Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
IHÉS main building

The Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHÉS; English: Institute of Advanced Scientific Studies) is a French institute supporting advanced research in mathematics and theoretical physics. It is located in Bures-sur-Yvette just south of Paris. It is now part of the federal University of Paris-Saclay as an advanced studies institute.

History[edit]

The IHÉS, was founded in 1958 by businessman and mathematical physicist Léon Motchane with the help of Robert Oppenheimer and Jean Dieudonné as a research centre in France, modeled on the renowned Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, United States.[1]

IHÉS explicitly draws inspiration from the model of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (IAS). ... IHÉS adopted its basic characteristics - the intellectual ones - as a high level institute dedicated to basic research - and certain practical ones - such as the tradition of tea being served daily, conducive to exchanges of views. Of equal importance was the relationship between Oppenheimer and Léon Motchane (1900-1990), the founder and first director of IHÉS. As life member of the scientific committee, advisor to the director, frequent visitor and regular correspondent, Oppenheimer played a major role in the crucial early years at IHÉS. ... Oppenheimer and Motchane ... exchanged long letters and short telegrams on all aspects of life at IHÉS. ... Visits by Oppenheimer were cleverly orchestrated by Léon Motchane and reported in the press. Oppenheimer’s presence was an event in itself and his coming to lHÉS gave the Institute important official recognition. Oppenheimer was to come to IHÉS three times: from 16 to 19 September 1959, on 17 and 18 October 1961 (in Bures, although the Institute had not moved there yet), and from 14 to 17 May 1963. His last visit, planned for 1965, was cancelled for health reasons.[2]

The strong personality of Alexandre Grothendieck and the broad sweep of his revolutionizing theories were a dominating feature of the first ten years at the IHÉS.[citation needed] René Thom received an invitation from IHÉS in 1963 and after his appointment remained there until his death in 2002.[3] Dennis Sullivan is remembered as one who had a special talent for encouraging fruitful exchanges among visitors and provoking a new and deeper insight into their ideas.[citation needed]

The IHÉS runs a highly regarded mathematical journal, Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS.

IHÉS celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2008[1][4] and the 40th anniversary in 1998.[5]

Directors[edit]

Image Name Timespan
Léon Motchane (1958–1971)
Nicolaas Kuiper.jpg Nicolaas Kuiper (1971–1985)
Marcel Berger.jpeg Marcel Berger (1985–1994)
Jean-Pierre Bourguignon.jpg Jean-Pierre Bourguignon (1994–2013)
Emmanuel Ullmo[6] Emmanuel Ullmo (2013–present)

List of faculty members[edit]

Nom Nationality Field Year joined Year left Notes Awards
Alexandre Grothendieck Stateless mathematician 1958 1970 Fields Medal (1966), Crafoord Prize (1988)
Jean Dieudonné French mathematician 1958 1964
Louis Michel French physicist 1962 1992 Emeritus 1992-1999 Wigner Medal (1982)
René Thom French mathematician 1963 1990 Emeritus 1990-2002 Fields Medal (1958)
David Ruelle Belgian physicist 1964 2000 Emeritus since 2000 Henri Poincaré Prize (2006), Max Planck Medal (2014)
Pierre Deligne Belgian mathematician 1970 1984 Fields Medal (1978), Crafoord Prize (1988), Abel Prize (2013)
Dennis Sullivan American mathematician 1974 1997 Wolf Prize (2010)
Jürg Fröhlich Swiss physicist 1978 1982 Max-Planck Medal (2001), Henri Poincaré Prize (2009)
Oscar Lanford III American physicist 1982 1989
Mikhaïl Gromov Russian mathematician 1982 2015 Emeritus since 2015 Wolf Prize (1993), Abel Prize (2009)
Jean Bourgain Belgian mathematician 1985 1994 Fields Medal (1994), Shaw Prize (2010), Crafoord Prize (2012)
Thibault Damour French physicist 1989 current Albert Einstein Medal (1996), CNRS Gold Medal (2017)
Maxim Kontsevich Russian mathematician 1995 current Henri Poincaré Prize (1997), Fields Medal (1998), Crafoord Prize (2008), Shaw Prize (2012)
Laurent Lafforgue French mathematician 2000 current Fields Medal (2002)
Nikita Nekrasov Russian physicist 2000 2013
Vasily Pestun Russian physicist 2014 current
Hugo Duminil-Copin French mathematician 2016 current
Slava Rychkov Russian physicist 2017 current

Scientists associated with the IHES[edit]

Alain Connes (Fields Medal 1982), has been holding the Léon Motchane Chair since 1979. Several CNRS researchers are also based at the IHES: Ahmed Abbes, Cédric Deffayet, Ofer Gabber, Fanny Kassel, and Christophe Soulé.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "On the occasion of receiving the Seki Takakazu Prize" (PDF). Mathematical Society of Japan.
  2. ^ IHES – Oppenheimer and IHÉS (1958-1967)
  3. ^ edited by Lawrence D. Kritzman, Brian J. Reilly. The Columbia History Of Twentieth-Century French Thought. Columbia University Press. p. 665.
  4. ^ Jackson, Allyn. "Grothendieck at 80, IHES at 50" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. Retrieved 2008. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ Jackson, Allyn. "The IHÉS at Forty" (PDF). American Mathematical Society. Retrieved March 1999. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ (in French) Official web site Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  7. ^ "IHES Faculty".

Coordinates: 48°41′42″N 2°10′09″E / 48.694954°N 2.16908°E / 48.694954; 2.16908