Infanta Cristina of Spain

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Cristina de Borbón
Infanta of Spain
Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca.jpg
Infanta Cristina at the GAVI Alliance conference in London, 13 June 2011
Born (1965-06-13) 13 June 1965 (age 51)
Madrid, Spain
Spouse Iñaki Urdangarín (m. 1997)
Issue Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón
Pablo Urdangarín y de Borbón
Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón
Irene Urdangarín y de Borbón
Full name
Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de Borbón y de Grecia
House Bourbon
Father Juan Carlos I of Spain
Mother Sophia of Greece and Denmark
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature

Infanta Cristina of Spain (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia, born 13 June 1965) is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía of Spain. As of 2015 she is sixth in the line of succession to the Spanish throne, after her brother King Felipe VI's children, her sister Elena, and Elena's children.

From 2013 she was under investigation and later tried for fraud relating to accusations of corruption involving a company owned by Cristina and her husband.[1]

Birth and education[edit]

Cristina de Borbón was born in Madrid and was baptized into the Church at the Palacio de La Zarzuela by the Archbishop of Madrid. Her godparents were Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz (her first cousin once removed), and Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (great-aunt).

She received her secondary education at Santa María del Camino School before graduating from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1989 with a degree in political science. She pursued postgraduate studies at New York University, obtaining an MA in international relations in 1990. In 1991, she gained practical experience working at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris.

She speaks fluent Spanish, Catalan, English and Greek.[citation needed]

Marriage and children[edit]

Cristina married team handball player Iñaki Urdangarín in Barcelona on 4 October 1997. On this occasion, she was created Duchess of Palma de Mallorca for life.[2] The couple have four children, all born in Barcelona: Juan (born 29 September 1999), Pablo (born 6 December 2000), Miguel (born 30 April 2002), and Irene (born 5 June 2005).

They lived in Washington, D.C. from 2009 to 2012, where her husband worked for Telefónica. In August 2013 she moved with her four children to Geneva, Switzerland, to take a job with the Caixa Foundation, while her husband, who is the subject of an embezzlement investigation, remained in Barcelona.[3]

Corruption inquiry[edit]

Her husband was investigated from early 2012 on suspicion of fraudulently obtaining millions in public funds in the Nóos case. In April 2013, Infanta Cristina was formally named as a suspect in the case by the judge in charge.[4] When invited to comment, a Royal Household spokesman said that the Casa Real "does not comment on judicial decisions", yet the next day, after the anti-corruption prosecutor announced that he would appeal the decision, it relented by expressing "absolute conformity" with the legal authorities.[5] In the light of the forthcoming trial, she and her children moved to Geneva, Switzerland, in summer 2013. On 7 January 2014, a Spanish judge charged her with tax fraud and money laundering and ordered her to appear in court.[6] The Infanta made her first appearance in the Majorca Court on 8 February 2014, where she denied any knowledge of her husband's dealings.[7]

Spanish judge Jose Castro formalised charges against Infanta Cristina on 25 June 2014.[8] In November 2014 the High Court of Palma de Mallorca upheld tax fraud charges against the princess, paving the way for her to face trial; however, it decided to drop money-laundering charges. Her lawyers maintained that they remained completely convinced of her innocence.[9] On December 22, 2014, the High Court of the Balearic Islands announced that Infanta Cristina, her husband, and 15 others would stand trial on tax fraud charges "as soon as next year".[10]

On 12 June 2015, King Felipe VI officially deprived his sister of her dukedom, privately announcing his intention beforehand.[11][12] Pursuant to their meeting in person on 12 June Infanta Cristina wrote to the king (her brother) requesting the forfeiture of her noble title, immediately following which a royal decree to that effect was issued.[13][14][15][16] According to newspaper El País, between 1995 and 2013 the Spanish monarchy's approval rating dropped from 7.5 to 3.68 out of 10 amongst Spaniards. The Spanish media also attributed, in no small part, King Juan Carlos' abdication to these ongoing proceedings.[17] Her right of succession to the throne and to the royal title of infanta were unaffected.

Cristina's trial began on 11 January 2016, presided over by three judges in Palma, with a maximum potential sentence of eight years if found guilty.[18] At this date, her lawyers had asked judges to drop the criminal charges against her, and the state prosecutor said there was insufficient evidence to back up the accusations, but on January 29 the Court in Palma de Mallorca, where the trial is being held, said in a statement it was upholding the charges, which were filed by the 'Clean Hands' anti-graft organisation using a Spanish legal instrument known as the 'people's accusation'. [19] She took the stand in March 2016, denying being an accessory to tax evasion, and denying knowledge of her husband's activities.[20] She insisted on her right to answer only questions from her own lawyer. She said that her husband handled the couple's finances, and that she did not know why some large personal expenses were charged to a credit card of a company that the couple owned. She said that she never spoke with her husband about these matters because she was not interested in the subject, and that she was very busy with her small children.[1]

Sports and participation in the Olympics[edit]

She practices a number of sports including skiing, but her favorite is sailing. She has taken part in many national and international events and was a member of the Spanish Olympic sailing team at the Seoul Games in 1988 where she was standard bearer in the opening parade.

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles[edit]

As a child of a Spanish monarch, Cristina is entitled to the designation and rank of infanta with the style of Royal Highness. On the occasion of her marriage in 1997, she was also created Duchess of Palma de Mallorca. She lost the title of duchess in 2015 following her husband's alleged involvement in a corruption scandal. Her style and title in full: Her Royal Highness Doña Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y Grecia, Infanta of Spain.

Honours[edit]

See also List of honours of the Spanish Royal Family by country

National honours[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Infanta Cristina of Spain
Coat of arms of Infanta Cristina of Spain.svg
Notes
Infanta Cristina's personal coat of arms are the Arms of the Monarch in right of Spain, differenced by a Label.
Crest
A Coronet for Infantes of Spain
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st Gules a Castle Or triple-embattled and voided gate and windows with three Towers each triple-turreted of the Field masoned Sable and ajoure Azure, 2nd Argent a Lion rampant Purpure crowned langued and armed Or, 3rd Or four Pallets Gules, and 4th Gules a Cross saltire and Orle of chains linked together Or a centre point Vert
Argent enté en pointe with a Pomegranate Proper seeded Gules supported sculpted and leafed in two Leaves Vert;
on an inescutcheon Azure bordure Gules three Fleurs-de-lys Or.
Orders
Order of Charles III Grand Cross ribbon.
Other elements
The whole differenced by a Label of three points Azure the central point charged with a Cross Argent
Banner
Personal Standard of Infanta Cristina of Spain.svg Infanta Cristina's personal Royal Standard
a crimson square flag with a swallow-tail charged with her personalized coat of arms.[51]
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of Spain: the first quarter is the Arms of Castile, the second of León, the third of Aragon and the fourth of Navarre, enté en pointe the Arms of Granada and on an escutcheon of pretence for Bourbon-Anjou.

The Cross Argent, as used prior to the rescission of her dukedom, represented her mother's family: the former Kings of Greece.[52][53]

Previous versions
Coat of arms of Infanta Cristina of Spain (1997-2015).svg From 1997 to 2015

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b ALAN CLENDENNING and IAIN SULLIVAN - Associated Press (4 March 2016). "Infanta Cristina: "Mi marido se encargaba de los gastos" - Hawaiian Telcom" [My husband was in charge of expenses]. Hawaiiantel.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  2. ^ Real Decreto 1502/1997 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Judge targets Princess Cristina in Nóos corruption probe". El Pais. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  5. ^ "La Casa del Rey expresa su "sorpresa" ante el cambio de criterio del juez" (in Spanish). El Periodico de Catalunya. Retrieved 2013-04-03. 
  6. ^ "Spanish princess Infanta Cristina summoned over fraud". BBC News. 7 January 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Spain's Princess Cristina in court over corruption case". BBC News. 8 February 2014. 
  8. ^ "Spain's Princess Cristina to face charges". BBC News. 25 June 2014. Retrieved June 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  9. ^ "Tax trial confirmed for Spain's Princess Cristina". BBC News. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  10. ^ Reuters (22 December 2014). "Spain's Princess Cristina to Stand Trial on Tax Fraud Charges". New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  11. ^ Spanish king strips sister news.yahoo.com, retrieved June 12, 2015
  12. ^ Real Decreto 470/2015 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  13. ^ http://img02.lavanguardia.com/2015/06/12/Primera-pagina-de-la-carta-rem_54432241161_54374916805_576_694.jpg?t=1434100353341
  14. ^ http://img02.lavanguardia.com/2015/06/12/Segunda-pagina-de-la-carta-rem_54432241924_54374916805_576_694.jpg?t=1434101059380
  15. ^ http://img02.lavanguardia.com/2015/06/12/Tercera-pagina-de-la-carta-rem_54432784369_54374916805_576_694.jpg?t=1434101040777
  16. ^ http://img02.lavanguardia.com/2015/06/12/Cuarta-y-ultima-pagina-de-la-c_54432241962_54374916805_576_694.jpg?t=1434101077752
  17. ^ Garea, Fernando (2 June 2014). "La monarquía, en el peor momento de popularidad". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  18. ^ "Spain's Princess Cristina on trial in fraud case". BBC News. 11 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016. 
  19. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/reuters/article-3422541/Spains-Princess-Cristina-loses-appeal-trial.html
  20. ^ Agence France-Presse (3 March 2016). "Spain's Princess Cristina takes stand at her tax evasion trial". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  21. ^ Real Decreto 1191/1988 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  22. ^ Real Decreto 1978/1983 Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  23. ^ http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-KyIaAtDRwmY/Ueky7ALRchI/AAAAAAAADQw/cc0fGI4yWos/s1600/19850226japn1prncipeakiret.jpg
  24. ^ Parliamentary question, page=1124
  25. ^ "El Rey recibe al presidente de Austria". El País (in Spanish). 3 June 1997. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  26. ^ Foro Dinastías, State visit of Belgium in Spain, 1994,
  27. ^ Hemeroteca ABC
  28. ^ Visita de Estado del Presidente del Ecuador a España
  29. ^ Foro Dinastías, State visit of Egypt in Spain
  30. ^ Visita de Estado del Presidente de Egipto a España
  31. ^ Foro Dinastías
  32. ^ Visita de Estado del Presidente de El Salvador a España
  33. ^ Foro Dinastías, State visit of Stephanopoulos in Spain, 2001, Group Photo
  34. ^ Visita de Estado del Presidente de Grecia a España
  35. ^ "At the Spanish Court" blog, State dinner in the Royal Palace (1st State dinner for Cristina).
  36. ^ "La dimensión europea de la política exterior española hacia América latina". Escrito por José Escribano Úbeda-Portugués
  37. ^ Icelandese Presidency Website , Cristina, de Borbón ; prinsessa ; Spánn ; 1985-09-16 ; Stórkross (= Cristina of Bourbon, Princess, Spain, 16 September 1985, Grand Cross)
  38. ^ Hemeroteca ABC
  39. ^ State visit of Jordan in Spain (1985), Photo of Infanta Cristina wearing the order
  40. ^ Visita Oficial del Rey Hussein de Jordania a España
  41. ^ El Presidente de México de Visita Oficial en España
  42. ^ El Besamanos
  43. ^ Foro Dinastías State visit of Nepal in Spain, 1983
  44. ^ Hemeroteca ABC
  45. ^ Visita de Estado de los Reyes de Noruega a España
  46. ^ Visita de Estado del Presidente de Perú a España
  47. ^ https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/3e/5b/ec/3e5beccf643be0528e49977b628ffdd6.jpg
  48. ^ http://royauxsuedois.r.o.pic.centerblog.net/o/8BJLfM9U758.jpg
  49. ^ Foro Dinastías, State visit in Thailand,
  50. ^ Visita de Estado de los Reyes de España a Tailandia
  51. ^ (Spanish) Royal Cadency of Spain-Standards. Blog de Heráldica – 1 November 2010. (Retrieved 10 October 2012)
  52. ^ a b "Cadency of the Spanish Royal House" (in Spanish). José Juan Carrión Rangel, Blog de heráldica. Retrieved 2009-11-29. 
  53. ^ a b Proyecto Galicia : Serie de Heráldica Genealogía y Nobiliaria. T. V (LVIII). La Coruña: Hércules de Ediciones, 2011. ISBN 978-84-92715-31-2. P. 529.

External links[edit]

Infanta Cristina of Spain
Born: 13 June 1965
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Victoria Federica de Marichalar
Line of succession to the Spanish Throne
6th position
Succeeded by
Juan Valentín Urdangarín
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Alejandro Abascal
Flagbearer for  Spain
Seoul 1988
Succeeded by
Felipe, Prince of Asturias