Ř

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ř in upper- and lowercase

The grapheme Ř, ř (R with háček, example of Czech pronunciation: About this sound "řeka" ) is a letter used in alphabets of the Czech and Upper Sorbian languages. It was also used in a proposed orthography for the Silesian language. A similar consonant can also be found in some Norwegian dialects around Narvik and in Berber (especially in its Rif variety). However, of the official national languages, only Czech has it.[citation needed]

The Unicode glyphs are U+0158 Ř and U+0159 ř . Either can also be represented using the combining character U+030C  ̌  COMBINING CARON.

Usage[edit]

In Czech it is used to denote [r̝], a raised alveolar non-sonorant trill. Its manner of articulation is similar to other alveolar trills but the tongue is raised; it is partially fricative. It is usually voiced, [r̝], but it also has a voiceless allophone [r̝̊] occurring in the vicinity of voiceless consonants or at the end of a word.

In Upper Sorbian, it denotes the voiceless postalveolar fricative [ʃ].

Tongue twister[edit]

Czech: “Třista třicet tři stříbrných stříkaček stříkalo přes třista třicet tři stříbrných střech.”

Phonetically: [ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊iːkat͡ʃɛk ˈstr̝̊iːkalo pr̝̊ɛs ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊ɛx].

English: “333 silver fire hoses squirted [water] over 333 silver roofs”.

Computing code[edit]

Character Ř ř
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER R WITH CARON LATIN SMALL LETTER R WITH CARON
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 344 U+0158 345 U+0159
UTF-8 197 152 C5 98 197 153 C5 99
Numeric character reference Ř Ř ř ř

See also[edit]