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Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques

Coordinates: 48°41′42″N 2°10′09″E / 48.694954°N 2.16908°E / 48.694954; 2.16908
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IHÉS main building

The Institut des hautes études scientifiques (IHÉS; English: Institute of Advanced Scientific Studies) is a French research institute supporting advanced research in mathematics and theoretical physics. It is located in Bures-sur-Yvette, just south of Paris. It is an independently governed research institute and a founding member of the University of Paris-Saclay.


The IHÉS was founded in 1958 by businessman and mathematical physicist Léon Motchane with the help of Robert Oppenheimer and Jean Dieudonné as a research centre in France, modeled on the renowned Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, United States.[1]

IHÉS explicitly draws inspiration from the model of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (IAS). ... IHÉS adopted its basic characteristics – the intellectual ones – as a high level institute dedicated to basic research – and certain practical ones – such as the tradition of tea being served daily, conducive to exchanges of views. Of equal importance was the relationship between Oppenheimer and Léon Motchane (1900–1990), the founder and first director of IHÉS. As life member of the scientific committee, advisor to the director, frequent visitor and regular correspondent, Oppenheimer played a major role in the crucial early years at IHÉS. ... Oppenheimer and Motchane ... exchanged long letters and short telegrams on all aspects of life at IHÉS. ... Visits by Oppenheimer were cleverly orchestrated by Léon Motchane and reported in the press. Oppenheimer's presence was an event in itself and his coming to lHÉS gave the Institute important official recognition. Oppenheimer was to come to IHÉS three times: from 16 to 19 September 1959, on 17 and 18 October 1961 (in Bures, although the Institute had not moved there yet), and from 14 to 17 May 1963. His last visit, planned for 1965, was cancelled for health reasons.[2]

The strong personality of Alexander Grothendieck and the broad sweep of his revolutionizing theories were a dominating feature of the first ten years at the IHÉS.[3] René Thom received an invitation from IHÉS in 1963 and after his appointment remained there until his death in 2002.[4] Dennis Sullivan is remembered as one who had a special talent for encouraging fruitful exchanges among visitors and provoking a new and deeper insight into their ideas.[citation needed]

The IHÉS runs a highly regarded mathematical journal, Publications Mathématiques de l'IHÉS.

IHÉS celebrated its 40th anniversary in 1998[5] and its 50th in 2008.[1][6]


Image Name Timespan
Léon Motchane (1958–1971)
Nicolaas Kuiper (1971–1985)
Marcel Berger (1985–1994)
Jean-Pierre Bourguignon (1994–2013)
Emmanuel Ullmo[7] (2013–present)

List of faculty members[edit]

Name Nationality Field Year joined Year left Notes Major awards   
Alexander Grothendieck Stateless mathematician 1958 1970 Fields Medal (1966), Crafoord Prize (1988)
Jean Dieudonné French mathematician 1958 1964
Louis Michel French physicist 1962 1992 Emeritus 1992–1999 Wigner Medal (1982)
René Thom French mathematician 1963 1990 Emeritus 1990–2002 Fields Medal (1958)
David Ruelle Belgian physicist 1964 2000 Emeritus since 2000 Henri Poincaré Prize (2006), Max Planck Medal (2014)
Pierre Deligne Belgian mathematician 1970 1984 Fields Medal (1978), Crafoord Prize (1988), Abel Prize (2013)
Dennis Sullivan American mathematician 1974 1997 Wolf Prize (2010), Abel Prize (2022)
Jürg Fröhlich Swiss physicist 1978 1982 Max-Planck Medal (2001), Henri Poincaré Prize (2009)
Oscar Lanford III American physicist 1982 1989
Mikhaïl Gromov Russian, French mathematician 1982 2015 Emeritus since 2015 Wolf Prize (1993), Abel Prize (2009)
Jean Bourgain Belgian mathematician 1985 1994 Fields Medal (1994), Shaw Prize (2010), Crafoord Prize (2012)
Thibault Damour French physicist 1989 2022 Emeritus since 2022 Albert Einstein Medal (1996), CNRS Gold Medal (2017)
Maxim Kontsevich Russian mathematician 1995 current Henri Poincaré Prize (1997), Fields Medal (1998), Crafoord Prize (2008), Shaw Prize (2012)
Laurent Lafforgue French mathematician 2000 2021 Fields Medal (2002)
Nikita Nekrasov Russian physicist 2000 2013 Hermann Weyl Prize (2004), Jacques Herbrand Prize (2004), Compositio Prize (2009)
Vasily Pestun Russian physicist 2014 2023 Hermann Weyl Prize (2016)
Hugo Duminil-Copin French mathematician 2016 current Fields Medal (2022)
Slava Rychkov Russian, Italian, French physicist 2017 current New Horizons in Physics Prize (2014), Mergier-Bourdeix Prize (2019)
Laure Saint-Raymond French mathematician 2021 current
Dustin Clausen [de] Canadian, American mathematician 2023 current

Scientists associated with the IHES[edit]

Alain Connes (Fields Medal 1982), has been holding the Léon Motchane Chair since 1979. Several CNRS researchers are also based at the IHES: Ahmed Abbes, Cédric Deffayet, Ofer Gabber, Fanny Kassel, and Christophe Soulé.[8]


  1. ^ a b "On the occasion of receiving the Seki Takakazu Prize" (PDF). Mathematical Society of Japan.
  2. ^ "IHES – Oppenheimer and IHÉS (1958–1967)". Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Alexander Grothendieck اطالوی – انگریزی-اطالوی میں لغت | Glosbe". ur.glosbe.com. Retrieved 17 January 2021.
  4. ^ Kritzman, Lawrence D.; Reilly, Brian J. (eds.). The Columbia History Of Twentieth-Century French Thought. Columbia University Press. p. 665.
  5. ^ Jackson, Allyn. "The IHÉS at Forty" (PDF). American Mathematical Society.
  6. ^ Jackson, Allyn. "Grothendieck at 80, IHES at 50" (PDF). American Mathematical Society.
  7. ^ "Emmanuel Ullmo, directeur de l'IHES depuis 2013". IHES (in French). 8 June 2022. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  8. ^ "IHES Faculty".

External links[edit]

48°41′42″N 2°10′09″E / 48.694954°N 2.16908°E / 48.694954; 2.16908