Irish elections, 1921

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Irish general election, 1921
United Kingdom
1918 ←
24 May 1921 → 1922
outgoing members ← → Members elected

128 seats in the House of Commons of Southern Ireland
and 52 seats in the House of Commons of Northern Ireland
which combined potentially up to 180 seats in 2nd Dáil Éireann compared with up to 105 in 1st Dáil
  First party Second party
  Eamon de Valera c 1922-30.jpg James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon.jpg
Leader Éamon de Valera James Craig
Party Sinn Féin UUP
Leader since 1917 1921
Leader's seat Clare East Mid Down
Last election 73 22
Seats won 130 (124 unopposed) 40
Seat change Increase47 Increase18
Popular vote 104,917 343,347
Percentage 20.5% 66.9%

  Third party Fourth party
  Joe Devlin.JPG
Leader Joseph Devlin
Party Nationalist Independent Unionist
Leader since 1917
Leader's seat Belfast Falls University of Dublin
Last election n/a 1
Seats won 6 4 (unopposed)
Seat change Increase6 Increase3
Popular vote 60,577 N/A
Percentage 11.8% N/A

Irish election 1921.png

Percentage of seats gained by each of the party. Sinn Féin candidates in Southern Ireland were returned unopposed (dark green). The Nationalist Party and Ulster Unionist Party ran only in Ulster, along with Sinn Féin.

Two elections in Ireland took place in 1921, as a result of the Government of Ireland Act 1920 to establish the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland. The election was used by Irish Republicans as the basis of membership of the Second Dáil. Where contested, the elections used single transferable vote.

Southern Ireland result[edit]

No actual polling took place in Southern Ireland as all 128 candidates were returned unopposed. Of these, 124 were won by Sinn Féin and four by independent Unionists representing the University of Dublin (Trinity College).[1] When the date of the elections was announced in the House of Commons, the Conservative MP Sir William Davison, who had been born in Broughshane, County Antrim, had asked "What is the object of holding elections in Southern Ireland when any candidates who do not support Sinn Fein would be shot?" Other members had replied "How do you know?"[2]

Southern Ireland general election, 1921
Party Leader No. of seats  % of seats
Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 124 (unopposed) 96.9
Independent Unionist 4 (unopposed) 3.1
Totals 128 100

Only Sinn Féin candidates recognised the Dáil and five of these had been elected in two constituencies (Michael Collins, Éamon de Valera, Arthur Griffith, Seán Milroy and Eoin MacNeill) one in each part of Ireland. The total number of members who assembled in the Second Dáil was 125: 119 elected solely in Southern Ireland, 1 solely in Northern Ireland (Seán O'Mahony), and 5 in both.

In Southern Ireland, there were fresh elections in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty.

Northern Ireland result[edit]

The general election to the Northern Ireland House of Commons occurred on 24 May. Of 52 seats, including Queen's University of Belfast, 40 were won by Unionists, 6 by moderate nationalists and 6 by Sinn Féin.

Northern Ireland general election, 1921
Party Leader Seats  % of seats Votes  % of votes
Ulster Unionist Party James Craig 40 76.9 343,347 66.9
Sinn Féin Éamon de Valera 6 11.5 104,917 20.5
Nationalist Party (NI) Joe Devlin 6 11.5 60,577 11.8
Belfast Labour Party 0 0 3,075 0.6
Independent 0 0 926 0.2
Totals 52 100 512,842 100

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Dáil elections since 1918". ARK Northern Ireland. Retrieved 26 April 2009. 
  2. ^ [1]