Visita de Estado del Presidente del Ecuador a España
- Foro Dinastías, State visit of Egypt in Spain
- Visita de Estado del Presidente de Egipto a España
- Foro Dinastías
- Visita de Estado del Presidente de El Salvador a España
- Foro Dinastías, State visit of Stephanopoulos in Spain, 2001, Group Photo
- Visita de Estado del Presidente de Grecia a España
- "At the Spanish Court" blog, State dinner in the Royal Palace (1st State dinner for Cristina).
- "La dimensión europea de la política exterior española hacia América latina". Escrito por José Escribano Úbeda-Portugués
- Icelandese Presidency Website , Cristina, de Borbón ; prinsessa ; Spánn ; 1985-09-16 ; Stórkross (= Cristina of Bourbon, Princess, Spain, 16 September 1985, Grand Cross)
- Hemeroteca ABC
- State visit of Jordan in Spain (1985), Photo of Infanta Cristina wearing the order
- Visita Oficial del Rey Hussein de Jordania a España
- El Presidente de México de Visita Oficial en España
- El Besamanos
- Foro Dinastías State visit of Nepal in Spain, 1983
- Hemeroteca ABC
- Visita de Estado de los Reyes de Noruega a España
- Visita de Estado del Presidente de Perú a España
- Foro Dinastías, State visit in Thailand,
- Visita de Estado de los Reyes de España a Tailandia
- (Spanish) Royal Cadency of Spain-Standards. Blog de Heráldica – 1 November 2010. (Retrieved 10 October 2012)
- "Cadency of the Spanish Royal House" (in Spanish). José Juan Carrión Rangel, Blog de heráldica. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- Proyecto Galicia : Serie de Heráldica Genealogía y Nobiliaria. T. V (LVIII). La Coruña: Hércules de Ediciones, 2011. ISBN 978-84-92715-31-2. P. 529.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Infanta Cristina of Spain.|
- Royal Household of HM the King official website (English) (Spanish)
- Latest News on Infanta Christina
Infanta Cristina of SpainBorn: 13 June 1965
|Lines of succession|
Victoria Federica de Marichalar
|Line of succession to the Spanish Throne
Juan Valentín Urdangarín
|Flagbearer for Spain
Felipe, Prince of Asturias