Motorway 5 (Greece)

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A5 motorway shield

A5 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 5
Ionia Odos / Ιονία Οδός
Route information
Part of E55
E951
Ionia Odos
Length: 196 km (122 mi)
North end: Ioannina
Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg
South end: Rio
Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg
Location
Regions: Epirus, West Greece, Peloponnese
Major cities: Ioannina, Arta, Agrinio, Patras
Highway system
Motorways in Greece

The Greek Motorway 5 (Greek: Αυτοκινητόδρομος 5; code: A5) is a motorway in Greece.

In 3 August 2017, the last section under construction (Perdika-Ioannina) was completed and delivered to traffic by the Greek Minister of Infrastructure, Transport and Network, making A5 a fully operational motorway.[1] It is the second major north-south road connection after Motorway 1 and is also part of the trans-balkanic Adriatic–Ionian motorway and the European routes E55 and E951.

The motorway, commonly referred to as Ionia Odos (Greek: Ιονία Οδός, English: Ionian Way), starts at Ioannina and it follows the western coastline of mainland Greece down to the Gulf of Corinth. At Rio, it crosses the gulf via the Rio–Antirrio bridge and is connected with the A8 Motorway at an interchange near Patras.

As of 2017, it is yet unknown if the future Patras - Pyrgos motorway will be part of the A5 or the Olympia Odos motorway and its construction is currently being auctioned.

The Ionia Odos motorway was one of the most challenging construction projects in Greece, as it spans a big part of Western Greece and because of its location on the foothills of the Pindus mountain range. After its completion in August 2017, it reduced travel times between Antirrio and Ioannina to 1 hour and 40 minutes, down from 3 hours and 30 minutes and will provide a boost to the economy of the regions it spans (Western Greece and Epirus).

Ionia Odos[edit]

Ionia Odos (southbound direction), just after the Kouvaras interchange

Brief presentation[edit]

The motorway consists of:[2]

  • 196 kilometres of motorway, with 2 lanes in each direction, emergency lane and Jersey barrier separation
  • 19 interchanges
  • 133 overpasses and underpasses
  • 4 twin-tube tunnels
  • 24 bridges
  • 4 main and 5 lateral toll stations
  • 5 rest areas (4 in both directions)

Rio–Antirrio bridge[edit]

Construction of the Rio–Antirrio bridge, the world's longest fully suspended cable-stayed bridge, began in 1998, more than 100 years after a first proposal by then-prime minister Charilaos Trikoupis. The bridge was inaugurated on 7 August 2004, a week before the opening of the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

Agrinio and Arta bypasses[edit]

With a length of 33 km, the Agrinio bypass was the first major segment of the northern A5 section to be completed. While construction had begun in 2002/03, it was fully put into service in May 2009. Starting from Aitoliko, the road bypasses the largest city and economical center of the Aetolia-Acarnania prefecture, Agrinio and ends in Kouvaras. It largely replaced the 12 km longer National Road 5. In July 28, 2015, a 4,5 km segment before the Aitoliko interchange became operational. This segment features the Ioannina-Antirrio carriageway, with the Antirrio-Ioannina carriageway being under construction where the old road was. The latter was moved eastwards in order to make room for the construction of the motorway and the traffic is diverted there.

The 17 km Arta bypass begins from Sellades near Arta and ends at Filippiada, near the border with the prefecture of Preveza. Its first part (Arta north interchange - Filippiada was opened in 2003 and the second part (Sellades/Arta south interchange - Arta north interchange) was opened in April 2011, with the bridge of the Arta north interchange being inaugurated on 22 November 2013.

Rest of the motorway - construction progress[edit]

As of December 2016, the 25 km Kouvaras interchange - Amfilochia interchange (Amfilochia bypass) segment has been completed. It should have been opened by July 2016, but because of landslides just before the Amfilochia interchange, it was opened in 27 December 2016 by the minister Christos Spirtzis.[3] Also, the 37 km long section Kampi (Filippiada interchange) - Avgo was opened to traffic in 22 February 2017 by the minister of infrastructure Christos Spirtzis,[4] however without the connection with the Egnatia Odos, which was completed in August 2017. The latter was one of the most difficult motorway segments under construction in Greece because of the rugged mountainous terrain along its route. The most important tunnel of the motorway, the Klokova Tunnel, has been excavated and other works are undergoing. The 37 km section Klokova-Kefalovryso was opened to traffic on 12 April 2017 (without some of the interchanges, which are ready by August 2017). In early September 2016, It was announced that the rest of the expropriation works were successfully settled with the house owners receiving compensations for their respective areas, thus allowing full construction of the road.[5]

Nea Odos consortium[edit]

In late 2006, construction and maintenance of the motorway's northern, Ionia Odos, section from Ioannina to the Rio intersection has been granted to the Greek-Spanish "Nea Odos" consortium, which is also responsible for the maintenance of the AthensSkarfeia (near Lamia) section of the A1 Motorway. The consortium, consisting of construction firms GEK Group of Companies SA, Terna SA, Cintra SA, and Grupo ACS, will build and operate the road, receiving toll fees for 30 years, while investing a combined €1.15 billion in the project. The rest of the total €1.4 billion funds will be provided by the European Union and the Greek government. Construction, undertaken by the Euroionia Joint Venture (Terna SA, Dragados SA and Ferrovial SA) finally started in 2008 with a completion date of 72 months.[6] The bill was ratified on March 28, 2007.[7]

In 2010, it was expected that the full length of the motorway would be completed by the end of 2013.[8][9] However, the consortium's economical problems led to the construction being stopped in 2011. Construction works have been resumed by April 2013, but the slow progress of expropriations, archaeological investigations, expropriation-related lawsuits and environmental issues led to further significant delays. Currently, the remaining parts are expected to be finished by March 2017.

Exit list[edit]

The exits of the main northern section of the A5 motorway:[10]

Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes
Ioannina 18 Ioannina interchange Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg to Igoumenitsa, Thessaloniki
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
17 Avgo
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
16 Terovo
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Preveza 15 Gorgomylos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Arta 14 Ammotopos
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
13 Filippiada/Preveza GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
12 Arta south GR-EO-30.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
11A Kompoti GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Aetolia-Acarnania 11 Amfilochia GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
10 Amvrakia interchange Autokinetodromos Aempty number.svg to Aktio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
9 Kouvaras GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
8 Rigani
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
7 Angelokastro GR-EO-40.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
6 Agios Ilias
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
5 Chaliki GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
4 Messolonghi GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
3 Evinochori
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
2 Gavrolimni GR-EO-5.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
1 Antirrio GR-EO-5.svg GR-EO-48.svg, ferry to Rio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Achaea Rio-Port GR-EO-5.svg, ferry to Antirrio
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Rio interchange Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg to Athens
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg

Patras bypass[edit]

The Patras bypass was the first segment of Olympia Odos that was put into service. Planning of the bypass began in the 1980s, but construction did not begin until the 1990s. It passes east of the city, through the foothills of the Panachaiko mountain, and consists of several tunnels and bridges. In October 2002, the bypass was opened to traffic. As a result, traffic in downtown Patras has significantly decreased.

Largely following the course of National Road 9, the Patras bypass in early years was signposted as part of a new, separate Motorway 9. Later it was reassigned to the then-planned trans-Peloponnese Motorway 8, before it was considered a part of the Adriatic–Ionian Motorway 5.

Signage of the Patras bypass
Old road sign depicting Patras-Paralia exit as part of a new Motorway 9 in 2006 
Old road sign depicting Patras-Mintologli exit as part of Motorway 8 in 2011 
New road sign depicting Patras-Paralia exit as part of Motorway A5 in 2011 

Olympia Odos consortium[edit]

Construction and maintenance of the Patras bypass Olympia Odos section has been mandated to the "Olympia Odos" consortium which also built the A8 Motorway.

Exit list[edit]

View of the Patras bypass.

The exits of the southern, Patras bypass, section of the A5 motorway:[10]

Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes
Achaea Rio interchange Autokinetodromos A8 number.svg to Athens
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras A Patras East interchange GR-EO-8a.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras B Eglykada
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras C Glafkos interchange Port of Patras
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras D Ovrya
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Paralia
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras West GR-EO-9.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 OMOE-KSA 2003 - PI-27 - squared - VCT.svg
Patras Industrial Area GR-EO-9.svg
Traffic Sign GR - KOK 2009 - K-20.svg

See also[edit]

References[edit]