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J with caron in Doulos SIL

(minuscule: ǰ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from J with the addition of a háček. It is used in some phonetic transcription schemes, e.g. ISO 9, to represent the sound []. It is also used in the Latin scripts or in the romanization of various Iranian and Pamir languages (Avestan, Pashto, Yaghnobi, and others), Armenian, Georgian, Berber/Tuareg, and Classical Mongolian.[1] The letter was invented by Lepsius in his Standard Alphabet on the model of š and ž to avoid the confusion caused by the ambiguous pronunciation of the letter j in European languages.[2]


  1. ^ "Transliteration Systems for Uyghur-Mongolian or Vertical or Old Script". Tibetan and Himalayan Library.
  2. ^ Lepsius, Richard (1863). Standard Alphabet for Reducing Unwritten Languages and Foreign Graphic Systems to a Uniform Orthography in European Letters. London: Williams & Norgate. p. 10.