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Ř in upper- and lowercase

The grapheme Ř, ř (R with háček, example of Czech pronunciation: About this sound "řeka" ) is a letter used in alphabets of the Czech, Upper Sorbian, and Silesian languages. A similar consonant can also be found in some Norwegian dialects around Narvik and in Berber (especially in its Rif variety). However, of the official national languages, it has only the Czech language.[1]

The Unicode glyphs are U+0158 Ř and U+0159 ř . Either can also be represented using the combining character U+030C  ̌  combining caron.


In Czech it is used to denote [r̝], a raised alveolar non-sonorant trill. Its manner of articulation is similar to other alveolar trills but the tongue is raised; it is partially fricative. It is usually voiced, [r̝], but it also has a voiceless allophone [r̝̊] occurring in the vicinity of voiceless consonants or at the end of a word.

In Upper Sorbian, it denotes the voiceless postalveolar fricative [ʃ].

Tongue twister[edit]

Czech: “Třista třicet tři stříbrných stříkaček stříkalo přes třista třicet tři stříbrných střech.”

Phonetically: [ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊iːkat͡ʃɛk ˈstr̝̊iːkalo pr̝̊ɛs ˈtr̝̊ɪsta ˈtr̝̊ɪt͡sɛt ˈtr̝̊ɪ ˈstr̝̊iːbr̩niːx ˈstr̝̊ɛx].

English: “333 silver fire engines spurted [water] over 333 silver roofs”.


  1. ^ ČiliChili - Národní mýty, Ano/ne

See also[edit]