|18th Prime Minister of the Netherlands|
9 May 1894 – 27 July 1897
|Monarch||Wilhelmina, Emma (Regent)|
|Preceded by||Gijsbert van Tienhoven|
|Succeeded by||Nicolaas Pierson|
21 July 1844
|Died||13 July 1914
The Hague, Netherlands
|Political party||Free Liberal|
|Spouse(s)||Eritia Erna Romelia de Beaufort|
|Religion||Dutch Reformed Church|
Jonkheer Joan Röell (21 July 1844 – 13 July 1914) was a Dutch nobleman, lawyer and statesman. He was a member of a prominent Dutch noble family which produced many public administrators and politicians.
From 1894 to 1897 Röell headed the Dutch government as Prime Minister (formally: chairman of the Council of Ministers) and Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Early life and education
Röell was born in Haarlem, to Herman Hendrik, Baron Röell, C.N.L., G.E.K. (1806–1883), member (1842) and registrar (1843–1858) of the States of North Holland, King's Commissioner of Utrecht (1858–1860) and of North Holland (1860–1879), curator of the University of Utrecht (1859–1883), and his wife Elisabeth van de Poll (1808–1862).
He attended a boarding school in Sassenheim, and later a gymnasium in Utrecht. From 1861 to 23 November 1866, he studied Roman and Contemporary Law at the University of Applied Sciences of Utrecht, after which he briefly worked as a lawyer.
As a former registrar of the States of South Holland, Röell was familiar with the intricacies of local and regional government and water management. In 1877, he was elected into the House of Representatives for the district of Utrecht. He was re-elected in 1881 and 1884, but lost his seat to Æneas, Baron Mackay in 1886. He became a member of the Senate for Zeeland until he won back his seat in the House from Mackay in 1888. He was re-elected again in 1891. In the House, he was concerned with various policy areas, including education, water management, health, constitutional amendment, suffrage, home affairs, Indian affairs and taxes.
After the 1894 general election, Röell became formateur, and formed a liberal cabinet in which he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He also became the chairman of the Council of Ministers, a position that would later be dubbed Prime Minister. In 1886, his cabinet greatly expanded suffrage, doubling the electorate.
In 1897, after finishing his term, he stood for election to the House of Representatives again, but was not elected, and returned to the Senate one year later. In 1901, Röell returned to House of Representatives for the district of Utrecht II. After his re-election in 1905, he served as President of the House of Representatives, until he lost his seat in 1909. After another stint in the Senate for North Holland, from 1910 to 1912, Röell was appointed Vice President of the Council of State. Röell died on 13 July 1914 in The Hague, eight days before his 70th birthday, and was buried in the family vault in Leusden three days later.
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- "Röell". Nederland's Adelsboek. Den Haag: Centraal Bureau voor Genealogie. 91: 363–454. 2004–2005. ISSN 0921-9021.
- "Jhr.Mr. J. Röell". Parlement & Politiek (in Dutch). Retrieved 25 April 2008.
- Media related to Joan Röell at Wikimedia Commons
Joannes Coenraad Jansen
|Minister of Foreign Affairs
Willem Hendrik de Beaufort
Gijsbert van Tienhoven
|Prime Minister of the Netherlands
|President of the House of Representatives
Count van Bylandt
Petrus Johannes van Swinderen
|Vice President of the Council of State
Wilhelmus Frederik van Leeuwen