1990 Irish presidential election
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The Irish presidential election of 1990 was the tenth presidential election to be held in Ireland, the fifth to be contested by more than one candidate and the first to have a female candidate. It was held on Wednesday, 7 November 1990.
Under Article 12 of the Constitution of Ireland, a candidate for president could be nominated by:
- at least twenty of the 226 serving members of the Houses of the Oireachtas, or
- at least four of 31 county or city councils, or
- a former or retiring president, on their own nomination.
Brian Lenihan, the Tánaiste and Minister for Defence was chosen by Fianna Fáil as their candidate, though he faced a late challenge for the party nomination from another senior minister, John Wilson. Lenihan was popular and widely seen as humorous and intelligent. He had delivered liberal policy reform, for example relaxed censorship in the 1960s.
Fine Gael, after trying and failing to get former Taoiseach Garret FitzGerald and former Tánaiste Peter Barry to run, ultimately nominated the former Northern Ireland civil rights campaigner and SDLP member Austin Currie. Currie had been elected to the Dáil in the 1989 general election and had been a minister in Brian Faulkner's power-sharing executive in Northern Ireland from 1973–1974. However Currie had little experience in the politics of the Republic.
The Labour Party, along with the Workers' Party, nominated Mary Robinson, SC, a former Labour Party member and senator, and liberal campaigner. Robinson was a former Reid Professor of Law in the Trinity College Dublin. She was previously involved in the Campaign for Homosexual Law Reform and the campaign to save Wood Quay.
Lenihan entered the race as odds-on favourite; no Fianna Fáil candidate had ever lost a presidential election. However Lenihan was derailed when he confirmed in an on-the-record interview with freelance journalist and academic researcher Jim Duffy that he had been involved in controversial attempts to pressurise President Patrick Hillery not to dissolve the Dáil in 1982. After the contrast between his public denials during the campaign and his eventual confirmation of his role during his earlier interview recorded in May the Progressive Democrats, then in coalition with Fianna Fáil, threatened to join an opposition motion of no confidence unless Lenihan was dismissed from the government or an inquiry into the 1982 events was set up. Taoiseach Charles Haughey privately asked Lenihan to resign, and sacked him on 31 October—a week before the election—when he refused to do so.
At this point Cabinet minister Pádraig Flynn launched a personal attack on Mary Robinson, accusing her as "having a new-found interest in her family", an attack that was itself attacked in response as "disgraceful" on live radio by Michael McDowell, a senior member of the Progressive Democrats, which up to that point had supported Lenihan's campaign. Flynn's attack was a fatal blow to Lenihan's campaign, causing many female supporters of Lenihan to vote for Robinson in a gesture of support.
Lenihan nonetheless received a plurality of first preference votes. Robinson received almost three times as many votes as Currie, and over 75 percent of Currie's votes transferred to Robinson, beating Lenihan into second place and electing Robinson as Ireland's first female president.
|Irish presidential election, 1990|
|Candidate||Nominated by||% 1st Pref||Count 1||Count 2|
|Mary Robinson||Oireachtas: Labour Party and Workers' Party||38.9||612,265||817,830|
|Brian Lenihan||Oireachtas: Fianna Fáil||44.1||694,484||731,273|
|Austin Currie||Oireachtas: Fine Gael||17.0||267,902|
|Electorate: 2,471,308 Valid: 1,574,651 Spoilt: 9,444 (0.6%) Quota: 787,326 Turnout: 64.1%|
Results by constituency
- "Presidential Election November 1990". ElectionsIreland.org. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
- "Presidential Elections 1938–2011" (PDF). Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government. p. 32. Retrieved 18 September 2018.